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/* Decoder for ASN.1 BER/DER/CER encoded bytestream
*
* Copyright (C) 2012 Red Hat, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
* Written by David Howells (dhowells@redhat.com)
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public Licence
* as published by the Free Software Foundation; either version
* 2 of the Licence, or (at your option) any later version.
*/
#include <linux/export.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/asn1_decoder.h>
#include <linux/asn1_ber_bytecode.h>
static const unsigned char asn1_op_lengths[ASN1_OP__NR] = {
/* OPC TAG JMP ACT */
[ASN1_OP_MATCH] = 1 + 1,
[ASN1_OP_MATCH_OR_SKIP] = 1 + 1,
[ASN1_OP_MATCH_ACT] = 1 + 1 + 1,
[ASN1_OP_MATCH_ACT_OR_SKIP] = 1 + 1 + 1,
[ASN1_OP_MATCH_JUMP] = 1 + 1 + 1,
[ASN1_OP_MATCH_JUMP_OR_SKIP] = 1 + 1 + 1,
[ASN1_OP_MATCH_ANY] = 1,
[ASN1_OP_MATCH_ANY_OR_SKIP] = 1,
[ASN1_OP_MATCH_ANY_ACT] = 1 + 1,
[ASN1_OP_MATCH_ANY_ACT_OR_SKIP] = 1 + 1,
[ASN1_OP_COND_MATCH_OR_SKIP] = 1 + 1,
[ASN1_OP_COND_MATCH_ACT_OR_SKIP] = 1 + 1 + 1,
[ASN1_OP_COND_MATCH_JUMP_OR_SKIP] = 1 + 1 + 1,
[ASN1_OP_COND_MATCH_ANY] = 1,
[ASN1_OP_COND_MATCH_ANY_OR_SKIP] = 1,
[ASN1_OP_COND_MATCH_ANY_ACT] = 1 + 1,
[ASN1_OP_COND_MATCH_ANY_ACT_OR_SKIP] = 1 + 1,
[ASN1_OP_COND_FAIL] = 1,
[ASN1_OP_COMPLETE] = 1,
[ASN1_OP_ACT] = 1 + 1,
[ASN1_OP_MAYBE_ACT] = 1 + 1,
[ASN1_OP_RETURN] = 1,
[ASN1_OP_END_SEQ] = 1,
[ASN1_OP_END_SEQ_OF] = 1 + 1,
[ASN1_OP_END_SET] = 1,
[ASN1_OP_END_SET_OF] = 1 + 1,
[ASN1_OP_END_SEQ_ACT] = 1 + 1,
[ASN1_OP_END_SEQ_OF_ACT] = 1 + 1 + 1,
[ASN1_OP_END_SET_ACT] = 1 + 1,
[ASN1_OP_END_SET_OF_ACT] = 1 + 1 + 1,
};
/*
* Find the length of an indefinite length object
* @data: The data buffer
* @datalen: The end of the innermost containing element in the buffer
* @_dp: The data parse cursor (updated before returning)
* @_len: Where to return the size of the element.
* @_errmsg: Where to return a pointer to an error message on error
*/
static int asn1_find_indefinite_length(const unsigned char *data, size_t datalen,
size_t *_dp, size_t *_len,
const char **_errmsg)
{
unsigned char tag, tmp;
size_t dp = *_dp, len, n;
int indef_level = 1;
next_tag:
if (unlikely(datalen - dp < 2)) {
if (datalen == dp)
goto missing_eoc;
goto data_overrun_error;
}
/* Extract a tag from the data */
tag = data[dp++];
if (tag == ASN1_EOC) {
/* It appears to be an EOC. */
if (data[dp++] != 0)
goto invalid_eoc;
if (--indef_level <= 0) {
*_len = dp - *_dp;
*_dp = dp;
return 0;
}
goto next_tag;
}
if (unlikely((tag & 0x1f) == ASN1_LONG_TAG)) {
do {
if (unlikely(datalen - dp < 2))
goto data_overrun_error;
tmp = data[dp++];
} while (tmp & 0x80);
}
/* Extract the length */
len = data[dp++];
if (len <= 0x7f)
goto check_length;
if (unlikely(len == ASN1_INDEFINITE_LENGTH)) {
/* Indefinite length */
if (unlikely((tag & ASN1_CONS_BIT) == ASN1_PRIM << 5))
goto indefinite_len_primitive;
indef_level++;
goto next_tag;
}
n = len - 0x80;
if (unlikely(n > sizeof(len) - 1))
goto length_too_long;
if (unlikely(n > datalen - dp))
goto data_overrun_error;
len = 0;
for (; n > 0; n--) {
len <<= 8;
len |= data[dp++];
}
check_length:
if (len > datalen - dp)
goto data_overrun_error;
dp += len;
goto next_tag;
length_too_long:
*_errmsg = "Unsupported length";
goto error;
indefinite_len_primitive:
