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// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later
/*
* zswap.c - zswap driver file
*
* zswap is a backend for frontswap that takes pages that are in the process
* of being swapped out and attempts to compress and store them in a
* RAM-based memory pool. This can result in a significant I/O reduction on
* the swap device and, in the case where decompressing from RAM is faster
* than reading from the swap device, can also improve workload performance.
*
* Copyright (C) 2012 Seth Jennings <sjenning@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
*/
#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/highmem.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/atomic.h>
#include <linux/frontswap.h>
#include <linux/rbtree.h>
#include <linux/swap.h>
#include <linux/crypto.h>
#include <linux/mempool.h>
#include <linux/zpool.h>
#include <linux/mm_types.h>
#include <linux/page-flags.h>
#include <linux/swapops.h>
#include <linux/writeback.h>
#include <linux/pagemap.h>
/*********************************
* statistics
**********************************/
/* Total bytes used by the compressed storage */
static u64 zswap_pool_total_size;
/* The number of compressed pages currently stored in zswap */
static atomic_t zswap_stored_pages = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
/* The number of same-value filled pages currently stored in zswap */
static atomic_t zswap_same_filled_pages = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
/*
* The statistics below are not protected from concurrent access for
* performance reasons so they may not be a 100% accurate. However,
* they do provide useful information on roughly how many times a
* certain event is occurring.
*/
/* Pool limit was hit (see zswap_max_pool_percent) */
static u64 zswap_pool_limit_hit;
/* Pages written back when pool limit was reached */
static u64 zswap_written_back_pages;
/* Store failed due to a reclaim failure after pool limit was reached */
static u64 zswap_reject_reclaim_fail;
/* Compressed page was too big for the allocator to (optimally) store */
static u64 zswap_reject_compress_poor;
/* Store failed because underlying allocator could not get memory */
static u64 zswap_reject_alloc_fail;
/* Store failed because the entry metadata could not be allocated (rare) */
static u64 zswap_reject_kmemcache_fail;
/* Duplicate store was encountered (rare) */
static u64 zswap_duplicate_entry;
/*********************************
* tunables
**********************************/
#define ZSWAP_PARAM_UNSET ""
/* Enable/disable zswap (disabled by default) */
static bool zswap_enabled;
static int zswap_enabled_param_set(const char *,
const struct kernel_param *);
static struct kernel_param_ops zswap_enabled_param_ops = {
.set = zswap_enabled_param_set,
.get = param_get_bool,
};
module_param_cb(enabled, &zswap_enabled_param_ops, &zswap_enabled, 0644);
/* Crypto compressor to use */
#define ZSWAP_COMPRESSOR_DEFAULT "lzo"
static char *zswap_compressor = ZSWAP_COMPRESSOR_DEFAULT;
static int zswap_compressor_param_set(const char *,
const struct kernel_param *);
static struct kernel_param_ops zswap_compressor_param_ops = {
.set = zswap_compressor_param_set,
.get = param_get_charp,
.free = param_free_charp,
};
module_param_cb(compressor, &zswap_compressor_param_ops,
&zswap_compressor, 0644);
/* Compressed storage zpool to use */
#define ZSWAP_ZPOOL_DEFAULT "zbud"
static char *zswap_zpool_type = ZSWAP_ZPOOL_DEFAULT;
static int zswap_zpool_param_set(const char *, const struct kernel_param *);
static struct kernel_param_ops zswap_zpool_param_ops = {
.set = zswap_zpool_param_set,
.get = param_get_charp,
.free = param_free_charp,
};
module_param_cb(zpool, &zswap_zpool_param_ops, &zswap_zpool_type, 0644);
/* The maximum percentage of memory that the compressed pool can occupy */
static unsigned int zswap_max_pool_percent = 20;
module_param_named(max_pool_percent, zswap_max_pool_percent, uint, 0644);
/* Enable/disable handling same-value filled pages (enabled by default) */
static bool zswap_same_filled_pages_enabled = true;
module_param_named(same_filled_pages_enabled, zswap_same_filled_pages_enabled,
bool, 0644);
/*********************************
* data structures
**********************************/
struct zswap_pool {
struct zpool *zpool;
struct crypto_comp * __percpu *tfm;
struct kref kref;
struct list_head list;
struct work_struct work;
struct hlist_node node;
char tfm_name[CRYPTO_MAX_ALG_NAME];
};
/*
* struct zswap_entry
*
* This structure contains the metadata for tracking a single compressed
* page within zswap.
