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/*
* linux/kernel/ptrace.c
*
* (C) Copyright 1999 Linus Torvalds
*
* Common interfaces for "ptrace()" which we do not want
* to continually duplicate across every architecture.
*/
#include <linux/capability.h>
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/sched/mm.h>
#include <linux/sched/coredump.h>
#include <linux/sched/task.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/security.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/uio.h>
#include <linux/audit.h>
#include <linux/pid_namespace.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <linux/uaccess.h>
#include <linux/regset.h>
#include <linux/hw_breakpoint.h>
#include <linux/cn_proc.h>
#include <linux/compat.h>
/*
* Access another process' address space via ptrace.
* Source/target buffer must be kernel space,
* Do not walk the page table directly, use get_user_pages
*/
int ptrace_access_vm(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr,
void *buf, int len, unsigned int gup_flags)
{
struct mm_struct *mm;
int ret;
mm = get_task_mm(tsk);
if (!mm)
return 0;
if (!tsk->ptrace ||
(current != tsk->parent) ||
((get_dumpable(mm) != SUID_DUMP_USER) &&
!ptracer_capable(tsk, mm->user_ns))) {
mmput(mm);
return 0;
}
ret = __access_remote_vm(tsk, mm, addr, buf, len, gup_flags);
mmput(mm);
return ret;
}
void __ptrace_link(struct task_struct *child, struct task_struct *new_parent,
const struct cred *ptracer_cred)
{
BUG_ON(!list_empty(&child->ptrace_entry));
list_add(&child->ptrace_entry, &new_parent->ptraced);
child->parent = new_parent;
child->ptracer_cred = get_cred(ptracer_cred);
}
/*
* ptrace a task: make the debugger its new parent and
* move it to the ptrace list.
*
* Must be called with the tasklist lock write-held.
*/
static void ptrace_link(struct task_struct *child, struct task_struct *new_parent)
{
rcu_read_lock();
__ptrace_link(child, new_parent, __task_cred(new_parent));
rcu_read_unlock();
}
/**
* __ptrace_unlink - unlink ptracee and restore its execution state
* @child: ptracee to be unlinked
*
* Remove @child from the ptrace list, move it back to the original parent,
* and restore the execution state so that it conforms to the group stop
* state.
*
* Unlinking can happen via two paths - explicit PTRACE_DETACH or ptracer
* exiting. For PTRACE_DETACH, unless the ptracee has been killed between
* ptrace_check_attach() and here, it's guaranteed to be in TASK_TRACED.
* If the ptracer is exiting, the ptracee can be in any state.
*
* After detach, the ptracee should be in a state which conforms to the
* group stop. If the group is stopped or in the process of stopping, the
* ptracee should be put into TASK_STOPPED; otherwise, it should be woken
* up from TASK_TRACED.
*
* If the ptracee is in TASK_TRACED and needs to be moved to TASK_STOPPED,
* it goes through TRACED -> RUNNING -> STOPPED transition which is similar
* to but in the opposite direction of what happens while attaching to a
* stopped task. However, in this direction, the intermediate RUNNING
* state is not hidden even from the current ptracer and if it immediately
* re-attaches and performs a WNOHANG wait(2), it may fail.
*
* CONTEXT:
* write_lock_irq(tasklist_lock)
*/
void __ptrace_unlink(struct task_struct *child)
{
const struct cred *old_cred;
BUG_ON(!child->ptrace);
clear_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE);
child->parent = child->real_parent;
list_del_init(&child->ptrace_entry);
old_cred = child->ptracer_cred;
child->ptracer_cred = NULL;
put_cred(old_cred);
spin_lock(&child->sighand->siglock);
child->ptrace = 0;
/*
* Clear all pending traps and TRAPPING. TRAPPING should be
* cleared regardless of JOBCTL_STOP_PENDING. Do it explicitly.
*/
task_clear_jobctl_pending(child, JOBCTL_TRAP_MASK);
task_clear_jobctl_trapping(child);
/*
* Reinstate JOBCTL_STOP_PENDING if group stop is in effect and
* @child isn't dead.
*/
if (!(child->flags & PF_EXITING) &&
(child->signal->flags & SIGNAL_STOP_STOPPED ||
child->signal->group_stop_count)) {
child->jobctl |= JOBCTL_STOP_PENDING;
/*
* This is only possible if this thread was cloned by the
* traced task running in the stopped group, set the signal
* for the future reports.
* FIXME: we should change ptrace_init_task() to handle this
* case.
