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/*
* Sony MemoryStick support
*
* Copyright (C) 2007 Alex Dubov <oakad@yahoo.com>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License version 2 as
* published by the Free Software Foundation.
*
* Special thanks to Carlos Corbacho for providing various MemoryStick cards
* that made this driver possible.
*
*/
#include <linux/memstick.h>
#include <linux/idr.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
#define DRIVER_NAME "memstick"
static unsigned int cmd_retries = 3;
module_param(cmd_retries, uint, 0644);
static struct workqueue_struct *workqueue;
static DEFINE_IDR(memstick_host_idr);
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(memstick_host_lock);
static int memstick_dev_match(struct memstick_dev *card,
struct memstick_device_id *id)
{
if (id->match_flags & MEMSTICK_MATCH_ALL) {
if ((id->type == card->id.type)
&& (id->category == card->id.category)
&& (id->class == card->id.class))
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
static int memstick_bus_match(struct device *dev, struct device_driver *drv)
{
struct memstick_dev *card = container_of(dev, struct memstick_dev,
dev);
struct memstick_driver *ms_drv = container_of(drv,
struct memstick_driver,
driver);
struct memstick_device_id *ids = ms_drv->id_table;
if (ids) {
while (ids->match_flags) {
if (memstick_dev_match(card, ids))
return 1;
++ids;
}
}
return 0;
}
static int memstick_uevent(struct device *dev, struct kobj_uevent_env *env)
{
struct memstick_dev *card = container_of(dev, struct memstick_dev,
dev);
if (add_uevent_var(env, "MEMSTICK_TYPE=%02X", card->id.type))
return -ENOMEM;
if (add_uevent_var(env, "MEMSTICK_CATEGORY=%02X", card->id.category))
return -ENOMEM;
if (add_uevent_var(env, "MEMSTICK_CLASS=%02X", card->id.class))
return -ENOMEM;
return 0;
}
static int memstick_device_probe(struct device *dev)
{
struct memstick_dev *card = container_of(dev, struct memstick_dev,
dev);
struct memstick_driver *drv = container_of(dev->driver,
struct memstick_driver,
driver);
int rc = -ENODEV;
if (dev->driver && drv->probe) {
rc = drv->probe(card);
if (!rc)
get_device(dev);
}
return rc;
}
static int memstick_device_remove(struct device *dev)
{
struct memstick_dev *card = container_of(dev, struct memstick_dev,
dev);
struct memstick_driver *drv = container_of(dev->driver,
struct memstick_driver,
driver);
if (dev->driver && drv->remove) {
drv->remove(card);
card->dev.driver = NULL;
}
put_device(dev);
return 0;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_PM
static int memstick_device_suspend(struct device *dev, pm_message_t state)
{
struct memstick_dev *card = container_of(dev, struct memstick_dev,
dev);
struct memstick_driver *drv = container_of(dev->driver,
struct memstick_driver,
driver);
if (dev->driver && drv->suspend)
return drv->suspend(card, state);
return 0;
}
static int memstick_device_resume(struct device *dev)
{
struct memstick_dev *card = container_of(dev, struct memstick_dev,
dev);
struct memstick_driver *drv = container_of(dev->driver,
struct memstick_driver,
driver);
if (dev->driver && drv->resume)
return drv->resume(card);
return 0;
}
#else
#define memstick_device_suspend NULL
#define memstick_device_resume NULL
#endif /* CONFIG_PM */
#define MEMSTICK_ATTR(name, format) \
static ssize_t name##_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, \
char *buf) \
{ \
struct memstick_dev *card = container_of(dev, struct memstick_dev, \
dev); \
return sprintf(buf, format, card->id.name); \
} \
static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(name);
MEMSTICK_ATTR(type, "%02X");
MEMSTICK_ATTR(category, "%02X");
MEMSTICK_ATTR(class, "%02X");
static struct attribute *memstick_dev_attrs[] = {
&dev_attr_type.attr,
&dev_attr_category.attr,
&dev_attr_class.attr,
NULL,
};
ATTRIBUTE_GROUPS(memstick_dev);
static struct bus_type memstick_bus_type = {
.name = "memstick",
.dev_groups = memstick_dev_groups,
.match = memstick_bus_match,
.uevent = memstick_uevent,
.probe = memstick_device_probe,
.remove = memstick_device_remove,
.suspend = memstick_device_suspend,
.resume = memstick_device_resume
};
static void memstick_free(struct device *dev)
{
struct memstick_host *host = container_of(dev, struct memstick_host,
dev);
kfree(host);
}
static struct class memstick_host_class = {
.name = "memstick_host",
.dev_release = memstick_free
};
static void memstick_free_card(struct device *dev)
{
struct memstick_dev *card = container_of(dev, struct memstick_dev,
dev);
kfree(card);
}
static int memstick_dummy_check(struct memstick_dev *card)
{
return 0;
}
/**
* memstick_detect_change - schedule media detection on memstick host
* @host - host to use
*/
void memstick_detect_change(struct memstick_host *host)
{
queue_work(workqueue, &host->media_checker);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(memstick_detect_change);
/**
* memstick_next_req - called by host driver to obtain next request to process
* @host - host to use
* @mrq - pointer to stick the request to
*
* Host calls this function from idle state (*mrq == NULL) or after finishing
* previous request (*mrq should point to it). If previous request was
* unsuccessful, it is retried for predetermined number of times. Return value
* of 0 means that new request was assigned to the host.