*
* rbnode - links the entry into red-black tree for the appropriate swap type
* offset - the swap offset for the entry. Index into the red-black tree.
* refcount - the number of outstanding reference to the entry. This is needed
* to protect against premature freeing of the entry by code
* concurrent calls to load, invalidate, and writeback. The lock
* for the zswap_tree structure that contains the entry must
* be held while changing the refcount. Since the lock must
* be held, there is no reason to also make refcount atomic.
* length - the length in bytes of the compressed page data. Needed during
* decompression. For a same value filled page length is 0.
* pool - the zswap_pool the entry's data is in
* handle - zpool allocation handle that stores the compressed page data
* value - value of the same-value filled pages which have same content
*/
struct zswap_entry {
struct rb_node rbnode;
pgoff_t offset;
int refcount;
unsigned int length;
struct zswap_pool *pool;
union {
unsigned long handle;
unsigned long value;
};
};
struct zswap_header {
swp_entry_t swpentry;
};
/*
* The tree lock in the zswap_tree struct protects a few things:
* - the rbtree
* - the refcount field of each entry in the tree
*/
struct zswap_tree {
struct rb_root rbroot;
spinlock_t lock;
};
static struct zswap_tree *zswap_trees[MAX_SWAPFILES];
/* RCU-protected iteration */
static LIST_HEAD(zswap_pools);
/* protects zswap_pools list modification */
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(zswap_pools_lock);
/* pool counter to provide unique names to zpool */
static atomic_t zswap_pools_count = ATOMIC_INIT(0);
/* used by param callback function */
static bool zswap_init_started;
/* fatal error during init */
static bool zswap_init_failed;
/* init completed, but couldn't create the initial pool */
static bool zswap_has_pool;
/*********************************
* helpers and fwd declarations
**********************************/
#define zswap_pool_debug(msg, p) \
pr_debug("%s pool %s/%s\n", msg, (p)->tfm_name, \
zpool_get_type((p)->zpool))
static int zswap_writeback_entry(struct zpool *pool, unsigned long handle);
static int zswap_pool_get(struct zswap_pool *pool);
static void zswap_pool_put(struct zswap_pool *pool);
static const struct zpool_ops zswap_zpool_ops = {
.evict = zswap_writeback_entry
};
static bool zswap_is_full(void)
{
return totalram_pages() * zswap_max_pool_percent / 100 <
DIV_ROUND_UP(zswap_pool_total_size, PAGE_SIZE);
}
static void zswap_update_total_size(void)
{
struct zswap_pool *pool;
u64 total = 0;
rcu_read_lock();
list_for_each_entry_rcu(pool, &zswap_pools, list)
total += zpool_get_total_size(pool->zpool);
rcu_read_unlock();
zswap_pool_total_size = total;
}
/*********************************
* zswap entry functions
**********************************/
static struct kmem_cache *zswap_entry_cache;
static int __init zswap_entry_cache_create(void)
{
zswap_entry_cache = KMEM_CACHE(zswap_entry, 0);
return zswap_entry_cache == NULL;
}
static void __init zswap_entry_cache_destroy(void)
{
kmem_cache_destroy(zswap_entry_cache);
}
static struct zswap_entry *zswap_entry_cache_alloc(gfp_t gfp)
{
struct zswap_entry *entry;
entry = kmem_cache_alloc(zswap_entry_cache, gfp);
if (!entry)
return NULL;
entry->refcount = 1;
RB_CLEAR_NODE(&entry->rbnode);
return entry;
}
static void zswap_entry_cache_free(struct zswap_entry *entry)
{
kmem_cache_free(zswap_entry_cache, entry);
}
/*********************************
* rbtree functions
**********************************/
static struct zswap_entry *zswap_rb_search(struct rb_root *root, pgoff_t offset)
{
struct rb_node *node = root->rb_node;
struct zswap_entry *entry;
while (node) {
entry = rb_entry(node, struct zswap_entry, rbnode);
if (entry->offset > offset)
node = node->rb_left;
else if (entry->offset < offset)
node = node->rb_right;
else
return entry;
}
return NULL;
}
/*
* In the case that a entry with the same offset is found, a pointer to
* the existing entry is stored in dupentry and the function returns -EEXIST
*/
static int zswap_rb_insert(struct rb_root *root, struct zswap_entry *entry,
struct zswap_entry **dupentry)
{
struct rb_node **link = &root->rb_node, *parent = NULL;
struct zswap_entry *myentry;
while (*link) {
parent = *link;
myentry = rb_entry(parent, struct zswap_entry, rbnode);
if (myentry->offset > entry->offset)
link = &(*link)->rb_left;
else if (myentry->offset < entry->offset)
link = &(*link)->rb_right;
else {
*dupentry = myentry;
return -EEXIST;
}
}
rb_link_node(&entry->rbnode, parent, link);
rb_insert_color(&entry->rbnode, root);
return 0;
}
static void zswap_rb_erase(struct rb_root *root, struct zswap_entry *entry)
{
if (!RB_EMPTY_NODE(&entry->rbnode)) {
rb_erase(&entry->rbnode, root);
RB_CLEAR_NODE(&entry->rbnode);
}
}
/*
* Carries out the common pattern of freeing and entry's zpool allocation,
* freeing the entry itself, and decrementing the number of stored pages.