*/
if (!(child->jobctl & JOBCTL_STOP_SIGMASK))
child->jobctl |= SIGSTOP;
}
/*
* If transition to TASK_STOPPED is pending or in TASK_TRACED, kick
* @child in the butt. Note that @resume should be used iff @child
* is in TASK_TRACED; otherwise, we might unduly disrupt
* TASK_KILLABLE sleeps.
*/
if (child->jobctl & JOBCTL_STOP_PENDING || task_is_traced(child))
ptrace_signal_wake_up(child, true);
spin_unlock(&child->sighand->siglock);
}
/* Ensure that nothing can wake it up, even SIGKILL */
static bool ptrace_freeze_traced(struct task_struct *task)
{
bool ret = false;
/* Lockless, nobody but us can set this flag */
if (task->jobctl & JOBCTL_LISTENING)
return ret;
spin_lock_irq(&task->sighand->siglock);
if (task_is_traced(task) && !__fatal_signal_pending(task)) {
task->state = __TASK_TRACED;
ret = true;
}
spin_unlock_irq(&task->sighand->siglock);
return ret;
}
static void ptrace_unfreeze_traced(struct task_struct *task)
{
if (task->state != __TASK_TRACED)
return;
WARN_ON(!task->ptrace || task->parent != current);
/*
* PTRACE_LISTEN can allow ptrace_trap_notify to wake us up remotely.
* Recheck state under the lock to close this race.
*/
spin_lock_irq(&task->sighand->siglock);
if (task->state == __TASK_TRACED) {
if (__fatal_signal_pending(task))
wake_up_state(task, __TASK_TRACED);
else
task->state = TASK_TRACED;
}
spin_unlock_irq(&task->sighand->siglock);
}
/**
* ptrace_check_attach - check whether ptracee is ready for ptrace operation
* @child: ptracee to check for
* @ignore_state: don't check whether @child is currently %TASK_TRACED
*
* Check whether @child is being ptraced by %current and ready for further
* ptrace operations. If @ignore_state is %false, @child also should be in
* %TASK_TRACED state and on return the child is guaranteed to be traced
* and not executing. If @ignore_state is %true, @child can be in any
* state.
*
* CONTEXT:
* Grabs and releases tasklist_lock and @child->sighand->siglock.
*
* RETURNS:
* 0 on success, -ESRCH if %child is not ready.
*/
static int ptrace_check_attach(struct task_struct *child, bool ignore_state)
{
int ret = -ESRCH;
/*
* We take the read lock around doing both checks to close a
* possible race where someone else was tracing our child and
* detached between these two checks. After this locked check,
* we are sure that this is our traced child and that can only
* be changed by us so it's not changing right after this.
*/
read_lock(&tasklist_lock);
if (child->ptrace && child->parent == current) {
WARN_ON(child->state == __TASK_TRACED);
/*
* child->sighand can't be NULL, release_task()
* does ptrace_unlink() before __exit_signal().
*/
if (ignore_state || ptrace_freeze_traced(child))
ret = 0;
}
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
if (!ret && !ignore_state) {
if (!wait_task_inactive(child, __TASK_TRACED)) {
/*
* This can only happen if may_ptrace_stop() fails and
* ptrace_stop() changes ->state back to TASK_RUNNING,
* so we should not worry about leaking __TASK_TRACED.
*/
WARN_ON(child->state == __TASK_TRACED);
ret = -ESRCH;
}
}
return ret;
}
static int ptrace_has_cap(struct user_namespace *ns, unsigned int mode)
{
if (mode & PTRACE_MODE_NOAUDIT)
return has_ns_capability_noaudit(current, ns, CAP_SYS_PTRACE);
else
return has_ns_capability(current, ns, CAP_SYS_PTRACE);
}
/* Returns 0 on success, -errno on denial. */
static int __ptrace_may_access(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int mode)
{
const struct cred *cred = current_cred(), *tcred;
struct mm_struct *mm;
kuid_t caller_uid;
kgid_t caller_gid;
if (!(mode & PTRACE_MODE_FSCREDS) == !(mode & PTRACE_MODE_REALCREDS)) {
WARN(1, "denying ptrace access check without PTRACE_MODE_*CREDS\n");
return -EPERM;
}
/* May we inspect the given task?
* This check is used both for attaching with ptrace
* and for allowing access to sensitive information in /proc.
*
* ptrace_attach denies several cases that /proc allows
* because setting up the necessary parent/child relationship
* or halting the specified task is impossible.
*/
/* Don't let security modules deny introspection */
if (same_thread_group(task, current))
return 0;
rcu_read_lock();
if (mode & PTRACE_MODE_FSCREDS) {
caller_uid = cred->fsuid;
caller_gid = cred->fsgid;
} else {
/*
* Using the euid would make more sense here, but something
* in userland might rely on the old behavior, and this
* shouldn't be a security problem since
* PTRACE_MODE_REALCREDS implies that the caller explicitly
* used a syscall that requests access to another process
* (and not a filesystem syscall to procfs).
