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/*
* Fast Userspace Mutexes (which I call "Futexes!").
* (C) Rusty Russell, IBM 2002
*
* Generalized futexes, futex requeueing, misc fixes by Ingo Molnar
* (C) Copyright 2003 Red Hat Inc, All Rights Reserved
*
* Removed page pinning, fix privately mapped COW pages and other cleanups
* (C) Copyright 2003, 2004 Jamie Lokier
*
* Robust futex support started by Ingo Molnar
* (C) Copyright 2006 Red Hat Inc, All Rights Reserved
* Thanks to Thomas Gleixner for suggestions, analysis and fixes.
*
* PI-futex support started by Ingo Molnar and Thomas Gleixner
* Copyright (C) 2006 Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
* Copyright (C) 2006 Timesys Corp., Thomas Gleixner <tglx@timesys.com>
*
* PRIVATE futexes by Eric Dumazet
* Copyright (C) 2007 Eric Dumazet <dada1@cosmosbay.com>
*
* Requeue-PI support by Darren Hart <dvhltc@us.ibm.com>
* Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2009
* Thanks to Thomas Gleixner for conceptual design and careful reviews.
*
* Thanks to Ben LaHaise for yelling "hashed waitqueues" loudly
* enough at me, Linus for the original (flawed) idea, Matthew
* Kirkwood for proof-of-concept implementation.
*
* "The futexes are also cursed."
* "But they come in a choice of three flavours!"
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
*/
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/poll.h>
#include <linux/fs.h>
#include <linux/file.h>
#include <linux/jhash.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/futex.h>
#include <linux/mount.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/magic.h>
#include <linux/pid.h>
#include <linux/nsproxy.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/sched/rt.h>
#include <linux/sched/wake_q.h>
#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
#include <linux/hugetlb.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/memblock.h>
#include <linux/fault-inject.h>
#include <asm/futex.h>
#include "locking/rtmutex_common.h"
/*
* READ this before attempting to hack on futexes!
*
* Basic futex operation and ordering guarantees
* =============================================
*
* The waiter reads the futex value in user space and calls
* futex_wait(). This function computes the hash bucket and acquires
* the hash bucket lock. After that it reads the futex user space value
* again and verifies that the data has not changed. If it has not changed
* it enqueues itself into the hash bucket, releases the hash bucket lock
* and schedules.
*
* The waker side modifies the user space value of the futex and calls
* futex_wake(). This function computes the hash bucket and acquires the
* hash bucket lock. Then it looks for waiters on that futex in the hash
* bucket and wakes them.
*
* In futex wake up scenarios where no tasks are blocked on a futex, taking
* the hb spinlock can be avoided and simply return. In order for this
* optimization to work, ordering guarantees must exist so that the waiter
* being added to the list is acknowledged when the list is concurrently being
* checked by the waker, avoiding scenarios like the following:
*
* CPU 0 CPU 1
* val = *futex;
* sys_futex(WAIT, futex, val);
* futex_wait(futex, val);
* uval = *futex;
* *futex = newval;
* sys_futex(WAKE, futex);
* futex_wake(futex);
* if (queue_empty())
* return;
* if (uval == val)
* lock(hash_bucket(futex));
* queue();
* unlock(hash_bucket(futex));
* schedule();
*
* This would cause the waiter on CPU 0 to wait forever because it
* missed the transition of the user space value from val to newval
* and the waker did not find the waiter in the hash bucket queue.
*
* The correct serialization ensures that a waiter either observes
* the changed user space value before blocking or is woken by a
* concurrent waker:
*
* CPU 0 CPU 1
* val = *futex;
* sys_futex(WAIT, futex, val);
* futex_wait(futex, val);
*
* waiters++; (a)
* smp_mb(); (A) <-- paired with -.
* |
* lock(hash_bucket(futex)); |
* |
* uval = *futex; |
* | *futex = newval;
* | sys_futex(WAKE, futex);
* | futex_wake(futex);
* |
* `--------> smp_mb(); (B)
* if (uval == val)
* queue();
* unlock(hash_bucket(futex));
* schedule(); if (waiters)
* lock(hash_bucket(futex));
* else wake_waiters(futex);
* waiters--; (b) unlock(hash_bucket(futex));
*
* Where (A) orders the waiters increment and the futex value read through
* atomic operations (see hb_waiters_inc) and where (B) orders the write
* to futex and the waiters read -- this is done by the barriers for both
* shared and private futexes in get_futex_key_refs().
*
* This yields the following case (where X:=waiters, Y:=futex):
*
* X = Y = 0
*
* w[X]=1 w[Y]=1
* MB MB
* r[Y]=y r[X]=x
*
* Which guarantees that x==0 && y==0 is impossible; which translates back into
* the guarantee that we cannot both miss the futex variable change and the
* enqueue.
*
* Note that a new waiter is accounted for in (a) even when it is possible that
* the wait call can return error, in which case we backtrack from it in (b).
* Refer to the comment in queue_lock().
*
* Similarly, in order to account for waiters being requeued on another
* address we always increment the waiters for the destination bucket before
* acquiring the lock. It then decrements them again after releasing it -
* the code that actually moves the futex(es) between hash buckets (requeue_futex)
* will do the additional required waiter count housekeeping. This is done for
* double_lock_hb() and double_unlock_hb(), respectively.
*/
#ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_FUTEX_CMPXCHG
int __read_mostly futex_cmpxchg_enabled;
#endif
/*
* Futex flags used to encode options to functions and preserve them across
* restarts.
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_MMU
# define FLAGS_SHARED 0x01
#else
/*
* NOMMU does not have per process address space. Let the compiler optimize
* code away.
*/
# define FLAGS_SHARED 0x00
#endif
#define FLAGS_CLOCKRT 0x02
#define FLAGS_HAS_TIMEOUT 0x04
/*
* Priority Inheritance state:
*/
struct futex_pi_state {
/*
* list of 'owned' pi_state instances - these have to be
* cleaned up in do_exit() if the task exits prematurely:
*/
struct list_head list;
/*
* The PI object:
*/
struct rt_mutex pi_mutex;
struct task_struct *owner;
atomic_t refcount;
union futex_key key;
} __randomize_layout;
/**
* struct futex_q - The hashed futex queue entry, one per waiting task
* @list: priority-sorted list of tasks waiting on this futex
* @task: the task waiting on the futex
* @lock_ptr: the hash bucket lock
* @key: the key the futex is hashed on
* @pi_state: optional priority inheritance state
* @rt_waiter: rt_waiter storage for use with requeue_pi
* @requeue_pi_key: the requeue_pi target futex key
* @bitset: bitset for the optional bitmasked wakeup
*
* We use this hashed waitqueue, instead of a normal wait_queue_entry_t, so
* we can wake only the relevant ones (hashed queues may be shared).
*
* A futex_q has a woken state, just like tasks have TASK_RUNNING.
* It is considered woken when plist_node_empty(&q->list) || q->lock_ptr == 0.
* The order of wakeup is always to make the first condition true, then
* the second.
*
* PI futexes are typically woken before they are removed from the hash list via
* the rt_mutex code. See unqueue_me_pi().
*/
struct futex_q {
struct plist_node list;
struct task_struct *task;
spinlock_t *lock_ptr;
union futex_key key;
struct futex_pi_state *pi_state;
struct rt_mutex_waiter *rt_waiter;
union futex_key *requeue_pi_key;
u32 bitset;
} __randomize_layout;
static const struct futex_q futex_q_init = {
/* list gets initialized in queue_me()*/
.key = FUTEX_KEY_INIT,
.bitset = FUTEX_BITSET_MATCH_ANY
};
/*
* Hash buckets are shared by all the futex_keys that hash to the same
* location. Each key may have multiple futex_q structures, one for each task
* waiting on a futex.
*/
struct futex_hash_bucket {
atomic_t waiters;
spinlock_t lock;
struct plist_head chain;
} ____cacheline_aligned_in_smp;
/*
* The base of the bucket array and its size are always used together
* (after initialization only in hash_futex()), so ensure that they
* reside in the same cacheline.
*/
static struct {
struct futex_hash_bucket *queues;
unsigned long hashsize;
} __futex_data __read_mostly __aligned(2*sizeof(long));
#define futex_queues (__futex_data.queues)
#define futex_hashsize (__futex_data.hashsize)
/*
* Fault injections for futexes.
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIL_FUTEX
static struct {
struct fault_attr attr;
bool ignore_private;
} fail_futex = {
.attr = FAULT_ATTR_INITIALIZER,
.ignore_private = false,
};
static int __init setup_fail_futex(char *str)
{
return setup_fault_attr(&fail_futex.attr, str);
}
__setup("fail_futex=", setup_fail_futex);
static bool should_fail_futex(bool fshared)
{
if (fail_futex.ignore_private && !fshared)
return false;
return should_fail(&fail_futex.attr, 1);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION_DEBUG_FS
static int __init fail_futex_debugfs(void)
{
umode_t mode = S_IFREG | S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR;
struct dentry *dir;
dir = fault_create_debugfs_attr("fail_futex", NULL,
&fail_futex.attr);
if (IS_ERR(dir))
return PTR_ERR(dir);
if (!debugfs_create_bool("ignore-private", mode, dir,
&fail_futex.ignore_private)) {
debugfs_remove_recursive(dir);
return -ENOMEM;
}
return 0;
}
late_initcall(fail_futex_debugfs);
#endif /* CONFIG_FAULT_INJECTION_DEBUG_FS */
#else
static inline bool should_fail_futex(bool fshared)
{
return false;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_FAIL_FUTEX */
static inline void futex_get_mm(union futex_key *key)
{
mmgrab(key->private.mm);
/*
* Ensure futex_get_mm() implies a full barrier such that
* get_futex_key() implies a full barrier. This is relied upon
* as smp_mb(); (B), see the ordering comment above.
*/
smp_mb__after_atomic();
}
/*
* Reflects a new waiter being added to the waitqueue.
*/
static inline void hb_waiters_inc(struct futex_hash_bucket *hb)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
atomic_inc(&hb->waiters);
/*
* Full barrier (A), see the ordering comment above.
*/
smp_mb__after_atomic();
#endif
}
/*
* Reflects a waiter being removed from the waitqueue by wakeup
* paths.
*/
static inline void hb_waiters_dec(struct futex_hash_bucket *hb)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
atomic_dec(&hb->waiters);
#endif
}
static inline int hb_waiters_pending(struct futex_hash_bucket *hb)
{
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
return atomic_read(&hb->waiters);
#else
return 1;
#endif
}
/**
* hash_futex - Return the hash bucket in the global hash
* @key: Pointer to the futex key for which the hash is calculated
*
* We hash on the keys returned from get_futex_key (see below) and return the
* corresponding hash bucket in the global hash.
*/
static struct futex_hash_bucket *hash_futex(union futex_key *key)
{
u32 hash = jhash2((u32*)&key->both.word,
(sizeof(key->both.word)+sizeof(key->both.ptr))/4,
key->both.offset);
return &futex_queues[hash & (futex_hashsize - 1)];
}
/**
* match_futex - Check whether two futex keys are equal
* @key1: Pointer to key1
* @key2: Pointer to key2
*
* Return 1 if two futex_keys are equal, 0 otherwise.
*/
static inline int match_futex(union futex_key *key1, union futex_key *key2)
{
return (key1 && key2
&& key1->both.word == key2->both.word
&& key1->both.ptr == key2->both.ptr
&& key1->both.offset == key2->both.offset);
}
/*
* Take a reference to the resource addressed by a key.
* Can be called while holding spinlocks.
*
*/
static void get_futex_key_refs(union futex_key *key)
{
if (!key->both.ptr)
return;
/*
* On MMU less systems futexes are always "private" as there is no per
* process address space. We need the smp wmb nevertheless - yes,
* arch/blackfin has MMU less SMP ...
*/
if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MMU)) {
smp_mb(); /* explicit smp_mb(); (B) */
return;
}
switch (key->both.offset & (FUT_OFF_INODE|FUT_OFF_MMSHARED)) {
case FUT_OFF_INODE:
ihold(key->shared.inode); /* implies smp_mb(); (B) */
break;
case FUT_OFF_MMSHARED:
futex_get_mm(key); /* implies smp_mb(); (B) */
break;
default:
/*
* Private futexes do not hold reference on an inode or
* mm, therefore the only purpose of calling get_futex_key_refs
* is because we need the barrier for the lockless waiter check.
*/
smp_mb(); /* explicit smp_mb(); (B) */
}
}
/*
* Drop a reference to the resource addressed by a key.
* The hash bucket spinlock must not be held. This is
* a no-op for private futexes, see comment in the get
* counterpart.
*/
static void drop_futex_key_refs(union futex_key *key)
{
if (!key->both.ptr) {
/* If we're here then we tried to put a key we failed to get */
WARN_ON_ONCE(1);
return;
}
if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_MMU))
return;
switch (key->both.offset & (FUT_OFF_INODE|FUT_OFF_MMSHARED)) {
case FUT_OFF_INODE:
iput(key->shared.inode);
break;
case FUT_OFF_MMSHARED:
mmdrop(key->private.mm);
break;
}
}
/**
* get_futex_key() - Get parameters which are the keys for a futex
* @uaddr: virtual address of the futex
* @fshared: 0 for a PROCESS_PRIVATE futex, 1 for PROCESS_SHARED
* @key: address where result is stored.