*/
int memstick_next_req(struct memstick_host *host, struct memstick_request **mrq)
{
int rc = -ENXIO;
if ((*mrq) && (*mrq)->error && host->retries) {
(*mrq)->error = rc;
host->retries--;
return 0;
}
if (host->card && host->card->next_request)
rc = host->card->next_request(host->card, mrq);
if (!rc)
host->retries = cmd_retries > 1 ? cmd_retries - 1 : 1;
else
*mrq = NULL;
return rc;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(memstick_next_req);
/**
* memstick_new_req - notify the host that some requests are pending
* @host - host to use
*/
void memstick_new_req(struct memstick_host *host)
{
if (host->card) {
host->retries = cmd_retries;
reinit_completion(&host->card->mrq_complete);
host->request(host);
}
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(memstick_new_req);
/**
* memstick_init_req_sg - set request fields needed for bulk data transfer
* @mrq - request to use
* @tpc - memstick Transport Protocol Command
* @sg - TPC argument
*/
void memstick_init_req_sg(struct memstick_request *mrq, unsigned char tpc,
const struct scatterlist *sg)
{
mrq->tpc = tpc;
if (tpc & 8)
mrq->data_dir = WRITE;
else
mrq->data_dir = READ;
mrq->sg = *sg;
mrq->long_data = 1;
if (tpc == MS_TPC_SET_CMD || tpc == MS_TPC_EX_SET_CMD)
mrq->need_card_int = 1;
else
mrq->need_card_int = 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(memstick_init_req_sg);
/**
* memstick_init_req - set request fields needed for short data transfer
* @mrq - request to use
* @tpc - memstick Transport Protocol Command
* @buf - TPC argument buffer
* @length - TPC argument size
*
* The intended use of this function (transfer of data items several bytes
* in size) allows us to just copy the value between request structure and
* user supplied buffer.
*/
void memstick_init_req(struct memstick_request *mrq, unsigned char tpc,
const void *buf, size_t length)
{
mrq->tpc = tpc;
if (tpc & 8)
mrq->data_dir = WRITE;
else
mrq->data_dir = READ;
mrq->data_len = length > sizeof(mrq->data) ? sizeof(mrq->data) : length;
if (mrq->data_dir == WRITE)
memcpy(mrq->data, buf, mrq->data_len);
mrq->long_data = 0;
if (tpc == MS_TPC_SET_CMD || tpc == MS_TPC_EX_SET_CMD)
mrq->need_card_int = 1;
else
mrq->need_card_int = 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(memstick_init_req);
/*
* Functions prefixed with "h_" are protocol callbacks. They can be called from
* interrupt context. Return value of 0 means that request processing is still
* ongoing, while special error value of -EAGAIN means that current request is
* finished (and request processor should come back some time later).
