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/*
* linux/fs/ioctl.c
*
* Copyright (C) 1991, 1992 Linus Torvalds
*/
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <linux/buffer_head.h>
#include <linux/falloc.h>
#include <asm/ioctls.h>
/* So that the fiemap access checks can't overflow on 32 bit machines. */
#define FIEMAP_MAX_EXTENTS (UINT_MAX / sizeof(struct fiemap_extent))
/**
* vfs_ioctl - call filesystem specific ioctl methods
* @filp: open file to invoke ioctl method on
* @cmd: ioctl command to execute
* @arg: command-specific argument for ioctl
*
* Invokes filesystem specific ->unlocked_ioctl, if one exists; otherwise
* returns -ENOTTY.
*
* Returns 0 on success, -errno on error.
*/
static long vfs_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd,
unsigned long arg)
{
int error = -ENOTTY;
if (!filp->f_op->unlocked_ioctl)
goto out;
error = filp->f_op->unlocked_ioctl(filp, cmd, arg);
if (error == -ENOIOCTLCMD)
error = -ENOTTY;
out:
return error;
}
static int ioctl_fibmap(struct file *filp, int __user *p)
{
struct address_space *mapping = filp->f_mapping;
int res, block;
/* do we support this mess? */
if (!mapping->a_ops->bmap)
return -EINVAL;
if (!capable(CAP_SYS_RAWIO))
return -EPERM;
res = get_user(block, p);
if (res)
return res;
res = mapping->a_ops->bmap(mapping, block);
return put_user(res, p);
}
/**
* fiemap_fill_next_extent - Fiemap helper function
* @fieinfo: Fiemap context passed into ->fiemap
* @logical: Extent logical start offset, in bytes
* @phys: Extent physical start offset, in bytes
* @len: Extent length, in bytes
* @flags: FIEMAP_EXTENT flags that describe this extent
*
* Called from file system ->fiemap callback. Will populate extent
* info as passed in via arguments and copy to user memory. On
* success, extent count on fieinfo is incremented.
*
* Returns 0 on success, -errno on error, 1 if this was the last
* extent that will fit in user array.
*/
#define SET_UNKNOWN_FLAGS (FIEMAP_EXTENT_DELALLOC)
#define SET_NO_UNMOUNTED_IO_FLAGS (FIEMAP_EXTENT_DATA_ENCRYPTED)
#define SET_NOT_ALIGNED_FLAGS (FIEMAP_EXTENT_DATA_TAIL|FIEMAP_EXTENT_DATA_INLINE)
int fiemap_fill_next_extent(struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, u64 logical,
u64 phys, u64 len, u32 flags)
{
struct fiemap_extent extent;
struct fiemap_extent __user *dest = fieinfo->fi_extents_start;
/* only count the extents */
if (fieinfo->fi_extents_max == 0) {
fieinfo->fi_extents_mapped++;
return (flags & FIEMAP_EXTENT_LAST) ? 1 : 0;
}
if (fieinfo->fi_extents_mapped >= fieinfo->fi_extents_max)
return 1;
if (flags & SET_UNKNOWN_FLAGS)
flags |= FIEMAP_EXTENT_UNKNOWN;
if (flags & SET_NO_UNMOUNTED_IO_FLAGS)
flags |= FIEMAP_EXTENT_ENCODED;
if (flags & SET_NOT_ALIGNED_FLAGS)
flags |= FIEMAP_EXTENT_NOT_ALIGNED;
memset(&extent, 0, sizeof(extent));
extent.fe_logical = logical;
extent.fe_physical = phys;
extent.fe_length = len;
extent.fe_flags = flags;
dest += fieinfo->fi_extents_mapped;
if (copy_to_user(dest, &extent, sizeof(extent)))
return -EFAULT;
fieinfo->fi_extents_mapped++;
if (fieinfo->fi_extents_mapped == fieinfo->fi_extents_max)
return 1;
return (flags & FIEMAP_EXTENT_LAST) ? 1 : 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(fiemap_fill_next_extent);
/**
* fiemap_check_flags - check validity of requested flags for fiemap
* @fieinfo: Fiemap context passed into ->fiemap
* @fs_flags: Set of fiemap flags that the file system understands
*
* Called from file system ->fiemap callback. This will compute the
* intersection of valid fiemap flags and those that the fs supports. That
* value is then compared against the user supplied flags. In case of bad user
* flags, the invalid values will be written into the fieinfo structure, and
* -EBADR is returned, which tells ioctl_fiemap() to return those values to
* userspace. For this reason, a return code of -EBADR should be preserved.