*/
static void zswap_free_entry(struct zswap_entry *entry)
{
if (!entry->length)
atomic_dec(&zswap_same_filled_pages);
else {
zpool_free(entry->pool->zpool, entry->handle);
zswap_pool_put(entry->pool);
}
zswap_entry_cache_free(entry);
atomic_dec(&zswap_stored_pages);
zswap_update_total_size();
}
/* caller must hold the tree lock */
static void zswap_entry_get(struct zswap_entry *entry)
{
entry->refcount++;
}
/* caller must hold the tree lock
* remove from the tree and free it, if nobody reference the entry
*/
static void zswap_entry_put(struct zswap_tree *tree,
struct zswap_entry *entry)
{
int refcount = --entry->refcount;
BUG_ON(refcount < 0);
if (refcount == 0) {
zswap_rb_erase(&tree->rbroot, entry);
zswap_free_entry(entry);
}
}
/* caller must hold the tree lock */
static struct zswap_entry *zswap_entry_find_get(struct rb_root *root,
pgoff_t offset)
{
struct zswap_entry *entry;
entry = zswap_rb_search(root, offset);
if (entry)
zswap_entry_get(entry);
return entry;
}
/*********************************
* per-cpu code
**********************************/
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u8 *, zswap_dstmem);
static int zswap_dstmem_prepare(unsigned int cpu)
{
u8 *dst;
dst = kmalloc_node(PAGE_SIZE * 2, GFP_KERNEL, cpu_to_node(cpu));
if (!dst)
return -ENOMEM;
per_cpu(zswap_dstmem, cpu) = dst;
return 0;
}
static int zswap_dstmem_dead(unsigned int cpu)
{
u8 *dst;
dst = per_cpu(zswap_dstmem, cpu);
kfree(dst);
per_cpu(zswap_dstmem, cpu) = NULL;
return 0;
}
static int zswap_cpu_comp_prepare(unsigned int cpu, struct hlist_node *node)
{
struct zswap_pool *pool = hlist_entry(node, struct zswap_pool, node);
struct crypto_comp *tfm;
if (WARN_ON(*per_cpu_ptr(pool->tfm, cpu)))
return 0;
tfm = crypto_alloc_comp(pool->tfm_name, 0, 0);
if (IS_ERR_OR_NULL(tfm)) {
pr_err("could not alloc crypto comp %s : %ld\n",
pool->tfm_name, PTR_ERR(tfm));
return -ENOMEM;
}
*per_cpu_ptr(pool->tfm, cpu) = tfm;
return 0;
}
static int zswap_cpu_comp_dead(unsigned int cpu, struct hlist_node *node)
{
struct zswap_pool *pool = hlist_entry(node, struct zswap_pool, node);
struct crypto_comp *tfm;
tfm = *per_cpu_ptr(pool->tfm, cpu);
if (!IS_ERR_OR_NULL(tfm))
crypto_free_comp(tfm);
*per_cpu_ptr(pool->tfm, cpu) = NULL;
return 0;
}
/*********************************
* pool functions
**********************************/
static struct zswap_pool *__zswap_pool_current(void)
{
struct zswap_pool *pool;
pool = list_first_or_null_rcu(&zswap_pools, typeof(*pool), list);
WARN_ONCE(!pool && zswap_has_pool,
"%s: no page storage pool!\n", __func__);
return pool;
}
static struct zswap_pool *zswap_pool_current(void)
{
assert_spin_locked(&zswap_pools_lock);
return __zswap_pool_current();
}
static struct zswap_pool *zswap_pool_current_get(void)
{
struct zswap_pool *pool;
rcu_read_lock();
pool = __zswap_pool_current();
if (!zswap_pool_get(pool))
pool = NULL;
rcu_read_unlock();
return pool;
}
static struct zswap_pool *zswap_pool_last_get(void)
{
struct zswap_pool *pool, *last = NULL;
rcu_read_lock();
list_for_each_entry_rcu(pool, &zswap_pools, list)
last = pool;
WARN_ONCE(!last && zswap_has_pool,
"%s: no page storage pool!\n", __func__);
if (!zswap_pool_get(last))
last = NULL;
rcu_read_unlock();
return last;
}
/* type and compressor must be null-terminated */
