Permalink
Fetching contributors…
Cannot retrieve contributors at this time
607 lines (516 sloc) 14.3 KB
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
/*
* comedi/drivers/ni_usb6501.c
* Comedi driver for National Instruments USB-6501
*
* COMEDI - Linux Control and Measurement Device Interface
* Copyright (C) 2014 Luca Ellero <luca.ellero@brickedbrain.com>
*/
/*
* Driver: ni_usb6501
* Description: National Instruments USB-6501 module
* Devices: [National Instruments] USB-6501 (ni_usb6501)
* Author: Luca Ellero <luca.ellero@brickedbrain.com>
* Updated: 8 Sep 2014
* Status: works
*
*
* Configuration Options:
* none
*/
/*
* NI-6501 - USB PROTOCOL DESCRIPTION
*
* Every command is composed by two USB packets:
* - request (out)
* - response (in)
*
* Every packet is at least 12 bytes long, here is the meaning of
* every field (all values are hex):
*
* byte 0 is always 00
* byte 1 is always 01
* byte 2 is always 00
* byte 3 is the total packet length
*
* byte 4 is always 00
* byte 5 is the total packet length - 4
* byte 6 is always 01
* byte 7 is the command
*
* byte 8 is 02 (request) or 00 (response)
* byte 9 is 00 (response) or 10 (port request) or 20 (counter request)
* byte 10 is always 00
* byte 11 is 00 (request) or 02 (response)
*
* PORT PACKETS
*
* CMD: 0xE READ_PORT
* REQ: 00 01 00 10 00 0C 01 0E 02 10 00 00 00 03 <PORT> 00
* RES: 00 01 00 10 00 0C 01 00 00 00 00 02 00 03 <BMAP> 00
*
* CMD: 0xF WRITE_PORT
* REQ: 00 01 00 14 00 10 01 0F 02 10 00 00 00 03 <PORT> 00 03 <BMAP> 00 00
* RES: 00 01 00 0C 00 08 01 00 00 00 00 02
*
* CMD: 0x12 SET_PORT_DIR (0 = input, 1 = output)
* REQ: 00 01 00 18 00 14 01 12 02 10 00 00
* 00 05 <PORT 0> <PORT 1> <PORT 2> 00 05 00 00 00 00 00
* RES: 00 01 00 0C 00 08 01 00 00 00 00 02
*
* COUNTER PACKETS
*
* CMD 0x9: START_COUNTER
* REQ: 00 01 00 0C 00 08 01 09 02 20 00 00
* RES: 00 01 00 0C 00 08 01 00 00 00 00 02
*
* CMD 0xC: STOP_COUNTER
* REQ: 00 01 00 0C 00 08 01 0C 02 20 00 00
* RES: 00 01 00 0C 00 08 01 00 00 00 00 02
*
* CMD 0xE: READ_COUNTER
* REQ: 00 01 00 0C 00 08 01 0E 02 20 00 00
* RES: 00 01 00 10 00 0C 01 00 00 00 00 02 <u32 counter value, Big Endian>
*
* CMD 0xF: WRITE_COUNTER
* REQ: 00 01 00 10 00 0C 01 0F 02 20 00 00 <u32 counter value, Big Endian>
* RES: 00 01 00 0C 00 08 01 00 00 00 00 02
*
*
* Please visit http://www.brickedbrain.com if you need
* additional information or have any questions.
