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/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
#ifndef _LINUX_MMZONE_H
#define _LINUX_MMZONE_H
#ifndef __ASSEMBLY__
#ifndef __GENERATING_BOUNDS_H
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/list.h>
#include <linux/wait.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/cache.h>
#include <linux/threads.h>
#include <linux/numa.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/seqlock.h>
#include <linux/nodemask.h>
#include <linux/pageblock-flags.h>
#include <linux/page-flags-layout.h>
#include <linux/atomic.h>
#include <linux/mm_types.h>
#include <linux/page-flags.h>
#include <linux/local_lock.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
/* Free memory management - zoned buddy allocator. */
#ifndef CONFIG_FORCE_MAX_ZONEORDER
#define MAX_ORDER 11
#else
#define MAX_ORDER CONFIG_FORCE_MAX_ZONEORDER
#endif
#define MAX_ORDER_NR_PAGES (1 << (MAX_ORDER - 1))
/*
* PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER is the order at which allocations are deemed
* costly to service. That is between allocation orders which should
* coalesce naturally under reasonable reclaim pressure and those which
* will not.
*/
#define PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER 3
enum migratetype {
MIGRATE_UNMOVABLE,
MIGRATE_MOVABLE,
MIGRATE_RECLAIMABLE,
MIGRATE_PCPTYPES, /* the number of types on the pcp lists */
MIGRATE_HIGHATOMIC = MIGRATE_PCPTYPES,
#ifdef CONFIG_CMA
/*
* MIGRATE_CMA migration type is designed to mimic the way
* ZONE_MOVABLE works. Only movable pages can be allocated
* from MIGRATE_CMA pageblocks and page allocator never
* implicitly change migration type of MIGRATE_CMA pageblock.
*
* The way to use it is to change migratetype of a range of
* pageblocks to MIGRATE_CMA which can be done by
* __free_pageblock_cma() function.
*/
MIGRATE_CMA,
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_ISOLATION
MIGRATE_ISOLATE, /* can't allocate from here */
#endif
MIGRATE_TYPES
};
/* In mm/page_alloc.c; keep in sync also with show_migration_types() there */
extern const char * const migratetype_names[MIGRATE_TYPES];
#ifdef CONFIG_CMA
# define is_migrate_cma(migratetype) unlikely((migratetype) == MIGRATE_CMA)
# define is_migrate_cma_page(_page) (get_pageblock_migratetype(_page) == MIGRATE_CMA)
#else
# define is_migrate_cma(migratetype) false
# define is_migrate_cma_page(_page) false
#endif
static inline bool is_migrate_movable(int mt)
{
return is_migrate_cma(mt) || mt == MIGRATE_MOVABLE;
}
/*
* Check whether a migratetype can be merged with another migratetype.
*
* It is only mergeable when it can fall back to other migratetypes for
* allocation. See fallbacks[MIGRATE_TYPES][3] in page_alloc.c.
*/
static inline bool migratetype_is_mergeable(int mt)
{
return mt < MIGRATE_PCPTYPES;
}
#define for_each_migratetype_order(order, type) \
for (order = 0; order < MAX_ORDER; order++) \
for (type = 0; type < MIGRATE_TYPES; type++)
extern int page_group_by_mobility_disabled;
#define MIGRATETYPE_MASK ((1UL << PB_migratetype_bits) - 1)
#define get_pageblock_migratetype(page) \
get_pfnblock_flags_mask(page, page_to_pfn(page), MIGRATETYPE_MASK)
struct free_area {
struct list_head free_list[MIGRATE_TYPES];
unsigned long nr_free;
};
static inline struct page *get_page_from_free_area(struct free_area *area,
int migratetype)
{
return list_first_entry_or_null(&area->free_list[migratetype],
struct page, lru);
}
static inline bool free_area_empty(struct free_area *area, int migratetype)
{
return list_empty(&area->free_list[migratetype]);
}
struct pglist_data;
/*
* Add a wild amount of padding here to ensure data fall into separate
* cachelines. There are very few zone structures in the machine, so space
* consumption is not a concern here.
*/
#if defined(CONFIG_SMP)
struct zone_padding {
char x[0];
} ____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp;
#define ZONE_PADDING(name) struct zone_padding name;
#else
#define ZONE_PADDING(name)
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
enum numa_stat_item {
NUMA_HIT, /* allocated in intended node */
NUMA_MISS, /* allocated in non intended node */
NUMA_FOREIGN, /* was intended here, hit elsewhere */
NUMA_INTERLEAVE_HIT, /* interleaver preferred this zone */
NUMA_LOCAL, /* allocation from local node */
NUMA_OTHER, /* allocation from other node */
NR_VM_NUMA_EVENT_ITEMS
};
#else
#define NR_VM_NUMA_EVENT_ITEMS 0
#endif
enum zone_stat_item {
/* First 128 byte cacheline (assuming 64 bit words) */
NR_FREE_PAGES,
NR_ZONE_LRU_BASE, /* Used only for compaction and reclaim retry */
NR_ZONE_INACTIVE_ANON = NR_ZONE_LRU_BASE,
NR_ZONE_ACTIVE_ANON,
NR_ZONE_INACTIVE_FILE,
NR_ZONE_ACTIVE_FILE,
NR_ZONE_UNEVICTABLE,
NR_ZONE_WRITE_PENDING, /* Count of dirty, writeback and unstable pages */
NR_MLOCK, /* mlock()ed pages found and moved off LRU */
/* Second 128 byte cacheline */
NR_BOUNCE,
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_ZSMALLOC)
NR_ZSPAGES, /* allocated in zsmalloc */
#endif
NR_FREE_CMA_PAGES,
NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS };
enum node_stat_item {
NR_LRU_BASE,
NR_INACTIVE_ANON = NR_LRU_BASE, /* must match order of LRU_[IN]ACTIVE */
NR_ACTIVE_ANON, /* " " " " " */
NR_INACTIVE_FILE, /* " " " " " */
NR_ACTIVE_FILE, /* " " " " " */
NR_UNEVICTABLE, /* " " " " " */
NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE_B,
NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE_B,
NR_ISOLATED_ANON, /* Temporary isolated pages from anon lru */
NR_ISOLATED_FILE, /* Temporary isolated pages from file lru */
WORKINGSET_NODES,
WORKINGSET_REFAULT_BASE,
WORKINGSET_REFAULT_ANON = WORKINGSET_REFAULT_BASE,
WORKINGSET_REFAULT_FILE,
WORKINGSET_ACTIVATE_BASE,
WORKINGSET_ACTIVATE_ANON = WORKINGSET_ACTIVATE_BASE,
WORKINGSET_ACTIVATE_FILE,
WORKINGSET_RESTORE_BASE,
WORKINGSET_RESTORE_ANON = WORKINGSET_RESTORE_BASE,
WORKINGSET_RESTORE_FILE,
WORKINGSET_NODERECLAIM,
NR_ANON_MAPPED, /* Mapped anonymous pages */
NR_FILE_MAPPED, /* pagecache pages mapped into pagetables.
