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// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
/*
* Synopsys DesignWare 8250 driver.
*
* Copyright 2011 Picochip, Jamie Iles.
* Copyright 2013 Intel Corporation
*
* The Synopsys DesignWare 8250 has an extra feature whereby it detects if the
* LCR is written whilst busy. If it is, then a busy detect interrupt is
* raised, the LCR needs to be rewritten and the uart status register read.
*/
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/device.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/serial_8250.h>
#include <linux/serial_reg.h>
#include <linux/of.h>
#include <linux/of_irq.h>
#include <linux/of_platform.h>
#include <linux/platform_device.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/acpi.h>
#include <linux/clk.h>
#include <linux/reset.h>
#include <linux/pm_runtime.h>
#include <asm/byteorder.h>
#include "8250.h"
/* Offsets for the DesignWare specific registers */
#define DW_UART_USR 0x1f /* UART Status Register */
#define DW_UART_DLF 0xc0 /* Divisor Latch Fraction Register */
#define DW_UART_CPR 0xf4 /* Component Parameter Register */
#define DW_UART_UCV 0xf8 /* UART Component Version */
/* Component Parameter Register bits */
#define DW_UART_CPR_ABP_DATA_WIDTH (3 << 0)
#define DW_UART_CPR_AFCE_MODE (1 << 4)
#define DW_UART_CPR_THRE_MODE (1 << 5)
#define DW_UART_CPR_SIR_MODE (1 << 6)
#define DW_UART_CPR_SIR_LP_MODE (1 << 7)
#define DW_UART_CPR_ADDITIONAL_FEATURES (1 << 8)
#define DW_UART_CPR_FIFO_ACCESS (1 << 9)
#define DW_UART_CPR_FIFO_STAT (1 << 10)
#define DW_UART_CPR_SHADOW (1 << 11)
#define DW_UART_CPR_ENCODED_PARMS (1 << 12)
#define DW_UART_CPR_DMA_EXTRA (1 << 13)
#define DW_UART_CPR_FIFO_MODE (0xff << 16)
/* Helper for fifo size calculation */
#define DW_UART_CPR_FIFO_SIZE(a) (((a >> 16) & 0xff) * 16)
/* DesignWare specific register fields */
#define DW_UART_MCR_SIRE BIT(6)
struct dw8250_data {
u8 usr_reg;
u8 dlf_size;
int line;
int msr_mask_on;
int msr_mask_off;
struct clk *clk;
struct clk *pclk;
struct reset_control *rst;
struct uart_8250_dma dma;
unsigned int skip_autocfg:1;
unsigned int uart_16550_compatible:1;
};
static inline u32 dw8250_readl_ext(struct uart_port *p, int offset)
{
if (p->iotype == UPIO_MEM32BE)
return ioread32be(p->membase + offset);
return readl(p->membase + offset);
}
static inline void dw8250_writel_ext(struct uart_port *p, int offset, u32 reg)
{
if (p->iotype == UPIO_MEM32BE)
iowrite32be(reg, p->membase + offset);
else
writel(reg, p->membase + offset);
}
static inline int dw8250_modify_msr(struct uart_port *p, int offset, int value)
{
struct dw8250_data *d = p->private_data;
/* Override any modem control signals if needed */
if (offset == UART_MSR) {
value |= d->msr_mask_on;
value &= ~d->msr_mask_off;
}
return value;
}
static void dw8250_force_idle(struct uart_port *p)
{
struct uart_8250_port *up = up_to_u8250p(p);
serial8250_clear_and_reinit_fifos(up);
(void)p->serial_in(p, UART_RX);
}
static void dw8250_check_lcr(struct uart_port *p, int value)
{
void __iomem *offset = p->membase + (UART_LCR << p->regshift);
int tries = 1000;
/* Make sure LCR write wasn't ignored */
while (tries--) {
unsigned int lcr = p->serial_in(p, UART_LCR);
if ((value & ~UART_LCR_SPAR) == (lcr & ~UART_LCR_SPAR))
return;
dw8250_force_idle(p);
#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
if (p->type == PORT_OCTEON)
__raw_writeq(value & 0xff, offset);
else
#endif
if (p->iotype == UPIO_MEM32)
writel(value, offset);
else if (p->iotype == UPIO_MEM32BE)
iowrite32be(value, offset);
else
writeb(value, offset);