*/
static int h_memstick_read_dev_id(struct memstick_dev *card,
struct memstick_request **mrq)
{
struct ms_id_register id_reg;
if (!(*mrq)) {
memstick_init_req(&card->current_mrq, MS_TPC_READ_REG, &id_reg,
sizeof(struct ms_id_register));
*mrq = &card->current_mrq;
return 0;
} else {
if (!(*mrq)->error) {
memcpy(&id_reg, (*mrq)->data, sizeof(id_reg));
card->id.match_flags = MEMSTICK_MATCH_ALL;
card->id.type = id_reg.type;
card->id.category = id_reg.category;
card->id.class = id_reg.class;
dev_dbg(&card->dev, "if_mode = %02x\n", id_reg.if_mode);
}
complete(&card->mrq_complete);
return -EAGAIN;
}
}
static int h_memstick_set_rw_addr(struct memstick_dev *card,
struct memstick_request **mrq)
{
if (!(*mrq)) {
memstick_init_req(&card->current_mrq, MS_TPC_SET_RW_REG_ADRS,
(char *)&card->reg_addr,
sizeof(card->reg_addr));
*mrq = &card->current_mrq;
return 0;
} else {
complete(&card->mrq_complete);
return -EAGAIN;
}
}
/**
* memstick_set_rw_addr - issue SET_RW_REG_ADDR request and wait for it to
* complete
* @card - media device to use
*/
int memstick_set_rw_addr(struct memstick_dev *card)
{
card->next_request = h_memstick_set_rw_addr;
memstick_new_req(card->host);
wait_for_completion(&card->mrq_complete);
return card->current_mrq.error;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(memstick_set_rw_addr);
static struct memstick_dev *memstick_alloc_card(struct memstick_host *host)
{
struct memstick_dev *card = kzalloc(sizeof(struct memstick_dev),
GFP_KERNEL);
struct memstick_dev *old_card = host->card;
struct ms_id_register id_reg;
if (card) {
card->host = host;
dev_set_name(&card->dev, "%s", dev_name(&host->dev));
card->dev.parent = &host->dev;
card->dev.bus = &memstick_bus_type;
card->dev.release = memstick_free_card;
card->check = memstick_dummy_check;
card->reg_addr.r_offset = offsetof(struct ms_register, id);
card->reg_addr.r_length = sizeof(id_reg);
card->reg_addr.w_offset = offsetof(struct ms_register, id);
card->reg_addr.w_length = sizeof(id_reg);
init_completion(&card->mrq_complete);
host->card = card;
if (memstick_set_rw_addr(card))
goto err_out;
card->next_request = h_memstick_read_dev_id;
memstick_new_req(host);
wait_for_completion(&card->mrq_complete);
if (card->current_mrq.error)
goto err_out;
}
host->card = old_card;
return card;
err_out:
host->card = old_card;
kfree(card);
return NULL;
}
static int memstick_power_on(struct memstick_host *host)
{
int rc = host->set_param(host, MEMSTICK_POWER, MEMSTICK_POWER_ON);
if (!rc)
rc = host->set_param(host, MEMSTICK_INTERFACE, MEMSTICK_SERIAL);
return rc;
}
static void memstick_check(struct work_struct *work)
{
struct memstick_host *host = container_of(work, struct memstick_host,
media_checker);
struct memstick_dev *card;
dev_dbg(&host->dev, "memstick_check started\n");
pm_runtime_get_noresume(host->dev.parent);
mutex_lock(&host->lock);
if (!host->card) {
if (memstick_power_on(host))
goto out_power_off;
} else if (host->card->stop)
host->card->stop(host->card);
card = memstick_alloc_card(host);
if (!card) {
if (host->card) {
device_unregister(&host->card->dev);
host->card = NULL;
}
} else {
dev_dbg(&host->dev, "new card %02x, %02x, %02x\n",
card->id.type, card->id.category, card->id.class);
if (host->card) {
if (memstick_set_rw_addr(host->card)
|| !memstick_dev_match(host->card, &card->id)
|| !(host->card->check(host->card))) {
device_unregister(&host->card->dev);
host->card = NULL;
} else if (host->card->start)
host->card->start(host->card);
}
if (!host->card) {
host->card = card;
if (device_register(&card->dev)) {
put_device(&card->dev);
kfree(host->card);
host->card = NULL;
}
} else
kfree(card);
}
out_power_off:
if (!host->card)
host->set_param(host, MEMSTICK_POWER, MEMSTICK_POWER_OFF);
mutex_unlock(&host->lock);
pm_runtime_put(host->dev.parent);
dev_dbg(&host->dev, "memstick_check finished\n");
}
/**
* memstick_alloc_host - allocate a memstick_host structure