only modified from process context */
NR_FILE_PAGES,
NR_FILE_DIRTY,
NR_WRITEBACK,
NR_WRITEBACK_TEMP, /* Writeback using temporary buffers */
NR_SHMEM, /* shmem pages (included tmpfs/GEM pages) */
NR_SHMEM_THPS,
NR_SHMEM_PMDMAPPED,
NR_FILE_THPS,
NR_FILE_PMDMAPPED,
NR_ANON_THPS,
NR_VMSCAN_WRITE,
NR_VMSCAN_IMMEDIATE, /* Prioritise for reclaim when writeback ends */
NR_DIRTIED, /* page dirtyings since bootup */
NR_WRITTEN, /* page writings since bootup */
NR_THROTTLED_WRITTEN, /* NR_WRITTEN while reclaim throttled */
NR_KERNEL_MISC_RECLAIMABLE, /* reclaimable non-slab kernel pages */
NR_FOLL_PIN_ACQUIRED, /* via: pin_user_page(), gup flag: FOLL_PIN */
NR_FOLL_PIN_RELEASED, /* pages returned via unpin_user_page() */
NR_KERNEL_STACK_KB, /* measured in KiB */
#if IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SHADOW_CALL_STACK)
NR_KERNEL_SCS_KB, /* measured in KiB */
#endif
NR_PAGETABLE, /* used for pagetables */
#ifdef CONFIG_SWAP
NR_SWAPCACHE,
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING
PGPROMOTE_SUCCESS, /* promote successfully */
#endif
NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS
};
/*
* Returns true if the item should be printed in THPs (/proc/vmstat
* currently prints number of anon, file and shmem THPs. But the item
* is charged in pages).
*/
static __always_inline bool vmstat_item_print_in_thp(enum node_stat_item item)
{
if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE))
return false;
return item == NR_ANON_THPS ||
item == NR_FILE_THPS ||
item == NR_SHMEM_THPS ||
item == NR_SHMEM_PMDMAPPED ||
item == NR_FILE_PMDMAPPED;
}
/*
* Returns true if the value is measured in bytes (most vmstat values are
* measured in pages). This defines the API part, the internal representation
* might be different.
*/
static __always_inline bool vmstat_item_in_bytes(int idx)
{
/*
* Global and per-node slab counters track slab pages.
* It's expected that changes are multiples of PAGE_SIZE.
* Internally values are stored in pages.
*
* Per-memcg and per-lruvec counters track memory, consumed
* by individual slab objects. These counters are actually
* byte-precise.
*/
return (idx == NR_SLAB_RECLAIMABLE_B ||
idx == NR_SLAB_UNRECLAIMABLE_B);
}
/*
* We do arithmetic on the LRU lists in various places in the code,
* so it is important to keep the active lists LRU_ACTIVE higher in
* the array than the corresponding inactive lists, and to keep
* the *_FILE lists LRU_FILE higher than the corresponding _ANON lists.
*
* This has to be kept in sync with the statistics in zone_stat_item
* above and the descriptions in vmstat_text in mm/vmstat.c
*/
#define LRU_BASE 0
#define LRU_ACTIVE 1
#define LRU_FILE 2
enum lru_list {
LRU_INACTIVE_ANON = LRU_BASE,
LRU_ACTIVE_ANON = LRU_BASE + LRU_ACTIVE,
LRU_INACTIVE_FILE = LRU_BASE + LRU_FILE,
LRU_ACTIVE_FILE = LRU_BASE + LRU_FILE + LRU_ACTIVE,
LRU_UNEVICTABLE,
NR_LRU_LISTS
};
enum vmscan_throttle_state {
VMSCAN_THROTTLE_WRITEBACK,
VMSCAN_THROTTLE_ISOLATED,
VMSCAN_THROTTLE_NOPROGRESS,
VMSCAN_THROTTLE_CONGESTED,
NR_VMSCAN_THROTTLE,
};
#define for_each_lru(lru) for (lru = 0; lru < NR_LRU_LISTS; lru++)
#define for_each_evictable_lru(lru) for (lru = 0; lru <= LRU_ACTIVE_FILE; lru++)
static inline bool is_file_lru(enum lru_list lru)
{
return (lru == LRU_INACTIVE_FILE || lru == LRU_ACTIVE_FILE);
}
static inline bool is_active_lru(enum lru_list lru)
{
return (lru == LRU_ACTIVE_ANON || lru == LRU_ACTIVE_FILE);
}
#define ANON_AND_FILE 2
enum lruvec_flags {
LRUVEC_CONGESTED, /* lruvec has many dirty pages
* backed by a congested BDI
*/
};
struct lruvec {
struct list_head lists[NR_LRU_LISTS];
/* per lruvec lru_lock for memcg */
spinlock_t lru_lock;
/*
* These track the cost of reclaiming one LRU - file or anon -
* over the other. As the observed cost of reclaiming one LRU
* increases, the reclaim scan balance tips toward the other.
*/
unsigned long anon_cost;
unsigned long file_cost;
/* Non-resident age, driven by LRU movement */
atomic_long_t nonresident_age;
/* Refaults at the time of last reclaim cycle */
unsigned long refaults[ANON_AND_FILE];
/* Various lruvec state flags (enum lruvec_flags) */
unsigned long flags;
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
struct pglist_data *pgdat;
#endif
};
/* Isolate unmapped pages */
#define ISOLATE_UNMAPPED ((__force isolate_mode_t)0x2)
/* Isolate for asynchronous migration */
#define ISOLATE_ASYNC_MIGRATE ((__force isolate_mode_t)0x4)
/* Isolate unevictable pages */
#define ISOLATE_UNEVICTABLE ((__force isolate_mode_t)0x8)
/* LRU Isolation modes. */
typedef unsigned __bitwise isolate_mode_t;
enum zone_watermarks {
WMARK_MIN,
WMARK_LOW,
WMARK_HIGH,
WMARK_PROMO,
NR_WMARK
};
/*
* One per migratetype for each PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER. One additional list
* for THP which will usually be GFP_MOVABLE. Even if it is another type,
* it should not contribute to serious fragmentation causing THP allocation
* failures.
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
#define NR_PCP_THP 1
#else
#define NR_PCP_THP 0
#endif
#define NR_LOWORDER_PCP_LISTS (MIGRATE_PCPTYPES * (PAGE_ALLOC_COSTLY_ORDER + 1))
#define NR_PCP_LISTS (NR_LOWORDER_PCP_LISTS + NR_PCP_THP)
/*
* Shift to encode migratetype and order in the same integer, with order
* in the least significant bits.
*/
#define NR_PCP_ORDER_WIDTH 8
#define NR_PCP_ORDER_MASK ((1<<NR_PCP_ORDER_WIDTH) - 1)
#define min_wmark_pages(z) (z->_watermark[WMARK_MIN] + z->watermark_boost)
#define low_wmark_pages(z) (z->_watermark[WMARK_LOW] + z->watermark_boost)
#define high_wmark_pages(z) (z->_watermark[WMARK_HIGH] + z->watermark_boost)
#define wmark_pages(z, i) (z->_watermark[i] + z->watermark_boost)
/* Fields and list protected by pagesets local_lock in page_alloc.c */
struct per_cpu_pages {
spinlock_t lock; /* Protects lists field */
int count; /* number of pages in the list */
int high; /* high watermark, emptying needed */
int batch; /* chunk size for buddy add/remove */
short free_factor; /* batch scaling factor during free */
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
short expire; /* When 0, remote pagesets are drained */
#endif
/* Lists of pages, one per migrate type stored on the pcp-lists */
struct list_head lists[NR_PCP_LISTS];
} ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
struct per_cpu_zonestat {
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
s8 vm_stat_diff[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS];
s8 stat_threshold;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
/*
* Low priority inaccurate counters that are only folded
* on demand. Use a large type to avoid the overhead of
* folding during refresh_cpu_vm_stats.