*
*/
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include "../comedi_usb.h"
#define NI6501_TIMEOUT 1000
/* Port request packets */
static const u8 READ_PORT_REQUEST[] = {0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x10,
0x00, 0x0C, 0x01, 0x0E,
0x02, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00};
static const u8 WRITE_PORT_REQUEST[] = {0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x14,
0x00, 0x10, 0x01, 0x0F,
0x02, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00,
0x03, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00};
static const u8 SET_PORT_DIR_REQUEST[] = {0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x18,
0x00, 0x14, 0x01, 0x12,
0x02, 0x10, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x05, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x05, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00};
/* Counter request packets */
static const u8 START_COUNTER_REQUEST[] = {0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x0C,
0x00, 0x08, 0x01, 0x09,
0x02, 0x20, 0x00, 0x00};
static const u8 STOP_COUNTER_REQUEST[] = {0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x0C,
0x00, 0x08, 0x01, 0x0C,
0x02, 0x20, 0x00, 0x00};
static const u8 READ_COUNTER_REQUEST[] = {0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x0C,
0x00, 0x08, 0x01, 0x0E,
0x02, 0x20, 0x00, 0x00};
static const u8 WRITE_COUNTER_REQUEST[] = {0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x10,
0x00, 0x0C, 0x01, 0x0F,
0x02, 0x20, 0x00, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00};
/* Response packets */
static const u8 GENERIC_RESPONSE[] = {0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x0C,
0x00, 0x08, 0x01, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02};
static const u8 READ_PORT_RESPONSE[] = {0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x10,
0x00, 0x0C, 0x01, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02,
0x00, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00};
static const u8 READ_COUNTER_RESPONSE[] = {0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x10,
0x00, 0x0C, 0x01, 0x00,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x02,
0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00};
enum commands {
READ_PORT,
WRITE_PORT,
SET_PORT_DIR,
START_COUNTER,
STOP_COUNTER,
READ_COUNTER,
WRITE_COUNTER
};
struct ni6501_private {
struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *ep_rx;
struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *ep_tx;
struct mutex mut;
u8 *usb_rx_buf;
u8 *usb_tx_buf;
};
static int ni6501_port_command(struct comedi_device *dev, int command,
unsigned int val, u8 *bitmap)
{
struct usb_device *usb = comedi_to_usb_dev(dev);
struct ni6501_private *devpriv = dev->private;
int request_size, response_size;
u8 *tx = devpriv->usb_tx_buf;
int ret;
if (command != SET_PORT_DIR && !bitmap)
return -EINVAL;
mutex_lock(&devpriv->mut);
switch (command) {
case READ_PORT:
request_size = sizeof(READ_PORT_REQUEST);
response_size = sizeof(READ_PORT_RESPONSE);
memcpy(tx, READ_PORT_REQUEST, request_size);
tx[14] = val & 0xff;
break;
case WRITE_PORT:
request_size = sizeof(WRITE_PORT_REQUEST);
response_size = sizeof(GENERIC_RESPONSE);
memcpy(tx, WRITE_PORT_REQUEST, request_size);
tx[14] = val & 0xff;
tx[17] = *bitmap;
break;
case SET_PORT_DIR:
request_size = sizeof(SET_PORT_DIR_REQUEST);
response_size = sizeof(GENERIC_RESPONSE);
memcpy(tx, SET_PORT_DIR_REQUEST, request_size);
tx[14] = val & 0xff;
tx[15] = (val >> 8) & 0xff;
tx[16] = (val >> 16) & 0xff;
break;
default:
ret = -EINVAL;
goto end;
}
ret = usb_bulk_msg(usb,
usb_sndbulkpipe(usb,
devpriv->ep_tx->bEndpointAddress),
devpriv->usb_tx_buf,
request_size,
NULL,
NI6501_TIMEOUT);
if (ret)
goto end;
ret = usb_bulk_msg(usb,
usb_rcvbulkpipe(usb,
devpriv->ep_rx->bEndpointAddress),
devpriv->usb_rx_buf,
response_size,
NULL,
NI6501_TIMEOUT);
if (ret)
goto end;
/* Check if results are valid */
if (command == READ_PORT) {
*bitmap = devpriv->usb_rx_buf[14];
/* mask bitmap for comparing */
devpriv->usb_rx_buf[14] = 0x00;