*/
caller_uid = cred->uid;
caller_gid = cred->gid;
}
tcred = __task_cred(task);
if (uid_eq(caller_uid, tcred->euid) &&
uid_eq(caller_uid, tcred->suid) &&
uid_eq(caller_uid, tcred->uid) &&
gid_eq(caller_gid, tcred->egid) &&
gid_eq(caller_gid, tcred->sgid) &&
gid_eq(caller_gid, tcred->gid))
goto ok;
if (ptrace_has_cap(tcred->user_ns, mode))
goto ok;
rcu_read_unlock();
return -EPERM;
ok:
rcu_read_unlock();
mm = task->mm;
if (mm &&
((get_dumpable(mm) != SUID_DUMP_USER) &&
!ptrace_has_cap(mm->user_ns, mode)))
return -EPERM;
return security_ptrace_access_check(task, mode);
}
bool ptrace_may_access(struct task_struct *task, unsigned int mode)
{
int err;
task_lock(task);
err = __ptrace_may_access(task, mode);
task_unlock(task);
return !err;
}
static int ptrace_attach(struct task_struct *task, long request,
unsigned long addr,
unsigned long flags)
{
bool seize = (request == PTRACE_SEIZE);
int retval;
retval = -EIO;
if (seize) {
if (addr != 0)
goto out;
if (flags & ~(unsigned long)PTRACE_O_MASK)
goto out;
flags = PT_PTRACED | PT_SEIZED | (flags << PT_OPT_FLAG_SHIFT);
} else {
flags = PT_PTRACED;
}
audit_ptrace(task);
retval = -EPERM;
if (unlikely(task->flags & PF_KTHREAD))
goto out;
if (same_thread_group(task, current))
goto out;
/*
* Protect exec's credential calculations against our interference;
* SUID, SGID and LSM creds get determined differently
* under ptrace.
*/
retval = -ERESTARTNOINTR;
if (mutex_lock_interruptible(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex))
goto out;
task_lock(task);
retval = __ptrace_may_access(task, PTRACE_MODE_ATTACH_REALCREDS);
task_unlock(task);
if (retval)
goto unlock_creds;
write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
retval = -EPERM;
if (unlikely(task->exit_state))
goto unlock_tasklist;
if (task->ptrace)
goto unlock_tasklist;
if (seize)
flags |= PT_SEIZED;
task->ptrace = flags;
ptrace_link(task, current);
/* SEIZE doesn't trap tracee on attach */
if (!seize)
send_sig_info(SIGSTOP, SEND_SIG_FORCED, task);
spin_lock(&task->sighand->siglock);
/*
* If the task is already STOPPED, set JOBCTL_TRAP_STOP and
* TRAPPING, and kick it so that it transits to TRACED. TRAPPING
* will be cleared if the child completes the transition or any
* event which clears the group stop states happens. We'll wait
* for the transition to complete before returning from this
* function.
*
* This hides STOPPED -> RUNNING -> TRACED transition from the
* attaching thread but a different thread in the same group can
* still observe the transient RUNNING state. IOW, if another
* thread's WNOHANG wait(2) on the stopped tracee races against
* ATTACH, the wait(2) may fail due to the transient RUNNING.
*
* The following task_is_stopped() test is safe as both transitions
* in and out of STOPPED are protected by siglock.
*/
if (task_is_stopped(task) &&
task_set_jobctl_pending(task, JOBCTL_TRAP_STOP | JOBCTL_TRAPPING))
signal_wake_up_state(task, __TASK_STOPPED);
spin_unlock(&task->sighand->siglock);
retval = 0;
unlock_tasklist:
write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
unlock_creds:
mutex_unlock(&task->signal->cred_guard_mutex);
out:
if (!retval) {
/*
* We do not bother to change retval or clear JOBCTL_TRAPPING
* if wait_on_bit() was interrupted by SIGKILL. The tracer will
* not return to user-mode, it will exit and clear this bit in
* __ptrace_unlink() if it wasn't already cleared by the tracee;
* and until then nobody can ptrace this task.
*/
wait_on_bit(&task->jobctl, JOBCTL_TRAPPING_BIT, TASK_KILLABLE);
proc_ptrace_connector(task, PTRACE_ATTACH);
}
return retval;
}
/**
* ptrace_traceme -- helper for PTRACE_TRACEME
*
* Performs checks and sets PT_PTRACED.
* Should be used by all ptrace implementations for PTRACE_TRACEME.
