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// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
/*
* Simple "CDC Subset" USB Networking Links
* Copyright (C) 2000-2005 by David Brownell
*/
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kmod.h>
#include <linux/netdevice.h>
#include <linux/etherdevice.h>
#include <linux/ethtool.h>
#include <linux/workqueue.h>
#include <linux/mii.h>
#include <linux/usb.h>
#include <linux/usb/usbnet.h>
/*
* This supports simple USB network links that don't require any special
* framing or hardware control operations. The protocol used here is a
* strict subset of CDC Ethernet, with three basic differences reflecting
* the goal that almost any hardware should run it:
*
* - Minimal runtime control: one interface, no altsettings, and
* no vendor or class specific control requests. If a device is
* configured, it is allowed to exchange packets with the host.
* Fancier models would mean not working on some hardware.
*
* - Minimal manufacturing control: no IEEE "Organizationally
* Unique ID" required, or an EEPROMs to store one. Each host uses
* one random "locally assigned" Ethernet address instead, which can
* of course be overridden using standard tools like "ifconfig".
* (With 2^46 such addresses, same-net collisions are quite rare.)
*
* - There is no additional framing data for USB. Packets are written
* exactly as in CDC Ethernet, starting with an Ethernet header and
* terminated by a short packet. However, the host will never send a
* zero length packet; some systems can't handle those robustly.
*
* Anything that can transmit and receive USB bulk packets can implement
* this protocol. That includes both smart peripherals and quite a lot
* of "host-to-host" USB cables (which embed two devices back-to-back).
*
* Note that although Linux may use many of those host-to-host links
* with this "cdc_subset" framing, that doesn't mean there may not be a
* better approach. Handling the "other end unplugs/replugs" scenario
* well tends to require chip-specific vendor requests. Also, Windows
* peers at the other end of host-to-host cables may expect their own
* framing to be used rather than this "cdc_subset" model.
*/
#if defined(CONFIG_USB_EPSON2888) || defined(CONFIG_USB_ARMLINUX)
/* PDA style devices are always connected if present */
static int always_connected (struct usbnet *dev)
{
return 0;
}
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_ALI_M5632
#define HAVE_HARDWARE
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
*
* ALi M5632 driver ... does high speed
*
* NOTE that the MS-Windows drivers for this chip use some funky and
* (naturally) undocumented 7-byte prefix to each packet, so this is a
* case where we don't currently interoperate. Also, once you unplug
* one end of the cable, you need to replug the other end too ... since
* chip docs are unavailable, there's no way to reset the relevant state
* short of a power cycle.
*
*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static void m5632_recover(struct usbnet *dev)
{
struct usb_device *udev = dev->udev;
struct usb_interface *intf = dev->intf;
int r;
r = usb_lock_device_for_reset(udev, intf);
if (r < 0)
return;
usb_reset_device(udev);
usb_unlock_device(udev);
}
static const struct driver_info ali_m5632_info = {
.description = "ALi M5632",
.flags = FLAG_POINTTOPOINT,
.recover = m5632_recover,
};
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_AN2720
#define HAVE_HARDWARE
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
*
* AnchorChips 2720 driver ... http://www.cypress.com
*
* This doesn't seem to have a way to detect whether the peer is
* connected, or need any reset handshaking. It's got pretty big
* internal buffers (handles most of a frame's worth of data).
* Chip data sheets don't describe any vendor control messages.
*
*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static const struct driver_info an2720_info = {
.description = "AnchorChips/Cypress 2720",
.flags = FLAG_POINTTOPOINT,
// no reset available!
// no check_connect available!
.in = 2, .out = 2, // direction distinguishes these
};
#endif /* CONFIG_USB_AN2720 */
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_BELKIN
#define HAVE_HARDWARE
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
*
* Belkin F5U104 ... two NetChip 2280 devices + Atmel AVR microcontroller
*
* ... also two eTEK designs, including one sold as "Advance USBNET"
*
*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static const struct driver_info belkin_info = {
.description = "Belkin, eTEK, or compatible",
.flags = FLAG_POINTTOPOINT,
};
#endif /* CONFIG_USB_BELKIN */
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_EPSON2888
#define HAVE_HARDWARE
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
*
* EPSON USB clients
*
* This is the same idea as Linux PDAs (below) except the firmware in the
* device might not be Tux-powered. Epson provides reference firmware that
* implements this interface. Product developers can reuse or modify that
* code, such as by using their own product and vendor codes.
*
* Support was from Juro Bystricky <bystricky.juro@erd.epson.com>
*
*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static const struct driver_info epson2888_info = {
.description = "Epson USB Device",
.check_connect = always_connected,
.flags = FLAG_POINTTOPOINT,
.in = 4, .out = 3,
};
#endif /* CONFIG_USB_EPSON2888 */
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
*
* info from Jonathan McDowell <noodles@earth.li>
*
*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_KC2190
#define HAVE_HARDWARE
static const struct driver_info kc2190_info = {
.description = "KC Technology KC-190",
.flags = FLAG_POINTTOPOINT,
};
#endif /* CONFIG_USB_KC2190 */
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_ARMLINUX
#define HAVE_HARDWARE
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
*
* Intel's SA-1100 chip integrates basic USB support, and is used
* in PDAs like some iPaqs, the Yopy, some Zaurus models, and more.
