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// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
/* -*- linux-c -*- */
/*
* Driver for USB Rio 500
*
* Cesar Miquel (miquel@df.uba.ar)
*
* based on hp_scanner.c by David E. Nelson (dnelson@jump.net)
*
* Based upon mouse.c (Brad Keryan) and printer.c (Michael Gee).
*
* Changelog:
* 30/05/2003 replaced lock/unlock kernel with up/down
* Daniele Bellucci bellucda@tiscali.it
* */
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/sched/signal.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/random.h>
#include <linux/poll.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/usb.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include "rio500_usb.h"
#define DRIVER_AUTHOR "Cesar Miquel <miquel@df.uba.ar>"
#define DRIVER_DESC "USB Rio 500 driver"
#define RIO_MINOR 64
/* stall/wait timeout for rio */
#define NAK_TIMEOUT (HZ)
#define IBUF_SIZE 0x1000
/* Size of the rio buffer */
#define OBUF_SIZE 0x10000
struct rio_usb_data {
struct usb_device *rio_dev; /* init: probe_rio */
unsigned int ifnum; /* Interface number of the USB device */
int isopen; /* nz if open */
int present; /* Device is present on the bus */
char *obuf, *ibuf; /* transfer buffers */
char bulk_in_ep, bulk_out_ep; /* Endpoint assignments */
wait_queue_head_t wait_q; /* for timeouts */
struct mutex lock; /* general race avoidance */
};
static DEFINE_MUTEX(rio500_mutex);
static struct rio_usb_data rio_instance;
static int open_rio(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
struct rio_usb_data *rio = &rio_instance;
/* against disconnect() */
mutex_lock(&rio500_mutex);
mutex_lock(&(rio->lock));
if (rio->isopen || !rio->present) {
mutex_unlock(&(rio->lock));
mutex_unlock(&rio500_mutex);
return -EBUSY;
}
rio->isopen = 1;
init_waitqueue_head(&rio->wait_q);
mutex_unlock(&(rio->lock));
dev_info(&rio->rio_dev->dev, "Rio opened.\n");
mutex_unlock(&rio500_mutex);
return 0;
}
static int close_rio(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
{
struct rio_usb_data *rio = &rio_instance;
rio->isopen = 0;
dev_info(&rio->rio_dev->dev, "Rio closed.\n");
return 0;
}
static long ioctl_rio(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
{
struct RioCommand rio_cmd;
struct rio_usb_data *rio = &rio_instance;
void __user *data;
unsigned char *buffer;
int result, requesttype;
int retries;
int retval=0;
mutex_lock(&(rio->lock));
/* Sanity check to make sure rio is connected, powered, etc */
if (rio->present == 0 || rio->rio_dev == NULL) {
retval = -ENODEV;
goto err_out;
}
switch (cmd) {
case RIO_RECV_COMMAND:
data = (void __user *) arg;
if (data == NULL)
break;
if (copy_from_user(&rio_cmd, data, sizeof(struct RioCommand))) {
retval = -EFAULT;
goto err_out;
}
if (rio_cmd.length < 0 || rio_cmd.length > PAGE_SIZE) {
retval = -EINVAL;
goto err_out;
}
buffer = (unsigned char *) __get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL);
if (buffer == NULL) {
retval = -ENOMEM;
goto err_out;
}
if (copy_from_user(buffer, rio_cmd.buffer, rio_cmd.length)) {
retval = -EFAULT;
free_page((unsigned long) buffer);
goto err_out;
}
requesttype = rio_cmd.requesttype | USB_DIR_IN |
USB_TYPE_VENDOR | USB_RECIP_DEVICE;
dev_dbg(&rio->rio_dev->dev,
"sending command:reqtype=%0x req=%0x value=%0x index=%0x len=%0x\n",
requesttype, rio_cmd.request, rio_cmd.value,
rio_cmd.index, rio_cmd.length);
/* Send rio control message */
retries = 3;
while (retries) {
result = usb_control_msg(rio->rio_dev,
usb_rcvctrlpipe(rio-> rio_dev, 0),
rio_cmd.request,
requesttype,
rio_cmd.value,
rio_cmd.index, buffer,
rio_cmd.length,
jiffies_to_msecs(rio_cmd.timeout));
if (result == -ETIMEDOUT)
retries--;
else if (result < 0) {
dev_err(&rio->rio_dev->dev,
"Error executing ioctrl. code = %d\n",
result);
retries = 0;
} else {
dev_dbg(&rio->rio_dev->dev,
"Executed ioctl. Result = %d (data=%02x)\n",
result, buffer[0]);
if (copy_to_user(rio_cmd.buffer, buffer,
rio_cmd.length)) {
free_page((unsigned long) buffer);
retval = -EFAULT;