*/
unsigned long vm_numa_event[NR_VM_NUMA_EVENT_ITEMS];
#endif
};
struct per_cpu_nodestat {
s8 stat_threshold;
s8 vm_node_stat_diff[NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS];
};
#endif /* !__GENERATING_BOUNDS.H */
enum zone_type {
/*
* ZONE_DMA and ZONE_DMA32 are used when there are peripherals not able
* to DMA to all of the addressable memory (ZONE_NORMAL).
* On architectures where this area covers the whole 32 bit address
* space ZONE_DMA32 is used. ZONE_DMA is left for the ones with smaller
* DMA addressing constraints. This distinction is important as a 32bit
* DMA mask is assumed when ZONE_DMA32 is defined. Some 64-bit
* platforms may need both zones as they support peripherals with
* different DMA addressing limitations.
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA
ZONE_DMA,
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA32
ZONE_DMA32,
#endif
/*
* Normal addressable memory is in ZONE_NORMAL. DMA operations can be
* performed on pages in ZONE_NORMAL if the DMA devices support
* transfers to all addressable memory.
*/
ZONE_NORMAL,
#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM
/*
* A memory area that is only addressable by the kernel through
* mapping portions into its own address space. This is for example
* used by i386 to allow the kernel to address the memory beyond
* 900MB. The kernel will set up special mappings (page
* table entries on i386) for each page that the kernel needs to
* access.
*/
ZONE_HIGHMEM,
#endif
/*
* ZONE_MOVABLE is similar to ZONE_NORMAL, except that it contains
* movable pages with few exceptional cases described below. Main use
* cases for ZONE_MOVABLE are to make memory offlining/unplug more
* likely to succeed, and to locally limit unmovable allocations - e.g.,
* to increase the number of THP/huge pages. Notable special cases are:
*
* 1. Pinned pages: (long-term) pinning of movable pages might
* essentially turn such pages unmovable. Therefore, we do not allow
* pinning long-term pages in ZONE_MOVABLE. When pages are pinned and
* faulted, they come from the right zone right away. However, it is
* still possible that address space already has pages in
* ZONE_MOVABLE at the time when pages are pinned (i.e. user has
* touches that memory before pinning). In such case we migrate them
* to a different zone. When migration fails - pinning fails.
* 2. memblock allocations: kernelcore/movablecore setups might create
* situations where ZONE_MOVABLE contains unmovable allocations
* after boot. Memory offlining and allocations fail early.
* 3. Memory holes: kernelcore/movablecore setups might create very rare
* situations where ZONE_MOVABLE contains memory holes after boot,
* for example, if we have sections that are only partially
* populated. Memory offlining and allocations fail early.
* 4. PG_hwpoison pages: while poisoned pages can be skipped during
* memory offlining, such pages cannot be allocated.
* 5. Unmovable PG_offline pages: in paravirtualized environments,
* hotplugged memory blocks might only partially be managed by the
* buddy (e.g., via XEN-balloon, Hyper-V balloon, virtio-mem). The
* parts not manged by the buddy are unmovable PG_offline pages. In
* some cases (virtio-mem), such pages can be skipped during
* memory offlining, however, cannot be moved/allocated. These
* techniques might use alloc_contig_range() to hide previously
* exposed pages from the buddy again (e.g., to implement some sort
* of memory unplug in virtio-mem).
* 6. ZERO_PAGE(0), kernelcore/movablecore setups might create
* situations where ZERO_PAGE(0) which is allocated differently
* on different platforms may end up in a movable zone. ZERO_PAGE(0)
* cannot be migrated.
* 7. Memory-hotplug: when using memmap_on_memory and onlining the
* memory to the MOVABLE zone, the vmemmap pages are also placed in
* such zone. Such pages cannot be really moved around as they are
* self-stored in the range, but they are treated as movable when
* the range they describe is about to be offlined.
*
* In general, no unmovable allocations that degrade memory offlining
* should end up in ZONE_MOVABLE. Allocators (like alloc_contig_range())
* have to expect that migrating pages in ZONE_MOVABLE can fail (even
* if has_unmovable_pages() states that there are no unmovable pages,
* there can be false negatives).
*/
ZONE_MOVABLE,
#ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE
ZONE_DEVICE,
#endif
__MAX_NR_ZONES
};
#ifndef __GENERATING_BOUNDS_H
#define ASYNC_AND_SYNC 2
struct zone {
/* Read-mostly fields */
/* zone watermarks, access with *_wmark_pages(zone) macros */
unsigned long _watermark[NR_WMARK];
unsigned long watermark_boost;
unsigned long nr_reserved_highatomic;
/*
* We don't know if the memory that we're going to allocate will be
* freeable or/and it will be released eventually, so to avoid totally
* wasting several GB of ram we must reserve some of the lower zone
* memory (otherwise we risk to run OOM on the lower zones despite
* there being tons of freeable ram on the higher zones). This array is
* recalculated at runtime if the sysctl_lowmem_reserve_ratio sysctl
* changes.
*/
long lowmem_reserve[MAX_NR_ZONES];
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
int node;
#endif
struct pglist_data *zone_pgdat;
struct per_cpu_pages __percpu *per_cpu_pageset;
struct per_cpu_zonestat __percpu *per_cpu_zonestats;
/*
* the high and batch values are copied to individual pagesets for
* faster access
*/
int pageset_high;
int pageset_batch;
#ifndef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM
/*
* Flags for a pageblock_nr_pages block. See pageblock-flags.h.
* In SPARSEMEM, this map is stored in struct mem_section
*/
unsigned long *pageblock_flags;
#endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM */
/* zone_start_pfn == zone_start_paddr >> PAGE_SHIFT */
unsigned long zone_start_pfn;
/*
* spanned_pages is the total pages spanned by the zone, including
* holes, which is calculated as:
* spanned_pages = zone_end_pfn - zone_start_pfn;
*
* present_pages is physical pages existing within the zone, which
* is calculated as:
* present_pages = spanned_pages - absent_pages(pages in holes);
*
* present_early_pages is present pages existing within the zone
* located on memory available since early boot, excluding hotplugged
* memory.
*
* managed_pages is present pages managed by the buddy system, which
* is calculated as (reserved_pages includes pages allocated by the
* bootmem allocator):
* managed_pages = present_pages - reserved_pages;
*
* cma pages is present pages that are assigned for CMA use
* (MIGRATE_CMA).
*
* So present_pages may be used by memory hotplug or memory power
* management logic to figure out unmanaged pages by checking
* (present_pages - managed_pages). And managed_pages should be used
* by page allocator and vm scanner to calculate all kinds of watermarks
* and thresholds.
*
* Locking rules:
*
* zone_start_pfn and spanned_pages are protected by span_seqlock.
* It is a seqlock because it has to be read outside of zone->lock,
* and it is done in the main allocator path. But, it is written
* quite infrequently.