* @rw: mapping needs to be read/write (values: VERIFY_READ,
* VERIFY_WRITE)
*
* Return: a negative error code or 0
*
* The key words are stored in @key on success.
*
* For shared mappings, it's (page->index, file_inode(vma->vm_file),
* offset_within_page). For private mappings, it's (uaddr, current->mm).
* We can usually work out the index without swapping in the page.
*
* lock_page() might sleep, the caller should not hold a spinlock.
*/
static int
get_futex_key(u32 __user *uaddr, int fshared, union futex_key *key, int rw)
{
unsigned long address = (unsigned long)uaddr;
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
struct page *page, *tail;
struct address_space *mapping;
int err, ro = 0;
/*
* The futex address must be "naturally" aligned.
*/
key->both.offset = address % PAGE_SIZE;
if (unlikely((address % sizeof(u32)) != 0))
return -EINVAL;
address -= key->both.offset;
if (unlikely(!access_ok(rw, uaddr, sizeof(u32))))
return -EFAULT;
if (unlikely(should_fail_futex(fshared)))
return -EFAULT;
/*
* PROCESS_PRIVATE futexes are fast.
* As the mm cannot disappear under us and the 'key' only needs
* virtual address, we dont even have to find the underlying vma.
* Note : We do have to check 'uaddr' is a valid user address,
* but access_ok() should be faster than find_vma()
*/
if (!fshared) {
key->private.mm = mm;
key->private.address = address;
get_futex_key_refs(key); /* implies smp_mb(); (B) */
return 0;
}
again:
/* Ignore any VERIFY_READ mapping (futex common case) */
if (unlikely(should_fail_futex(fshared)))
return -EFAULT;
err = get_user_pages_fast(address, 1, 1, &page);
/*
* If write access is not required (eg. FUTEX_WAIT), try
* and get read-only access.
*/
if (err == -EFAULT && rw == VERIFY_READ) {
err = get_user_pages_fast(address, 1, 0, &page);
ro = 1;
}
if (err < 0)
return err;
else
err = 0;
/*
* The treatment of mapping from this point on is critical. The page
* lock protects many things but in this context the page lock
* stabilizes mapping, prevents inode freeing in the shared
* file-backed region case and guards against movement to swap cache.
*
* Strictly speaking the page lock is not needed in all cases being
* considered here and page lock forces unnecessarily serialization
* From this point on, mapping will be re-verified if necessary and
* page lock will be acquired only if it is unavoidable
*
* Mapping checks require the head page for any compound page so the
* head page and mapping is looked up now. For anonymous pages, it
* does not matter if the page splits in the future as the key is
* based on the address. For filesystem-backed pages, the tail is
* required as the index of the page determines the key. For
* base pages, there is no tail page and tail == page.
*/
tail = page;
page = compound_head(page);
mapping = READ_ONCE(page->mapping);
/*
* If page->mapping is NULL, then it cannot be a PageAnon
* page; but it might be the ZERO_PAGE or in the gate area or
* in a special mapping (all cases which we are happy to fail);
* or it may have been a good file page when get_user_pages_fast
* found it, but truncated or holepunched or subjected to
* invalidate_complete_page2 before we got the page lock (also
* cases which we are happy to fail). And we hold a reference,
* so refcount care in invalidate_complete_page's remove_mapping
* prevents drop_caches from setting mapping to NULL beneath us.
*
* The case we do have to guard against is when memory pressure made
* shmem_writepage move it from filecache to swapcache beneath us:
* an unlikely race, but we do need to retry for page->mapping.
*/
if (unlikely(!mapping)) {
int shmem_swizzled;
/*
* Page lock is required to identify which special case above
* applies. If this is really a shmem page then the page lock
* will prevent unexpected transitions.
*/
lock_page(page);
shmem_swizzled = PageSwapCache(page) || page->mapping;
unlock_page(page);
put_page(page);
if (shmem_swizzled)
goto again;
return -EFAULT;
}
/*
* Private mappings are handled in a simple way.
*
* If the futex key is stored on an anonymous page, then the associated
* object is the mm which is implicitly pinned by the calling process.
*
* NOTE: When userspace waits on a MAP_SHARED mapping, even if
* it's a read-only handle, it's expected that futexes attach to
* the object not the particular process.
*/
if (PageAnon(page)) {
/*
* A RO anonymous page will never change and thus doesn't make
* sense for futex operations.
*/
if (unlikely(should_fail_futex(fshared)) || ro) {
err = -EFAULT;
goto out;
}
key->both.offset |= FUT_OFF_MMSHARED; /* ref taken on mm */
key->private.mm = mm;
key->private.address = address;
get_futex_key_refs(key); /* implies smp_mb(); (B) */
} else {
struct inode *inode;
/*
* The associated futex object in this case is the inode and
* the page->mapping must be traversed. Ordinarily this should
* be stabilised under page lock but it's not strictly
* necessary in this case as we just want to pin the inode, not
* update the radix tree or anything like that.
*
* The RCU read lock is taken as the inode is finally freed
* under RCU. If the mapping still matches expectations then the
* mapping->host can be safely accessed as being a valid inode.
*/
rcu_read_lock();
if (READ_ONCE(page->mapping) != mapping) {
rcu_read_unlock();
put_page(page);
goto again;
}
inode = READ_ONCE(mapping->host);
if (!inode) {
rcu_read_unlock();
put_page(page);
goto again;
}
/*
* Take a reference unless it is about to be freed. Previously
* this reference was taken by ihold under the page lock
* pinning the inode in place so i_lock was unnecessary. The
* only way for this check to fail is if the inode was
* truncated in parallel which is almost certainly an
* application bug. In such a case, just retry.
*
* We are not calling into get_futex_key_refs() in file-backed
* cases, therefore a successful atomic_inc return below will
* guarantee that get_futex_key() will still imply smp_mb(); (B).
*/
if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(&inode->i_count)) {
rcu_read_unlock();
put_page(page);
goto again;
}
/* Should be impossible but lets be paranoid for now */
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(inode->i_mapping != mapping)) {
err = -EFAULT;
rcu_read_unlock();
iput(inode);
goto out;
}
key->both.offset |= FUT_OFF_INODE; /* inode-based key */
key->shared.inode = inode;
key->shared.pgoff = basepage_index(tail);
rcu_read_unlock();
}
out:
put_page(page);
return err;
}
static inline void put_futex_key(union futex_key *key)
{
drop_futex_key_refs(key);
}
/**
* fault_in_user_writeable() - Fault in user address and verify RW access
* @uaddr: pointer to faulting user space address
*
* Slow path to fixup the fault we just took in the atomic write
* access to @uaddr.
*
* We have no generic implementation of a non-destructive write to the
* user address. We know that we faulted in the atomic pagefault
* disabled section so we can as well avoid the #PF overhead by
* calling get_user_pages() right away.
*/
static int fault_in_user_writeable(u32 __user *uaddr)
{
struct mm_struct *mm = current->mm;
int ret;
down_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
ret = fixup_user_fault(current, mm, (unsigned long)uaddr,
FAULT_FLAG_WRITE, NULL);
up_read(&mm->mmap_sem);
return ret < 0 ? ret : 0;
}
/**
* futex_top_waiter() - Return the highest priority waiter on a futex
* @hb: the hash bucket the futex_q's reside in
* @key: the futex key (to distinguish it from other futex futex_q's)
*
* Must be called with the hb lock held.
*/
static struct futex_q *futex_top_waiter(struct futex_hash_bucket *hb,
union futex_key *key)
{
struct futex_q *this;
plist_for_each_entry(this, &hb->chain, list) {
if (match_futex(&this->key, key))
return this;
}
return NULL;
}
static int cmpxchg_futex_value_locked(u32 *curval, u32 __user *uaddr,
u32 uval, u32 newval)
{
int ret;
pagefault_disable();
ret = futex_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic(curval, uaddr, uval, newval);
pagefault_enable();
return ret;
}
static int get_futex_value_locked(u32 *dest, u32 __user *from)
{
int ret;
pagefault_disable();
ret = __get_user(*dest, from);
pagefault_enable();
return ret ? -EFAULT : 0;
}
/*
* PI code:
*/
static int refill_pi_state_cache(void)
{
struct futex_pi_state *pi_state;
if (likely(current->pi_state_cache))
return 0;
pi_state = kzalloc(sizeof(*pi_state), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!pi_state)
return -ENOMEM;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pi_state->list);
/* pi_mutex gets initialized later */
pi_state->owner = NULL;
atomic_set(&pi_state->refcount, 1);
pi_state->key = FUTEX_KEY_INIT;
current->pi_state_cache = pi_state;
return 0;
}
static struct futex_pi_state *alloc_pi_state(void)
{
struct futex_pi_state *pi_state = current->pi_state_cache;
WARN_ON(!pi_state);
current->pi_state_cache = NULL;
return pi_state;
}
static void get_pi_state(struct futex_pi_state *pi_state)
{
WARN_ON_ONCE(!atomic_inc_not_zero(&pi_state->refcount));
}
/*
* Drops a reference to the pi_state object and frees or caches it
* when the last reference is gone.
*/
static void put_pi_state(struct futex_pi_state *pi_state)
{
if (!pi_state)
return;
if (!atomic_dec_and_test(&pi_state->refcount))
return;
/*
* If pi_state->owner is NULL, the owner is most probably dying
* and has cleaned up the pi_state already
*/
if (pi_state->owner) {
struct task_struct *owner;
raw_spin_lock_irq(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
owner = pi_state->owner;
if (owner) {
raw_spin_lock(&owner->pi_lock);
list_del_init(&pi_state->list);
raw_spin_unlock(&owner->pi_lock);
}
rt_mutex_proxy_unlock(&pi_state->pi_mutex, owner);
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
}
if (current->pi_state_cache) {
kfree(pi_state);
} else {
/*
* pi_state->list is already empty.
* clear pi_state->owner.
* refcount is at 0 - put it back to 1.
*/
pi_state->owner = NULL;
atomic_set(&pi_state->refcount, 1);
current->pi_state_cache = pi_state;
}
}
#ifdef CONFIG_FUTEX_PI
/*
* This task is holding PI mutexes at exit time => bad.
* Kernel cleans up PI-state, but userspace is likely hosed.
* (Robust-futex cleanup is separate and might save the day for userspace.)
*/
void exit_pi_state_list(struct task_struct *curr)
{
struct list_head *next, *head = &curr->pi_state_list;
struct futex_pi_state *pi_state;
struct futex_hash_bucket *hb;
union futex_key key = FUTEX_KEY_INIT;
if (!futex_cmpxchg_enabled)
return;
/*
* We are a ZOMBIE and nobody can enqueue itself on
* pi_state_list anymore, but we have to be careful
* versus waiters unqueueing themselves:
*/
raw_spin_lock_irq(&curr->pi_lock);
while (!list_empty(head)) {
next = head->next;
pi_state = list_entry(next, struct futex_pi_state, list);
key = pi_state->key;
hb = hash_futex(&key);
/*
* We can race against put_pi_state() removing itself from the
* list (a waiter going away). put_pi_state() will first
* decrement the reference count and then modify the list, so
* its possible to see the list entry but fail this reference
* acquire.
*
* In that case; drop the locks to let put_pi_state() make
* progress and retry the loop.
*/
if (!atomic_inc_not_zero(&pi_state->refcount)) {
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&curr->pi_lock);
cpu_relax();
raw_spin_lock_irq(&curr->pi_lock);
continue;
}
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&curr->pi_lock);
spin_lock(&hb->lock);
raw_spin_lock_irq(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
raw_spin_lock(&curr->pi_lock);
/*
* We dropped the pi-lock, so re-check whether this
* task still owns the PI-state:
*/
if (head->next != next) {
/* retain curr->pi_lock for the loop invariant */
raw_spin_unlock(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
spin_unlock(&hb->lock);
put_pi_state(pi_state);
continue;
}
WARN_ON(pi_state->owner != curr);
WARN_ON(list_empty(&pi_state->list));
list_del_init(&pi_state->list);
pi_state->owner = NULL;
raw_spin_unlock(&curr->pi_lock);
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
spin_unlock(&hb->lock);
rt_mutex_futex_unlock(&pi_state->pi_mutex);
put_pi_state(pi_state);
raw_spin_lock_irq(&curr->pi_lock);
}
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&curr->pi_lock);
}
#endif
/*
* We need to check the following states:
*
* Waiter | pi_state | pi->owner | uTID | uODIED | ?
*
* [1] NULL | --- | --- | 0 | 0/1 | Valid
* [2] NULL | --- | --- | >0 | 0/1 | Valid
*
* [3] Found | NULL | -- | Any | 0/1 | Invalid
*
* [4] Found | Found | NULL | 0 | 1 | Valid
* [5] Found | Found | NULL | >0 | 1 | Invalid
*
* [6] Found | Found | task | 0 | 1 | Valid
*
* [7] Found | Found | NULL | Any | 0 | Invalid
*
* [8] Found | Found | task | ==taskTID | 0/1 | Valid
* [9] Found | Found | task | 0 | 0 | Invalid
* [10] Found | Found | task | !=taskTID | 0/1 | Invalid
*
* [1] Indicates that the kernel can acquire the futex atomically. We
* came came here due to a stale FUTEX_WAITERS/FUTEX_OWNER_DIED bit.