*_errmsg = "Indefinite len primitive not permitted";
goto error;
invalid_eoc:
*_errmsg = "Invalid length EOC";
goto error;
data_overrun_error:
*_errmsg = "Data overrun error";
goto error;
missing_eoc:
*_errmsg = "Missing EOC in indefinite len cons";
error:
*_dp = dp;
return -1;
}
/**
* asn1_ber_decoder - Decoder BER/DER/CER ASN.1 according to pattern
* @decoder: The decoder definition (produced by asn1_compiler)
* @context: The caller's context (to be passed to the action functions)
* @data: The encoded data
* @datalen: The size of the encoded data
*
* Decode BER/DER/CER encoded ASN.1 data according to a bytecode pattern
* produced by asn1_compiler. Action functions are called on marked tags to
* allow the caller to retrieve significant data.
*
* LIMITATIONS:
*
* To keep down the amount of stack used by this function, the following limits
* have been imposed:
*
* (1) This won't handle datalen > 65535 without increasing the size of the
* cons stack elements and length_too_long checking.
*
* (2) The stack of constructed types is 10 deep. If the depth of non-leaf
* constructed types exceeds this, the decode will fail.
*
* (3) The SET type (not the SET OF type) isn't really supported as tracking
* what members of the set have been seen is a pain.
*/
int asn1_ber_decoder(const struct asn1_decoder *decoder,
void *context,
const unsigned char *data,
size_t datalen)
{
const unsigned char *machine = decoder->machine;
const asn1_action_t *actions = decoder->actions;
size_t machlen = decoder->machlen;
enum asn1_opcode op;
unsigned char tag = 0, csp = 0, jsp = 0, optag = 0, hdr = 0;
const char *errmsg;
size_t pc = 0, dp = 0, tdp = 0, len = 0;
int ret;
unsigned char flags = 0;
#define FLAG_INDEFINITE_LENGTH 0x01
#define FLAG_MATCHED 0x02
#define FLAG_LAST_MATCHED 0x04 /* Last tag matched */
#define FLAG_CONS 0x20 /* Corresponds to CONS bit in the opcode tag
* - ie. whether or not we are going to parse
* a compound type.
*/
#define NR_CONS_STACK 10
unsigned short cons_dp_stack[NR_CONS_STACK];
unsigned short cons_datalen_stack[NR_CONS_STACK];
unsigned char cons_hdrlen_stack[NR_CONS_STACK];
#define NR_JUMP_STACK 10
unsigned char jump_stack[NR_JUMP_STACK];
if (datalen > 65535)
return -EMSGSIZE;
next_op:
pr_debug("next_op: pc=\e[32m%zu\e[m/%zu dp=\e[33m%zu\e[m/%zu C=%d J=%d\n",
pc, machlen, dp, datalen, csp, jsp);
if (unlikely(pc >= machlen))
goto machine_overrun_error;
op = machine[pc];
if (unlikely(pc + asn1_op_lengths[op] > machlen))
goto machine_overrun_error;
/* If this command is meant to match a tag, then do that before
* evaluating the command.
*/
if (op <= ASN1_OP__MATCHES_TAG) {
unsigned char tmp;
/* Skip conditional matches if possible */
if ((op & ASN1_OP_MATCH__COND && flags & FLAG_MATCHED) ||
(op & ASN1_OP_MATCH__SKIP && dp == datalen)) {
flags &= ~FLAG_LAST_MATCHED;
pc += asn1_op_lengths[op];
goto next_op;
}
flags = 0;
hdr = 2;
/* Extract a tag from the data */
if (unlikely(dp >= datalen - 1))
goto data_overrun_error;
tag = data[dp++];
if (unlikely((tag & 0x1f) == ASN1_LONG_TAG))
goto long_tag_not_supported;
if (op & ASN1_OP_MATCH__ANY) {
pr_debug("- any %02x\n", tag);
} else {
/* Extract the tag from the machine
* - Either CONS or PRIM are permitted in the data if
* CONS is not set in the op stream, otherwise CONS
* is mandatory.