*
* The span_seq lock is declared along with zone->lock because it is
* frequently read in proximity to zone->lock. It's good to
* give them a chance of being in the same cacheline.
*
* Write access to present_pages at runtime should be protected by
* mem_hotplug_begin/done(). Any reader who can't tolerant drift of
* present_pages should use get_online_mems() to get a stable value.
*/
atomic_long_t managed_pages;
unsigned long spanned_pages;
unsigned long present_pages;
#if defined(CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG)
unsigned long present_early_pages;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_CMA
unsigned long cma_pages;
#endif
const char *name;
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_ISOLATION
/*
* Number of isolated pageblock. It is used to solve incorrect
* freepage counting problem due to racy retrieving migratetype
* of pageblock. Protected by zone->lock.
*/
unsigned long nr_isolate_pageblock;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
/* see spanned/present_pages for more description */
seqlock_t span_seqlock;
#endif
int initialized;
/* Write-intensive fields used from the page allocator */
ZONE_PADDING(_pad1_)
/* free areas of different sizes */
struct free_area free_area[MAX_ORDER];
/* zone flags, see below */
unsigned long flags;
/* Primarily protects free_area */
spinlock_t lock;
/* Write-intensive fields used by compaction and vmstats. */
ZONE_PADDING(_pad2_)
/*
* When free pages are below this point, additional steps are taken
* when reading the number of free pages to avoid per-cpu counter
* drift allowing watermarks to be breached
*/
unsigned long percpu_drift_mark;
#if defined CONFIG_COMPACTION || defined CONFIG_CMA
/* pfn where compaction free scanner should start */
unsigned long compact_cached_free_pfn;
/* pfn where compaction migration scanner should start */
unsigned long compact_cached_migrate_pfn[ASYNC_AND_SYNC];
unsigned long compact_init_migrate_pfn;
unsigned long compact_init_free_pfn;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION
/*
* On compaction failure, 1<<compact_defer_shift compactions
* are skipped before trying again. The number attempted since
* last failure is tracked with compact_considered.
* compact_order_failed is the minimum compaction failed order.
*/
unsigned int compact_considered;
unsigned int compact_defer_shift;
int compact_order_failed;
#endif
#if defined CONFIG_COMPACTION || defined CONFIG_CMA
/* Set to true when the PG_migrate_skip bits should be cleared */
bool compact_blockskip_flush;
#endif
bool contiguous;
ZONE_PADDING(_pad3_)
/* Zone statistics */
atomic_long_t vm_stat[NR_VM_ZONE_STAT_ITEMS];
atomic_long_t vm_numa_event[NR_VM_NUMA_EVENT_ITEMS];
} ____cacheline_internodealigned_in_smp;
enum pgdat_flags {
PGDAT_DIRTY, /* reclaim scanning has recently found
* many dirty file pages at the tail
* of the LRU.
*/
PGDAT_WRITEBACK, /* reclaim scanning has recently found
* many pages under writeback
*/
PGDAT_RECLAIM_LOCKED, /* prevents concurrent reclaim */
};
enum zone_flags {
ZONE_BOOSTED_WATERMARK, /* zone recently boosted watermarks.
* Cleared when kswapd is woken.
*/
ZONE_RECLAIM_ACTIVE, /* kswapd may be scanning the zone. */
};
static inline unsigned long zone_managed_pages(struct zone *zone)
{
return (unsigned long)atomic_long_read(&zone->managed_pages);
}
static inline unsigned long zone_cma_pages(struct zone *zone)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_CMA
return zone->cma_pages;
#else
return 0;
#endif
}
static inline unsigned long zone_end_pfn(const struct zone *zone)
{
return zone->zone_start_pfn + zone->spanned_pages;
}
static inline bool zone_spans_pfn(const struct zone *zone, unsigned long pfn)
{
return zone->zone_start_pfn <= pfn && pfn < zone_end_pfn(zone);
}
static inline bool zone_is_initialized(struct zone *zone)
{
return zone->initialized;
}
static inline bool zone_is_empty(struct zone *zone)
{
return zone->spanned_pages == 0;
}
#ifndef BUILD_VDSO32_64
/*
* The zone field is never updated after free_area_init_core()
* sets it, so none of the operations on it need to be atomic.
*/
/* Page flags: | [SECTION] | [NODE] | ZONE | [LAST_CPUPID] | ... | FLAGS | */
#define SECTIONS_PGOFF ((sizeof(unsigned long)*8) - SECTIONS_WIDTH)
#define NODES_PGOFF (SECTIONS_PGOFF - NODES_WIDTH)
#define ZONES_PGOFF (NODES_PGOFF - ZONES_WIDTH)
#define LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF (ZONES_PGOFF - LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH)
#define KASAN_TAG_PGOFF (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF - KASAN_TAG_WIDTH)
/*
* Define the bit shifts to access each section. For non-existent
* sections we define the shift as 0; that plus a 0 mask ensures
* the compiler will optimise away reference to them.
*/
#define SECTIONS_PGSHIFT (SECTIONS_PGOFF * (SECTIONS_WIDTH != 0))
#define NODES_PGSHIFT (NODES_PGOFF * (NODES_WIDTH != 0))
#define ZONES_PGSHIFT (ZONES_PGOFF * (ZONES_WIDTH != 0))
#define LAST_CPUPID_PGSHIFT (LAST_CPUPID_PGOFF * (LAST_CPUPID_WIDTH != 0))
#define KASAN_TAG_PGSHIFT (KASAN_TAG_PGOFF * (KASAN_TAG_WIDTH != 0))
/* NODE:ZONE or SECTION:ZONE is used to ID a zone for the buddy allocator */
#ifdef NODE_NOT_IN_PAGE_FLAGS
#define ZONEID_SHIFT (SECTIONS_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT)
#define ZONEID_PGOFF ((SECTIONS_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF) ? \
SECTIONS_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF)
#else
#define ZONEID_SHIFT (NODES_SHIFT + ZONES_SHIFT)
#define ZONEID_PGOFF ((NODES_PGOFF < ZONES_PGOFF) ? \
NODES_PGOFF : ZONES_PGOFF)
#endif
#define ZONEID_PGSHIFT (ZONEID_PGOFF * (ZONEID_SHIFT != 0))
#define ZONES_MASK ((1UL << ZONES_WIDTH) - 1)
#define NODES_MASK ((1UL << NODES_WIDTH) - 1)
#define SECTIONS_MASK ((1UL << SECTIONS_WIDTH) - 1)
#define LAST_CPUPID_MASK ((1UL << LAST_CPUPID_SHIFT) - 1)
#define KASAN_TAG_MASK ((1UL << KASAN_TAG_WIDTH) - 1)
#define ZONEID_MASK ((1UL << ZONEID_SHIFT) - 1)
static inline enum zone_type page_zonenum(const struct page *page)
{
ASSERT_EXCLUSIVE_BITS(page->flags, ZONES_MASK << ZONES_PGSHIFT);
return (page->flags >> ZONES_PGSHIFT) & ZONES_MASK;
}
static inline enum zone_type folio_zonenum(const struct folio *folio)
{
return page_zonenum(&folio->page);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE
static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page)
{
return page_zonenum(page) == ZONE_DEVICE;
}
extern void memmap_init_zone_device(struct zone *, unsigned long,
unsigned long, struct dev_pagemap *);
#else
static inline bool is_zone_device_page(const struct page *page)
{
return false;
}
#endif
static inline bool folio_is_zone_device(const struct folio *folio)
{
return is_zone_device_page(&folio->page);
}
static inline bool is_zone_movable_page(const struct page *page)
{
return page_zonenum(page) == ZONE_MOVABLE;
}
#endif
/*
* Return true if [start_pfn, start_pfn + nr_pages) range has a non-empty
* intersection with the given zone
*/
static inline bool zone_intersects(struct zone *zone,
unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long nr_pages)
{
if (zone_is_empty(zone))
return false;
if (start_pfn >= zone_end_pfn(zone) ||
start_pfn + nr_pages <= zone->zone_start_pfn)
return false;
return true;
}
/*
* The "priority" of VM scanning is how much of the queues we will scan in one
* go. A value of 12 for DEF_PRIORITY implies that we will scan 1/4096th of the
* queues ("queue_length >> 12") during an aging round.