goto err_out;
}
retries = 0;
}
/* rio_cmd.buffer contains a raw stream of single byte
data which has been returned from rio. Data is
interpreted at application level. For data that
will be cast to data types longer than 1 byte, data
will be little_endian and will potentially need to
be swapped at the app level */
}
free_page((unsigned long) buffer);
break;
case RIO_SEND_COMMAND:
data = (void __user *) arg;
if (data == NULL)
break;
if (copy_from_user(&rio_cmd, data, sizeof(struct RioCommand))) {
retval = -EFAULT;
goto err_out;
}
if (rio_cmd.length < 0 || rio_cmd.length > PAGE_SIZE) {
retval = -EINVAL;
goto err_out;
}
buffer = (unsigned char *) __get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL);
if (buffer == NULL) {
retval = -ENOMEM;
goto err_out;
}
if (copy_from_user(buffer, rio_cmd.buffer, rio_cmd.length)) {
free_page((unsigned long)buffer);
retval = -EFAULT;
goto err_out;
}
requesttype = rio_cmd.requesttype | USB_DIR_OUT |
USB_TYPE_VENDOR | USB_RECIP_DEVICE;
dev_dbg(&rio->rio_dev->dev,
"sending command: reqtype=%0x req=%0x value=%0x index=%0x len=%0x\n",
requesttype, rio_cmd.request, rio_cmd.value,
rio_cmd.index, rio_cmd.length);
/* Send rio control message */
retries = 3;
while (retries) {
result = usb_control_msg(rio->rio_dev,
usb_sndctrlpipe(rio-> rio_dev, 0),
rio_cmd.request,
requesttype,
rio_cmd.value,
rio_cmd.index, buffer,
rio_cmd.length,
jiffies_to_msecs(rio_cmd.timeout));
if (result == -ETIMEDOUT)
retries--;
else if (result < 0) {
dev_err(&rio->rio_dev->dev,
"Error executing ioctrl. code = %d\n",
result);
retries = 0;
} else {
dev_dbg(&rio->rio_dev->dev,
"Executed ioctl. Result = %d\n", result);
retries = 0;
}
}
free_page((unsigned long) buffer);
break;
default:
retval = -ENOTTY;
break;
}
err_out:
mutex_unlock(&(rio->lock));
return retval;
}
static ssize_t
write_rio(struct file *file, const char __user *buffer,
size_t count, loff_t * ppos)
{
DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
struct rio_usb_data *rio = &rio_instance;
unsigned long copy_size;
unsigned long bytes_written = 0;
unsigned int partial;
int result = 0;
int maxretry;
int errn = 0;
int intr;
intr = mutex_lock_interruptible(&(rio->lock));
if (intr)
return -EINTR;
/* Sanity check to make sure rio is connected, powered, etc */
if (rio->present == 0 || rio->rio_dev == NULL) {
mutex_unlock(&(rio->lock));
return -ENODEV;
}
do {
unsigned long thistime;
char *obuf = rio->obuf;
thistime = copy_size =
(count >= OBUF_SIZE) ? OBUF_SIZE : count;
if (copy_from_user(rio->obuf, buffer, copy_size)) {
errn = -EFAULT;
goto error;
}
maxretry = 5;
while (thistime) {
if (!rio->rio_dev) {
errn = -ENODEV;
goto error;
}
if (signal_pending(current)) {
mutex_unlock(&(rio->lock));
return bytes_written ? bytes_written : -EINTR;
}
result = usb_bulk_msg(rio->rio_dev,
usb_sndbulkpipe(rio->rio_dev, 2),
obuf, thistime, &partial, 5000);
dev_dbg(&rio->rio_dev->dev,
"write stats: result:%d thistime:%lu partial:%u\n",
result, thistime, partial);
if (result == -ETIMEDOUT) { /* NAK - so hold for a while */
if (!maxretry--) {
errn = -ETIME;
goto error;
}
prepare_to_wait(&rio->wait_q, &wait, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
schedule_timeout(NAK_TIMEOUT);
finish_wait(&rio->wait_q, &wait);
continue;
} else if (!result && partial) {
obuf += partial;
thistime -= partial;
} else
break;
}
if (result) {
dev_err(&rio->rio_dev->dev, "Write Whoops - %x\n",
result);
errn = -EIO;
goto error;
}
bytes_written += copy_size;
count -= copy_size;
buffer += copy_size;
} while (count > 0);
mutex_unlock(&(rio->lock));
return bytes_written ? bytes_written : -EIO;
error:
mutex_unlock(&(rio->lock));
return errn;
}
static ssize_t
read_rio(struct file *file, char __user *buffer, size_t count, loff_t * ppos)
{
DEFINE_WAIT(wait);
struct rio_usb_data *rio = &rio_instance;
ssize_t read_count;
unsigned int partial;
int this_read;
int result;
int maxretry = 10;
char *ibuf;
int intr;
intr = mutex_lock_interruptible(&(rio->lock));
if (intr)
return -EINTR;