*/
static int ptrace_traceme(void)
{
int ret = -EPERM;
write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
/* Are we already being traced? */
if (!current->ptrace) {
ret = security_ptrace_traceme(current->parent);
/*
* Check PF_EXITING to ensure ->real_parent has not passed
* exit_ptrace(). Otherwise we don't report the error but
* pretend ->real_parent untraces us right after return.
*/
if (!ret && !(current->real_parent->flags & PF_EXITING)) {
current->ptrace = PT_PTRACED;
ptrace_link(current, current->real_parent);
}
}
write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
return ret;
}
/*
* Called with irqs disabled, returns true if childs should reap themselves.
*/
static int ignoring_children(struct sighand_struct *sigh)
{
int ret;
spin_lock(&sigh->siglock);
ret = (sigh->action[SIGCHLD-1].sa.sa_handler == SIG_IGN) ||
(sigh->action[SIGCHLD-1].sa.sa_flags & SA_NOCLDWAIT);
spin_unlock(&sigh->siglock);
return ret;
}
/*
* Called with tasklist_lock held for writing.
* Unlink a traced task, and clean it up if it was a traced zombie.
* Return true if it needs to be reaped with release_task().
* (We can't call release_task() here because we already hold tasklist_lock.)
*
* If it's a zombie, our attachedness prevented normal parent notification
* or self-reaping. Do notification now if it would have happened earlier.
* If it should reap itself, return true.
*
* If it's our own child, there is no notification to do. But if our normal
* children self-reap, then this child was prevented by ptrace and we must
* reap it now, in that case we must also wake up sub-threads sleeping in
* do_wait().
*/
static bool __ptrace_detach(struct task_struct *tracer, struct task_struct *p)
{
bool dead;
__ptrace_unlink(p);
if (p->exit_state != EXIT_ZOMBIE)
return false;
dead = !thread_group_leader(p);
if (!dead && thread_group_empty(p)) {
if (!same_thread_group(p->real_parent, tracer))
dead = do_notify_parent(p, p->exit_signal);
else if (ignoring_children(tracer->sighand)) {
__wake_up_parent(p, tracer);
dead = true;
}
}
/* Mark it as in the process of being reaped. */
if (dead)
p->exit_state = EXIT_DEAD;
return dead;
}
static int ptrace_detach(struct task_struct *child, unsigned int data)
{
if (!valid_signal(data))
return -EIO;
/* Architecture-specific hardware disable .. */
ptrace_disable(child);
write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
/*
* We rely on ptrace_freeze_traced(). It can't be killed and
* untraced by another thread, it can't be a zombie.
*/
WARN_ON(!child->ptrace || child->exit_state);
/*
* tasklist_lock avoids the race with wait_task_stopped(), see
* the comment in ptrace_resume().
*/
child->exit_code = data;
__ptrace_detach(current, child);
write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
proc_ptrace_connector(child, PTRACE_DETACH);
return 0;
}
/*
* Detach all tasks we were using ptrace on. Called with tasklist held
* for writing.
*/
void exit_ptrace(struct task_struct *tracer, struct list_head *dead)
{
struct task_struct *p, *n;
list_for_each_entry_safe(p, n, &tracer->ptraced, ptrace_entry) {
if (unlikely(p->ptrace & PT_EXITKILL))
send_sig_info(SIGKILL, SEND_SIG_FORCED, p);
if (__ptrace_detach(tracer, p))
list_add(&p->ptrace_entry, dead);
}
}
int ptrace_readdata(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long src, char __user *dst, int len)
{
int copied = 0;
while (len > 0) {
char buf[128];
int this_len, retval;
this_len = (len > sizeof(buf)) ? sizeof(buf) : len;
retval = ptrace_access_vm(tsk, src, buf, this_len, FOLL_FORCE);
if (!retval) {
if (copied)
break;
return -EIO;
}
if (copy_to_user(dst, buf, retval))
return -EFAULT;
copied += retval;
src += retval;
dst += retval;
len -= retval;
}
return copied;
}
int ptrace_writedata(struct task_struct *tsk, char __user *src, unsigned long dst, int len)
{
int copied = 0;
while (len > 0) {
char buf[128];
int this_len, retval;
this_len = (len > sizeof(buf)) ? sizeof(buf) : len;
if (copy_from_user(buf, src, this_len))
return -EFAULT;
retval = ptrace_access_vm(tsk, dst, buf, this_len,
FOLL_FORCE | FOLL_WRITE);
if (!retval) {
if (copied)
break;
return -EIO;
}
copied += retval;
src += retval;
dst += retval;
len -= retval;
}