*/
#define DEF_PRIORITY 12
/* Maximum number of zones on a zonelist */
#define MAX_ZONES_PER_ZONELIST (MAX_NUMNODES * MAX_NR_ZONES)
enum {
ZONELIST_FALLBACK, /* zonelist with fallback */
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
/*
* The NUMA zonelists are doubled because we need zonelists that
* restrict the allocations to a single node for __GFP_THISNODE.
*/
ZONELIST_NOFALLBACK, /* zonelist without fallback (__GFP_THISNODE) */
#endif
MAX_ZONELISTS
};
/*
* This struct contains information about a zone in a zonelist. It is stored
* here to avoid dereferences into large structures and lookups of tables
*/
struct zoneref {
struct zone *zone; /* Pointer to actual zone */
int zone_idx; /* zone_idx(zoneref->zone) */
};
/*
* One allocation request operates on a zonelist. A zonelist
* is a list of zones, the first one is the 'goal' of the
* allocation, the other zones are fallback zones, in decreasing
* priority.
*
* To speed the reading of the zonelist, the zonerefs contain the zone index
* of the entry being read. Helper functions to access information given
* a struct zoneref are
*
* zonelist_zone() - Return the struct zone * for an entry in _zonerefs
* zonelist_zone_idx() - Return the index of the zone for an entry
* zonelist_node_idx() - Return the index of the node for an entry
*/
struct zonelist {
struct zoneref _zonerefs[MAX_ZONES_PER_ZONELIST + 1];
};
/*
* The array of struct pages for flatmem.
* It must be declared for SPARSEMEM as well because there are configurations
* that rely on that.
*/
extern struct page *mem_map;
#ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
struct deferred_split {
spinlock_t split_queue_lock;
struct list_head split_queue;
unsigned long split_queue_len;
};
#endif
/*
* On NUMA machines, each NUMA node would have a pg_data_t to describe
* it's memory layout. On UMA machines there is a single pglist_data which
* describes the whole memory.
*
* Memory statistics and page replacement data structures are maintained on a
* per-zone basis.
*/
typedef struct pglist_data {
/*
* node_zones contains just the zones for THIS node. Not all of the
* zones may be populated, but it is the full list. It is referenced by
* this node's node_zonelists as well as other node's node_zonelists.
*/
struct zone node_zones[MAX_NR_ZONES];
/*
* node_zonelists contains references to all zones in all nodes.
* Generally the first zones will be references to this node's
* node_zones.
*/
struct zonelist node_zonelists[MAX_ZONELISTS];
int nr_zones; /* number of populated zones in this node */
#ifdef CONFIG_FLATMEM /* means !SPARSEMEM */
struct page *node_mem_map;
#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_EXTENSION
struct page_ext *node_page_ext;
#endif
#endif
#if defined(CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG) || defined(CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT)
/*
* Must be held any time you expect node_start_pfn,
* node_present_pages, node_spanned_pages or nr_zones to stay constant.
* Also synchronizes pgdat->first_deferred_pfn during deferred page
* init.
*
* pgdat_resize_lock() and pgdat_resize_unlock() are provided to
* manipulate node_size_lock without checking for CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
* or CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT.
*
* Nests above zone->lock and zone->span_seqlock
*/
spinlock_t node_size_lock;
#endif
unsigned long node_start_pfn;
unsigned long node_present_pages; /* total number of physical pages */
unsigned long node_spanned_pages; /* total size of physical page
range, including holes */
int node_id;
wait_queue_head_t kswapd_wait;
wait_queue_head_t pfmemalloc_wait;
/* workqueues for throttling reclaim for different reasons. */
wait_queue_head_t reclaim_wait[NR_VMSCAN_THROTTLE];
atomic_t nr_writeback_throttled;/* nr of writeback-throttled tasks */
unsigned long nr_reclaim_start; /* nr pages written while throttled
* when throttling started. */
struct task_struct *kswapd; /* Protected by
mem_hotplug_begin/done() */
int kswapd_order;
enum zone_type kswapd_highest_zoneidx;
int kswapd_failures; /* Number of 'reclaimed == 0' runs */
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPACTION
int kcompactd_max_order;
enum zone_type kcompactd_highest_zoneidx;
wait_queue_head_t kcompactd_wait;
struct task_struct *kcompactd;
bool proactive_compact_trigger;
#endif
/*
* This is a per-node reserve of pages that are not available
* to userspace allocations.
*/
unsigned long totalreserve_pages;
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
/*
* node reclaim becomes active if more unmapped pages exist.
*/
unsigned long min_unmapped_pages;
unsigned long min_slab_pages;
#endif /* CONFIG_NUMA */
/* Write-intensive fields used by page reclaim */
ZONE_PADDING(_pad1_)
#ifdef CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT
/*
* If memory initialisation on large machines is deferred then this
* is the first PFN that needs to be initialised.
*/
unsigned long first_deferred_pfn;
#endif /* CONFIG_DEFERRED_STRUCT_PAGE_INIT */
#ifdef CONFIG_TRANSPARENT_HUGEPAGE
struct deferred_split deferred_split_queue;
#endif
/* Fields commonly accessed by the page reclaim scanner */
/*
* NOTE: THIS IS UNUSED IF MEMCG IS ENABLED.
*
* Use mem_cgroup_lruvec() to look up lruvecs.
*/
struct lruvec __lruvec;
unsigned long flags;
ZONE_PADDING(_pad2_)
/* Per-node vmstats */
struct per_cpu_nodestat __percpu *per_cpu_nodestats;
atomic_long_t vm_stat[NR_VM_NODE_STAT_ITEMS];
} pg_data_t;
#define node_present_pages(nid) (NODE_DATA(nid)->node_present_pages)
#define node_spanned_pages(nid) (NODE_DATA(nid)->node_spanned_pages)
#define node_start_pfn(nid) (NODE_DATA(nid)->node_start_pfn)
#define node_end_pfn(nid) pgdat_end_pfn(NODE_DATA(nid))
static inline unsigned long pgdat_end_pfn(pg_data_t *pgdat)
{
return pgdat->node_start_pfn + pgdat->node_spanned_pages;
}
static inline bool pgdat_is_empty(pg_data_t *pgdat)
{
return !pgdat->node_start_pfn && !pgdat->node_spanned_pages;
}
#include <linux/memory_hotplug.h>
void build_all_zonelists(pg_data_t *pgdat);
void wakeup_kswapd(struct zone *zone, gfp_t gfp_mask, int order,
enum zone_type highest_zoneidx);
bool __zone_watermark_ok(struct zone *z, unsigned int order, unsigned long mark,
int highest_zoneidx, unsigned int alloc_flags,
long free_pages);
bool zone_watermark_ok(struct zone *z, unsigned int order,
unsigned long mark, int highest_zoneidx,
unsigned int alloc_flags);
bool zone_watermark_ok_safe(struct zone *z, unsigned int order,
unsigned long mark, int highest_zoneidx);
/*
* Memory initialization context, use to differentiate memory added by
* the platform statically or via memory hotplug interface.