*
* Returns 0 on success, -EBADR on bad flags.
*/
int fiemap_check_flags(struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, u32 fs_flags)
{
u32 incompat_flags;
incompat_flags = fieinfo->fi_flags & ~(FIEMAP_FLAGS_COMPAT & fs_flags);
if (incompat_flags) {
fieinfo->fi_flags = incompat_flags;
return -EBADR;
}
return 0;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(fiemap_check_flags);
static int fiemap_check_ranges(struct super_block *sb,
u64 start, u64 len, u64 *new_len)
{
u64 maxbytes = (u64) sb->s_maxbytes;
*new_len = len;
if (len == 0)
return -EINVAL;
if (start > maxbytes)
return -EFBIG;
/*
* Shrink request scope to what the fs can actually handle.
*/
if (len > maxbytes || (maxbytes - len) < start)
*new_len = maxbytes - start;
return 0;
}
static int ioctl_fiemap(struct file *filp, unsigned long arg)
{
struct fiemap fiemap;
struct fiemap __user *ufiemap = (struct fiemap __user *) arg;
struct fiemap_extent_info fieinfo = { 0, };
struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp);
struct super_block *sb = inode->i_sb;
u64 len;
int error;
if (!inode->i_op->fiemap)
return -EOPNOTSUPP;
if (copy_from_user(&fiemap, ufiemap, sizeof(fiemap)))
return -EFAULT;
if (fiemap.fm_extent_count > FIEMAP_MAX_EXTENTS)
return -EINVAL;
error = fiemap_check_ranges(sb, fiemap.fm_start, fiemap.fm_length,
&len);
if (error)
return error;
fieinfo.fi_flags = fiemap.fm_flags;
fieinfo.fi_extents_max = fiemap.fm_extent_count;
fieinfo.fi_extents_start = ufiemap->fm_extents;
if (fiemap.fm_extent_count != 0 &&
!access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, fieinfo.fi_extents_start,
fieinfo.fi_extents_max * sizeof(struct fiemap_extent)))
return -EFAULT;
if (fieinfo.fi_flags & FIEMAP_FLAG_SYNC)
filemap_write_and_wait(inode->i_mapping);
error = inode->i_op->fiemap(inode, &fieinfo, fiemap.fm_start, len);
fiemap.fm_flags = fieinfo.fi_flags;
fiemap.fm_mapped_extents = fieinfo.fi_extents_mapped;
if (copy_to_user(ufiemap, &fiemap, sizeof(fiemap)))
error = -EFAULT;
return error;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_BLOCK
static inline sector_t logical_to_blk(struct inode *inode, loff_t offset)
{
return (offset >> inode->i_blkbits);
}
static inline loff_t blk_to_logical(struct inode *inode, sector_t blk)
{
return (blk << inode->i_blkbits);
}
/**
* __generic_block_fiemap - FIEMAP for block based inodes (no locking)
* @inode: the inode to map
* @fieinfo: the fiemap info struct that will be passed back to userspace
* @start: where to start mapping in the inode
* @len: how much space to map
* @get_block: the fs's get_block function
*
* This does FIEMAP for block based inodes. Basically it will just loop
* through get_block until we hit the number of extents we want to map, or we
* go past the end of the file and hit a hole.
*
* If it is possible to have data blocks beyond a hole past @inode->i_size, then
* please do not use this function, it will stop at the first unmapped block
* beyond i_size.
*
* If you use this function directly, you need to do your own locking. Use
* generic_block_fiemap if you want the locking done for you.
*/
int __generic_block_fiemap(struct inode *inode,
struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, loff_t start,
loff_t len, get_block_t *get_block)
{
struct buffer_head map_bh;
sector_t start_blk, last_blk;
loff_t isize = i_size_read(inode);
u64 logical = 0, phys = 0, size = 0;
u32 flags = FIEMAP_EXTENT_MERGED;
bool past_eof = false, whole_file = false;
int ret = 0;
ret = fiemap_check_flags(fieinfo, FIEMAP_FLAG_SYNC);
if (ret)
return ret;
/*
* Either the i_mutex or other appropriate locking needs to be held
* since we expect isize to not change at all through the duration of
* this call.
*/
if (len >= isize) {
whole_file = true;
len = isize;
}
/*
* Some filesystems can't deal with being asked to map less than
* blocksize, so make sure our len is at least block length.