}
/*
* FIXME: this deadlocks if port->lock is already held
* dev_err(p->dev, "Couldn't set LCR to %d\n", value);
*/
}
/* Returns once the transmitter is empty or we run out of retries */
static void dw8250_tx_wait_empty(struct uart_port *p)
{
unsigned int tries = 20000;
unsigned int delay_threshold = tries - 1000;
unsigned int lsr;
while (tries--) {
lsr = readb (p->membase + (UART_LSR << p->regshift));
if (lsr & UART_LSR_TEMT)
break;
/* The device is first given a chance to empty without delay,
* to avoid slowdowns at high bitrates. If after 1000 tries
* the buffer has still not emptied, allow more time for low-
* speed links. */
if (tries < delay_threshold)
udelay (1);
}
}
static void dw8250_serial_out38x(struct uart_port *p, int offset, int value)
{
struct dw8250_data *d = p->private_data;
/* Allow the TX to drain before we reconfigure */
if (offset == UART_LCR)
dw8250_tx_wait_empty(p);
writeb(value, p->membase + (offset << p->regshift));
if (offset == UART_LCR && !d->uart_16550_compatible)
dw8250_check_lcr(p, value);
}
static void dw8250_serial_out(struct uart_port *p, int offset, int value)
{
struct dw8250_data *d = p->private_data;
writeb(value, p->membase + (offset << p->regshift));
if (offset == UART_LCR && !d->uart_16550_compatible)
dw8250_check_lcr(p, value);
}
static unsigned int dw8250_serial_in(struct uart_port *p, int offset)
{
unsigned int value = readb(p->membase + (offset << p->regshift));
return dw8250_modify_msr(p, offset, value);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
static unsigned int dw8250_serial_inq(struct uart_port *p, int offset)
{
unsigned int value;
value = (u8)__raw_readq(p->membase + (offset << p->regshift));
return dw8250_modify_msr(p, offset, value);
}
static void dw8250_serial_outq(struct uart_port *p, int offset, int value)
{
struct dw8250_data *d = p->private_data;
value &= 0xff;
__raw_writeq(value, p->membase + (offset << p->regshift));
/* Read back to ensure register write ordering. */
__raw_readq(p->membase + (UART_LCR << p->regshift));
if (offset == UART_LCR && !d->uart_16550_compatible)
dw8250_check_lcr(p, value);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_64BIT */
static void dw8250_serial_out32(struct uart_port *p, int offset, int value)
{
struct dw8250_data *d = p->private_data;
writel(value, p->membase + (offset << p->regshift));
if (offset == UART_LCR && !d->uart_16550_compatible)
dw8250_check_lcr(p, value);
}
static unsigned int dw8250_serial_in32(struct uart_port *p, int offset)
{
unsigned int value = readl(p->membase + (offset << p->regshift));
return dw8250_modify_msr(p, offset, value);
}
static void dw8250_serial_out32be(struct uart_port *p, int offset, int value)
{
struct dw8250_data *d = p->private_data;
iowrite32be(value, p->membase + (offset << p->regshift));
if (offset == UART_LCR && !d->uart_16550_compatible)
dw8250_check_lcr(p, value);
}
static unsigned int dw8250_serial_in32be(struct uart_port *p, int offset)
{
unsigned int value = ioread32be(p->membase + (offset << p->regshift));
return dw8250_modify_msr(p, offset, value);
}
static int dw8250_handle_irq(struct uart_port *p)
{
struct uart_8250_port *up = up_to_u8250p(p);
struct dw8250_data *d = p->private_data;
unsigned int iir = p->serial_in(p, UART_IIR);
unsigned int status;
unsigned long flags;
/*
* There are ways to get Designware-based UARTs into a state where
* they are asserting UART_IIR_RX_TIMEOUT but there is no actual
* data available. If we see such a case then we'll do a bogus
* read. If we don't do this then the "RX TIMEOUT" interrupt will
* fire forever.