static struct zswap_pool *zswap_pool_find_get(char *type, char *compressor)
{
struct zswap_pool *pool;
assert_spin_locked(&zswap_pools_lock);
list_for_each_entry_rcu(pool, &zswap_pools, list) {
if (strcmp(pool->tfm_name, compressor))
continue;
if (strcmp(zpool_get_type(pool->zpool), type))
continue;
/* if we can't get it, it's about to be destroyed */
if (!zswap_pool_get(pool))
continue;
return pool;
}
return NULL;
}
static struct zswap_pool *zswap_pool_create(char *type, char *compressor)
{
struct zswap_pool *pool;
char name[38]; /* 'zswap' + 32 char (max) num + \0 */
gfp_t gfp = __GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_NOWARN | __GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM;
int ret;
if (!zswap_has_pool) {
/* if either are unset, pool initialization failed, and we
* need both params to be set correctly before trying to
* create a pool.
*/
if (!strcmp(type, ZSWAP_PARAM_UNSET))
return NULL;
if (!strcmp(compressor, ZSWAP_PARAM_UNSET))
return NULL;
}
pool = kzalloc(sizeof(*pool), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!pool)
return NULL;
/* unique name for each pool specifically required by zsmalloc */
snprintf(name, 38, "zswap%x", atomic_inc_return(&zswap_pools_count));
pool->zpool = zpool_create_pool(type, name, gfp, &zswap_zpool_ops);
if (!pool->zpool) {
pr_err("%s zpool not available\n", type);
goto error;
}
pr_debug("using %s zpool\n", zpool_get_type(pool->zpool));
strlcpy(pool->tfm_name, compressor, sizeof(pool->tfm_name));
pool->tfm = alloc_percpu(struct crypto_comp *);
if (!pool->tfm) {
pr_err("percpu alloc failed\n");
goto error;
}
ret = cpuhp_state_add_instance(CPUHP_MM_ZSWP_POOL_PREPARE,
&pool->node);
if (ret)
goto error;
pr_debug("using %s compressor\n", pool->tfm_name);
/* being the current pool takes 1 ref; this func expects the
* caller to always add the new pool as the current pool
*/
kref_init(&pool->kref);
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&pool->list);
zswap_pool_debug("created", pool);
return pool;
error:
free_percpu(pool->tfm);
if (pool->zpool)
zpool_destroy_pool(pool->zpool);
kfree(pool);
return NULL;
}
static __init struct zswap_pool *__zswap_pool_create_fallback(void)
{
bool has_comp, has_zpool;
has_comp = crypto_has_comp(zswap_compressor, 0, 0);
if (!has_comp && strcmp(zswap_compressor, ZSWAP_COMPRESSOR_DEFAULT)) {
pr_err("compressor %s not available, using default %s\n",
zswap_compressor, ZSWAP_COMPRESSOR_DEFAULT);
param_free_charp(&zswap_compressor);
zswap_compressor = ZSWAP_COMPRESSOR_DEFAULT;
has_comp = crypto_has_comp(zswap_compressor, 0, 0);
}
if (!has_comp) {
pr_err("default compressor %s not available\n",
zswap_compressor);
param_free_charp(&zswap_compressor);
zswap_compressor = ZSWAP_PARAM_UNSET;
}
has_zpool = zpool_has_pool(zswap_zpool_type);
if (!has_zpool && strcmp(zswap_zpool_type, ZSWAP_ZPOOL_DEFAULT)) {
pr_err("zpool %s not available, using default %s\n",
zswap_zpool_type, ZSWAP_ZPOOL_DEFAULT);
param_free_charp(&zswap_zpool_type);
zswap_zpool_type = ZSWAP_ZPOOL_DEFAULT;
has_zpool = zpool_has_pool(zswap_zpool_type);
}
if (!has_zpool) {
pr_err("default zpool %s not available\n",
zswap_zpool_type);
param_free_charp(&zswap_zpool_type);
zswap_zpool_type = ZSWAP_PARAM_UNSET;
}
if (!has_comp || !has_zpool)