return copied;
}
static int ptrace_setoptions(struct task_struct *child, unsigned long data)
{
unsigned flags;
if (data & ~(unsigned long)PTRACE_O_MASK)
return -EINVAL;
if (unlikely(data & PTRACE_O_SUSPEND_SECCOMP)) {
if (!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_CHECKPOINT_RESTORE) ||
!IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_SECCOMP))
return -EINVAL;
if (!capable(CAP_SYS_ADMIN))
return -EPERM;
if (seccomp_mode(&current->seccomp) != SECCOMP_MODE_DISABLED ||
current->ptrace & PT_SUSPEND_SECCOMP)
return -EPERM;
}
/* Avoid intermediate state when all opts are cleared */
flags = child->ptrace;
flags &= ~(PTRACE_O_MASK << PT_OPT_FLAG_SHIFT);
flags |= (data << PT_OPT_FLAG_SHIFT);
child->ptrace = flags;
return 0;
}
static int ptrace_getsiginfo(struct task_struct *child, siginfo_t *info)
{
unsigned long flags;
int error = -ESRCH;
if (lock_task_sighand(child, &flags)) {
error = -EINVAL;
if (likely(child->last_siginfo != NULL)) {
copy_siginfo(info, child->last_siginfo);
error = 0;
}
unlock_task_sighand(child, &flags);
}
return error;
}
static int ptrace_setsiginfo(struct task_struct *child, const siginfo_t *info)
{
unsigned long flags;
int error = -ESRCH;
if (lock_task_sighand(child, &flags)) {
error = -EINVAL;
if (likely(child->last_siginfo != NULL)) {
copy_siginfo(child->last_siginfo, info);
error = 0;
}
unlock_task_sighand(child, &flags);
}
return error;
}
static int ptrace_peek_siginfo(struct task_struct *child,
unsigned long addr,
unsigned long data)
{
struct ptrace_peeksiginfo_args arg;
struct sigpending *pending;
struct sigqueue *q;
int ret, i;
ret = copy_from_user(&arg, (void __user *) addr,
sizeof(struct ptrace_peeksiginfo_args));
if (ret)
return -EFAULT;
if (arg.flags & ~PTRACE_PEEKSIGINFO_SHARED)
return -EINVAL; /* unknown flags */
if (arg.nr < 0)
return -EINVAL;
if (arg.flags & PTRACE_PEEKSIGINFO_SHARED)
pending = &child->signal->shared_pending;
else
pending = &child->pending;
for (i = 0; i < arg.nr; ) {
siginfo_t info;
s32 off = arg.off + i;
spin_lock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
list_for_each_entry(q, &pending->list, list) {
if (!off--) {
copy_siginfo(&info, &q->info);
break;
}
}
spin_unlock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
if (off >= 0) /* beyond the end of the list */
break;
#ifdef CONFIG_COMPAT
if (unlikely(in_compat_syscall())) {
compat_siginfo_t __user *uinfo = compat_ptr(data);
if (copy_siginfo_to_user32(uinfo, &info)) {
ret = -EFAULT;
break;
}
} else
#endif
{
siginfo_t __user *uinfo = (siginfo_t __user *) data;
if (copy_siginfo_to_user(uinfo, &info)) {
ret = -EFAULT;
break;
}
}
data += sizeof(siginfo_t);
i++;
if (signal_pending(current))
break;
cond_resched();
}
if (i > 0)
return i;
return ret;
}
#ifdef PTRACE_SINGLESTEP
#define is_singlestep(request) ((request) == PTRACE_SINGLESTEP)
#else
#define is_singlestep(request) 0
#endif
#ifdef PTRACE_SINGLEBLOCK
#define is_singleblock(request) ((request) == PTRACE_SINGLEBLOCK)
#else
#define is_singleblock(request) 0
#endif
#ifdef PTRACE_SYSEMU
#define is_sysemu_singlestep(request) ((request) == PTRACE_SYSEMU_SINGLESTEP)
#else
#define is_sysemu_singlestep(request) 0
#endif
static int ptrace_resume(struct task_struct *child, long request,
unsigned long data)
{
bool need_siglock;
if (!valid_signal(data))
return -EIO;
if (request == PTRACE_SYSCALL)
set_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE);
else
clear_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_SYSCALL_TRACE);
#ifdef TIF_SYSCALL_EMU
if (request == PTRACE_SYSEMU || request == PTRACE_SYSEMU_SINGLESTEP)
set_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_SYSCALL_EMU);
else
clear_tsk_thread_flag(child, TIF_SYSCALL_EMU);
#endif
if (is_singleblock(request)) {
if (unlikely(!arch_has_block_step()))
return -EIO;
user_enable_block_step(child);
} else if (is_singlestep(request) || is_sysemu_singlestep(request)) {
if (unlikely(!arch_has_single_step()))
return -EIO;
user_enable_single_step(child);
} else {
user_disable_single_step(child);
}
/*
* Change ->exit_code and ->state under siglock to avoid the race
* with wait_task_stopped() in between; a non-zero ->exit_code will
* wrongly look like another report from tracee.