*
* [2] Valid, if TID does not belong to a kernel thread. If no matching
* thread is found then it indicates that the owner TID has died.
*
* [3] Invalid. The waiter is queued on a non PI futex
*
* [4] Valid state after exit_robust_list(), which sets the user space
* value to FUTEX_WAITERS | FUTEX_OWNER_DIED.
*
* [5] The user space value got manipulated between exit_robust_list()
* and exit_pi_state_list()
*
* [6] Valid state after exit_pi_state_list() which sets the new owner in
* the pi_state but cannot access the user space value.
*
* [7] pi_state->owner can only be NULL when the OWNER_DIED bit is set.
*
* [8] Owner and user space value match
*
* [9] There is no transient state which sets the user space TID to 0
* except exit_robust_list(), but this is indicated by the
* FUTEX_OWNER_DIED bit. See [4]
*
* [10] There is no transient state which leaves owner and user space
* TID out of sync.
*
*
* Serialization and lifetime rules:
*
* hb->lock:
*
* hb -> futex_q, relation
* futex_q -> pi_state, relation
*
* (cannot be raw because hb can contain arbitrary amount
* of futex_q's)
*
* pi_mutex->wait_lock:
*
* {uval, pi_state}
*
* (and pi_mutex 'obviously')
*
* p->pi_lock:
*
* p->pi_state_list -> pi_state->list, relation
*
* pi_state->refcount:
*
* pi_state lifetime
*
*
* Lock order:
*
* hb->lock
* pi_mutex->wait_lock
* p->pi_lock
*
*/
/*
* Validate that the existing waiter has a pi_state and sanity check
* the pi_state against the user space value. If correct, attach to
* it.
*/
static int attach_to_pi_state(u32 __user *uaddr, u32 uval,
struct futex_pi_state *pi_state,
struct futex_pi_state **ps)
{
pid_t pid = uval & FUTEX_TID_MASK;
u32 uval2;
int ret;
/*
* Userspace might have messed up non-PI and PI futexes [3]
*/
if (unlikely(!pi_state))
return -EINVAL;
/*
* We get here with hb->lock held, and having found a
* futex_top_waiter(). This means that futex_lock_pi() of said futex_q
* has dropped the hb->lock in between queue_me() and unqueue_me_pi(),
* which in turn means that futex_lock_pi() still has a reference on
* our pi_state.
*
* The waiter holding a reference on @pi_state also protects against
* the unlocked put_pi_state() in futex_unlock_pi(), futex_lock_pi()
* and futex_wait_requeue_pi() as it cannot go to 0 and consequently
* free pi_state before we can take a reference ourselves.
*/
WARN_ON(!atomic_read(&pi_state->refcount));
/*
* Now that we have a pi_state, we can acquire wait_lock
* and do the state validation.
*/
raw_spin_lock_irq(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
/*
* Since {uval, pi_state} is serialized by wait_lock, and our current
* uval was read without holding it, it can have changed. Verify it
* still is what we expect it to be, otherwise retry the entire
* operation.
*/
if (get_futex_value_locked(&uval2, uaddr))
goto out_efault;
if (uval != uval2)
goto out_eagain;
/*
* Handle the owner died case:
*/
if (uval & FUTEX_OWNER_DIED) {
/*
* exit_pi_state_list sets owner to NULL and wakes the
* topmost waiter. The task which acquires the
* pi_state->rt_mutex will fixup owner.
*/
if (!pi_state->owner) {
/*
* No pi state owner, but the user space TID
* is not 0. Inconsistent state. [5]
*/
if (pid)
goto out_einval;
/*
* Take a ref on the state and return success. [4]
*/
goto out_attach;
}
/*
* If TID is 0, then either the dying owner has not
* yet executed exit_pi_state_list() or some waiter
* acquired the rtmutex in the pi state, but did not
* yet fixup the TID in user space.
*
* Take a ref on the state and return success. [6]
*/
if (!pid)
goto out_attach;
} else {
/*
* If the owner died bit is not set, then the pi_state
* must have an owner. [7]
*/
if (!pi_state->owner)
goto out_einval;
}
/*
* Bail out if user space manipulated the futex value. If pi
* state exists then the owner TID must be the same as the
* user space TID. [9/10]
*/
if (pid != task_pid_vnr(pi_state->owner))
goto out_einval;
out_attach:
get_pi_state(pi_state);
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
*ps = pi_state;
return 0;
out_einval:
ret = -EINVAL;
goto out_error;
out_eagain:
ret = -EAGAIN;
goto out_error;
out_efault:
ret = -EFAULT;
goto out_error;
out_error:
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
return ret;
}
/*
* Lookup the task for the TID provided from user space and attach to
* it after doing proper sanity checks.
*/
static int attach_to_pi_owner(u32 uval, union futex_key *key,
struct futex_pi_state **ps)
{
pid_t pid = uval & FUTEX_TID_MASK;
struct futex_pi_state *pi_state;
struct task_struct *p;
/*
* We are the first waiter - try to look up the real owner and attach
* the new pi_state to it, but bail out when TID = 0 [1]
*/
if (!pid)
return -ESRCH;
p = find_get_task_by_vpid(pid);
if (!p)
return -ESRCH;
if (unlikely(p->flags & PF_KTHREAD)) {
put_task_struct(p);
return -EPERM;
}
/*
* We need to look at the task state flags to figure out,
* whether the task is exiting. To protect against the do_exit
* change of the task flags, we do this protected by
* p->pi_lock:
*/
raw_spin_lock_irq(&p->pi_lock);
if (unlikely(p->flags & PF_EXITING)) {
/*
* The task is on the way out. When PF_EXITPIDONE is
* set, we know that the task has finished the
* cleanup:
*/
int ret = (p->flags & PF_EXITPIDONE) ? -ESRCH : -EAGAIN;
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&p->pi_lock);
put_task_struct(p);
return ret;
}
/*
* No existing pi state. First waiter. [2]
*
* This creates pi_state, we have hb->lock held, this means nothing can
* observe this state, wait_lock is irrelevant.
*/
pi_state = alloc_pi_state();
/*
* Initialize the pi_mutex in locked state and make @p
* the owner of it:
*/
rt_mutex_init_proxy_locked(&pi_state->pi_mutex, p);
/* Store the key for possible exit cleanups: */
pi_state->key = *key;
WARN_ON(!list_empty(&pi_state->list));
list_add(&pi_state->list, &p->pi_state_list);
/*
* Assignment without holding pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock is safe
* because there is no concurrency as the object is not published yet.
*/
pi_state->owner = p;
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&p->pi_lock);
put_task_struct(p);
*ps = pi_state;
return 0;
}
static int lookup_pi_state(u32 __user *uaddr, u32 uval,
struct futex_hash_bucket *hb,
union futex_key *key, struct futex_pi_state **ps)
{
struct futex_q *top_waiter = futex_top_waiter(hb, key);
/*
* If there is a waiter on that futex, validate it and
* attach to the pi_state when the validation succeeds.
*/
if (top_waiter)
return attach_to_pi_state(uaddr, uval, top_waiter->pi_state, ps);
/*
* We are the first waiter - try to look up the owner based on
* @uval and attach to it.
*/
return attach_to_pi_owner(uval, key, ps);
}
static int lock_pi_update_atomic(u32 __user *uaddr, u32 uval, u32 newval)
{
u32 uninitialized_var(curval);
if (unlikely(should_fail_futex(true)))
return -EFAULT;
if (unlikely(cmpxchg_futex_value_locked(&curval, uaddr, uval, newval)))
return -EFAULT;
/* If user space value changed, let the caller retry */
return curval != uval ? -EAGAIN : 0;
}
/**
* futex_lock_pi_atomic() - Atomic work required to acquire a pi aware futex
* @uaddr: the pi futex user address
* @hb: the pi futex hash bucket
* @key: the futex key associated with uaddr and hb
* @ps: the pi_state pointer where we store the result of the
* lookup
* @task: the task to perform the atomic lock work for. This will
* be "current" except in the case of requeue pi.
* @set_waiters: force setting the FUTEX_WAITERS bit (1) or not (0)
*
* Return:
* - 0 - ready to wait;
* - 1 - acquired the lock;
* - <0 - error
*
* The hb->lock and futex_key refs shall be held by the caller.
*/
static int futex_lock_pi_atomic(u32 __user *uaddr, struct futex_hash_bucket *hb,
union futex_key *key,
struct futex_pi_state **ps,
struct task_struct *task, int set_waiters)
{
u32 uval, newval, vpid = task_pid_vnr(task);
struct futex_q *top_waiter;
int ret;
/*
* Read the user space value first so we can validate a few
* things before proceeding further.
*/
if (get_futex_value_locked(&uval, uaddr))
return -EFAULT;
if (unlikely(should_fail_futex(true)))
return -EFAULT;
/*
* Detect deadlocks.
*/
if ((unlikely((uval & FUTEX_TID_MASK) == vpid)))
return -EDEADLK;
if ((unlikely(should_fail_futex(true))))
return -EDEADLK;
/*
* Lookup existing state first. If it exists, try to attach to
* its pi_state.
*/
top_waiter = futex_top_waiter(hb, key);
if (top_waiter)
return attach_to_pi_state(uaddr, uval, top_waiter->pi_state, ps);
/*
* No waiter and user TID is 0. We are here because the
* waiters or the owner died bit is set or called from
* requeue_cmp_pi or for whatever reason something took the
* syscall.
*/
if (!(uval & FUTEX_TID_MASK)) {
/*
* We take over the futex. No other waiters and the user space
* TID is 0. We preserve the owner died bit.
*/
newval = uval & FUTEX_OWNER_DIED;
newval |= vpid;
/* The futex requeue_pi code can enforce the waiters bit */
if (set_waiters)
newval |= FUTEX_WAITERS;
ret = lock_pi_update_atomic(uaddr, uval, newval);
/* If the take over worked, return 1 */
return ret < 0 ? ret : 1;
}
/*
* First waiter. Set the waiters bit before attaching ourself to
* the owner. If owner tries to unlock, it will be forced into
* the kernel and blocked on hb->lock.
*/
newval = uval | FUTEX_WAITERS;
ret = lock_pi_update_atomic(uaddr, uval, newval);
if (ret)
return ret;
/*
* If the update of the user space value succeeded, we try to
* attach to the owner. If that fails, no harm done, we only
* set the FUTEX_WAITERS bit in the user space variable.
*/
return attach_to_pi_owner(uval, key, ps);
}
/**
* __unqueue_futex() - Remove the futex_q from its futex_hash_bucket
* @q: The futex_q to unqueue
*
* The q->lock_ptr must not be NULL and must be held by the caller.
*/
static void __unqueue_futex(struct futex_q *q)
{
struct futex_hash_bucket *hb;
if (WARN_ON_SMP(!q->lock_ptr) || WARN_ON(plist_node_empty(&q->list)))
return;
lockdep_assert_held(q->lock_ptr);
hb = container_of(q->lock_ptr, struct futex_hash_bucket, lock);
plist_del(&q->list, &hb->chain);
hb_waiters_dec(hb);
}
/*
* The hash bucket lock must be held when this is called.
* Afterwards, the futex_q must not be accessed. Callers
* must ensure to later call wake_up_q() for the actual
* wakeups to occur.
*/
static void mark_wake_futex(struct wake_q_head *wake_q, struct futex_q *q)
{
struct task_struct *p = q->task;
if (WARN(q->pi_state || q->rt_waiter, "refusing to wake PI futex\n"))
return;
/*
* Queue the task for later wakeup for after we've released
* the hb->lock. wake_q_add() grabs reference to p.
*/
wake_q_add(wake_q, p);
__unqueue_futex(q);
/*
* The waiting task can free the futex_q as soon as q->lock_ptr = NULL
* is written, without taking any locks. This is possible in the event
* of a spurious wakeup, for example. A memory barrier is required here
* to prevent the following store to lock_ptr from getting ahead of the
* plist_del in __unqueue_futex().
*/
smp_store_release(&q->lock_ptr, NULL);
}
/*
* Caller must hold a reference on @pi_state.
*/
static int wake_futex_pi(u32 __user *uaddr, u32 uval, struct futex_pi_state *pi_state)
{
u32 uninitialized_var(curval), newval;
struct task_struct *new_owner;
bool postunlock = false;
DEFINE_WAKE_Q(wake_q);
int ret = 0;
new_owner = rt_mutex_next_owner(&pi_state->pi_mutex);
if (WARN_ON_ONCE(!new_owner)) {
/*
* As per the comment in futex_unlock_pi() this should not happen.
*
* When this happens, give up our locks and try again, giving
* the futex_lock_pi() instance time to complete, either by
* waiting on the rtmutex or removing itself from the futex
* queue.
*/
ret = -EAGAIN;
goto out_unlock;
}
/*
* We pass it to the next owner. The WAITERS bit is always kept
* enabled while there is PI state around. We cleanup the owner
* died bit, because we are the owner.