*/
optag = machine[pc + 1];
flags |= optag & FLAG_CONS;
/* Determine whether the tag matched */
tmp = optag ^ tag;
tmp &= ~(optag & ASN1_CONS_BIT);
pr_debug("- match? %02x %02x %02x\n", tag, optag, tmp);
if (tmp != 0) {
/* All odd-numbered tags are MATCH_OR_SKIP. */
if (op & ASN1_OP_MATCH__SKIP) {
pc += asn1_op_lengths[op];
dp--;
goto next_op;
}
goto tag_mismatch;
}
}
flags |= FLAG_MATCHED;
len = data[dp++];
if (len > 0x7f) {
if (unlikely(len == ASN1_INDEFINITE_LENGTH)) {
/* Indefinite length */
if (unlikely(!(tag & ASN1_CONS_BIT)))
goto indefinite_len_primitive;
flags |= FLAG_INDEFINITE_LENGTH;
if (unlikely(2 > datalen - dp))
goto data_overrun_error;
} else {
int n = len - 0x80;
if (unlikely(n > 2))
goto length_too_long;
if (unlikely(dp >= datalen - n))
goto data_overrun_error;
hdr += n;
for (len = 0; n > 0; n--) {
len <<= 8;
len |= data[dp++];
}
if (unlikely(len > datalen - dp))
goto data_overrun_error;
}
}
if (flags & FLAG_CONS) {
/* For expected compound forms, we stack the positions
* of the start and end of the data.
*/
if (unlikely(csp >= NR_CONS_STACK))
goto cons_stack_overflow;
cons_dp_stack[csp] = dp;
cons_hdrlen_stack[csp] = hdr;
if (!(flags & FLAG_INDEFINITE_LENGTH)) {
cons_datalen_stack[csp] = datalen;
datalen = dp + len;
} else {
cons_datalen_stack[csp] = 0;
}
csp++;
}
pr_debug("- TAG: %02x %zu%s\n",
tag, len, flags & FLAG_CONS ? " CONS" : "");
tdp = dp;
}
/* Decide how to handle the operation */
switch (op) {
case ASN1_OP_MATCH_ANY_ACT:
case ASN1_OP_MATCH_ANY_ACT_OR_SKIP:
case ASN1_OP_COND_MATCH_ANY_ACT:
case ASN1_OP_COND_MATCH_ANY_ACT_OR_SKIP:
ret = actions[machine[pc + 1]](context, hdr, tag, data + dp, len);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
goto skip_data;
case ASN1_OP_MATCH_ACT:
case ASN1_OP_MATCH_ACT_OR_SKIP:
case ASN1_OP_COND_MATCH_ACT_OR_SKIP:
ret = actions[machine[pc + 2]](context, hdr, tag, data + dp, len);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
goto skip_data;
case ASN1_OP_MATCH:
case ASN1_OP_MATCH_OR_SKIP:
case ASN1_OP_MATCH_ANY:
case ASN1_OP_MATCH_ANY_OR_SKIP:
case ASN1_OP_COND_MATCH_OR_SKIP:
case ASN1_OP_COND_MATCH_ANY:
case ASN1_OP_COND_MATCH_ANY_OR_SKIP:
skip_data:
if (!(flags & FLAG_CONS)) {
if (flags & FLAG_INDEFINITE_LENGTH) {
ret = asn1_find_indefinite_length(
data, datalen, &dp, &len, &errmsg);
if (ret < 0)
goto error;
} else {
dp += len;
}
pr_debug("- LEAF: %zu\n", len);
}
pc += asn1_op_lengths[op];
goto next_op;
case ASN1_OP_MATCH_JUMP:
case ASN1_OP_MATCH_JUMP_OR_SKIP:
case ASN1_OP_COND_MATCH_JUMP_OR_SKIP:
pr_debug("- MATCH_JUMP\n");
if (unlikely(jsp == NR_JUMP_STACK))
goto jump_stack_overflow;
jump_stack[jsp++] = pc + asn1_op_lengths[op];
pc = machine[pc + 2];
goto next_op;
case ASN1_OP_COND_FAIL:
if (unlikely(!(flags & FLAG_MATCHED)))
goto tag_mismatch;
pc += asn1_op_lengths[op];
goto next_op;
case ASN1_OP_COMPLETE:
if (unlikely(jsp != 0 || csp != 0)) {
pr_err("ASN.1 decoder error: Stacks not empty at completion (%u, %u)\n",
jsp, csp);
return -EBADMSG;
}
return 0;