*
* Note that we need siglock even if ->exit_code == data and/or this
* status was not reported yet, the new status must not be cleared by
* wait_task_stopped() after resume.
*
* If data == 0 we do not care if wait_task_stopped() reports the old
* status and clears the code too; this can't race with the tracee, it
* takes siglock after resume.
*/
need_siglock = data && !thread_group_empty(current);
if (need_siglock)
spin_lock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
child->exit_code = data;
wake_up_state(child, __TASK_TRACED);
if (need_siglock)
spin_unlock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
return 0;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRACEHOOK
static const struct user_regset *
find_regset(const struct user_regset_view *view, unsigned int type)
{
const struct user_regset *regset;
int n;
for (n = 0; n < view->n; ++n) {
regset = view->regsets + n;
if (regset->core_note_type == type)
return regset;
}
return NULL;
}
static int ptrace_regset(struct task_struct *task, int req, unsigned int type,
struct iovec *kiov)
{
const struct user_regset_view *view = task_user_regset_view(task);
const struct user_regset *regset = find_regset(view, type);
int regset_no;
if (!regset || (kiov->iov_len % regset->size) != 0)
return -EINVAL;
regset_no = regset - view->regsets;
kiov->iov_len = min(kiov->iov_len,
(__kernel_size_t) (regset->n * regset->size));
if (req == PTRACE_GETREGSET)
return copy_regset_to_user(task, view, regset_no, 0,
kiov->iov_len, kiov->iov_base);
else
return copy_regset_from_user(task, view, regset_no, 0,
kiov->iov_len, kiov->iov_base);
}
/*
* This is declared in linux/regset.h and defined in machine-dependent
* code. We put the export here, near the primary machine-neutral use,
* to ensure no machine forgets it.
*/
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(task_user_regset_view);
#endif
int ptrace_request(struct task_struct *child, long request,
unsigned long addr, unsigned long data)
{
bool seized = child->ptrace & PT_SEIZED;
int ret = -EIO;
siginfo_t siginfo, *si;
void __user *datavp = (void __user *) data;
unsigned long __user *datalp = datavp;
unsigned long flags;
switch (request) {
case PTRACE_PEEKTEXT:
case PTRACE_PEEKDATA:
return generic_ptrace_peekdata(child, addr, data);
case PTRACE_POKETEXT:
case PTRACE_POKEDATA:
return generic_ptrace_pokedata(child, addr, data);
#ifdef PTRACE_OLDSETOPTIONS
case PTRACE_OLDSETOPTIONS:
#endif
case PTRACE_SETOPTIONS:
ret = ptrace_setoptions(child, data);
break;
case PTRACE_GETEVENTMSG:
ret = put_user(child->ptrace_message, datalp);
break;
case PTRACE_PEEKSIGINFO:
ret = ptrace_peek_siginfo(child, addr, data);
break;
case PTRACE_GETSIGINFO:
ret = ptrace_getsiginfo(child, &siginfo);
if (!ret)
ret = copy_siginfo_to_user(datavp, &siginfo);
break;
case PTRACE_SETSIGINFO:
if (copy_from_user(&siginfo, datavp, sizeof siginfo))
ret = -EFAULT;
else
ret = ptrace_setsiginfo(child, &siginfo);
break;
case PTRACE_GETSIGMASK:
if (addr != sizeof(sigset_t)) {
ret = -EINVAL;
break;
}
if (copy_to_user(datavp, &child->blocked, sizeof(sigset_t)))
ret = -EFAULT;
else
ret = 0;
break;
case PTRACE_SETSIGMASK: {
sigset_t new_set;
if (addr != sizeof(sigset_t)) {
ret = -EINVAL;
break;
}
if (copy_from_user(&new_set, datavp, sizeof(sigset_t))) {
ret = -EFAULT;
break;
}
sigdelsetmask(&new_set, sigmask(SIGKILL)|sigmask(SIGSTOP));
/*
* Every thread does recalc_sigpending() after resume, so
* retarget_shared_pending() and recalc_sigpending() are not
* called here.
*/
spin_lock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
child->blocked = new_set;
spin_unlock_irq(&child->sighand->siglock);
ret = 0;
break;
}
case PTRACE_INTERRUPT:
/*
* Stop tracee without any side-effect on signal or job
* control. At least one trap is guaranteed to happen
* after this request. If @child is already trapped, the
* current trap is not disturbed and another trap will
* happen after the current trap is ended with PTRACE_CONT.