*/
newval = FUTEX_WAITERS | task_pid_vnr(new_owner);
if (unlikely(should_fail_futex(true)))
ret = -EFAULT;
if (cmpxchg_futex_value_locked(&curval, uaddr, uval, newval)) {
ret = -EFAULT;
} else if (curval != uval) {
/*
* If a unconditional UNLOCK_PI operation (user space did not
* try the TID->0 transition) raced with a waiter setting the
* FUTEX_WAITERS flag between get_user() and locking the hash
* bucket lock, retry the operation.
*/
if ((FUTEX_TID_MASK & curval) == uval)
ret = -EAGAIN;
else
ret = -EINVAL;
}
if (ret)
goto out_unlock;
/*
* This is a point of no return; once we modify the uval there is no
* going back and subsequent operations must not fail.
*/
raw_spin_lock(&pi_state->owner->pi_lock);
WARN_ON(list_empty(&pi_state->list));
list_del_init(&pi_state->list);
raw_spin_unlock(&pi_state->owner->pi_lock);
raw_spin_lock(&new_owner->pi_lock);
WARN_ON(!list_empty(&pi_state->list));
list_add(&pi_state->list, &new_owner->pi_state_list);
pi_state->owner = new_owner;
raw_spin_unlock(&new_owner->pi_lock);
postunlock = __rt_mutex_futex_unlock(&pi_state->pi_mutex, &wake_q);
out_unlock:
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
if (postunlock)
rt_mutex_postunlock(&wake_q);
return ret;
}
/*
* Express the locking dependencies for lockdep:
*/
static inline void
double_lock_hb(struct futex_hash_bucket *hb1, struct futex_hash_bucket *hb2)
{
if (hb1 <= hb2) {
spin_lock(&hb1->lock);
if (hb1 < hb2)
spin_lock_nested(&hb2->lock, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
} else { /* hb1 > hb2 */
spin_lock(&hb2->lock);
spin_lock_nested(&hb1->lock, SINGLE_DEPTH_NESTING);
}
}
static inline void
double_unlock_hb(struct futex_hash_bucket *hb1, struct futex_hash_bucket *hb2)
{
spin_unlock(&hb1->lock);
if (hb1 != hb2)
spin_unlock(&hb2->lock);
}
/*
* Wake up waiters matching bitset queued on this futex (uaddr).
*/
static int
futex_wake(u32 __user *uaddr, unsigned int flags, int nr_wake, u32 bitset)
{
struct futex_hash_bucket *hb;
struct futex_q *this, *next;
union futex_key key = FUTEX_KEY_INIT;
int ret;
DEFINE_WAKE_Q(wake_q);
if (!bitset)
return -EINVAL;
ret = get_futex_key(uaddr, flags & FLAGS_SHARED, &key, VERIFY_READ);
if (unlikely(ret != 0))
goto out;
hb = hash_futex(&key);
/* Make sure we really have tasks to wakeup */
if (!hb_waiters_pending(hb))
goto out_put_key;
spin_lock(&hb->lock);
plist_for_each_entry_safe(this, next, &hb->chain, list) {
if (match_futex (&this->key, &key)) {
if (this->pi_state || this->rt_waiter) {
ret = -EINVAL;
break;
}
/* Check if one of the bits is set in both bitsets */
if (!(this->bitset & bitset))
continue;
mark_wake_futex(&wake_q, this);
if (++ret >= nr_wake)
break;
}
}
spin_unlock(&hb->lock);
wake_up_q(&wake_q);
out_put_key:
put_futex_key(&key);
out:
return ret;
}
static int futex_atomic_op_inuser(unsigned int encoded_op, u32 __user *uaddr)
{
unsigned int op = (encoded_op & 0x70000000) >> 28;
unsigned int cmp = (encoded_op & 0x0f000000) >> 24;
int oparg = sign_extend32((encoded_op & 0x00fff000) >> 12, 11);
int cmparg = sign_extend32(encoded_op & 0x00000fff, 11);
int oldval, ret;
if (encoded_op & (FUTEX_OP_OPARG_SHIFT << 28)) {
if (oparg < 0 || oparg > 31) {
char comm[sizeof(current->comm)];
/*
* kill this print and return -EINVAL when userspace
* is sane again
*/
pr_info_ratelimited("futex_wake_op: %s tries to shift op by %d; fix this program\n",
get_task_comm(comm, current), oparg);
oparg &= 31;
}
oparg = 1 << oparg;
}
if (!access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, uaddr, sizeof(u32)))
return -EFAULT;
ret = arch_futex_atomic_op_inuser(op, oparg, &oldval, uaddr);
if (ret)
return ret;
switch (cmp) {
case FUTEX_OP_CMP_EQ:
return oldval == cmparg;
case FUTEX_OP_CMP_NE:
return oldval != cmparg;
case FUTEX_OP_CMP_LT:
return oldval < cmparg;
case FUTEX_OP_CMP_GE:
return oldval >= cmparg;
case FUTEX_OP_CMP_LE:
return oldval <= cmparg;
case FUTEX_OP_CMP_GT:
return oldval > cmparg;
default:
return -ENOSYS;
}
}
/*
* Wake up all waiters hashed on the physical page that is mapped
* to this virtual address:
*/
static int
futex_wake_op(u32 __user *uaddr1, unsigned int flags, u32 __user *uaddr2,
int nr_wake, int nr_wake2, int op)
{
union futex_key key1 = FUTEX_KEY_INIT, key2 = FUTEX_KEY_INIT;
struct futex_hash_bucket *hb1, *hb2;
struct futex_q *this, *next;
int ret, op_ret;
DEFINE_WAKE_Q(wake_q);
retry:
ret = get_futex_key(uaddr1, flags & FLAGS_SHARED, &key1, VERIFY_READ);
if (unlikely(ret != 0))
goto out;
ret = get_futex_key(uaddr2, flags & FLAGS_SHARED, &key2, VERIFY_WRITE);
if (unlikely(ret != 0))
goto out_put_key1;
hb1 = hash_futex(&key1);
hb2 = hash_futex(&key2);
retry_private:
double_lock_hb(hb1, hb2);
op_ret = futex_atomic_op_inuser(op, uaddr2);
if (unlikely(op_ret < 0)) {
double_unlock_hb(hb1, hb2);
#ifndef CONFIG_MMU
/*
* we don't get EFAULT from MMU faults if we don't have an MMU,
* but we might get them from range checking
*/
ret = op_ret;
goto out_put_keys;
#endif
if (unlikely(op_ret != -EFAULT)) {
ret = op_ret;
goto out_put_keys;
}
ret = fault_in_user_writeable(uaddr2);
if (ret)
goto out_put_keys;
if (!(flags & FLAGS_SHARED))
goto retry_private;
put_futex_key(&key2);
put_futex_key(&key1);
goto retry;
}
plist_for_each_entry_safe(this, next, &hb1->chain, list) {
if (match_futex (&this->key, &key1)) {
if (this->pi_state || this->rt_waiter) {
ret = -EINVAL;
goto out_unlock;
}
mark_wake_futex(&wake_q, this);
if (++ret >= nr_wake)
break;
}
}
if (op_ret > 0) {
op_ret = 0;
plist_for_each_entry_safe(this, next, &hb2->chain, list) {
if (match_futex (&this->key, &key2)) {
if (this->pi_state || this->rt_waiter) {
ret = -EINVAL;
goto out_unlock;
}
mark_wake_futex(&wake_q, this);
if (++op_ret >= nr_wake2)
break;
}
}
ret += op_ret;
}
out_unlock:
double_unlock_hb(hb1, hb2);
wake_up_q(&wake_q);
out_put_keys:
put_futex_key(&key2);
out_put_key1:
put_futex_key(&key1);
out:
return ret;
}
/**
* requeue_futex() - Requeue a futex_q from one hb to another
* @q: the futex_q to requeue
* @hb1: the source hash_bucket
* @hb2: the target hash_bucket
* @key2: the new key for the requeued futex_q
*/
static inline
void requeue_futex(struct futex_q *q, struct futex_hash_bucket *hb1,
struct futex_hash_bucket *hb2, union futex_key *key2)
{
/*
* If key1 and key2 hash to the same bucket, no need to
* requeue.
*/
if (likely(&hb1->chain != &hb2->chain)) {
plist_del(&q->list, &hb1->chain);
hb_waiters_dec(hb1);
hb_waiters_inc(hb2);
plist_add(&q->list, &hb2->chain);
q->lock_ptr = &hb2->lock;
}
get_futex_key_refs(key2);
q->key = *key2;
}
/**
* requeue_pi_wake_futex() - Wake a task that acquired the lock during requeue
* @q: the futex_q
* @key: the key of the requeue target futex
* @hb: the hash_bucket of the requeue target futex
*
* During futex_requeue, with requeue_pi=1, it is possible to acquire the
* target futex if it is uncontended or via a lock steal. Set the futex_q key
* to the requeue target futex so the waiter can detect the wakeup on the right
* futex, but remove it from the hb and NULL the rt_waiter so it can detect
* atomic lock acquisition. Set the q->lock_ptr to the requeue target hb->lock
* to protect access to the pi_state to fixup the owner later. Must be called
* with both q->lock_ptr and hb->lock held.
*/
static inline
void requeue_pi_wake_futex(struct futex_q *q, union futex_key *key,
struct futex_hash_bucket *hb)
{
get_futex_key_refs(key);
q->key = *key;
__unqueue_futex(q);
WARN_ON(!q->rt_waiter);
q->rt_waiter = NULL;
q->lock_ptr = &hb->lock;
wake_up_state(q->task, TASK_NORMAL);
}
/**
* futex_proxy_trylock_atomic() - Attempt an atomic lock for the top waiter
* @pifutex: the user address of the to futex
* @hb1: the from futex hash bucket, must be locked by the caller
* @hb2: the to futex hash bucket, must be locked by the caller
* @key1: the from futex key
* @key2: the to futex key
* @ps: address to store the pi_state pointer
* @set_waiters: force setting the FUTEX_WAITERS bit (1) or not (0)
*
* Try and get the lock on behalf of the top waiter if we can do it atomically.
* Wake the top waiter if we succeed. If the caller specified set_waiters,
* then direct futex_lock_pi_atomic() to force setting the FUTEX_WAITERS bit.
* hb1 and hb2 must be held by the caller.
*
* Return:
* - 0 - failed to acquire the lock atomically;
* - >0 - acquired the lock, return value is vpid of the top_waiter
* - <0 - error
*/
static int futex_proxy_trylock_atomic(u32 __user *pifutex,
struct futex_hash_bucket *hb1,
struct futex_hash_bucket *hb2,
union futex_key *key1, union futex_key *key2,
struct futex_pi_state **ps, int set_waiters)
{
struct futex_q *top_waiter = NULL;
u32 curval;
int ret, vpid;
if (get_futex_value_locked(&curval, pifutex))
return -EFAULT;
if (unlikely(should_fail_futex(true)))
return -EFAULT;
/*
* Find the top_waiter and determine if there are additional waiters.
* If the caller intends to requeue more than 1 waiter to pifutex,
* force futex_lock_pi_atomic() to set the FUTEX_WAITERS bit now,
* as we have means to handle the possible fault. If not, don't set
* the bit unecessarily as it will force the subsequent unlock to enter
* the kernel.
*/
top_waiter = futex_top_waiter(hb1, key1);
/* There are no waiters, nothing for us to do. */
if (!top_waiter)
return 0;
/* Ensure we requeue to the expected futex. */
if (!match_futex(top_waiter->requeue_pi_key, key2))
return -EINVAL;
/*
* Try to take the lock for top_waiter. Set the FUTEX_WAITERS bit in
* the contended case or if set_waiters is 1. The pi_state is returned
* in ps in contended cases.
*/
vpid = task_pid_vnr(top_waiter->task);
ret = futex_lock_pi_atomic(pifutex, hb2, key2, ps, top_waiter->task,
set_waiters);
if (ret == 1) {
requeue_pi_wake_futex(top_waiter, key2, hb2);
return vpid;
}
return ret;
}
/**
* futex_requeue() - Requeue waiters from uaddr1 to uaddr2
* @uaddr1: source futex user address
* @flags: futex flags (FLAGS_SHARED, etc.)
* @uaddr2: target futex user address
* @nr_wake: number of waiters to wake (must be 1 for requeue_pi)
* @nr_requeue: number of waiters to requeue (0-INT_MAX)
* @cmpval: @uaddr1 expected value (or %NULL)
* @requeue_pi: if we are attempting to requeue from a non-pi futex to a
* pi futex (pi to pi requeue is not supported)
*
* Requeue waiters on uaddr1 to uaddr2. In the requeue_pi case, try to acquire
* uaddr2 atomically on behalf of the top waiter.
*
* Return:
* - >=0 - on success, the number of tasks requeued or woken;
* - <0 - on error
*/
static int futex_requeue(u32 __user *uaddr1, unsigned int flags,
u32 __user *uaddr2, int nr_wake, int nr_requeue,
u32 *cmpval, int requeue_pi)
{
union futex_key key1 = FUTEX_KEY_INIT, key2 = FUTEX_KEY_INIT;
int drop_count = 0, task_count = 0, ret;
struct futex_pi_state *pi_state = NULL;
struct futex_hash_bucket *hb1, *hb2;
struct futex_q *this, *next;
DEFINE_WAKE_Q(wake_q);
if (nr_wake < 0 || nr_requeue < 0)
return -EINVAL;
/*
* When PI not supported: return -ENOSYS if requeue_pi is true,
* consequently the compiler knows requeue_pi is always false past
* this point which will optimize away all the conditional code
* further down.