*
* This problem has only been observed so far when not in DMA mode
* so we limit the workaround only to non-DMA mode.
*/
if (!up->dma && ((iir & 0x3f) == UART_IIR_RX_TIMEOUT)) {
spin_lock_irqsave(&p->lock, flags);
status = p->serial_in(p, UART_LSR);
if (!(status & (UART_LSR_DR | UART_LSR_BI)))
(void) p->serial_in(p, UART_RX);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&p->lock, flags);
}
if (serial8250_handle_irq(p, iir))
return 1;
if ((iir & UART_IIR_BUSY) == UART_IIR_BUSY) {
/* Clear the USR */
(void)p->serial_in(p, d->usr_reg);
return 1;
}
return 0;
}
static void
dw8250_do_pm(struct uart_port *port, unsigned int state, unsigned int old)
{
if (!state)
pm_runtime_get_sync(port->dev);
serial8250_do_pm(port, state, old);
if (state)
pm_runtime_put_sync_suspend(port->dev);
}
static void dw8250_set_termios(struct uart_port *p, struct ktermios *termios,
struct ktermios *old)
{
unsigned int baud = tty_termios_baud_rate(termios);
struct dw8250_data *d = p->private_data;
long rate;
int ret;
if (IS_ERR(d->clk))
goto out;
clk_disable_unprepare(d->clk);
rate = clk_round_rate(d->clk, baud * 16);
if (rate < 0)
ret = rate;
else if (rate == 0)
ret = -ENOENT;
else
ret = clk_set_rate(d->clk, rate);
clk_prepare_enable(d->clk);
if (!ret)
p->uartclk = rate;
out:
p->status &= ~UPSTAT_AUTOCTS;
if (termios->c_cflag & CRTSCTS)
p->status |= UPSTAT_AUTOCTS;
serial8250_do_set_termios(p, termios, old);
}
static void dw8250_set_ldisc(struct uart_port *p, struct ktermios *termios)
{
struct uart_8250_port *up = up_to_u8250p(p);
unsigned int mcr = p->serial_in(p, UART_MCR);
if (up->capabilities & UART_CAP_IRDA) {
if (termios->c_line == N_IRDA)
mcr |= DW_UART_MCR_SIRE;
else
mcr &= ~DW_UART_MCR_SIRE;
p->serial_out(p, UART_MCR, mcr);
}
serial8250_do_set_ldisc(p, termios);
}
/*
* dw8250_fallback_dma_filter will prevent the UART from getting just any free
* channel on platforms that have DMA engines, but don't have any channels
* assigned to the UART.
*
* REVISIT: This is a work around for limitation in the DMA Engine API. Once the
* core problem is fixed, this function is no longer needed.