*/
if (logical_to_blk(inode, len) == 0)
len = blk_to_logical(inode, 1);
start_blk = logical_to_blk(inode, start);
last_blk = logical_to_blk(inode, start + len - 1);
do {
/*
* we set b_size to the total size we want so it will map as
* many contiguous blocks as possible at once
*/
memset(&map_bh, 0, sizeof(struct buffer_head));
map_bh.b_size = len;
ret = get_block(inode, start_blk, &map_bh, 0);
if (ret)
break;
/* HOLE */
if (!buffer_mapped(&map_bh)) {
start_blk++;
/*
* We want to handle the case where there is an
* allocated block at the front of the file, and then
* nothing but holes up to the end of the file properly,
* to make sure that extent at the front gets properly
* marked with FIEMAP_EXTENT_LAST
*/
if (!past_eof &&
blk_to_logical(inode, start_blk) >= isize)
past_eof = 1;
/*
* First hole after going past the EOF, this is our
* last extent
*/
if (past_eof && size) {
flags = FIEMAP_EXTENT_MERGED|FIEMAP_EXTENT_LAST;
ret = fiemap_fill_next_extent(fieinfo, logical,
phys, size,
flags);
} else if (size) {
ret = fiemap_fill_next_extent(fieinfo, logical,
phys, size, flags);
size = 0;
}
/* if we have holes up to/past EOF then we're done */
if (start_blk > last_blk || past_eof || ret)
break;
} else {
/*
* We have gone over the length of what we wanted to
* map, and it wasn't the entire file, so add the extent
* we got last time and exit.
*
* This is for the case where say we want to map all the
* way up to the second to the last block in a file, but
* the last block is a hole, making the second to last
* block FIEMAP_EXTENT_LAST. In this case we want to
* see if there is a hole after the second to last block
* so we can mark it properly. If we found data after
* we exceeded the length we were requesting, then we
* are good to go, just add the extent to the fieinfo
* and break
*/
if (start_blk > last_blk && !whole_file) {
ret = fiemap_fill_next_extent(fieinfo, logical,
phys, size,
flags);
break;
}
/*
* if size != 0 then we know we already have an extent
* to add, so add it.
*/
if (size) {
ret = fiemap_fill_next_extent(fieinfo, logical,
phys, size,
flags);
if (ret)
break;
}
logical = blk_to_logical(inode, start_blk);
phys = blk_to_logical(inode, map_bh.b_blocknr);
size = map_bh.b_size;
flags = FIEMAP_EXTENT_MERGED;
start_blk += logical_to_blk(inode, size);
/*
* If we are past the EOF, then we need to make sure as
* soon as we find a hole that the last extent we found
* is marked with FIEMAP_EXTENT_LAST
*/
if (!past_eof && logical + size >= isize)
past_eof = true;
}
cond_resched();
if (fatal_signal_pending(current)) {
ret = -EINTR;
break;
}
} while (1);
/* If ret is 1 then we just hit the end of the extent array */
if (ret == 1)
ret = 0;
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(__generic_block_fiemap);
/**
* generic_block_fiemap - FIEMAP for block based inodes
* @inode: The inode to map
* @fieinfo: The mapping information
* @start: The initial block to map
* @len: The length of the extect to attempt to map
* @get_block: The block mapping function for the fs
*
* Calls __generic_block_fiemap to map the inode, after taking
* the inode's mutex lock.
*/
int generic_block_fiemap(struct inode *inode,
struct fiemap_extent_info *fieinfo, u64 start,
u64 len, get_block_t *get_block)
{
int ret;
mutex_lock(&inode->i_mutex);
ret = __generic_block_fiemap(inode, fieinfo, start, len, get_block);
mutex_unlock(&inode->i_mutex);
return ret;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(generic_block_fiemap);
#endif /* CONFIG_BLOCK */
/*
* This provides compatibility with legacy XFS pre-allocation ioctls
* which predate the fallocate syscall.
*
* Only the l_start, l_len and l_whence fields of the 'struct space_resv'
* are used here, rest are ignored.