case ASN1_OP_END_SET:
case ASN1_OP_END_SET_ACT:
if (unlikely(!(flags & FLAG_MATCHED)))
goto tag_mismatch;
case ASN1_OP_END_SEQ:
case ASN1_OP_END_SET_OF:
case ASN1_OP_END_SEQ_OF:
case ASN1_OP_END_SEQ_ACT:
case ASN1_OP_END_SET_OF_ACT:
case ASN1_OP_END_SEQ_OF_ACT:
if (unlikely(csp <= 0))
goto cons_stack_underflow;
csp--;
tdp = cons_dp_stack[csp];
hdr = cons_hdrlen_stack[csp];
len = datalen;
datalen = cons_datalen_stack[csp];
pr_debug("- end cons t=%zu dp=%zu l=%zu/%zu\n",
tdp, dp, len, datalen);
if (datalen == 0) {
/* Indefinite length - check for the EOC. */
datalen = len;
if (unlikely(datalen - dp < 2))
goto data_overrun_error;
if (data[dp++] != 0) {
if (op & ASN1_OP_END__OF) {
dp--;
csp++;
pc = machine[pc + 1];
pr_debug("- continue\n");
goto next_op;
}
goto missing_eoc;
}
if (data[dp++] != 0)
goto invalid_eoc;
len = dp - tdp - 2;
} else {
if (dp < len && (op & ASN1_OP_END__OF)) {
datalen = len;
csp++;
pc = machine[pc + 1];
pr_debug("- continue\n");
goto next_op;
}
if (dp != len)
goto cons_length_error;
len -= tdp;
pr_debug("- cons len l=%zu d=%zu\n", len, dp - tdp);
}
if (op & ASN1_OP_END__ACT) {
unsigned char act;
if (op & ASN1_OP_END__OF)
act = machine[pc + 2];
else
act = machine[pc + 1];
ret = actions[act](context, hdr, 0, data + tdp, len);
}
pc += asn1_op_lengths[op];
goto next_op;
case ASN1_OP_MAYBE_ACT:
if (!(flags & FLAG_LAST_MATCHED)) {
pc += asn1_op_lengths[op];
goto next_op;
}
case ASN1_OP_ACT:
ret = actions[machine[pc + 1]](context, hdr, tag, data + tdp, len);
if (ret < 0)
return ret;
pc += asn1_op_lengths[op];
goto next_op;
case ASN1_OP_RETURN:
if (unlikely(jsp <= 0))
goto jump_stack_underflow;
pc = jump_stack[--jsp];
flags |= FLAG_MATCHED | FLAG_LAST_MATCHED;
goto next_op;
default:
break;
}
/* Shouldn't reach here */
pr_err("ASN.1 decoder error: Found reserved opcode (%u) pc=%zu\n",
op, pc);
return -EBADMSG;
data_overrun_error:
errmsg = "Data overrun error";
goto error;
machine_overrun_error:
errmsg = "Machine overrun error";
goto error;
jump_stack_underflow:
errmsg = "Jump stack underflow";
goto error;
jump_stack_overflow:
errmsg = "Jump stack overflow";
goto error;
cons_stack_underflow:
errmsg = "Cons stack underflow";
goto error;
cons_stack_overflow:
errmsg = "Cons stack overflow";
goto error;
cons_length_error:
errmsg = "Cons length error";
goto error;
missing_eoc:
errmsg = "Missing EOC in indefinite len cons";
goto error;
invalid_eoc:
errmsg = "Invalid length EOC";
goto error;
length_too_long:
errmsg = "Unsupported length";
goto error;
indefinite_len_primitive:
errmsg = "Indefinite len primitive not permitted";
goto error;
tag_mismatch:
errmsg = "Unexpected tag";
goto error;
long_tag_not_supported:
errmsg = "Long tag not supported";
error:
pr_debug("\nASN1: %s [m=%zu d=%zu ot=%02x t=%02x l=%zu]\n",
errmsg, pc, dp, optag, tag, len);
return -EBADMSG;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(asn1_ber_decoder);
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
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