*/
if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FUTEX_PI) && requeue_pi)
return -ENOSYS;
if (requeue_pi) {
/*
* Requeue PI only works on two distinct uaddrs. This
* check is only valid for private futexes. See below.
*/
if (uaddr1 == uaddr2)
return -EINVAL;
/*
* requeue_pi requires a pi_state, try to allocate it now
* without any locks in case it fails.
*/
if (refill_pi_state_cache())
return -ENOMEM;
/*
* requeue_pi must wake as many tasks as it can, up to nr_wake
* + nr_requeue, since it acquires the rt_mutex prior to
* returning to userspace, so as to not leave the rt_mutex with
* waiters and no owner. However, second and third wake-ups
* cannot be predicted as they involve race conditions with the
* first wake and a fault while looking up the pi_state. Both
* pthread_cond_signal() and pthread_cond_broadcast() should
* use nr_wake=1.
*/
if (nr_wake != 1)
return -EINVAL;
}
retry:
ret = get_futex_key(uaddr1, flags & FLAGS_SHARED, &key1, VERIFY_READ);
if (unlikely(ret != 0))
goto out;
ret = get_futex_key(uaddr2, flags & FLAGS_SHARED, &key2,
requeue_pi ? VERIFY_WRITE : VERIFY_READ);
if (unlikely(ret != 0))
goto out_put_key1;
/*
* The check above which compares uaddrs is not sufficient for
* shared futexes. We need to compare the keys:
*/
if (requeue_pi && match_futex(&key1, &key2)) {
ret = -EINVAL;
goto out_put_keys;
}
hb1 = hash_futex(&key1);
hb2 = hash_futex(&key2);
retry_private:
hb_waiters_inc(hb2);
double_lock_hb(hb1, hb2);
if (likely(cmpval != NULL)) {
u32 curval;
ret = get_futex_value_locked(&curval, uaddr1);
if (unlikely(ret)) {
double_unlock_hb(hb1, hb2);
hb_waiters_dec(hb2);
ret = get_user(curval, uaddr1);
if (ret)
goto out_put_keys;
if (!(flags & FLAGS_SHARED))
goto retry_private;
put_futex_key(&key2);
put_futex_key(&key1);
goto retry;
}
if (curval != *cmpval) {
ret = -EAGAIN;
goto out_unlock;
}
}
if (requeue_pi && (task_count - nr_wake < nr_requeue)) {
/*
* Attempt to acquire uaddr2 and wake the top waiter. If we
* intend to requeue waiters, force setting the FUTEX_WAITERS
* bit. We force this here where we are able to easily handle
* faults rather in the requeue loop below.
*/
ret = futex_proxy_trylock_atomic(uaddr2, hb1, hb2, &key1,
&key2, &pi_state, nr_requeue);
/*
* At this point the top_waiter has either taken uaddr2 or is
* waiting on it. If the former, then the pi_state will not
* exist yet, look it up one more time to ensure we have a
* reference to it. If the lock was taken, ret contains the
* vpid of the top waiter task.
* If the lock was not taken, we have pi_state and an initial
* refcount on it. In case of an error we have nothing.
*/
if (ret > 0) {
WARN_ON(pi_state);
drop_count++;
task_count++;
/*
* If we acquired the lock, then the user space value
* of uaddr2 should be vpid. It cannot be changed by
* the top waiter as it is blocked on hb2 lock if it
* tries to do so. If something fiddled with it behind
* our back the pi state lookup might unearth it. So
* we rather use the known value than rereading and
* handing potential crap to lookup_pi_state.
*
* If that call succeeds then we have pi_state and an
* initial refcount on it.
*/
ret = lookup_pi_state(uaddr2, ret, hb2, &key2, &pi_state);
}
switch (ret) {
case 0:
/* We hold a reference on the pi state. */
break;
/* If the above failed, then pi_state is NULL */
case -EFAULT:
double_unlock_hb(hb1, hb2);
hb_waiters_dec(hb2);
put_futex_key(&key2);
put_futex_key(&key1);
ret = fault_in_user_writeable(uaddr2);
if (!ret)
goto retry;
goto out;
case -EAGAIN:
/*
* Two reasons for this:
* - Owner is exiting and we just wait for the
* exit to complete.
* - The user space value changed.
*/
double_unlock_hb(hb1, hb2);
hb_waiters_dec(hb2);
put_futex_key(&key2);
put_futex_key(&key1);
cond_resched();
goto retry;
default:
goto out_unlock;
}
}
plist_for_each_entry_safe(this, next, &hb1->chain, list) {
if (task_count - nr_wake >= nr_requeue)
break;
if (!match_futex(&this->key, &key1))
continue;
/*
* FUTEX_WAIT_REQEUE_PI and FUTEX_CMP_REQUEUE_PI should always
* be paired with each other and no other futex ops.
*
* We should never be requeueing a futex_q with a pi_state,
* which is awaiting a futex_unlock_pi().
*/
if ((requeue_pi && !this->rt_waiter) ||
(!requeue_pi && this->rt_waiter) ||
this->pi_state) {
ret = -EINVAL;
break;
}
/*
* Wake nr_wake waiters. For requeue_pi, if we acquired the
* lock, we already woke the top_waiter. If not, it will be
* woken by futex_unlock_pi().
*/
if (++task_count <= nr_wake && !requeue_pi) {
mark_wake_futex(&wake_q, this);
continue;
}
/* Ensure we requeue to the expected futex for requeue_pi. */
if (requeue_pi && !match_futex(this->requeue_pi_key, &key2)) {
ret = -EINVAL;
break;
}
/*
* Requeue nr_requeue waiters and possibly one more in the case
* of requeue_pi if we couldn't acquire the lock atomically.
*/
if (requeue_pi) {
/*
* Prepare the waiter to take the rt_mutex. Take a
* refcount on the pi_state and store the pointer in
* the futex_q object of the waiter.
*/
get_pi_state(pi_state);
this->pi_state = pi_state;
ret = rt_mutex_start_proxy_lock(&pi_state->pi_mutex,
this->rt_waiter,
this->task);
if (ret == 1) {
/*
* We got the lock. We do neither drop the
* refcount on pi_state nor clear
* this->pi_state because the waiter needs the
* pi_state for cleaning up the user space
* value. It will drop the refcount after
* doing so.
*/
requeue_pi_wake_futex(this, &key2, hb2);
drop_count++;
continue;
} else if (ret) {
/*
* rt_mutex_start_proxy_lock() detected a
* potential deadlock when we tried to queue
* that waiter. Drop the pi_state reference
* which we took above and remove the pointer
* to the state from the waiters futex_q
* object.
*/
this->pi_state = NULL;
put_pi_state(pi_state);
/*
* We stop queueing more waiters and let user
* space deal with the mess.
*/
break;
}
}
requeue_futex(this, hb1, hb2, &key2);
drop_count++;
}
/*
* We took an extra initial reference to the pi_state either
* in futex_proxy_trylock_atomic() or in lookup_pi_state(). We
* need to drop it here again.
*/
put_pi_state(pi_state);
out_unlock:
double_unlock_hb(hb1, hb2);
wake_up_q(&wake_q);
hb_waiters_dec(hb2);
/*
* drop_futex_key_refs() must be called outside the spinlocks. During
* the requeue we moved futex_q's from the hash bucket at key1 to the
* one at key2 and updated their key pointer. We no longer need to
* hold the references to key1.
*/
while (--drop_count >= 0)
drop_futex_key_refs(&key1);
out_put_keys:
put_futex_key(&key2);
out_put_key1:
put_futex_key(&key1);
out:
return ret ? ret : task_count;
}
/* The key must be already stored in q->key. */
static inline struct futex_hash_bucket *queue_lock(struct futex_q *q)
__acquires(&hb->lock)
{
struct futex_hash_bucket *hb;
hb = hash_futex(&q->key);
/*
* Increment the counter before taking the lock so that
* a potential waker won't miss a to-be-slept task that is
* waiting for the spinlock. This is safe as all queue_lock()
* users end up calling queue_me(). Similarly, for housekeeping,
* decrement the counter at queue_unlock() when some error has
* occurred and we don't end up adding the task to the list.
*/
hb_waiters_inc(hb);
q->lock_ptr = &hb->lock;
spin_lock(&hb->lock); /* implies smp_mb(); (A) */
return hb;
}
static inline void
queue_unlock(struct futex_hash_bucket *hb)
__releases(&hb->lock)
{
spin_unlock(&hb->lock);
hb_waiters_dec(hb);
}
static inline void __queue_me(struct futex_q *q, struct futex_hash_bucket *hb)
{
int prio;
/*
* The priority used to register this element is
* - either the real thread-priority for the real-time threads
* (i.e. threads with a priority lower than MAX_RT_PRIO)
* - or MAX_RT_PRIO for non-RT threads.
* Thus, all RT-threads are woken first in priority order, and
* the others are woken last, in FIFO order.
*/
prio = min(current->normal_prio, MAX_RT_PRIO);
plist_node_init(&q->list, prio);
plist_add(&q->list, &hb->chain);
q->task = current;
}
/**
* queue_me() - Enqueue the futex_q on the futex_hash_bucket
* @q: The futex_q to enqueue
* @hb: The destination hash bucket
*
* The hb->lock must be held by the caller, and is released here. A call to
* queue_me() is typically paired with exactly one call to unqueue_me(). The
* exceptions involve the PI related operations, which may use unqueue_me_pi()
* or nothing if the unqueue is done as part of the wake process and the unqueue
* state is implicit in the state of woken task (see futex_wait_requeue_pi() for
* an example).
*/
static inline void queue_me(struct futex_q *q, struct futex_hash_bucket *hb)
__releases(&hb->lock)
{
__queue_me(q, hb);
spin_unlock(&hb->lock);
}
/**
* unqueue_me() - Remove the futex_q from its futex_hash_bucket
* @q: The futex_q to unqueue
*
* The q->lock_ptr must not be held by the caller. A call to unqueue_me() must
* be paired with exactly one earlier call to queue_me().
*
* Return:
* - 1 - if the futex_q was still queued (and we removed unqueued it);
* - 0 - if the futex_q was already removed by the waking thread
*/
static int unqueue_me(struct futex_q *q)
{
spinlock_t *lock_ptr;
int ret = 0;
/* In the common case we don't take the spinlock, which is nice. */
retry:
/*
* q->lock_ptr can change between this read and the following spin_lock.
* Use READ_ONCE to forbid the compiler from reloading q->lock_ptr and
* optimizing lock_ptr out of the logic below.
*/
lock_ptr = READ_ONCE(q->lock_ptr);
if (lock_ptr != NULL) {
spin_lock(lock_ptr);
/*
* q->lock_ptr can change between reading it and
* spin_lock(), causing us to take the wrong lock. This
* corrects the race condition.
*
* Reasoning goes like this: if we have the wrong lock,
* q->lock_ptr must have changed (maybe several times)
* between reading it and the spin_lock(). It can
* change again after the spin_lock() but only if it was
* already changed before the spin_lock(). It cannot,
* however, change back to the original value. Therefore
* we can detect whether we acquired the correct lock.
*/
if (unlikely(lock_ptr != q->lock_ptr)) {
spin_unlock(lock_ptr);
goto retry;
}
__unqueue_futex(q);
BUG_ON(q->pi_state);
spin_unlock(lock_ptr);
ret = 1;
}
drop_futex_key_refs(&q->key);
return ret;
}
/*
* PI futexes can not be requeued and must remove themself from the
* hash bucket. The hash bucket lock (i.e. lock_ptr) is held on entry
* and dropped here.
*/
static void unqueue_me_pi(struct futex_q *q)
__releases(q->lock_ptr)
{
__unqueue_futex(q);
BUG_ON(!q->pi_state);
put_pi_state(q->pi_state);
q->pi_state = NULL;
spin_unlock(q->lock_ptr);
}
static int fixup_pi_state_owner(u32 __user *uaddr, struct futex_q *q,
struct task_struct *argowner)
{
struct futex_pi_state *pi_state = q->pi_state;
u32 uval, uninitialized_var(curval), newval;
struct task_struct *oldowner, *newowner;
u32 newtid;
int ret;
lockdep_assert_held(q->lock_ptr);
raw_spin_lock_irq(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
oldowner = pi_state->owner;
/*
* We are here because either:
*
* - we stole the lock and pi_state->owner needs updating to reflect
* that (@argowner == current),
*
* or:
*
* - someone stole our lock and we need to fix things to point to the
* new owner (@argowner == NULL).
*
* Either way, we have to replace the TID in the user space variable.
* This must be atomic as we have to preserve the owner died bit here.
*
* Note: We write the user space value _before_ changing the pi_state
* because we can fault here. Imagine swapped out pages or a fork
* that marked all the anonymous memory readonly for cow.