*
* The actual trap might not be PTRACE_EVENT_STOP trap but
* the pending condition is cleared regardless.
*/
if (unlikely(!seized || !lock_task_sighand(child, &flags)))
break;
/*
* INTERRUPT doesn't disturb existing trap sans one
* exception. If ptracer issued LISTEN for the current
* STOP, this INTERRUPT should clear LISTEN and re-trap
* tracee into STOP.
*/
if (likely(task_set_jobctl_pending(child, JOBCTL_TRAP_STOP)))
ptrace_signal_wake_up(child, child->jobctl & JOBCTL_LISTENING);
unlock_task_sighand(child, &flags);
ret = 0;
break;
case PTRACE_LISTEN:
/*
* Listen for events. Tracee must be in STOP. It's not
* resumed per-se but is not considered to be in TRACED by
* wait(2) or ptrace(2). If an async event (e.g. group
* stop state change) happens, tracee will enter STOP trap
* again. Alternatively, ptracer can issue INTERRUPT to
* finish listening and re-trap tracee into STOP.
*/
if (unlikely(!seized || !lock_task_sighand(child, &flags)))
break;
si = child->last_siginfo;
if (likely(si && (si->si_code >> 8) == PTRACE_EVENT_STOP)) {
child->jobctl |= JOBCTL_LISTENING;
/*
* If NOTIFY is set, it means event happened between
* start of this trap and now. Trigger re-trap.
*/
if (child->jobctl & JOBCTL_TRAP_NOTIFY)
ptrace_signal_wake_up(child, true);
ret = 0;
}
unlock_task_sighand(child, &flags);
break;
case PTRACE_DETACH: /* detach a process that was attached. */
ret = ptrace_detach(child, data);
break;
#ifdef CONFIG_BINFMT_ELF_FDPIC
case PTRACE_GETFDPIC: {
struct mm_struct *mm = get_task_mm(child);
unsigned long tmp = 0;
ret = -ESRCH;
if (!mm)
break;
switch (addr) {
case PTRACE_GETFDPIC_EXEC:
tmp = mm->context.exec_fdpic_loadmap;
break;
case PTRACE_GETFDPIC_INTERP:
tmp = mm->context.interp_fdpic_loadmap;
break;
default:
break;
}
mmput(mm);
ret = put_user(tmp, datalp);
break;
}
#endif
#ifdef PTRACE_SINGLESTEP
case PTRACE_SINGLESTEP:
#endif
#ifdef PTRACE_SINGLEBLOCK
case PTRACE_SINGLEBLOCK:
#endif
#ifdef PTRACE_SYSEMU
case PTRACE_SYSEMU:
case PTRACE_SYSEMU_SINGLESTEP:
#endif
case PTRACE_SYSCALL:
case PTRACE_CONT:
return ptrace_resume(child, request, data);
case PTRACE_KILL:
if (child->exit_state) /* already dead */
return 0;
return ptrace_resume(child, request, SIGKILL);
#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRACEHOOK
case PTRACE_GETREGSET:
case PTRACE_SETREGSET: {
struct iovec kiov;
struct iovec __user *uiov = datavp;
if (!access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, uiov, sizeof(*uiov)))
return -EFAULT;
if (__get_user(kiov.iov_base, &uiov->iov_base) ||
__get_user(kiov.iov_len, &uiov->iov_len))
return -EFAULT;
ret = ptrace_regset(child, request, addr, &kiov);
if (!ret)
ret = __put_user(kiov.iov_len, &uiov->iov_len);
break;
}
#endif
case PTRACE_SECCOMP_GET_FILTER:
ret = seccomp_get_filter(child, addr, datavp);
break;
case PTRACE_SECCOMP_GET_METADATA:
ret = seccomp_get_metadata(child, addr, datavp);
break;
default:
break;
}
return ret;
}
#ifndef arch_ptrace_attach
#define arch_ptrace_attach(child) do { } while (0)
#endif
SYSCALL_DEFINE4(ptrace, long, request, long, pid, unsigned long, addr,
unsigned long, data)
{
struct task_struct *child;
long ret;
if (request == PTRACE_TRACEME) {
ret = ptrace_traceme();
if (!ret)
arch_ptrace_attach(current);
goto out;
}
child = find_get_task_by_vpid(pid);
if (!child) {
ret = -ESRCH;
goto out;
}
if (request == PTRACE_ATTACH || request == PTRACE_SEIZE) {
ret = ptrace_attach(child, request, addr, data);
/*
* Some architectures need to do book-keeping after
* a ptrace attach.