if (memcmp(devpriv->usb_rx_buf, READ_PORT_RESPONSE,
sizeof(READ_PORT_RESPONSE))) {
ret = -EINVAL;
}
} else if (memcmp(devpriv->usb_rx_buf, GENERIC_RESPONSE,
sizeof(GENERIC_RESPONSE))) {
ret = -EINVAL;
}
end:
mutex_unlock(&devpriv->mut);
return ret;
}
static int ni6501_counter_command(struct comedi_device *dev, int command,
u32 *val)
{
struct usb_device *usb = comedi_to_usb_dev(dev);
struct ni6501_private *devpriv = dev->private;
int request_size, response_size;
u8 *tx = devpriv->usb_tx_buf;
int ret;
if ((command == READ_COUNTER || command == WRITE_COUNTER) && !val)
return -EINVAL;
mutex_lock(&devpriv->mut);
switch (command) {
case START_COUNTER:
request_size = sizeof(START_COUNTER_REQUEST);
response_size = sizeof(GENERIC_RESPONSE);
memcpy(tx, START_COUNTER_REQUEST, request_size);
break;
case STOP_COUNTER:
request_size = sizeof(STOP_COUNTER_REQUEST);
response_size = sizeof(GENERIC_RESPONSE);
memcpy(tx, STOP_COUNTER_REQUEST, request_size);
break;
case READ_COUNTER:
request_size = sizeof(READ_COUNTER_REQUEST);
response_size = sizeof(READ_COUNTER_RESPONSE);
memcpy(tx, READ_COUNTER_REQUEST, request_size);
break;
case WRITE_COUNTER:
request_size = sizeof(WRITE_COUNTER_REQUEST);
response_size = sizeof(GENERIC_RESPONSE);
memcpy(tx, WRITE_COUNTER_REQUEST, request_size);
/* Setup tx packet: bytes 12,13,14,15 hold the */
/* u32 counter value (Big Endian) */
*((__be32 *)&tx[12]) = cpu_to_be32(*val);
break;
default:
ret = -EINVAL;
goto end;
}
ret = usb_bulk_msg(usb,
usb_sndbulkpipe(usb,
devpriv->ep_tx->bEndpointAddress),
devpriv->usb_tx_buf,
request_size,
NULL,
NI6501_TIMEOUT);
if (ret)
goto end;
ret = usb_bulk_msg(usb,
usb_rcvbulkpipe(usb,
devpriv->ep_rx->bEndpointAddress),
devpriv->usb_rx_buf,
response_size,
NULL,
NI6501_TIMEOUT);
if (ret)
goto end;
/* Check if results are valid */
if (command == READ_COUNTER) {
int i;
/* Read counter value: bytes 12,13,14,15 of rx packet */
/* hold the u32 counter value (Big Endian) */
*val = be32_to_cpu(*((__be32 *)&devpriv->usb_rx_buf[12]));
/* mask counter value for comparing */
for (i = 12; i < sizeof(READ_COUNTER_RESPONSE); ++i)
devpriv->usb_rx_buf[i] = 0x00;
if (memcmp(devpriv->usb_rx_buf, READ_COUNTER_RESPONSE,
sizeof(READ_COUNTER_RESPONSE))) {
ret = -EINVAL;
}
} else if (memcmp(devpriv->usb_rx_buf, GENERIC_RESPONSE,
sizeof(GENERIC_RESPONSE))) {
ret = -EINVAL;
}
end:
mutex_unlock(&devpriv->mut);
return ret;
}
static int ni6501_dio_insn_config(struct comedi_device *dev,
struct comedi_subdevice *s,
struct comedi_insn *insn,
unsigned int *data)
{
int ret;
ret = comedi_dio_insn_config(dev, s, insn, data, 0);
if (ret)
return ret;
ret = ni6501_port_command(dev, SET_PORT_DIR, s->io_bits, NULL);
if (ret)
return ret;
return insn->n;
}
static int ni6501_dio_insn_bits(struct comedi_device *dev,
struct comedi_subdevice *s,
struct comedi_insn *insn,
unsigned int *data)
{
unsigned int mask;
int ret;
u8 port;
u8 bitmap;
mask = comedi_dio_update_state(s, data);
for (port = 0; port < 3; port++) {
if (mask & (0xFF << port * 8)) {
bitmap = (s->state >> port * 8) & 0xFF;
ret = ni6501_port_command(dev, WRITE_PORT,
port, &bitmap);
if (ret)
return ret;
}
}
data[1] = 0;
for (port = 0; port < 3; port++) {
ret = ni6501_port_command(dev, READ_PORT, port, &bitmap);
if (ret)
return ret;
data[1] |= bitmap << port * 8;
}
return insn->n;
}
static int ni6501_cnt_insn_config(struct comedi_device *dev,
struct comedi_subdevice *s,
struct comedi_insn *insn,
unsigned int *data)
{
int ret;
u32 val = 0;
switch (data[0]) {
case INSN_CONFIG_ARM:
ret = ni6501_counter_command(dev, START_COUNTER, NULL);
break;
case INSN_CONFIG_DISARM:
ret = ni6501_counter_command(dev, STOP_COUNTER, NULL);
break;
case INSN_CONFIG_RESET:
ret = ni6501_counter_command(dev, STOP_COUNTER, NULL);
if (ret)
break;
ret = ni6501_counter_command(dev, WRITE_COUNTER, &val);
break;
default:
return -EINVAL;
}
return ret ? ret : insn->n;
}
static int ni6501_cnt_insn_read(struct comedi_device *dev,
struct comedi_subdevice *s,
struct comedi_insn *insn,
unsigned int *data)
{
int ret;
u32 val;