*
* Modifying pi_state _before_ the user space value would leave the
* pi_state in an inconsistent state when we fault here, because we
* need to drop the locks to handle the fault. This might be observed
* in the PID check in lookup_pi_state.
*/
retry:
if (!argowner) {
if (oldowner != current) {
/*
* We raced against a concurrent self; things are
* already fixed up. Nothing to do.
*/
ret = 0;
goto out_unlock;
}
if (__rt_mutex_futex_trylock(&pi_state->pi_mutex)) {
/* We got the lock after all, nothing to fix. */
ret = 0;
goto out_unlock;
}
/*
* Since we just failed the trylock; there must be an owner.
*/
newowner = rt_mutex_owner(&pi_state->pi_mutex);
BUG_ON(!newowner);
} else {
WARN_ON_ONCE(argowner != current);
if (oldowner == current) {
/*
* We raced against a concurrent self; things are
* already fixed up. Nothing to do.
*/
ret = 0;
goto out_unlock;
}
newowner = argowner;
}
newtid = task_pid_vnr(newowner) | FUTEX_WAITERS;
/* Owner died? */
if (!pi_state->owner)
newtid |= FUTEX_OWNER_DIED;
if (get_futex_value_locked(&uval, uaddr))
goto handle_fault;
for (;;) {
newval = (uval & FUTEX_OWNER_DIED) | newtid;
if (cmpxchg_futex_value_locked(&curval, uaddr, uval, newval))
goto handle_fault;
if (curval == uval)
break;
uval = curval;
}
/*
* We fixed up user space. Now we need to fix the pi_state
* itself.
*/
if (pi_state->owner != NULL) {
raw_spin_lock(&pi_state->owner->pi_lock);
WARN_ON(list_empty(&pi_state->list));
list_del_init(&pi_state->list);
raw_spin_unlock(&pi_state->owner->pi_lock);
}
pi_state->owner = newowner;
raw_spin_lock(&newowner->pi_lock);
WARN_ON(!list_empty(&pi_state->list));
list_add(&pi_state->list, &newowner->pi_state_list);
raw_spin_unlock(&newowner->pi_lock);
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
return 0;
/*
* To handle the page fault we need to drop the locks here. That gives
* the other task (either the highest priority waiter itself or the
* task which stole the rtmutex) the chance to try the fixup of the
* pi_state. So once we are back from handling the fault we need to
* check the pi_state after reacquiring the locks and before trying to
* do another fixup. When the fixup has been done already we simply
* return.
*
* Note: we hold both hb->lock and pi_mutex->wait_lock. We can safely
* drop hb->lock since the caller owns the hb -> futex_q relation.
* Dropping the pi_mutex->wait_lock requires the state revalidate.
*/
handle_fault:
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
spin_unlock(q->lock_ptr);
ret = fault_in_user_writeable(uaddr);
spin_lock(q->lock_ptr);
raw_spin_lock_irq(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
/*
* Check if someone else fixed it for us:
*/
if (pi_state->owner != oldowner) {
ret = 0;
goto out_unlock;
}
if (ret)
goto out_unlock;
goto retry;
out_unlock:
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
return ret;
}
static long futex_wait_restart(struct restart_block *restart);
/**
* fixup_owner() - Post lock pi_state and corner case management
* @uaddr: user address of the futex
* @q: futex_q (contains pi_state and access to the rt_mutex)
* @locked: if the attempt to take the rt_mutex succeeded (1) or not (0)
*
* After attempting to lock an rt_mutex, this function is called to cleanup
* the pi_state owner as well as handle race conditions that may allow us to
* acquire the lock. Must be called with the hb lock held.
*
* Return:
* - 1 - success, lock taken;
* - 0 - success, lock not taken;
* - <0 - on error (-EFAULT)
*/
static int fixup_owner(u32 __user *uaddr, struct futex_q *q, int locked)
{
int ret = 0;
if (locked) {
/*
* Got the lock. We might not be the anticipated owner if we
* did a lock-steal - fix up the PI-state in that case:
*
* Speculative pi_state->owner read (we don't hold wait_lock);
* since we own the lock pi_state->owner == current is the
* stable state, anything else needs more attention.
*/
if (q->pi_state->owner != current)
ret = fixup_pi_state_owner(uaddr, q, current);
goto out;
}
/*
* If we didn't get the lock; check if anybody stole it from us. In
* that case, we need to fix up the uval to point to them instead of
* us, otherwise bad things happen. [10]
*
* Another speculative read; pi_state->owner == current is unstable
* but needs our attention.
*/
if (q->pi_state->owner == current) {
ret = fixup_pi_state_owner(uaddr, q, NULL);
goto out;
}
/*
* Paranoia check. If we did not take the lock, then we should not be
* the owner of the rt_mutex.
*/
if (rt_mutex_owner(&q->pi_state->pi_mutex) == current) {
printk(KERN_ERR "fixup_owner: ret = %d pi-mutex: %p "
"pi-state %p\n", ret,
q->pi_state->pi_mutex.owner,
q->pi_state->owner);
}
out:
return ret ? ret : locked;
}
/**
* futex_wait_queue_me() - queue_me() and wait for wakeup, timeout, or signal
* @hb: the futex hash bucket, must be locked by the caller
* @q: the futex_q to queue up on
* @timeout: the prepared hrtimer_sleeper, or null for no timeout
*/
static void futex_wait_queue_me(struct futex_hash_bucket *hb, struct futex_q *q,
struct hrtimer_sleeper *timeout)
{
/*
* The task state is guaranteed to be set before another task can
* wake it. set_current_state() is implemented using smp_store_mb() and
* queue_me() calls spin_unlock() upon completion, both serializing
* access to the hash list and forcing another memory barrier.
*/
set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
queue_me(q, hb);
/* Arm the timer */
if (timeout)
hrtimer_start_expires(&timeout->timer, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
/*
* If we have been removed from the hash list, then another task
* has tried to wake us, and we can skip the call to schedule().
*/
if (likely(!plist_node_empty(&q->list))) {
/*
* If the timer has already expired, current will already be
* flagged for rescheduling. Only call schedule if there
* is no timeout, or if it has yet to expire.
*/
if (!timeout || timeout->task)
freezable_schedule();
}
__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
}
/**
* futex_wait_setup() - Prepare to wait on a futex
* @uaddr: the futex userspace address
* @val: the expected value
* @flags: futex flags (FLAGS_SHARED, etc.)
* @q: the associated futex_q
* @hb: storage for hash_bucket pointer to be returned to caller
*
* Setup the futex_q and locate the hash_bucket. Get the futex value and
* compare it with the expected value. Handle atomic faults internally.
* Return with the hb lock held and a q.key reference on success, and unlocked
* with no q.key reference on failure.
*
* Return:
* - 0 - uaddr contains val and hb has been locked;
* - <1 - -EFAULT or -EWOULDBLOCK (uaddr does not contain val) and hb is unlocked
*/
static int futex_wait_setup(u32 __user *uaddr, u32 val, unsigned int flags,
struct futex_q *q, struct futex_hash_bucket **hb)
{
u32 uval;
int ret;
/*
* Access the page AFTER the hash-bucket is locked.
* Order is important:
*
* Userspace waiter: val = var; if (cond(val)) futex_wait(&var, val);
* Userspace waker: if (cond(var)) { var = new; futex_wake(&var); }
*
* The basic logical guarantee of a futex is that it blocks ONLY
* if cond(var) is known to be true at the time of blocking, for
* any cond. If we locked the hash-bucket after testing *uaddr, that
* would open a race condition where we could block indefinitely with
* cond(var) false, which would violate the guarantee.
*
* On the other hand, we insert q and release the hash-bucket only
* after testing *uaddr. This guarantees that futex_wait() will NOT
* absorb a wakeup if *uaddr does not match the desired values
* while the syscall executes.
*/
retry:
ret = get_futex_key(uaddr, flags & FLAGS_SHARED, &q->key, VERIFY_READ);
if (unlikely(ret != 0))
return ret;
retry_private:
*hb = queue_lock(q);
ret = get_futex_value_locked(&uval, uaddr);
if (ret) {
queue_unlock(*hb);
ret = get_user(uval, uaddr);
if (ret)
goto out;
if (!(flags & FLAGS_SHARED))
goto retry_private;
put_futex_key(&q->key);
goto retry;
}
if (uval != val) {
queue_unlock(*hb);
ret = -EWOULDBLOCK;
}
out:
if (ret)
put_futex_key(&q->key);
return ret;
}
static int futex_wait(u32 __user *uaddr, unsigned int flags, u32 val,
ktime_t *abs_time, u32 bitset)
{
struct hrtimer_sleeper timeout, *to = NULL;
struct restart_block *restart;
struct futex_hash_bucket *hb;
struct futex_q q = futex_q_init;
int ret;
if (!bitset)
return -EINVAL;
q.bitset = bitset;
if (abs_time) {
to = &timeout;
hrtimer_init_on_stack(&to->timer, (flags & FLAGS_CLOCKRT) ?
CLOCK_REALTIME : CLOCK_MONOTONIC,
HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
hrtimer_init_sleeper(to, current);
hrtimer_set_expires_range_ns(&to->timer, *abs_time,
current->timer_slack_ns);
}
retry:
/*
* Prepare to wait on uaddr. On success, holds hb lock and increments
* q.key refs.
*/
ret = futex_wait_setup(uaddr, val, flags, &q, &hb);
if (ret)
goto out;
/* queue_me and wait for wakeup, timeout, or a signal. */
futex_wait_queue_me(hb, &q, to);
/* If we were woken (and unqueued), we succeeded, whatever. */
ret = 0;
/* unqueue_me() drops q.key ref */
if (!unqueue_me(&q))
goto out;
ret = -ETIMEDOUT;
if (to && !to->task)
goto out;
/*
* We expect signal_pending(current), but we might be the
* victim of a spurious wakeup as well.
*/
if (!signal_pending(current))
goto retry;
ret = -ERESTARTSYS;
if (!abs_time)
goto out;
restart = &current->restart_block;
restart->fn = futex_wait_restart;
restart->futex.uaddr = uaddr;
restart->futex.val = val;
restart->futex.time = *abs_time;
restart->futex.bitset = bitset;
restart->futex.flags = flags | FLAGS_HAS_TIMEOUT;
ret = -ERESTART_RESTARTBLOCK;
out:
if (to) {
hrtimer_cancel(&to->timer);
destroy_hrtimer_on_stack(&to->timer);
}
return ret;
}
static long futex_wait_restart(struct restart_block *restart)
{
u32 __user *uaddr = restart->futex.uaddr;
ktime_t t, *tp = NULL;
if (restart->futex.flags & FLAGS_HAS_TIMEOUT) {
t = restart->futex.time;
tp = &t;
}
restart->fn = do_no_restart_syscall;
return (long)futex_wait(uaddr, restart->futex.flags,
restart->futex.val, tp, restart->futex.bitset);
}
/*
* Userspace tried a 0 -> TID atomic transition of the futex value
* and failed. The kernel side here does the whole locking operation:
* if there are waiters then it will block as a consequence of relying
* on rt-mutexes, it does PI, etc. (Due to races the kernel might see
* a 0 value of the futex too.).
*
* Also serves as futex trylock_pi()'ing, and due semantics.
*/
static int futex_lock_pi(u32 __user *uaddr, unsigned int flags,
ktime_t *time, int trylock)
{
struct hrtimer_sleeper timeout, *to = NULL;
struct futex_pi_state *pi_state = NULL;
struct rt_mutex_waiter rt_waiter;
struct futex_hash_bucket *hb;
struct futex_q q = futex_q_init;
int res, ret;
if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FUTEX_PI))
return -ENOSYS;
if (refill_pi_state_cache())
return -ENOMEM;
if (time) {
to = &timeout;
hrtimer_init_on_stack(&to->timer, CLOCK_REALTIME,
HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
hrtimer_init_sleeper(to, current);
hrtimer_set_expires(&to->timer, *time);
}
retry:
ret = get_futex_key(uaddr, flags & FLAGS_SHARED, &q.key, VERIFY_WRITE);
if (unlikely(ret != 0))
goto out;
retry_private:
hb = queue_lock(&q);
ret = futex_lock_pi_atomic(uaddr, hb, &q.key, &q.pi_state, current, 0);
if (unlikely(ret)) {
/*
* Atomic work succeeded and we got the lock,
* or failed. Either way, we do _not_ block.
*/
switch (ret) {
case 1:
/* We got the lock. */
ret = 0;
goto out_unlock_put_key;
case -EFAULT:
goto uaddr_faulted;
case -EAGAIN:
/*
* Two reasons for this:
* - Task is exiting and we just wait for the
* exit to complete.
* - The user space value changed.
*/
queue_unlock(hb);
put_futex_key(&q.key);
cond_resched();
goto retry;
default:
goto out_unlock_put_key;
}
}
WARN_ON(!q.pi_state);
/*
* Only actually queue now that the atomic ops are done:
*/
__queue_me(&q, hb);
if (trylock) {
ret = rt_mutex_futex_trylock(&q.pi_state->pi_mutex);
/* Fixup the trylock return value: */
ret = ret ? 0 : -EWOULDBLOCK;
goto no_block;
}
rt_mutex_init_waiter(&rt_waiter);
/*
* On PREEMPT_RT_FULL, when hb->lock becomes an rt_mutex, we must not
* hold it while doing rt_mutex_start_proxy(), because then it will
* include hb->lock in the blocking chain, even through we'll not in
* fact hold it while blocking. This will lead it to report -EDEADLK
* and BUG when futex_unlock_pi() interleaves with this.