*/
if (!ret)
arch_ptrace_attach(child);
goto out_put_task_struct;
}
ret = ptrace_check_attach(child, request == PTRACE_KILL ||
request == PTRACE_INTERRUPT);
if (ret < 0)
goto out_put_task_struct;
ret = arch_ptrace(child, request, addr, data);
if (ret || request != PTRACE_DETACH)
ptrace_unfreeze_traced(child);
out_put_task_struct:
put_task_struct(child);
out:
return ret;
}
int generic_ptrace_peekdata(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long data)
{
unsigned long tmp;
int copied;
copied = ptrace_access_vm(tsk, addr, &tmp, sizeof(tmp), FOLL_FORCE);
if (copied != sizeof(tmp))
return -EIO;
return put_user(tmp, (unsigned long __user *)data);
}
int generic_ptrace_pokedata(struct task_struct *tsk, unsigned long addr,
unsigned long data)
{
int copied;
copied = ptrace_access_vm(tsk, addr, &data, sizeof(data),
FOLL_FORCE | FOLL_WRITE);
return (copied == sizeof(data)) ? 0 : -EIO;
}
#if defined CONFIG_COMPAT
int compat_ptrace_request(struct task_struct *child, compat_long_t request,
compat_ulong_t addr, compat_ulong_t data)
{
compat_ulong_t __user *datap = compat_ptr(data);
compat_ulong_t word;
siginfo_t siginfo;
int ret;
switch (request) {
case PTRACE_PEEKTEXT:
case PTRACE_PEEKDATA:
ret = ptrace_access_vm(child, addr, &word, sizeof(word),
FOLL_FORCE);
if (ret != sizeof(word))
ret = -EIO;
else
ret = put_user(word, datap);
break;
case PTRACE_POKETEXT:
case PTRACE_POKEDATA:
ret = ptrace_access_vm(child, addr, &data, sizeof(data),
FOLL_FORCE | FOLL_WRITE);
ret = (ret != sizeof(data) ? -EIO : 0);
break;
case PTRACE_GETEVENTMSG:
ret = put_user((compat_ulong_t) child->ptrace_message, datap);
break;
case PTRACE_GETSIGINFO:
ret = ptrace_getsiginfo(child, &siginfo);
if (!ret)
ret = copy_siginfo_to_user32(
(struct compat_siginfo __user *) datap,
&siginfo);
break;
case PTRACE_SETSIGINFO:
if (copy_siginfo_from_user32(
&siginfo, (struct compat_siginfo __user *) datap))
ret = -EFAULT;
else
ret = ptrace_setsiginfo(child, &siginfo);
break;
#ifdef CONFIG_HAVE_ARCH_TRACEHOOK
case PTRACE_GETREGSET:
case PTRACE_SETREGSET:
{
struct iovec kiov;
struct compat_iovec __user *uiov =
(struct compat_iovec __user *) datap;
compat_uptr_t ptr;
compat_size_t len;
if (!access_ok(VERIFY_WRITE, uiov, sizeof(*uiov)))
return -EFAULT;
if (__get_user(ptr, &uiov->iov_base) ||
__get_user(len, &uiov->iov_len))
return -EFAULT;
kiov.iov_base = compat_ptr(ptr);
kiov.iov_len = len;
ret = ptrace_regset(child, request, addr, &kiov);
if (!ret)
ret = __put_user(kiov.iov_len, &uiov->iov_len);
break;
}
#endif
default:
ret = ptrace_request(child, request, addr, data);
}
return ret;
}
COMPAT_SYSCALL_DEFINE4(ptrace, compat_long_t, request, compat_long_t, pid,
compat_long_t, addr, compat_long_t, data)
{
struct task_struct *child;
long ret;
if (request == PTRACE_TRACEME) {
ret = ptrace_traceme();
goto out;
}
child = find_get_task_by_vpid(pid);
if (!child) {
ret = -ESRCH;
goto out;
}
if (request == PTRACE_ATTACH || request == PTRACE_SEIZE) {
ret = ptrace_attach(child, request, addr, data);
/*
* Some architectures need to do book-keeping after
* a ptrace attach.
*/
if (!ret)
arch_ptrace_attach(child);
goto out_put_task_struct;
}
ret = ptrace_check_attach(child, request == PTRACE_KILL ||
request == PTRACE_INTERRUPT);
if (!ret) {
ret = compat_arch_ptrace(child, request, addr, data);
if (ret || request != PTRACE_DETACH)
ptrace_unfreeze_traced(child);
}
out_put_task_struct:
put_task_struct(child);
out:
return ret;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_COMPAT */