*/
static bool dw8250_fallback_dma_filter(struct dma_chan *chan, void *param)
{
return false;
}
static bool dw8250_idma_filter(struct dma_chan *chan, void *param)
{
return param == chan->device->dev->parent;
}
/*
* divisor = div(I) + div(F)
* "I" means integer, "F" means fractional
* quot = div(I) = clk / (16 * baud)
* frac = div(F) * 2^dlf_size
*
* let rem = clk % (16 * baud)
* we have: div(F) * (16 * baud) = rem
* so frac = 2^dlf_size * rem / (16 * baud) = (rem << dlf_size) / (16 * baud)
*/
static unsigned int dw8250_get_divisor(struct uart_port *p,
unsigned int baud,
unsigned int *frac)
{
unsigned int quot, rem, base_baud = baud * 16;
struct dw8250_data *d = p->private_data;
quot = p->uartclk / base_baud;
rem = p->uartclk % base_baud;
*frac = DIV_ROUND_CLOSEST(rem << d->dlf_size, base_baud);
return quot;
}
static void dw8250_set_divisor(struct uart_port *p, unsigned int baud,
unsigned int quot, unsigned int quot_frac)
{
dw8250_writel_ext(p, DW_UART_DLF, quot_frac);
serial8250_do_set_divisor(p, baud, quot, quot_frac);
}
static void dw8250_quirks(struct uart_port *p, struct dw8250_data *data)
{
if (p->dev->of_node) {
struct device_node *np = p->dev->of_node;
int id;
/* get index of serial line, if found in DT aliases */
id = of_alias_get_id(np, "serial");
if (id >= 0)
p->line = id;
#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
if (of_device_is_compatible(np, "cavium,octeon-3860-uart")) {
p->serial_in = dw8250_serial_inq;
p->serial_out = dw8250_serial_outq;
p->flags = UPF_SKIP_TEST | UPF_SHARE_IRQ | UPF_FIXED_TYPE;
p->type = PORT_OCTEON;
data->usr_reg = 0x27;
data->skip_autocfg = true;
}
#endif
if (of_device_is_big_endian(p->dev->of_node)) {
p->iotype = UPIO_MEM32BE;
p->serial_in = dw8250_serial_in32be;
p->serial_out = dw8250_serial_out32be;
}
if (of_device_is_compatible(np, "marvell,armada-38x-uart"))
p->serial_out = dw8250_serial_out38x;
} else if (acpi_dev_present("APMC0D08", NULL, -1)) {
p->iotype = UPIO_MEM32;
p->regshift = 2;
p->serial_in = dw8250_serial_in32;
data->uart_16550_compatible = true;
}
/* Platforms with iDMA */
if (platform_get_resource_byname(to_platform_device(p->dev),
IORESOURCE_MEM, "lpss_priv")) {
data->dma.rx_param = p->dev->parent;
data->dma.tx_param = p->dev->parent;
data->dma.fn = dw8250_idma_filter;
}
}
static void dw8250_setup_port(struct uart_port *p)
{
struct uart_8250_port *up = up_to_u8250p(p);
u32 reg;
/*
* If the Component Version Register returns zero, we know that
* ADDITIONAL_FEATURES are not enabled. No need to go any further.
*/
reg = dw8250_readl_ext(p, DW_UART_UCV);
if (!reg)
return;
dev_dbg(p->dev, "Designware UART version %c.%c%c\n",
(reg >> 24) & 0xff, (reg >> 16) & 0xff, (reg >> 8) & 0xff);
dw8250_writel_ext(p, DW_UART_DLF, ~0U);
reg = dw8250_readl_ext(p, DW_UART_DLF);
dw8250_writel_ext(p, DW_UART_DLF, 0);
if (reg) {
struct dw8250_data *d = p->private_data;
d->dlf_size = fls(reg);
p->get_divisor = dw8250_get_divisor;
p->set_divisor = dw8250_set_divisor;
}
reg = dw8250_readl_ext(p, DW_UART_CPR);
if (!reg)
return;
/* Select the type based on fifo */
if (reg & DW_UART_CPR_FIFO_MODE) {
p->type = PORT_16550A;
p->flags |= UPF_FIXED_TYPE;
p->fifosize = DW_UART_CPR_FIFO_SIZE(reg);
up->capabilities = UART_CAP_FIFO;
}
if (reg & DW_UART_CPR_AFCE_MODE)
up->capabilities |= UART_CAP_AFE;
if (reg & DW_UART_CPR_SIR_MODE)
up->capabilities |= UART_CAP_IRDA;
}
static int dw8250_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