* @extra: size of the user private data to allocate
* @dev: parent device of the host
*/
struct memstick_host *memstick_alloc_host(unsigned int extra,
struct device *dev)
{
struct memstick_host *host;
host = kzalloc(sizeof(struct memstick_host) + extra, GFP_KERNEL);
if (host) {
mutex_init(&host->lock);
INIT_WORK(&host->media_checker, memstick_check);
host->dev.class = &memstick_host_class;
host->dev.parent = dev;
device_initialize(&host->dev);
}
return host;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(memstick_alloc_host);
/**
* memstick_add_host - start request processing on memstick host
* @host - host to use
*/
int memstick_add_host(struct memstick_host *host)
{
int rc;
idr_preload(GFP_KERNEL);
spin_lock(&memstick_host_lock);
rc = idr_alloc(&memstick_host_idr, host, 0, 0, GFP_NOWAIT);
if (rc >= 0)
host->id = rc;
spin_unlock(&memstick_host_lock);
idr_preload_end();
if (rc < 0)
return rc;
dev_set_name(&host->dev, "memstick%u", host->id);
rc = device_add(&host->dev);
if (rc) {
spin_lock(&memstick_host_lock);
idr_remove(&memstick_host_idr, host->id);
spin_unlock(&memstick_host_lock);
return rc;
}
host->set_param(host, MEMSTICK_POWER, MEMSTICK_POWER_OFF);
memstick_detect_change(host);
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(memstick_add_host);
/**
* memstick_remove_host - stop request processing on memstick host
* @host - host to use
*/
void memstick_remove_host(struct memstick_host *host)
{
flush_workqueue(workqueue);
mutex_lock(&host->lock);
if (host->card)
device_unregister(&host->card->dev);
host->card = NULL;
host->set_param(host, MEMSTICK_POWER, MEMSTICK_POWER_OFF);
mutex_unlock(&host->lock);
spin_lock(&memstick_host_lock);
idr_remove(&memstick_host_idr, host->id);
spin_unlock(&memstick_host_lock);
device_del(&host->dev);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(memstick_remove_host);
/**
* memstick_free_host - free memstick host
* @host - host to use
*/
void memstick_free_host(struct memstick_host *host)
{
mutex_destroy(&host->lock);
put_device(&host->dev);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(memstick_free_host);
/**
* memstick_suspend_host - notify bus driver of host suspension
* @host - host to use
*/
void memstick_suspend_host(struct memstick_host *host)
{
mutex_lock(&host->lock);
host->set_param(host, MEMSTICK_POWER, MEMSTICK_POWER_OFF);
mutex_unlock(&host->lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(memstick_suspend_host);
/**
* memstick_resume_host - notify bus driver of host resumption
* @host - host to use
*/
void memstick_resume_host(struct memstick_host *host)
{
int rc = 0;
mutex_lock(&host->lock);
if (host->card)
rc = memstick_power_on(host);
mutex_unlock(&host->lock);
if (!rc)
memstick_detect_change(host);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(memstick_resume_host);
int memstick_register_driver(struct memstick_driver *drv)
{
drv->driver.bus = &memstick_bus_type;
return driver_register(&drv->driver);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(memstick_register_driver);
void memstick_unregister_driver(struct memstick_driver *drv)
{
driver_unregister(&drv->driver);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(memstick_unregister_driver);
static int __init memstick_init(void)
{
int rc;
workqueue = create_freezable_workqueue("kmemstick");
if (!workqueue)
return -ENOMEM;
rc = bus_register(&memstick_bus_type);
if (!rc)
rc = class_register(&memstick_host_class);
if (!rc)
return 0;
bus_unregister(&memstick_bus_type);
destroy_workqueue(workqueue);
return rc;
}
static void __exit memstick_exit(void)
{
class_unregister(&memstick_host_class);
bus_unregister(&memstick_bus_type);
destroy_workqueue(workqueue);
idr_destroy(&memstick_host_idr);
}
module_init(memstick_init);
module_exit(memstick_exit);
MODULE_AUTHOR("Alex Dubov");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Sony MemoryStick core driver");
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