*
* Therefore acquire wait_lock while holding hb->lock, but drop the
* latter before calling rt_mutex_start_proxy_lock(). This still fully
* serializes against futex_unlock_pi() as that does the exact same
* lock handoff sequence.
*/
raw_spin_lock_irq(&q.pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
spin_unlock(q.lock_ptr);
ret = __rt_mutex_start_proxy_lock(&q.pi_state->pi_mutex, &rt_waiter, current);
raw_spin_unlock_irq(&q.pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
if (ret) {
if (ret == 1)
ret = 0;
spin_lock(q.lock_ptr);
goto no_block;
}
if (unlikely(to))
hrtimer_start_expires(&to->timer, HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
ret = rt_mutex_wait_proxy_lock(&q.pi_state->pi_mutex, to, &rt_waiter);
spin_lock(q.lock_ptr);
/*
* If we failed to acquire the lock (signal/timeout), we must
* first acquire the hb->lock before removing the lock from the
* rt_mutex waitqueue, such that we can keep the hb and rt_mutex
* wait lists consistent.
*
* In particular; it is important that futex_unlock_pi() can not
* observe this inconsistency.
*/
if (ret && !rt_mutex_cleanup_proxy_lock(&q.pi_state->pi_mutex, &rt_waiter))
ret = 0;
no_block:
/*
* Fixup the pi_state owner and possibly acquire the lock if we
* haven't already.
*/
res = fixup_owner(uaddr, &q, !ret);
/*
* If fixup_owner() returned an error, proprogate that. If it acquired
* the lock, clear our -ETIMEDOUT or -EINTR.
*/
if (res)
ret = (res < 0) ? res : 0;
/*
* If fixup_owner() faulted and was unable to handle the fault, unlock
* it and return the fault to userspace.
*/
if (ret && (rt_mutex_owner(&q.pi_state->pi_mutex) == current)) {
pi_state = q.pi_state;
get_pi_state(pi_state);
}
/* Unqueue and drop the lock */
unqueue_me_pi(&q);
if (pi_state) {
rt_mutex_futex_unlock(&pi_state->pi_mutex);
put_pi_state(pi_state);
}
goto out_put_key;
out_unlock_put_key:
queue_unlock(hb);
out_put_key:
put_futex_key(&q.key);
out:
if (to) {
hrtimer_cancel(&to->timer);
destroy_hrtimer_on_stack(&to->timer);
}
return ret != -EINTR ? ret : -ERESTARTNOINTR;
uaddr_faulted:
queue_unlock(hb);
ret = fault_in_user_writeable(uaddr);
if (ret)
goto out_put_key;
if (!(flags & FLAGS_SHARED))
goto retry_private;
put_futex_key(&q.key);
goto retry;
}
/*
* Userspace attempted a TID -> 0 atomic transition, and failed.
* This is the in-kernel slowpath: we look up the PI state (if any),
* and do the rt-mutex unlock.
*/
static int futex_unlock_pi(u32 __user *uaddr, unsigned int flags)
{
u32 uninitialized_var(curval), uval, vpid = task_pid_vnr(current);
union futex_key key = FUTEX_KEY_INIT;
struct futex_hash_bucket *hb;
struct futex_q *top_waiter;
int ret;
if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FUTEX_PI))
return -ENOSYS;
retry:
if (get_user(uval, uaddr))
return -EFAULT;
/*
* We release only a lock we actually own:
*/
if ((uval & FUTEX_TID_MASK) != vpid)
return -EPERM;
ret = get_futex_key(uaddr, flags & FLAGS_SHARED, &key, VERIFY_WRITE);
if (ret)
return ret;
hb = hash_futex(&key);
spin_lock(&hb->lock);
/*
* Check waiters first. We do not trust user space values at
* all and we at least want to know if user space fiddled
* with the futex value instead of blindly unlocking.
*/
top_waiter = futex_top_waiter(hb, &key);
if (top_waiter) {
struct futex_pi_state *pi_state = top_waiter->pi_state;
ret = -EINVAL;
if (!pi_state)
goto out_unlock;
/*
* If current does not own the pi_state then the futex is
* inconsistent and user space fiddled with the futex value.
*/
if (pi_state->owner != current)
goto out_unlock;
get_pi_state(pi_state);
/*
* By taking wait_lock while still holding hb->lock, we ensure
* there is no point where we hold neither; and therefore
* wake_futex_pi() must observe a state consistent with what we
* observed.
*/
raw_spin_lock_irq(&pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock);
spin_unlock(&hb->lock);
/* drops pi_state->pi_mutex.wait_lock */
ret = wake_futex_pi(uaddr, uval, pi_state);
put_pi_state(pi_state);
/*
* Success, we're done! No tricky corner cases.
*/
if (!ret)
goto out_putkey;
/*
* The atomic access to the futex value generated a
* pagefault, so retry the user-access and the wakeup:
*/
if (ret == -EFAULT)
goto pi_faulted;
/*
* A unconditional UNLOCK_PI op raced against a waiter
* setting the FUTEX_WAITERS bit. Try again.
*/
if (ret == -EAGAIN) {
put_futex_key(&key);
goto retry;
}
/*
* wake_futex_pi has detected invalid state. Tell user
* space.
*/
goto out_putkey;
}
/*
* We have no kernel internal state, i.e. no waiters in the
* kernel. Waiters which are about to queue themselves are stuck
* on hb->lock. So we can safely ignore them. We do neither
* preserve the WAITERS bit not the OWNER_DIED one. We are the
* owner.
*/
if (cmpxchg_futex_value_locked(&curval, uaddr, uval, 0)) {
spin_unlock(&hb->lock);
goto pi_faulted;
}
/*
* If uval has changed, let user space handle it.
*/
ret = (curval == uval) ? 0 : -EAGAIN;
out_unlock:
spin_unlock(&hb->lock);
out_putkey:
put_futex_key(&key);
return ret;
pi_faulted:
put_futex_key(&key);
ret = fault_in_user_writeable(uaddr);
if (!ret)
goto retry;
return ret;
}
/**
* handle_early_requeue_pi_wakeup() - Detect early wakeup on the initial futex
* @hb: the hash_bucket futex_q was original enqueued on
* @q: the futex_q woken while waiting to be requeued
* @key2: the futex_key of the requeue target futex
* @timeout: the timeout associated with the wait (NULL if none)
*
* Detect if the task was woken on the initial futex as opposed to the requeue
* target futex. If so, determine if it was a timeout or a signal that caused
* the wakeup and return the appropriate error code to the caller. Must be
* called with the hb lock held.
*
* Return:
* - 0 = no early wakeup detected;
* - <0 = -ETIMEDOUT or -ERESTARTNOINTR
*/
static inline
int handle_early_requeue_pi_wakeup(struct futex_hash_bucket *hb,
struct futex_q *q, union futex_key *key2,
struct hrtimer_sleeper *timeout)
{
int ret = 0;
/*
* With the hb lock held, we avoid races while we process the wakeup.
* We only need to hold hb (and not hb2) to ensure atomicity as the
* wakeup code can't change q.key from uaddr to uaddr2 if we hold hb.
* It can't be requeued from uaddr2 to something else since we don't
* support a PI aware source futex for requeue.
*/
if (!match_futex(&q->key, key2)) {
WARN_ON(q->lock_ptr && (&hb->lock != q->lock_ptr));
/*
* We were woken prior to requeue by a timeout or a signal.
* Unqueue the futex_q and determine which it was.
*/
plist_del(&q->list, &hb->chain);
hb_waiters_dec(hb);
/* Handle spurious wakeups gracefully */
ret = -EWOULDBLOCK;
if (timeout && !timeout->task)
ret = -ETIMEDOUT;
else if (signal_pending(current))
ret = -ERESTARTNOINTR;
}
return ret;
}
/**
* futex_wait_requeue_pi() - Wait on uaddr and take uaddr2
* @uaddr: the futex we initially wait on (non-pi)
* @flags: futex flags (FLAGS_SHARED, FLAGS_CLOCKRT, etc.), they must be
* the same type, no requeueing from private to shared, etc.
* @val: the expected value of uaddr
* @abs_time: absolute timeout
* @bitset: 32 bit wakeup bitset set by userspace, defaults to all
* @uaddr2: the pi futex we will take prior to returning to user-space
*
* The caller will wait on uaddr and will be requeued by futex_requeue() to
* uaddr2 which must be PI aware and unique from uaddr. Normal wakeup will wake
* on uaddr2 and complete the acquisition of the rt_mutex prior to returning to
* userspace. This ensures the rt_mutex maintains an owner when it has waiters;
* without one, the pi logic would not know which task to boost/deboost, if
* there was a need to.
*
* We call schedule in futex_wait_queue_me() when we enqueue and return there
* via the following--
* 1) wakeup on uaddr2 after an atomic lock acquisition by futex_requeue()
* 2) wakeup on uaddr2 after a requeue
* 3) signal
* 4) timeout
*
* If 3, cleanup and return -ERESTARTNOINTR.
*
* If 2, we may then block on trying to take the rt_mutex and return via:
* 5) successful lock
* 6) signal
* 7) timeout
* 8) other lock acquisition failure
*
* If 6, return -EWOULDBLOCK (restarting the syscall would do the same).
*
* If 4 or 7, we cleanup and return with -ETIMEDOUT.
*
* Return:
* - 0 - On success;
* - <0 - On error
*/
static int futex_wait_requeue_pi(u32 __user *uaddr, unsigned int flags,
u32 val, ktime_t *abs_time, u32 bitset,
u32 __user *uaddr2)
{
struct hrtimer_sleeper timeout, *to = NULL;
struct futex_pi_state *pi_state = NULL;
struct rt_mutex_waiter rt_waiter;
struct futex_hash_bucket *hb;
union futex_key key2 = FUTEX_KEY_INIT;
struct futex_q q = futex_q_init;
int res, ret;
if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_FUTEX_PI))
return -ENOSYS;
if (uaddr == uaddr2)
return -EINVAL;
if (!bitset)
return -EINVAL;
if (abs_time) {
to = &timeout;
hrtimer_init_on_stack(&to->timer, (flags & FLAGS_CLOCKRT) ?
CLOCK_REALTIME : CLOCK_MONOTONIC,
HRTIMER_MODE_ABS);
hrtimer_init_sleeper(to, current);
hrtimer_set_expires_range_ns(&to->timer, *abs_time,
current->timer_slack_ns);
}
/*
* The waiter is allocated on our stack, manipulated by the requeue
* code while we sleep on uaddr.
*/
rt_mutex_init_waiter(&rt_waiter);
ret = get_futex_key(uaddr2, flags & FLAGS_SHARED, &key2, VERIFY_WRITE);
if (unlikely(ret != 0))
goto out;
q.bitset = bitset;
q.rt_waiter = &rt_waiter;
q.requeue_pi_key = &key2;
/*
* Prepare to wait on uaddr. On success, increments q.key (key1) ref
* count.
*/
ret = futex_wait_setup(uaddr, val, flags, &q, &hb);
if (ret)
goto out_key2;
/*
* The check above which compares uaddrs is not sufficient for
* shared futexes. We need to compare the keys:
*/
if (match_futex(&q.key, &key2)) {
queue_unlock(hb);
ret = -EINVAL;
goto out_put_keys;
}
/* Queue the futex_q, drop the hb lock, wait for wakeup. */
futex_wait_queue_me(hb, &q, to);
spin_lock(&hb->lock);
ret = handle_early_requeue_pi_wakeup(hb, &q, &key2, to);
spin_unlock(&hb->lock);
if (ret)
goto out_put_keys;
/*
* In order for us to be here, we know our q.key == key2, and since
* we took the hb->lock above, we also know that futex_requeue() has
* completed and we no longer have to concern ourselves with a wakeup
* race with the atomic proxy lock acquisition by the requeue code. The
* futex_requeue dropped our key1 reference and incremented our key2
* reference count.
*/
/* Check if the requeue code acquired the second futex for us. */
if (!q.rt_waiter) {
/*
* Got the lock. We might not be the anticipated owner if we
* did a lock-steal - fix up the PI-state in that case.
*/
if (q.pi_state && (q.pi_state->owner != current)) {
spin_lock(q.lock_ptr);
ret = fixup_pi_state_owner(uaddr2, &q, current);
if (ret && rt_mutex_owner(&q.pi_state->pi_mutex) == current) {
pi_state = q.pi_state;
get_pi_state(pi_state);
}
/*
* Drop the reference to the pi state which
* the requeue_pi() code acquired for us.
*/
put_pi_state(q.pi_state);
spin_unlock(q.lock_ptr);
}
} else {
struct rt_mutex *pi_mutex;
/*
* We have been woken up by futex_unlock_pi(), a timeout, or a
* signal. futex_unlock_pi() will not destroy the lock_ptr nor
* the pi_state.