{
struct uart_8250_port uart = {};
struct resource *regs = platform_get_resource(pdev, IORESOURCE_MEM, 0);
int irq = platform_get_irq(pdev, 0);
struct uart_port *p = &uart.port;
struct device *dev = &pdev->dev;
struct dw8250_data *data;
int err;
u32 val;
if (!regs) {
dev_err(dev, "no registers defined\n");
return -EINVAL;
}
if (irq < 0) {
if (irq != -EPROBE_DEFER)
dev_err(dev, "cannot get irq\n");
return irq;
}
spin_lock_init(&p->lock);
p->mapbase = regs->start;
p->irq = irq;
p->handle_irq = dw8250_handle_irq;
p->pm = dw8250_do_pm;
p->type = PORT_8250;
p->flags = UPF_SHARE_IRQ | UPF_FIXED_PORT;
p->dev = dev;
p->iotype = UPIO_MEM;
p->serial_in = dw8250_serial_in;
p->serial_out = dw8250_serial_out;
p->set_ldisc = dw8250_set_ldisc;
p->set_termios = dw8250_set_termios;
p->membase = devm_ioremap(dev, regs->start, resource_size(regs));
if (!p->membase)
return -ENOMEM;
data = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*data), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!data)
return -ENOMEM;
data->dma.fn = dw8250_fallback_dma_filter;
data->usr_reg = DW_UART_USR;
p->private_data = data;
data->uart_16550_compatible = device_property_read_bool(dev,
"snps,uart-16550-compatible");
err = device_property_read_u32(dev, "reg-shift", &val);
if (!err)
p->regshift = val;
err = device_property_read_u32(dev, "reg-io-width", &val);
if (!err && val == 4) {
p->iotype = UPIO_MEM32;
p->serial_in = dw8250_serial_in32;
p->serial_out = dw8250_serial_out32;
}
if (device_property_read_bool(dev, "dcd-override")) {
/* Always report DCD as active */
data->msr_mask_on |= UART_MSR_DCD;
data->msr_mask_off |= UART_MSR_DDCD;
}
if (device_property_read_bool(dev, "dsr-override")) {
/* Always report DSR as active */
data->msr_mask_on |= UART_MSR_DSR;
data->msr_mask_off |= UART_MSR_DDSR;
}
if (device_property_read_bool(dev, "cts-override")) {
/* Always report CTS as active */
data->msr_mask_on |= UART_MSR_CTS;
data->msr_mask_off |= UART_MSR_DCTS;
}
if (device_property_read_bool(dev, "ri-override")) {
/* Always report Ring indicator as inactive */
data->msr_mask_off |= UART_MSR_RI;
data->msr_mask_off |= UART_MSR_TERI;
}
/* Always ask for fixed clock rate from a property. */
device_property_read_u32(dev, "clock-frequency", &p->uartclk);
/* If there is separate baudclk, get the rate from it. */
data->clk = devm_clk_get(dev, "baudclk");
if (IS_ERR(data->clk) && PTR_ERR(data->clk) != -EPROBE_DEFER)
data->clk = devm_clk_get(dev, NULL);
if (IS_ERR(data->clk) && PTR_ERR(data->clk) == -EPROBE_DEFER)
return -EPROBE_DEFER;
if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(data->clk)) {
err = clk_prepare_enable(data->clk);
if (err)
dev_warn(dev, "could not enable optional baudclk: %d\n",
err);
else
p->uartclk = clk_get_rate(data->clk);
}
/* If no clock rate is defined, fail. */
if (!p->uartclk) {
dev_err(dev, "clock rate not defined\n");
err = -EINVAL;
goto err_clk;
}
data->pclk = devm_clk_get(dev, "apb_pclk");
if (IS_ERR(data->pclk) && PTR_ERR(data->pclk) == -EPROBE_DEFER) {
err = -EPROBE_DEFER;
goto err_clk;
}
if (!IS_ERR(data->pclk)) {
err = clk_prepare_enable(data->pclk);
if (err) {
dev_err(dev, "could not enable apb_pclk\n");
goto err_clk;
}
}
data->rst = devm_reset_control_get_optional_exclusive(dev, NULL);
if (IS_ERR(data->rst)) {
err = PTR_ERR(data->rst);
goto err_pclk;
}
reset_control_deassert(data->rst);
dw8250_quirks(p, data);
/* If the Busy Functionality is not implemented, don't handle it */