*/
enum meminit_context {
MEMINIT_EARLY,
MEMINIT_HOTPLUG,
};
extern void init_currently_empty_zone(struct zone *zone, unsigned long start_pfn,
unsigned long size);
extern void lruvec_init(struct lruvec *lruvec);
static inline struct pglist_data *lruvec_pgdat(struct lruvec *lruvec)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMCG
return lruvec->pgdat;
#else
return container_of(lruvec, struct pglist_data, __lruvec);
#endif
}
#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_MEMORYLESS_NODES
int local_memory_node(int node_id);
#else
static inline int local_memory_node(int node_id) { return node_id; };
#endif
/*
* zone_idx() returns 0 for the ZONE_DMA zone, 1 for the ZONE_NORMAL zone, etc.
*/
#define zone_idx(zone) ((zone) - (zone)->zone_pgdat->node_zones)
#ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE
static inline bool zone_is_zone_device(struct zone *zone)
{
return zone_idx(zone) == ZONE_DEVICE;
}
#else
static inline bool zone_is_zone_device(struct zone *zone)
{
return false;
}
#endif
/*
* Returns true if a zone has pages managed by the buddy allocator.
* All the reclaim decisions have to use this function rather than
* populated_zone(). If the whole zone is reserved then we can easily
* end up with populated_zone() && !managed_zone().
*/
static inline bool managed_zone(struct zone *zone)
{
return zone_managed_pages(zone);
}
/* Returns true if a zone has memory */
static inline bool populated_zone(struct zone *zone)
{
return zone->present_pages;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
static inline int zone_to_nid(struct zone *zone)
{
return zone->node;
}
static inline void zone_set_nid(struct zone *zone, int nid)
{
zone->node = nid;
}
#else
static inline int zone_to_nid(struct zone *zone)
{
return 0;
}
static inline void zone_set_nid(struct zone *zone, int nid) {}
#endif
extern int movable_zone;
static inline int is_highmem_idx(enum zone_type idx)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_HIGHMEM
return (idx == ZONE_HIGHMEM ||
(idx == ZONE_MOVABLE && movable_zone == ZONE_HIGHMEM));
#else
return 0;
#endif
}
/**
* is_highmem - helper function to quickly check if a struct zone is a
* highmem zone or not. This is an attempt to keep references
* to ZONE_{DMA/NORMAL/HIGHMEM/etc} in general code to a minimum.
* @zone: pointer to struct zone variable
* Return: 1 for a highmem zone, 0 otherwise
*/
static inline int is_highmem(struct zone *zone)
{
return is_highmem_idx(zone_idx(zone));
}
#ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DMA
bool has_managed_dma(void);
#else
static inline bool has_managed_dma(void)
{
return false;
}
#endif
/* These two functions are used to setup the per zone pages min values */
struct ctl_table;
int min_free_kbytes_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *, size_t *,
loff_t *);
int watermark_scale_factor_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *,
size_t *, loff_t *);
extern int sysctl_lowmem_reserve_ratio[MAX_NR_ZONES];
int lowmem_reserve_ratio_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *, int, void *,
size_t *, loff_t *);
int percpu_pagelist_high_fraction_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *, int,
void *, size_t *, loff_t *);
int sysctl_min_unmapped_ratio_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *, int,
void *, size_t *, loff_t *);
int sysctl_min_slab_ratio_sysctl_handler(struct ctl_table *, int,
void *, size_t *, loff_t *);
int numa_zonelist_order_handler(struct ctl_table *, int,
void *, size_t *, loff_t *);
extern int percpu_pagelist_high_fraction;
extern char numa_zonelist_order[];
#define NUMA_ZONELIST_ORDER_LEN 16
#ifndef CONFIG_NUMA
extern struct pglist_data contig_page_data;
static inline struct pglist_data *NODE_DATA(int nid)
{
return &contig_page_data;
}
#else /* CONFIG_NUMA */
#include <asm/mmzone.h>
#endif /* !CONFIG_NUMA */
extern struct pglist_data *first_online_pgdat(void);
extern struct pglist_data *next_online_pgdat(struct pglist_data *pgdat);
extern struct zone *next_zone(struct zone *zone);
/**
* for_each_online_pgdat - helper macro to iterate over all online nodes
* @pgdat: pointer to a pg_data_t variable
*/
#define for_each_online_pgdat(pgdat) \
for (pgdat = first_online_pgdat(); \
pgdat; \
pgdat = next_online_pgdat(pgdat))
/**
* for_each_zone - helper macro to iterate over all memory zones
* @zone: pointer to struct zone variable
*
* The user only needs to declare the zone variable, for_each_zone
* fills it in.
*/
#define for_each_zone(zone) \
for (zone = (first_online_pgdat())->node_zones; \
zone; \
zone = next_zone(zone))
#define for_each_populated_zone(zone) \
for (zone = (first_online_pgdat())->node_zones; \
zone; \
zone = next_zone(zone)) \
if (!populated_zone(zone)) \
; /* do nothing */ \
else
static inline struct zone *zonelist_zone(struct zoneref *zoneref)
{
return zoneref->zone;
}
static inline int zonelist_zone_idx(struct zoneref *zoneref)
{
return zoneref->zone_idx;
}
static inline int zonelist_node_idx(struct zoneref *zoneref)
{
return zone_to_nid(zoneref->zone);
}
struct zoneref *__next_zones_zonelist(struct zoneref *z,
enum zone_type highest_zoneidx,
nodemask_t *nodes);
/**
* next_zones_zonelist - Returns the next zone at or below highest_zoneidx within the allowed nodemask using a cursor within a zonelist as a starting point
* @z: The cursor used as a starting point for the search
* @highest_zoneidx: The zone index of the highest zone to return
* @nodes: An optional nodemask to filter the zonelist with
*
* This function returns the next zone at or below a given zone index that is
* within the allowed nodemask using a cursor as the starting point for the
* search. The zoneref returned is a cursor that represents the current zone
* being examined. It should be advanced by one before calling
* next_zones_zonelist again.
*
* Return: the next zone at or below highest_zoneidx within the allowed
* nodemask using a cursor within a zonelist as a starting point
*/
static __always_inline struct zoneref *next_zones_zonelist(struct zoneref *z,
enum zone_type highest_zoneidx,
nodemask_t *nodes)
{
if (likely(!nodes && zonelist_zone_idx(z) <= highest_zoneidx))
return z;
return __next_zones_zonelist(z, highest_zoneidx, nodes);
}
/**
* first_zones_zonelist - Returns the first zone at or below highest_zoneidx within the allowed nodemask in a zonelist
* @zonelist: The zonelist to search for a suitable zone
* @highest_zoneidx: The zone index of the highest zone to return
* @nodes: An optional nodemask to filter the zonelist with
*
* This function returns the first zone at or below a given zone index that is
* within the allowed nodemask. The zoneref returned is a cursor that can be
* used to iterate the zonelist with next_zones_zonelist by advancing it by
* one before calling.