return NULL;
return zswap_pool_create(zswap_zpool_type, zswap_compressor);
}
static void zswap_pool_destroy(struct zswap_pool *pool)
{
zswap_pool_debug("destroying", pool);
cpuhp_state_remove_instance(CPUHP_MM_ZSWP_POOL_PREPARE, &pool->node);
free_percpu(pool->tfm);
zpool_destroy_pool(pool->zpool);
kfree(pool);
}
static int __must_check zswap_pool_get(struct zswap_pool *pool)
{
if (!pool)
return 0;
return kref_get_unless_zero(&pool->kref);
}
static void __zswap_pool_release(struct work_struct *work)
{
struct zswap_pool *pool = container_of(work, typeof(*pool), work);
synchronize_rcu();
/* nobody should have been able to get a kref... */
WARN_ON(kref_get_unless_zero(&pool->kref));
/* pool is now off zswap_pools list and has no references. */
zswap_pool_destroy(pool);
}
static void __zswap_pool_empty(struct kref *kref)
{
struct zswap_pool *pool;
pool = container_of(kref, typeof(*pool), kref);
spin_lock(&zswap_pools_lock);
WARN_ON(pool == zswap_pool_current());
list_del_rcu(&pool->list);
INIT_WORK(&pool->work, __zswap_pool_release);
schedule_work(&pool->work);
spin_unlock(&zswap_pools_lock);
}
static void zswap_pool_put(struct zswap_pool *pool)
{
kref_put(&pool->kref, __zswap_pool_empty);
}
/*********************************
* param callbacks
**********************************/
/* val must be a null-terminated string */
static int __zswap_param_set(const char *val, const struct kernel_param *kp,
char *type, char *compressor)
{
struct zswap_pool *pool, *put_pool = NULL;
char *s = strstrip((char *)val);
int ret;
if (zswap_init_failed) {
pr_err("can't set param, initialization failed\n");
return -ENODEV;
}
/* no change required */
if (!strcmp(s, *(char **)kp->arg) && zswap_has_pool)
return 0;
/* if this is load-time (pre-init) param setting,
* don't create a pool; that's done during init.
*/
if (!zswap_init_started)
return param_set_charp(s, kp);
if (!type) {
if (!zpool_has_pool(s)) {
pr_err("zpool %s not available\n", s);
return -ENOENT;
}
type = s;
} else if (!compressor) {
if (!crypto_has_comp(s, 0, 0)) {
pr_err("compressor %s not available\n", s);
return -ENOENT;
}
compressor = s;
} else {
WARN_ON(1);
return -EINVAL;
}
spin_lock(&zswap_pools_lock);
pool = zswap_pool_find_get(type, compressor);
if (pool) {
zswap_pool_debug("using existing", pool);
WARN_ON(pool == zswap_pool_current());
list_del_rcu(&pool->list);
}
spin_unlock(&zswap_pools_lock);
if (!pool)
pool = zswap_pool_create(type, compressor);
if (pool)
ret = param_set_charp(s, kp);
else
ret = -EINVAL;
spin_lock(&zswap_pools_lock);
if (!ret) {
put_pool = zswap_pool_current();
list_add_rcu(&pool->list, &zswap_pools);
zswap_has_pool = true;
} else if (pool) {
/* add the possibly pre-existing pool to the end of the pools
* list; if it's new (and empty) then it'll be removed and
* destroyed by the put after we drop the lock
*/
list_add_tail_rcu(&pool->list, &zswap_pools);
put_pool = pool;
}
spin_unlock(&zswap_pools_lock);
if (!zswap_has_pool && !pool) {
/* if initial pool creation failed, and this pool creation also
* failed, maybe both compressor and zpool params were bad.
* Allow changing this param, so pool creation will succeed
* when the other param is changed. We already verified this
* param is ok in the zpool_has_pool() or crypto_has_comp()
* checks above.