if (data->uart_16550_compatible)
p->handle_irq = NULL;
if (!data->skip_autocfg)
dw8250_setup_port(p);
/* If we have a valid fifosize, try hooking up DMA */
if (p->fifosize) {
data->dma.rxconf.src_maxburst = p->fifosize / 4;
data->dma.txconf.dst_maxburst = p->fifosize / 4;
uart.dma = &data->dma;
}
data->line = serial8250_register_8250_port(&uart);
if (data->line < 0) {
err = data->line;
goto err_reset;
}
platform_set_drvdata(pdev, data);
pm_runtime_set_active(dev);
pm_runtime_enable(dev);
return 0;
err_reset:
reset_control_assert(data->rst);
err_pclk:
if (!IS_ERR(data->pclk))
clk_disable_unprepare(data->pclk);
err_clk:
if (!IS_ERR(data->clk))
clk_disable_unprepare(data->clk);
return err;
}
static int dw8250_remove(struct platform_device *pdev)
{
struct dw8250_data *data = platform_get_drvdata(pdev);
pm_runtime_get_sync(&pdev->dev);
serial8250_unregister_port(data->line);
reset_control_assert(data->rst);
if (!IS_ERR(data->pclk))
clk_disable_unprepare(data->pclk);
if (!IS_ERR(data->clk))
clk_disable_unprepare(data->clk);
pm_runtime_disable(&pdev->dev);
pm_runtime_put_noidle(&pdev->dev);
return 0;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP
static int dw8250_suspend(struct device *dev)
{
struct dw8250_data *data = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
serial8250_suspend_port(data->line);
return 0;
}
static int dw8250_resume(struct device *dev)
{
struct dw8250_data *data = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
serial8250_resume_port(data->line);
return 0;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_PM_SLEEP */
#ifdef CONFIG_PM
static int dw8250_runtime_suspend(struct device *dev)
{
struct dw8250_data *data = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
if (!IS_ERR(data->clk))
clk_disable_unprepare(data->clk);
if (!IS_ERR(data->pclk))
clk_disable_unprepare(data->pclk);
return 0;
}
static int dw8250_runtime_resume(struct device *dev)
{
struct dw8250_data *data = dev_get_drvdata(dev);
if (!IS_ERR(data->pclk))
clk_prepare_enable(data->pclk);
if (!IS_ERR(data->clk))
clk_prepare_enable(data->clk);
return 0;
}
#endif
static const struct dev_pm_ops dw8250_pm_ops = {
SET_SYSTEM_SLEEP_PM_OPS(dw8250_suspend, dw8250_resume)
SET_RUNTIME_PM_OPS(dw8250_runtime_suspend, dw8250_runtime_resume, NULL)
};
static const struct of_device_id dw8250_of_match[] = {
{ .compatible = "snps,dw-apb-uart" },
{ .compatible = "cavium,octeon-3860-uart" },
{ .compatible = "marvell,armada-38x-uart" },
{ .compatible = "renesas,rzn1-uart" },
{ /* Sentinel */ }
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, dw8250_of_match);
static const struct acpi_device_id dw8250_acpi_match[] = {
{ "INT33C4", 0 },
{ "INT33C5", 0 },
{ "INT3434", 0 },
{ "INT3435", 0 },
{ "80860F0A", 0 },
{ "8086228A", 0 },
{ "APMC0D08", 0},
{ "AMD0020", 0 },
{ "AMDI0020", 0 },
{ "BRCM2032", 0 },
{ "HISI0031", 0 },
{ },
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(acpi, dw8250_acpi_match);
static struct platform_driver dw8250_platform_driver = {
.driver = {
.name = "dw-apb-uart",
.pm = &dw8250_pm_ops,
.of_match_table = dw8250_of_match,
.acpi_match_table = ACPI_PTR(dw8250_acpi_match),
},
.probe = dw8250_probe,
.remove = dw8250_remove,
};
module_platform_driver(dw8250_platform_driver);
MODULE_AUTHOR("Jamie Iles");
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Synopsys DesignWare 8250 serial port driver");
MODULE_ALIAS("platform:dw-apb-uart");