*
* When no eligible zone is found, zoneref->zone is NULL (zoneref itself is
* never NULL). This may happen either genuinely, or due to concurrent nodemask
* update due to cpuset modification.
*
* Return: Zoneref pointer for the first suitable zone found
*/
static inline struct zoneref *first_zones_zonelist(struct zonelist *zonelist,
enum zone_type highest_zoneidx,
nodemask_t *nodes)
{
return next_zones_zonelist(zonelist->_zonerefs,
highest_zoneidx, nodes);
}
/**
* for_each_zone_zonelist_nodemask - helper macro to iterate over valid zones in a zonelist at or below a given zone index and within a nodemask
* @zone: The current zone in the iterator
* @z: The current pointer within zonelist->_zonerefs being iterated
* @zlist: The zonelist being iterated
* @highidx: The zone index of the highest zone to return
* @nodemask: Nodemask allowed by the allocator
*
* This iterator iterates though all zones at or below a given zone index and
* within a given nodemask
*/
#define for_each_zone_zonelist_nodemask(zone, z, zlist, highidx, nodemask) \
for (z = first_zones_zonelist(zlist, highidx, nodemask), zone = zonelist_zone(z); \
zone; \
z = next_zones_zonelist(++z, highidx, nodemask), \
zone = zonelist_zone(z))
#define for_next_zone_zonelist_nodemask(zone, z, highidx, nodemask) \
for (zone = z->zone; \
zone; \
z = next_zones_zonelist(++z, highidx, nodemask), \
zone = zonelist_zone(z))
/**
* for_each_zone_zonelist - helper macro to iterate over valid zones in a zonelist at or below a given zone index
* @zone: The current zone in the iterator
* @z: The current pointer within zonelist->zones being iterated
* @zlist: The zonelist being iterated
* @highidx: The zone index of the highest zone to return
*
* This iterator iterates though all zones at or below a given zone index.
*/
#define for_each_zone_zonelist(zone, z, zlist, highidx) \
for_each_zone_zonelist_nodemask(zone, z, zlist, highidx, NULL)
/* Whether the 'nodes' are all movable nodes */
static inline bool movable_only_nodes(nodemask_t *nodes)
{
struct zonelist *zonelist;
struct zoneref *z;
int nid;
if (nodes_empty(*nodes))
return false;
/*
* We can chose arbitrary node from the nodemask to get a
* zonelist as they are interlinked. We just need to find
* at least one zone that can satisfy kernel allocations.
*/
nid = first_node(*nodes);
zonelist = &NODE_DATA(nid)->node_zonelists[ZONELIST_FALLBACK];
z = first_zones_zonelist(zonelist, ZONE_NORMAL, nodes);
return (!z->zone) ? true : false;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM
#include <asm/sparsemem.h>
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_FLATMEM
#define pfn_to_nid(pfn) (0)
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM
/*
* PA_SECTION_SHIFT physical address to/from section number
* PFN_SECTION_SHIFT pfn to/from section number
*/
#define PA_SECTION_SHIFT (SECTION_SIZE_BITS)
#define PFN_SECTION_SHIFT (SECTION_SIZE_BITS - PAGE_SHIFT)
#define NR_MEM_SECTIONS (1UL << SECTIONS_SHIFT)
#define PAGES_PER_SECTION (1UL << PFN_SECTION_SHIFT)
#define PAGE_SECTION_MASK (~(PAGES_PER_SECTION-1))
#define SECTION_BLOCKFLAGS_BITS \
((1UL << (PFN_SECTION_SHIFT - pageblock_order)) * NR_PAGEBLOCK_BITS)
#if (MAX_ORDER - 1 + PAGE_SHIFT) > SECTION_SIZE_BITS
#error Allocator MAX_ORDER exceeds SECTION_SIZE
#endif
static inline unsigned long pfn_to_section_nr(unsigned long pfn)
{
return pfn >> PFN_SECTION_SHIFT;
}
static inline unsigned long section_nr_to_pfn(unsigned long sec)
{
return sec << PFN_SECTION_SHIFT;
}
#define SECTION_ALIGN_UP(pfn) (((pfn) + PAGES_PER_SECTION - 1) & PAGE_SECTION_MASK)
#define SECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(pfn) ((pfn) & PAGE_SECTION_MASK)
#define SUBSECTION_SHIFT 21
#define SUBSECTION_SIZE (1UL << SUBSECTION_SHIFT)
#define PFN_SUBSECTION_SHIFT (SUBSECTION_SHIFT - PAGE_SHIFT)
#define PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION (1UL << PFN_SUBSECTION_SHIFT)
#define PAGE_SUBSECTION_MASK (~(PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION-1))
#if SUBSECTION_SHIFT > SECTION_SIZE_BITS
#error Subsection size exceeds section size
#else
#define SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION (1UL << (SECTION_SIZE_BITS - SUBSECTION_SHIFT))
#endif
#define SUBSECTION_ALIGN_UP(pfn) ALIGN((pfn), PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION)
#define SUBSECTION_ALIGN_DOWN(pfn) ((pfn) & PAGE_SUBSECTION_MASK)
struct mem_section_usage {
#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
DECLARE_BITMAP(subsection_map, SUBSECTIONS_PER_SECTION);
#endif
/* See declaration of similar field in struct zone */
unsigned long pageblock_flags[0];
};
void subsection_map_init(unsigned long pfn, unsigned long nr_pages);
struct page;
struct page_ext;
struct mem_section {
/*
* This is, logically, a pointer to an array of struct
* pages. However, it is stored with some other magic.
* (see sparse.c::sparse_init_one_section())
*
* Additionally during early boot we encode node id of
* the location of the section here to guide allocation.
* (see sparse.c::memory_present())
*
* Making it a UL at least makes someone do a cast
* before using it wrong.
*/
unsigned long section_mem_map;
struct mem_section_usage *usage;
#ifdef CONFIG_PAGE_EXTENSION
/*
* If SPARSEMEM, pgdat doesn't have page_ext pointer. We use
* section. (see page_ext.h about this.)
*/
struct page_ext *page_ext;
unsigned long pad;
#endif
/*
* WARNING: mem_section must be a power-of-2 in size for the
* calculation and use of SECTION_ROOT_MASK to make sense.