*/
ret = param_set_charp(s, kp);
}
/* drop the ref from either the old current pool,
* or the new pool we failed to add
*/
if (put_pool)
zswap_pool_put(put_pool);
return ret;
}
static int zswap_compressor_param_set(const char *val,
const struct kernel_param *kp)
{
return __zswap_param_set(val, kp, zswap_zpool_type, NULL);
}
static int zswap_zpool_param_set(const char *val,
const struct kernel_param *kp)
{
return __zswap_param_set(val, kp, NULL, zswap_compressor);
}
static int zswap_enabled_param_set(const char *val,
const struct kernel_param *kp)
{
if (zswap_init_failed) {
pr_err("can't enable, initialization failed\n");
return -ENODEV;
}
if (!zswap_has_pool && zswap_init_started) {
pr_err("can't enable, no pool configured\n");
return -ENODEV;
}
return param_set_bool(val, kp);
}
/*********************************
* writeback code
**********************************/
/* return enum for zswap_get_swap_cache_page */
enum zswap_get_swap_ret {
ZSWAP_SWAPCACHE_NEW,
ZSWAP_SWAPCACHE_EXIST,
ZSWAP_SWAPCACHE_FAIL,
};
/*
* zswap_get_swap_cache_page
*
* This is an adaption of read_swap_cache_async()
*
* This function tries to find a page with the given swap entry
* in the swapper_space address space (the swap cache). If the page
* is found, it is returned in retpage. Otherwise, a page is allocated,
* added to the swap cache, and returned in retpage.
*
* If success, the swap cache page is returned in retpage
* Returns ZSWAP_SWAPCACHE_EXIST if page was already in the swap cache
* Returns ZSWAP_SWAPCACHE_NEW if the new page needs to be populated,
* the new page is added to swapcache and locked
* Returns ZSWAP_SWAPCACHE_FAIL on error
*/
static int zswap_get_swap_cache_page(swp_entry_t entry,
struct page **retpage)
{
bool page_was_allocated;
*retpage = __read_swap_cache_async(entry, GFP_KERNEL,
NULL, 0, &page_was_allocated);
if (page_was_allocated)
return ZSWAP_SWAPCACHE_NEW;
if (!*retpage)
return ZSWAP_SWAPCACHE_FAIL;
return ZSWAP_SWAPCACHE_EXIST;
}
/*
* Attempts to free an entry by adding a page to the swap cache,
* decompressing the entry data into the page, and issuing a
* bio write to write the page back to the swap device.
*
* This can be thought of as a "resumed writeback" of the page
* to the swap device. We are basically resuming the same swap
* writeback path that was intercepted with the frontswap_store()
* in the first place. After the page has been decompressed into
* the swap cache, the compressed version stored by zswap can be
* freed.
*/
static int zswap_writeback_entry(struct zpool *pool, unsigned long handle)
{
struct zswap_header *zhdr;
swp_entry_t swpentry;
struct zswap_tree *tree;
pgoff_t offset;
struct zswap_entry *entry;
struct page *page;
struct crypto_comp *tfm;
u8 *src, *dst;
unsigned int dlen;
int ret;
struct writeback_control wbc = {
.sync_mode = WB_SYNC_NONE,
};
/* extract swpentry from data */
zhdr = zpool_map_handle(pool, handle, ZPOOL_MM_RO);
swpentry = zhdr->swpentry; /* here */
zpool_unmap_handle(pool, handle);
tree = zswap_trees[swp_type(swpentry)];
offset = swp_offset(swpentry);
/* find and ref zswap entry */
spin_lock(&tree->lock);
entry = zswap_entry_find_get(&tree->rbroot, offset);
if (!entry) {
/* entry was invalidated */
spin_unlock(&tree->lock);
return 0;
}
spin_unlock(&tree->lock);
BUG_ON(offset != entry->offset);
/* try to allocate swap cache page */
switch (zswap_get_swap_cache_page(swpentry, &page)) {
case ZSWAP_SWAPCACHE_FAIL: /* no memory or invalidate happened */
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto fail;
case ZSWAP_SWAPCACHE_EXIST:
/* page is already in the swap cache, ignore for now */
put_page(page);
ret = -EEXIST;
goto fail;