/* Sanity check to make sure rio is connected, powered, etc */
if (rio->present == 0 || rio->rio_dev == NULL) {
mutex_unlock(&(rio->lock));
return -ENODEV;
}
ibuf = rio->ibuf;
read_count = 0;
while (count > 0) {
if (signal_pending(current)) {
mutex_unlock(&(rio->lock));
return read_count ? read_count : -EINTR;
}
if (!rio->rio_dev) {
mutex_unlock(&(rio->lock));
return -ENODEV;
}
this_read = (count >= IBUF_SIZE) ? IBUF_SIZE : count;
result = usb_bulk_msg(rio->rio_dev,
usb_rcvbulkpipe(rio->rio_dev, 1),
ibuf, this_read, &partial,
8000);
dev_dbg(&rio->rio_dev->dev,
"read stats: result:%d this_read:%u partial:%u\n",
result, this_read, partial);
if (partial) {
count = this_read = partial;
} else if (result == -ETIMEDOUT || result == 15) { /* FIXME: 15 ??? */
if (!maxretry--) {
mutex_unlock(&(rio->lock));
dev_err(&rio->rio_dev->dev,
"read_rio: maxretry timeout\n");
return -ETIME;
}
prepare_to_wait(&rio->wait_q, &wait, TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
schedule_timeout(NAK_TIMEOUT);
finish_wait(&rio->wait_q, &wait);
continue;
} else if (result != -EREMOTEIO) {
mutex_unlock(&(rio->lock));
dev_err(&rio->rio_dev->dev,
"Read Whoops - result:%d partial:%u this_read:%u\n",
result, partial, this_read);
return -EIO;
} else {
mutex_unlock(&(rio->lock));
return (0);
}
if (this_read) {
if (copy_to_user(buffer, ibuf, this_read)) {
mutex_unlock(&(rio->lock));
return -EFAULT;
}
count -= this_read;
read_count += this_read;
buffer += this_read;
}
}
mutex_unlock(&(rio->lock));
return read_count;
}
static const struct file_operations usb_rio_fops = {
.owner = THIS_MODULE,
.read = read_rio,
.write = write_rio,
.unlocked_ioctl = ioctl_rio,
.open = open_rio,
.release = close_rio,
.llseek = noop_llseek,
};
static struct usb_class_driver usb_rio_class = {
.name = "rio500%d",
.fops = &usb_rio_fops,
.minor_base = RIO_MINOR,
};
static int probe_rio(struct usb_interface *intf,
const struct usb_device_id *id)
{
struct usb_device *dev = interface_to_usbdev(intf);
struct rio_usb_data *rio = &rio_instance;
int retval;
dev_info(&intf->dev, "USB Rio found at address %d\n", dev->devnum);
retval = usb_register_dev(intf, &usb_rio_class);
if (retval) {
dev_err(&dev->dev,
"Not able to get a minor for this device.\n");
return -ENOMEM;
}
rio->rio_dev = dev;
if (!(rio->obuf = kmalloc(OBUF_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL))) {
dev_err(&dev->dev,
"probe_rio: Not enough memory for the output buffer\n");
usb_deregister_dev(intf, &usb_rio_class);
return -ENOMEM;
}
dev_dbg(&intf->dev, "obuf address:%p\n", rio->obuf);
if (!(rio->ibuf = kmalloc(IBUF_SIZE, GFP_KERNEL))) {
dev_err(&dev->dev,
"probe_rio: Not enough memory for the input buffer\n");
usb_deregister_dev(intf, &usb_rio_class);
kfree(rio->obuf);
return -ENOMEM;
}
dev_dbg(&intf->dev, "ibuf address:%p\n", rio->ibuf);
mutex_init(&(rio->lock));
usb_set_intfdata (intf, rio);
rio->present = 1;
return 0;
}
static void disconnect_rio(struct usb_interface *intf)
{
struct rio_usb_data *rio = usb_get_intfdata (intf);
usb_set_intfdata (intf, NULL);
mutex_lock(&rio500_mutex);
if (rio) {
usb_deregister_dev(intf, &usb_rio_class);
mutex_lock(&(rio->lock));
if (rio->isopen) {
rio->isopen = 0;
/* better let it finish - the release will do whats needed */
rio->rio_dev = NULL;
mutex_unlock(&(rio->lock));
mutex_unlock(&rio500_mutex);
return;
}
kfree(rio->ibuf);
kfree(rio->obuf);
dev_info(&intf->dev, "USB Rio disconnected.\n");
rio->present = 0;
mutex_unlock(&(rio->lock));
}
mutex_unlock(&rio500_mutex);
}
static const struct usb_device_id rio_table[] = {
{ USB_DEVICE(0x0841, 1) }, /* Rio 500 */
{ } /* Terminating entry */
};
MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE (usb, rio_table);
static struct usb_driver rio_driver = {
.name = "rio500",
.probe = probe_rio,
.disconnect = disconnect_rio,
.id_table = rio_table,
};
module_usb_driver(rio_driver);
MODULE_AUTHOR( DRIVER_AUTHOR );
MODULE_DESCRIPTION( DRIVER_DESC );
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");