*/
WARN_ON(!q.pi_state);
pi_mutex = &q.pi_state->pi_mutex;
ret = rt_mutex_wait_proxy_lock(pi_mutex, to, &rt_waiter);
spin_lock(q.lock_ptr);
if (ret && !rt_mutex_cleanup_proxy_lock(pi_mutex, &rt_waiter))
ret = 0;
debug_rt_mutex_free_waiter(&rt_waiter);
/*
* Fixup the pi_state owner and possibly acquire the lock if we
* haven't already.
*/
res = fixup_owner(uaddr2, &q, !ret);
/*
* If fixup_owner() returned an error, proprogate that. If it
* acquired the lock, clear -ETIMEDOUT or -EINTR.
*/
if (res)
ret = (res < 0) ? res : 0;
/*
* If fixup_pi_state_owner() faulted and was unable to handle
* the fault, unlock the rt_mutex and return the fault to
* userspace.
*/
if (ret && rt_mutex_owner(&q.pi_state->pi_mutex) == current) {
pi_state = q.pi_state;
get_pi_state(pi_state);
}
/* Unqueue and drop the lock. */
unqueue_me_pi(&q);
}
if (pi_state) {
rt_mutex_futex_unlock(&pi_state->pi_mutex);
put_pi_state(pi_state);
}
if (ret == -EINTR) {
/*
* We've already been requeued, but cannot restart by calling
* futex_lock_pi() directly. We could restart this syscall, but
* it would detect that the user space "val" changed and return
* -EWOULDBLOCK. Save the overhead of the restart and return
* -EWOULDBLOCK directly.
*/
ret = -EWOULDBLOCK;
}
out_put_keys:
put_futex_key(&q.key);
out_key2:
put_futex_key(&key2);
out:
if (to) {
hrtimer_cancel(&to->timer);
destroy_hrtimer_on_stack(&to->timer);
}
return ret;
}
/*
* Support for robust futexes: the kernel cleans up held futexes at
* thread exit time.
*
* Implementation: user-space maintains a per-thread list of locks it
* is holding. Upon do_exit(), the kernel carefully walks this list,
* and marks all locks that are owned by this thread with the
* FUTEX_OWNER_DIED bit, and wakes up a waiter (if any). The list is
* always manipulated with the lock held, so the list is private and
* per-thread. Userspace also maintains a per-thread 'list_op_pending'
* field, to allow the kernel to clean up if the thread dies after
* acquiring the lock, but just before it could have added itself to
* the list. There can only be one such pending lock.
*/
/**
* sys_set_robust_list() - Set the robust-futex list head of a task
* @head: pointer to the list-head
* @len: length of the list-head, as userspace expects
*/
SYSCALL_DEFINE2(set_robust_list, struct robust_list_head __user *, head,
size_t, len)
{
if (!futex_cmpxchg_enabled)
return -ENOSYS;
/*
* The kernel knows only one size for now:
*/
if (unlikely(len != sizeof(*head)))
return -EINVAL;
current->robust_list = head;
return 0;
}
/**
* sys_get_robust_list() - Get the robust-futex list head of a task
* @pid: pid of the process [zero for current task]
* @head_ptr: pointer to a list-head pointer, the kernel fills it in
* @len_ptr: pointer to a length field, the kernel fills in the header size
*/
SYSCALL_DEFINE3(get_robust_list, int, pid,
struct robust_list_head __user * __user *, head_ptr,
size_t __user *, len_ptr)
{
struct robust_list_head __user *head;
unsigned long ret;
struct task_struct *p;
if (!futex_cmpxchg_enabled)
return -ENOSYS;
rcu_read_lock();
ret = -ESRCH;
if (!pid)
p = current;
else {
p = find_task_by_vpid(pid);
if (!p)
goto err_unlock;
}
ret = -EPERM;
if (!ptrace_may_access(p, PTRACE_MODE_READ_REALCREDS))
goto err_unlock;
head = p->robust_list;
rcu_read_unlock();
if (put_user(sizeof(*head), len_ptr))
return -EFAULT;
return put_user(head, head_ptr);
err_unlock:
rcu_read_unlock();
return ret;
}
/*
* Process a futex-list entry, check whether it's owned by the
* dying task, and do notification if so:
*/
int handle_futex_death(u32 __user *uaddr, struct task_struct *curr, int pi)
{
u32 uval, uninitialized_var(nval), mval;
retry:
if (get_user(uval, uaddr))
return -1;
if ((uval & FUTEX_TID_MASK) == task_pid_vnr(curr)) {
/*
* Ok, this dying thread is truly holding a futex
* of interest. Set the OWNER_DIED bit atomically
* via cmpxchg, and if the value had FUTEX_WAITERS
* set, wake up a waiter (if any). (We have to do a
* futex_wake() even if OWNER_DIED is already set -
* to handle the rare but possible case of recursive
* thread-death.) The rest of the cleanup is done in
* userspace.
*/
mval = (uval & FUTEX_WAITERS) | FUTEX_OWNER_DIED;
/*
* We are not holding a lock here, but we want to have
* the pagefault_disable/enable() protection because
* we want to handle the fault gracefully. If the
* access fails we try to fault in the futex with R/W
* verification via get_user_pages. get_user() above
* does not guarantee R/W access. If that fails we
* give up and leave the futex locked.
*/
if (cmpxchg_futex_value_locked(&nval, uaddr, uval, mval)) {
if (fault_in_user_writeable(uaddr))
return -1;
goto retry;
}
if (nval != uval)
goto retry;
/*
* Wake robust non-PI futexes here. The wakeup of
* PI futexes happens in exit_pi_state():
*/
if (!pi && (uval & FUTEX_WAITERS))
futex_wake(uaddr, 1, 1, FUTEX_BITSET_MATCH_ANY);
}
return 0;
}
/*
* Fetch a robust-list pointer. Bit 0 signals PI futexes:
*/
static inline int fetch_robust_entry(struct robust_list __user **entry,
struct robust_list __user * __user *head,
unsigned int *pi)
{
unsigned long uentry;
if (get_user(uentry, (unsigned long __user *)head))
return -EFAULT;
*entry = (void __user *)(uentry & ~1UL);
*pi = uentry & 1;
return 0;
}
/*
* Walk curr->robust_list (very carefully, it's a userspace list!)
* and mark any locks found there dead, and notify any waiters.
*
* We silently return on any sign of list-walking problem.
*/
void exit_robust_list(struct task_struct *curr)
{
struct robust_list_head __user *head = curr->robust_list;
struct robust_list __user *entry, *next_entry, *pending;
unsigned int limit = ROBUST_LIST_LIMIT, pi, pip;
unsigned int uninitialized_var(next_pi);
unsigned long futex_offset;
int rc;
if (!futex_cmpxchg_enabled)
return;
/*
* Fetch the list head (which was registered earlier, via
* sys_set_robust_list()):
*/
if (fetch_robust_entry(&entry, &head->list.next, &pi))
return;
/*
* Fetch the relative futex offset:
*/
if (get_user(futex_offset, &head->futex_offset))
return;
/*
* Fetch any possibly pending lock-add first, and handle it
* if it exists:
*/
if (fetch_robust_entry(&pending, &head->list_op_pending, &pip))
return;
next_entry = NULL; /* avoid warning with gcc */
while (entry != &head->list) {
/*
* Fetch the next entry in the list before calling
* handle_futex_death:
*/
rc = fetch_robust_entry(&next_entry, &entry->next, &next_pi);
/*
* A pending lock might already be on the list, so
* don't process it twice:
*/
if (entry != pending)
if (handle_futex_death((void __user *)entry + futex_offset,
curr, pi))
return;
if (rc)
return;
entry = next_entry;
pi = next_pi;
/*
* Avoid excessively long or circular lists:
*/
if (!--limit)
break;
cond_resched();
}
if (pending)
handle_futex_death((void __user *)pending + futex_offset,
curr, pip);
}
long do_futex(u32 __user *uaddr, int op, u32 val, ktime_t *timeout,
u32 __user *uaddr2, u32 val2, u32 val3)
{
int cmd = op & FUTEX_CMD_MASK;
unsigned int flags = 0;
if (!(op & FUTEX_PRIVATE_FLAG))
flags |= FLAGS_SHARED;
if (op & FUTEX_CLOCK_REALTIME) {
flags |= FLAGS_CLOCKRT;
if (cmd != FUTEX_WAIT && cmd != FUTEX_WAIT_BITSET && \
cmd != FUTEX_WAIT_REQUEUE_PI)
return -ENOSYS;
}
switch (cmd) {
case FUTEX_LOCK_PI:
case FUTEX_UNLOCK_PI:
case FUTEX_TRYLOCK_PI:
case FUTEX_WAIT_REQUEUE_PI:
case FUTEX_CMP_REQUEUE_PI:
if (!futex_cmpxchg_enabled)
return -ENOSYS;
}
switch (cmd) {
case FUTEX_WAIT:
val3 = FUTEX_BITSET_MATCH_ANY;
/* fall through */
case FUTEX_WAIT_BITSET:
return futex_wait(uaddr, flags, val, timeout, val3);
case FUTEX_WAKE:
val3 = FUTEX_BITSET_MATCH_ANY;
/* fall through */
case FUTEX_WAKE_BITSET:
return futex_wake(uaddr, flags, val, val3);
case FUTEX_REQUEUE:
return futex_requeue(uaddr, flags, uaddr2, val, val2, NULL, 0);
case FUTEX_CMP_REQUEUE:
return futex_requeue(uaddr, flags, uaddr2, val, val2, &val3, 0);
case FUTEX_WAKE_OP:
return futex_wake_op(uaddr, flags, uaddr2, val, val2, val3);
case FUTEX_LOCK_PI:
return futex_lock_pi(uaddr, flags, timeout, 0);
case FUTEX_UNLOCK_PI:
return futex_unlock_pi(uaddr, flags);
case FUTEX_TRYLOCK_PI:
return futex_lock_pi(uaddr, flags, NULL, 1);
case FUTEX_WAIT_REQUEUE_PI:
val3 = FUTEX_BITSET_MATCH_ANY;
return futex_wait_requeue_pi(uaddr, flags, val, timeout, val3,
uaddr2);
case FUTEX_CMP_REQUEUE_PI:
return futex_requeue(uaddr, flags, uaddr2, val, val2, &val3, 1);
}
return -ENOSYS;
}
SYSCALL_DEFINE6(futex, u32 __user *, uaddr, int, op, u32, val,
struct timespec __user *, utime, u32 __user *, uaddr2,
u32, val3)
{
struct timespec ts;
ktime_t t, *tp = NULL;
u32 val2 = 0;
int cmd = op & FUTEX_CMD_MASK;
if (utime && (cmd == FUTEX_WAIT || cmd == FUTEX_LOCK_PI ||
cmd == FUTEX_WAIT_BITSET ||
cmd == FUTEX_WAIT_REQUEUE_PI)) {
if (unlikely(should_fail_futex(!(op & FUTEX_PRIVATE_FLAG))))
return -EFAULT;
if (copy_from_user(&ts, utime, sizeof(ts)) != 0)
return -EFAULT;
if (!timespec_valid(&ts))
return -EINVAL;
t = timespec_to_ktime(ts);
if (cmd == FUTEX_WAIT)
t = ktime_add_safe(ktime_get(), t);
tp = &t;
}
/*
* requeue parameter in 'utime' if cmd == FUTEX_*_REQUEUE_*.
* number of waiters to wake in 'utime' if cmd == FUTEX_WAKE_OP.
*/
if (cmd == FUTEX_REQUEUE || cmd == FUTEX_CMP_REQUEUE ||
cmd == FUTEX_CMP_REQUEUE_PI || cmd == FUTEX_WAKE_OP)
val2 = (u32) (unsigned long) utime;
return do_futex(uaddr, op, val, tp, uaddr2, val2, val3);
}
static void __init futex_detect_cmpxchg(void)
{
#ifndef CONFIG_HAVE_FUTEX_CMPXCHG
u32 curval;
/*
* This will fail and we want it. Some arch implementations do
* runtime detection of the futex_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic()
* functionality. We want to know that before we call in any
* of the complex code paths. Also we want to prevent
* registration of robust lists in that case. NULL is
* guaranteed to fault and we get -EFAULT on functional
* implementation, the non-functional ones will return
* -ENOSYS.
*/
if (cmpxchg_futex_value_locked(&curval, NULL, 0, 0) == -EFAULT)
futex_cmpxchg_enabled = 1;
#endif
}
static int __init futex_init(void)
{
unsigned int futex_shift;
unsigned long i;
#if CONFIG_BASE_SMALL
futex_hashsize = 16;
#else
futex_hashsize = roundup_pow_of_two(256 * num_possible_cpus());
#endif
futex_queues = alloc_large_system_hash("futex", sizeof(*futex_queues),
futex_hashsize, 0,
futex_hashsize < 256 ? HASH_SMALL : 0,
&futex_shift, NULL,
futex_hashsize, futex_hashsize);
futex_hashsize = 1UL << futex_shift;
futex_detect_cmpxchg();
for (i = 0; i < futex_hashsize; i++) {
atomic_set(&futex_queues[i].waiters, 0);
plist_head_init(&futex_queues[i].chain);
spin_lock_init(&futex_queues[i].lock);
}
return 0;
}
core_initcall(futex_init);