case ZSWAP_SWAPCACHE_NEW: /* page is locked */
/* decompress */
dlen = PAGE_SIZE;
src = (u8 *)zpool_map_handle(entry->pool->zpool, entry->handle,
ZPOOL_MM_RO) + sizeof(struct zswap_header);
dst = kmap_atomic(page);
tfm = *get_cpu_ptr(entry->pool->tfm);
ret = crypto_comp_decompress(tfm, src, entry->length,
dst, &dlen);
put_cpu_ptr(entry->pool->tfm);
kunmap_atomic(dst);
zpool_unmap_handle(entry->pool->zpool, entry->handle);
BUG_ON(ret);
BUG_ON(dlen != PAGE_SIZE);
/* page is up to date */
SetPageUptodate(page);
}
/* move it to the tail of the inactive list after end_writeback */
SetPageReclaim(page);
/* start writeback */
__swap_writepage(page, &wbc, end_swap_bio_write);
put_page(page);
zswap_written_back_pages++;
spin_lock(&tree->lock);
/* drop local reference */
zswap_entry_put(tree, entry);
/*
* There are two possible situations for entry here:
* (1) refcount is 1(normal case), entry is valid and on the tree
* (2) refcount is 0, entry is freed and not on the tree
* because invalidate happened during writeback
* search the tree and free the entry if find entry
*/
if (entry == zswap_rb_search(&tree->rbroot, offset))
zswap_entry_put(tree, entry);
spin_unlock(&tree->lock);
goto end;
/*
* if we get here due to ZSWAP_SWAPCACHE_EXIST
* a load may happening concurrently
* it is safe and okay to not free the entry
* if we free the entry in the following put
* it it either okay to return !0
*/
fail:
spin_lock(&tree->lock);
zswap_entry_put(tree, entry);
spin_unlock(&tree->lock);
end:
return ret;
}
static int zswap_shrink(void)
{
struct zswap_pool *pool;
int ret;
pool = zswap_pool_last_get();
if (!pool)
return -ENOENT;
ret = zpool_shrink(pool->zpool, 1, NULL);
zswap_pool_put(pool);
return ret;
}
static int zswap_is_page_same_filled(void *ptr, unsigned long *value)
{
unsigned int pos;
unsigned long *page;
page = (unsigned long *)ptr;
for (pos = 1; pos < PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(*page); pos++) {
if (page[pos] != page[0])
return 0;
}
*value = page[0];
return 1;
}
static void zswap_fill_page(void *ptr, unsigned long value)
{
unsigned long *page;
page = (unsigned long *)ptr;
memset_l(page, value, PAGE_SIZE / sizeof(unsigned long));
}
/*********************************
* frontswap hooks
**********************************/
/* attempts to compress and store an single page */
static int zswap_frontswap_store(unsigned type, pgoff_t offset,
struct page *page)
{
struct zswap_tree *tree = zswap_trees[type];
struct zswap_entry *entry, *dupentry;
struct crypto_comp *tfm;
int ret;
unsigned int hlen, dlen = PAGE_SIZE;
unsigned long handle, value;
char *buf;
u8 *src, *dst;
struct zswap_header zhdr = { .swpentry = swp_entry(type, offset) };
/* THP isn't supported */
if (PageTransHuge(page)) {
ret = -EINVAL;
goto reject;
}
if (!zswap_enabled || !tree) {
ret = -ENODEV;
goto reject;
}
/* reclaim space if needed */
if (zswap_is_full()) {
zswap_pool_limit_hit++;
if (zswap_shrink()) {
zswap_reject_reclaim_fail++;
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto reject;
}
/* A second zswap_is_full() check after
* zswap_shrink() to make sure it's now
* under the max_pool_percent
*/
if (zswap_is_full()) {
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto reject;
}
}
/* allocate entry */
entry = zswap_entry_cache_alloc(GFP_KERNEL);
if (!entry) {
zswap_reject_kmemcache_fail++;
ret = -ENOMEM;
goto reject;
}
if (zswap_same_filled_pages_enabled) {
src = kmap_atomic(page);
if (zswap_is_page_same_filled(src, &value)) {
kunmap_atomic(src);
entry->offset = offset;
entry->length = 0;
entry->value = value;
atomic_inc(&zswap_same_filled_pages);
goto insert_entry;
}
kunmap_atomic(src);
}