unsigned int i;
for (i = 0; i < insn->n; i++) {
ret = ni6501_counter_command(dev, READ_COUNTER, &val);
if (ret)
return ret;
data[i] = val;
}
return insn->n;
}
static int ni6501_cnt_insn_write(struct comedi_device *dev,
struct comedi_subdevice *s,
struct comedi_insn *insn,
unsigned int *data)
{
int ret;
if (insn->n) {
u32 val = data[insn->n - 1];
ret = ni6501_counter_command(dev, WRITE_COUNTER, &val);
if (ret)
return ret;
}
return insn->n;
}
static int ni6501_alloc_usb_buffers(struct comedi_device *dev)
{
struct ni6501_private *devpriv = dev->private;
size_t size;
size = usb_endpoint_maxp(devpriv->ep_rx);
devpriv->usb_rx_buf = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!devpriv->usb_rx_buf)
return -ENOMEM;
size = usb_endpoint_maxp(devpriv->ep_tx);
devpriv->usb_tx_buf = kzalloc(size, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!devpriv->usb_tx_buf) {
kfree(devpriv->usb_rx_buf);
return -ENOMEM;
}
return 0;
}
static int ni6501_find_endpoints(struct comedi_device *dev)
{
struct usb_interface *intf = comedi_to_usb_interface(dev);
struct ni6501_private *devpriv = dev->private;
struct usb_host_interface *iface_desc = intf->cur_altsetting;
struct usb_endpoint_descriptor *ep_desc;
int i;
if (iface_desc->desc.bNumEndpoints != 2) {
dev_err(dev->class_dev, "Wrong number of endpoints\n");
return -ENODEV;
}
for (i = 0; i < iface_desc->desc.bNumEndpoints; i++) {
ep_desc = &iface_desc->endpoint[i].desc;
if (usb_endpoint_is_bulk_in(ep_desc)) {
if (!devpriv->ep_rx)
devpriv->ep_rx = ep_desc;
continue;
}
if (usb_endpoint_is_bulk_out(ep_desc)) {
if (!devpriv->ep_tx)
devpriv->ep_tx = ep_desc;
continue;
}
}
if (!devpriv->ep_rx || !devpriv->ep_tx)
return -ENODEV;
return 0;
}
static int ni6501_auto_attach(struct comedi_device *dev,
unsigned long context)
{
struct usb_interface *intf = comedi_to_usb_interface(dev);
struct ni6501_private *devpriv;
struct comedi_subdevice *s;
int ret;
devpriv = comedi_alloc_devpriv(dev, sizeof(*devpriv));
if (!devpriv)
return -ENOMEM;
ret = ni6501_find_endpoints(dev);
if (ret)
return ret;
ret = ni6501_alloc_usb_buffers(dev);
if (ret)
return ret;
mutex_init(&devpriv->mut);
usb_set_intfdata(intf, devpriv);
ret = comedi_alloc_subdevices(dev, 2);
if (ret)
return ret;
/* Digital Input/Output subdevice */
s = &dev->subdevices[0];
s->type = COMEDI_SUBD_DIO;
s->subdev_flags = SDF_READABLE | SDF_WRITABLE;
s->n_chan = 24;
s->maxdata = 1;
s->range_table = &range_digital;
s->insn_bits = ni6501_dio_insn_bits;
s->insn_config = ni6501_dio_insn_config;
/* Counter subdevice */
s = &dev->subdevices[1];
s->type = COMEDI_SUBD_COUNTER;
s->subdev_flags = SDF_READABLE | SDF_WRITABLE | SDF_LSAMPL;
s->n_chan = 1;
s->maxdata = 0xffffffff;
s->insn_read = ni6501_cnt_insn_read;
s->insn_write = ni6501_cnt_insn_write;
s->insn_config = ni6501_cnt_insn_config;
return 0;
}
static void ni6501_detach(struct comedi_device *dev)
{
struct usb_interface *intf = comedi_to_usb_interface(dev);
struct ni6501_private *devpriv = dev->private;
if (!devpriv)
return;
mutex_lock(&devpriv->mut);
usb_set_intfdata(intf, NULL);
kfree(devpriv->usb_rx_buf);
kfree(devpriv->usb_tx_buf);
mutex_unlock(&devpriv->mut);
}
static struct comedi_driver ni6501_driver = {
.module = THIS_MODULE,
.driver_name = "ni6501",
.auto_attach = ni6501_auto_attach,
.detach = ni6501_detach,
};
static int ni6501_usb_probe(struct usb_interface *intf,
const struct usb_device_id *id)
{
return comedi_usb_auto_config(intf, &ni6501_driver, id->driver_info);
}
static const struct usb_device_id ni6501_usb_table[] = {
{ USB_DEVICE(0x3923, 0x718a) },
{ }
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(usb, ni6501_usb_table);
static struct usb_driver ni6501_usb_driver = {
.name = "ni6501",
.id_table = ni6501_usb_table,
.probe = ni6501_usb_probe,
.disconnect = comedi_usb_auto_unconfig,
};
module_comedi_usb_driver(ni6501_driver, ni6501_usb_driver);
MODULE_AUTHOR("Luca Ellero");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Comedi driver for National Instruments USB-6501");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");