*/
int ioctl_preallocate(struct file *filp, void __user *argp)
{
struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp);
struct space_resv sr;
if (copy_from_user(&sr, argp, sizeof(sr)))
return -EFAULT;
switch (sr.l_whence) {
case SEEK_SET:
break;
case SEEK_CUR:
sr.l_start += filp->f_pos;
break;
case SEEK_END:
sr.l_start += i_size_read(inode);
break;
default:
return -EINVAL;
}
return vfs_fallocate(filp, FALLOC_FL_KEEP_SIZE, sr.l_start, sr.l_len);
}
static int file_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int cmd,
unsigned long arg)
{
struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp);
int __user *p = (int __user *)arg;
switch (cmd) {
case FIBMAP:
return ioctl_fibmap(filp, p);
case FIONREAD:
return put_user(i_size_read(inode) - filp->f_pos, p);
case FS_IOC_RESVSP:
case FS_IOC_RESVSP64:
return ioctl_preallocate(filp, p);
}
return vfs_ioctl(filp, cmd, arg);
}
static int ioctl_fionbio(struct file *filp, int __user *argp)
{
unsigned int flag;
int on, error;
error = get_user(on, argp);
if (error)
return error;
flag = O_NONBLOCK;
#ifdef __sparc__
/* SunOS compatibility item. */
if (O_NONBLOCK != O_NDELAY)
flag |= O_NDELAY;
#endif
spin_lock(&filp->f_lock);
if (on)
filp->f_flags |= flag;
else
filp->f_flags &= ~flag;
spin_unlock(&filp->f_lock);
return error;
}
static int ioctl_fioasync(unsigned int fd, struct file *filp,
int __user *argp)
{
unsigned int flag;
int on, error;
error = get_user(on, argp);
if (error)
return error;
flag = on ? FASYNC : 0;
/* Did FASYNC state change ? */
if ((flag ^ filp->f_flags) & FASYNC) {
if (filp->f_op->fasync)
/* fasync() adjusts filp->f_flags */
error = filp->f_op->fasync(fd, filp, on);
else
error = -ENOTTY;
}
return error < 0 ? error : 0;
}
static int ioctl_fsfreeze(struct file *filp)
{
struct super_block *sb = file_inode(filp)->i_sb;
if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
return -EPERM;
/* If filesystem doesn't support freeze feature, return. */
if (sb->s_op->freeze_fs == NULL && sb->s_op->freeze_super == NULL)
return -EOPNOTSUPP;
/* Freeze */
if (sb->s_op->freeze_super)
return sb->s_op->freeze_super(sb);
return freeze_super(sb);
}
static int ioctl_fsthaw(struct file *filp)
{
struct super_block *sb = file_inode(filp)->i_sb;
if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
return -EPERM;
/* Thaw */
if (sb->s_op->thaw_super)
return sb->s_op->thaw_super(sb);
return thaw_super(sb);
}
/*
* When you add any new common ioctls to the switches above and below
* please update compat_sys_ioctl() too.
*
* do_vfs_ioctl() is not for drivers and not intended to be EXPORT_SYMBOL()'d.
* It's just a simple helper for sys_ioctl and compat_sys_ioctl.
*/
int do_vfs_ioctl(struct file *filp, unsigned int fd, unsigned int cmd,
unsigned long arg)
{
int error = 0;
int __user *argp = (int __user *)arg;
struct inode *inode = file_inode(filp);
switch (cmd) {
case FIOCLEX:
set_close_on_exec(fd, 1);
break;
case FIONCLEX:
set_close_on_exec(fd, 0);
break;
case FIONBIO:
error = ioctl_fionbio(filp, argp);
break;
case FIOASYNC:
error = ioctl_fioasync(fd, filp, argp);
break;
case FIOQSIZE:
if (S_ISDIR(inode->i_mode) || S_ISREG(inode->i_mode) ||
S_ISLNK(inode->i_mode)) {
loff_t res = inode_get_bytes(inode);
error = copy_to_user(argp, &res, sizeof(res)) ?
-EFAULT : 0;
} else
error = -ENOTTY;
break;
case FIFREEZE:
error = ioctl_fsfreeze(filp);
break;
case FITHAW:
error = ioctl_fsthaw(filp);
break;
case FS_IOC_FIEMAP:
return ioctl_fiemap(filp, arg);
case FIGETBSZ:
return put_user(inode->i_sb->s_blocksize, argp);
default:
if (S_ISREG(inode->i_mode))
error = file_ioctl(filp, cmd, arg);
else
error = vfs_ioctl(filp, cmd, arg);
break;
}
return error;
}
SYSCALL_DEFINE3(ioctl, unsigned int, fd, unsigned int, cmd, unsigned long, arg)
{
int error;
struct fd f = fdget(fd);
if (!f.file)
return -EBADF;
error = security_file_ioctl(f.file, cmd, arg);
if (!error)
error = do_vfs_ioctl(f.file, fd, cmd, arg);
fdput(f);
return error;
}
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