* When they run Linux, arch/arm/mach-sa1100/usb-eth.c may be used to
* network using minimal USB framing data.
*
* This describes the driver currently in standard ARM Linux kernels.
* The Zaurus uses a different driver (see later).
*
* PXA25x and PXA210 use XScale cores (ARM v5TE) with better USB support
* and different USB endpoint numbering than the SA1100 devices. The
* mach-pxa/usb-eth.c driver re-uses the device ids from mach-sa1100
* so we rely on the endpoint descriptors.
*
*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static const struct driver_info linuxdev_info = {
.description = "Linux Device",
.check_connect = always_connected,
.flags = FLAG_POINTTOPOINT,
};
static const struct driver_info yopy_info = {
.description = "Yopy",
.check_connect = always_connected,
.flags = FLAG_POINTTOPOINT,
};
static const struct driver_info blob_info = {
.description = "Boot Loader OBject",
.check_connect = always_connected,
.flags = FLAG_POINTTOPOINT,
};
#endif /* CONFIG_USB_ARMLINUX */
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
#ifndef HAVE_HARDWARE
#warning You need to configure some hardware for this driver
#endif
/*
* chip vendor names won't normally be on the cables, and
* may not be on the device.
*/
static const struct usb_device_id products [] = {
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_ALI_M5632
{
USB_DEVICE (0x0402, 0x5632), // ALi defaults
.driver_info = (unsigned long) &ali_m5632_info,
},
{
USB_DEVICE (0x182d,0x207c), // SiteCom CN-124
.driver_info = (unsigned long) &ali_m5632_info,
},
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_AN2720
{
USB_DEVICE (0x0547, 0x2720), // AnchorChips defaults
.driver_info = (unsigned long) &an2720_info,
}, {
USB_DEVICE (0x0547, 0x2727), // Xircom PGUNET
.driver_info = (unsigned long) &an2720_info,
},
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_BELKIN
{
USB_DEVICE (0x050d, 0x0004), // Belkin
.driver_info = (unsigned long) &belkin_info,
}, {
USB_DEVICE (0x056c, 0x8100), // eTEK
.driver_info = (unsigned long) &belkin_info,
}, {
USB_DEVICE (0x0525, 0x9901), // Advance USBNET (eTEK)
.driver_info = (unsigned long) &belkin_info,
},
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_EPSON2888
{
USB_DEVICE (0x0525, 0x2888), // EPSON USB client
.driver_info = (unsigned long) &epson2888_info,
},
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_KC2190
{
USB_DEVICE (0x050f, 0x0190), // KC-190
.driver_info = (unsigned long) &kc2190_info,
},
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_USB_ARMLINUX
/*
* SA-1100 using standard ARM Linux kernels, or compatible.
* Often used when talking to Linux PDAs (iPaq, Yopy, etc).
* The sa-1100 "usb-eth" driver handles the basic framing.
*
* PXA25x or PXA210 ... these use a "usb-eth" driver much like
* the sa1100 one, but hardware uses different endpoint numbers.
*
* Or the Linux "Ethernet" gadget on hardware that can't talk
* CDC Ethernet (e.g., no altsettings), in either of two modes:
* - acting just like the old "usb-eth" firmware, though
* the implementation is different
* - supporting RNDIS as the first/default configuration for
* MS-Windows interop; Linux needs to use the other config
*/
{
// 1183 = 0x049F, both used as hex values?
// Compaq "Itsy" vendor/product id
USB_DEVICE (0x049F, 0x505A), // usb-eth, or compatible
.driver_info = (unsigned long) &linuxdev_info,
}, {
USB_DEVICE (0x0E7E, 0x1001), // G.Mate "Yopy"
.driver_info = (unsigned long) &yopy_info,
}, {
USB_DEVICE (0x8086, 0x07d3), // "blob" bootloader
.driver_info = (unsigned long) &blob_info,
}, {
USB_DEVICE (0x1286, 0x8001), // "blob" bootloader
.driver_info = (unsigned long) &blob_info,
}, {
// Linux Ethernet/RNDIS gadget, mostly on PXA, second config
// e.g. Gumstix, current OpenZaurus, ... or anything else
// that just enables this gadget option.
USB_DEVICE (0x0525, 0xa4a2),
.driver_info = (unsigned long) &linuxdev_info,
},
#endif
{ }, // END
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(usb, products);
/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------*/
static int dummy_prereset(struct usb_interface *intf)
{
return 0;
}
static int dummy_postreset(struct usb_interface *intf)
{
return 0;
}
static struct usb_driver cdc_subset_driver = {
.name = "cdc_subset",
.probe = usbnet_probe,
.suspend = usbnet_suspend,
.resume = usbnet_resume,
.pre_reset = dummy_prereset,
.post_reset = dummy_postreset,
.disconnect = usbnet_disconnect,
.id_table = products,
.disable_hub_initiated_lpm = 1,
};
module_usb_driver(cdc_subset_driver);
MODULE_AUTHOR("David Brownell");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Simple 'CDC Subset' USB networking links");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
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