*/
};
#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_EXTREME
#define SECTIONS_PER_ROOT (PAGE_SIZE / sizeof (struct mem_section))
#else
#define SECTIONS_PER_ROOT 1
#endif
#define SECTION_NR_TO_ROOT(sec) ((sec) / SECTIONS_PER_ROOT)
#define NR_SECTION_ROOTS DIV_ROUND_UP(NR_MEM_SECTIONS, SECTIONS_PER_ROOT)
#define SECTION_ROOT_MASK (SECTIONS_PER_ROOT - 1)
#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_EXTREME
extern struct mem_section **mem_section;
#else
extern struct mem_section mem_section[NR_SECTION_ROOTS][SECTIONS_PER_ROOT];
#endif
static inline unsigned long *section_to_usemap(struct mem_section *ms)
{
return ms->usage->pageblock_flags;
}
static inline struct mem_section *__nr_to_section(unsigned long nr)
{
unsigned long root = SECTION_NR_TO_ROOT(nr);
if (unlikely(root >= NR_SECTION_ROOTS))
return NULL;
#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_EXTREME
if (!mem_section || !mem_section[root])
return NULL;
#endif
return &mem_section[root][nr & SECTION_ROOT_MASK];
}
extern size_t mem_section_usage_size(void);
/*
* We use the lower bits of the mem_map pointer to store
* a little bit of information. The pointer is calculated
* as mem_map - section_nr_to_pfn(pnum). The result is
* aligned to the minimum alignment of the two values:
* 1. All mem_map arrays are page-aligned.
* 2. section_nr_to_pfn() always clears PFN_SECTION_SHIFT
* lowest bits. PFN_SECTION_SHIFT is arch-specific
* (equal SECTION_SIZE_BITS - PAGE_SHIFT), and the
* worst combination is powerpc with 256k pages,
* which results in PFN_SECTION_SHIFT equal 6.
* To sum it up, at least 6 bits are available on all architectures.
* However, we can exceed 6 bits on some other architectures except
* powerpc (e.g. 15 bits are available on x86_64, 13 bits are available
* with the worst case of 64K pages on arm64) if we make sure the
* exceeded bit is not applicable to powerpc.
*/
enum {
SECTION_MARKED_PRESENT_BIT,
SECTION_HAS_MEM_MAP_BIT,
SECTION_IS_ONLINE_BIT,
SECTION_IS_EARLY_BIT,
#ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE
SECTION_TAINT_ZONE_DEVICE_BIT,
#endif
SECTION_MAP_LAST_BIT,
};
#define SECTION_MARKED_PRESENT BIT(SECTION_MARKED_PRESENT_BIT)
#define SECTION_HAS_MEM_MAP BIT(SECTION_HAS_MEM_MAP_BIT)
#define SECTION_IS_ONLINE BIT(SECTION_IS_ONLINE_BIT)
#define SECTION_IS_EARLY BIT(SECTION_IS_EARLY_BIT)
#ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE
#define SECTION_TAINT_ZONE_DEVICE BIT(SECTION_TAINT_ZONE_DEVICE_BIT)
#endif
#define SECTION_MAP_MASK (~(BIT(SECTION_MAP_LAST_BIT) - 1))
#define SECTION_NID_SHIFT SECTION_MAP_LAST_BIT
static inline struct page *__section_mem_map_addr(struct mem_section *section)
{
unsigned long map = section->section_mem_map;
map &= SECTION_MAP_MASK;
return (struct page *)map;
}
static inline int present_section(struct mem_section *section)
{
return (section && (section->section_mem_map & SECTION_MARKED_PRESENT));
}
static inline int present_section_nr(unsigned long nr)
{
return present_section(__nr_to_section(nr));
}
static inline int valid_section(struct mem_section *section)
{
return (section && (section->section_mem_map & SECTION_HAS_MEM_MAP));
}
static inline int early_section(struct mem_section *section)
{
return (section && (section->section_mem_map & SECTION_IS_EARLY));
}
static inline int valid_section_nr(unsigned long nr)
{
return valid_section(__nr_to_section(nr));
}
static inline int online_section(struct mem_section *section)
{
return (section && (section->section_mem_map & SECTION_IS_ONLINE));
}
#ifdef CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE
static inline int online_device_section(struct mem_section *section)
{
unsigned long flags = SECTION_IS_ONLINE | SECTION_TAINT_ZONE_DEVICE;
return section && ((section->section_mem_map & flags) == flags);
}
#else
static inline int online_device_section(struct mem_section *section)
{
return 0;
}
#endif
static inline int online_section_nr(unsigned long nr)
{
return online_section(__nr_to_section(nr));
}
#ifdef CONFIG_MEMORY_HOTPLUG
void online_mem_sections(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn);
void offline_mem_sections(unsigned long start_pfn, unsigned long end_pfn);
#endif
static inline struct mem_section *__pfn_to_section(unsigned long pfn)
{
return __nr_to_section(pfn_to_section_nr(pfn));
}
extern unsigned long __highest_present_section_nr;
static inline int subsection_map_index(unsigned long pfn)
{
return (pfn & ~(PAGE_SECTION_MASK)) / PAGES_PER_SUBSECTION;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_VMEMMAP
static inline int pfn_section_valid(struct mem_section *ms, unsigned long pfn)
{
int idx = subsection_map_index(pfn);
return test_bit(idx, ms->usage->subsection_map);
}
#else
static inline int pfn_section_valid(struct mem_section *ms, unsigned long pfn)
{
return 1;
}
#endif
#ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_PFN_VALID
/**
* pfn_valid - check if there is a valid memory map entry for a PFN
* @pfn: the page frame number to check
*
* Check if there is a valid memory map entry aka struct page for the @pfn.
* Note, that availability of the memory map entry does not imply that
* there is actual usable memory at that @pfn. The struct page may
* represent a hole or an unusable page frame.
*
* Return: 1 for PFNs that have memory map entries and 0 otherwise
*/
static inline int pfn_valid(unsigned long pfn)
{
struct mem_section *ms;
/*
* Ensure the upper PAGE_SHIFT bits are clear in the
* pfn. Else it might lead to false positives when
* some of the upper bits are set, but the lower bits
* match a valid pfn.
*/
if (PHYS_PFN(PFN_PHYS(pfn)) != pfn)
return 0;
if (pfn_to_section_nr(pfn) >= NR_MEM_SECTIONS)
return 0;
ms = __pfn_to_section(pfn);
if (!valid_section(ms))
return 0;
/*
* Traditionally early sections always returned pfn_valid() for
* the entire section-sized span.
*/
return early_section(ms) || pfn_section_valid(ms, pfn);
}
#endif
static inline int pfn_in_present_section(unsigned long pfn)
{
if (pfn_to_section_nr(pfn) >= NR_MEM_SECTIONS)
return 0;
return present_section(__pfn_to_section(pfn));
}
static inline unsigned long next_present_section_nr(unsigned long section_nr)
{
while (++section_nr <= __highest_present_section_nr) {
if (present_section_nr(section_nr))
return section_nr;
}
return -1;
}
/*
* These are _only_ used during initialisation, therefore they
* can use __initdata ... They could have names to indicate
* this restriction.
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
#define pfn_to_nid(pfn) \
({ \
unsigned long __pfn_to_nid_pfn = (pfn); \
page_to_nid(pfn_to_page(__pfn_to_nid_pfn)); \
})
#else
#define pfn_to_nid(pfn) (0)
#endif
void sparse_init(void);
#else
#define sparse_init() do {} while (0)
#define sparse_index_init(_sec, _nid) do {} while (0)
#define pfn_in_present_section pfn_valid
#define subsection_map_init(_pfn, _nr_pages) do {} while (0)
#endif /* CONFIG_SPARSEMEM */
#endif /* !__GENERATING_BOUNDS.H */
#endif /* !__ASSEMBLY__ */
#endif /* _LINUX_MMZONE_H */