/* if entry is successfully added, it keeps the reference */
entry->pool = zswap_pool_current_get();
if (!entry->pool) {
ret = -EINVAL;
goto freepage;
}
/* compress */
dst = get_cpu_var(zswap_dstmem);
tfm = *get_cpu_ptr(entry->pool->tfm);
src = kmap_atomic(page);
ret = crypto_comp_compress(tfm, src, PAGE_SIZE, dst, &dlen);
kunmap_atomic(src);
put_cpu_ptr(entry->pool->tfm);
if (ret) {
ret = -EINVAL;
goto put_dstmem;
}
/* store */
hlen = zpool_evictable(entry->pool->zpool) ? sizeof(zhdr) : 0;
ret = zpool_malloc(entry->pool->zpool, hlen + dlen,
__GFP_NORETRY | __GFP_NOWARN | __GFP_KSWAPD_RECLAIM,
&handle);
if (ret == -ENOSPC) {
zswap_reject_compress_poor++;
goto put_dstmem;
}
if (ret) {
zswap_reject_alloc_fail++;
goto put_dstmem;
}
buf = zpool_map_handle(entry->pool->zpool, handle, ZPOOL_MM_RW);
memcpy(buf, &zhdr, hlen);
memcpy(buf + hlen, dst, dlen);
zpool_unmap_handle(entry->pool->zpool, handle);
put_cpu_var(zswap_dstmem);
/* populate entry */
entry->offset = offset;
entry->handle = handle;
entry->length = dlen;
insert_entry:
/* map */
spin_lock(&tree->lock);
do {
ret = zswap_rb_insert(&tree->rbroot, entry, &dupentry);
if (ret == -EEXIST) {
zswap_duplicate_entry++;
/* remove from rbtree */
zswap_rb_erase(&tree->rbroot, dupentry);
zswap_entry_put(tree, dupentry);
}
} while (ret == -EEXIST);
spin_unlock(&tree->lock);
/* update stats */
atomic_inc(&zswap_stored_pages);
zswap_update_total_size();
return 0;
put_dstmem:
put_cpu_var(zswap_dstmem);
zswap_pool_put(entry->pool);
freepage:
zswap_entry_cache_free(entry);
reject:
return ret;
}
/*
* returns 0 if the page was successfully decompressed
* return -1 on entry not found or error
*/
static int zswap_frontswap_load(unsigned type, pgoff_t offset,
struct page *page)
{
struct zswap_tree *tree = zswap_trees[type];
struct zswap_entry *entry;
struct crypto_comp *tfm;
u8 *src, *dst;
unsigned int dlen;
int ret;
/* find */
spin_lock(&tree->lock);
entry = zswap_entry_find_get(&tree->rbroot, offset);
if (!entry) {
/* entry was written back */
spin_unlock(&tree->lock);
return -1;
}
spin_unlock(&tree->lock);
if (!entry->length) {
dst = kmap_atomic(page);
zswap_fill_page(dst, entry->value);
kunmap_atomic(dst);
goto freeentry;
}
/* decompress */
dlen = PAGE_SIZE;
src = zpool_map_handle(entry->pool->zpool, entry->handle, ZPOOL_MM_RO);
if (zpool_evictable(entry->pool->zpool))
src += sizeof(struct zswap_header);
dst = kmap_atomic(page);
tfm = *get_cpu_ptr(entry->pool->tfm);
ret = crypto_comp_decompress(tfm, src, entry->length, dst, &dlen);
put_cpu_ptr(entry->pool->tfm);
kunmap_atomic(dst);
zpool_unmap_handle(entry->pool->zpool, entry->handle);
BUG_ON(ret);
freeentry:
spin_lock(&tree->lock);
zswap_entry_put(tree, entry);
spin_unlock(&tree->lock);
return 0;
}
/* frees an entry in zswap */
static void zswap_frontswap_invalidate_page(unsigned type, pgoff_t offset)
{
struct zswap_tree *tree = zswap_trees[type];
struct zswap_entry *entry;
/* find */
spin_lock(&tree->lock);
entry = zswap_rb_search(&tree->rbroot, offset);
if (!entry) {
/* entry was written back */
spin_unlock(&tree->lock);
return;
}
/* remove from rbtree */
zswap_rb_erase(&tree->rbroot, entry);
/* drop the initial reference from entry creation */
zswap_entry_put(tree, entry);
spin_unlock(&tree->lock);
}
/* frees all zswap entries for the given swap type */
static void zswap_frontswap_invalidate_area(unsigned type)
{
struct zswap_tree *tree = zswap_trees[type];
struct zswap_entry *entry, *n;
if (!tree)
return;
/* walk the tree and free everything */
spin_lock(&tree->lock);
rbtree_postorder_for_each_entry_safe(entry, n, &tree->rbroot, rbnode)
zswap_free_entry(entry);
tree->rbroot = RB_ROOT;
spin_unlock(&tree->lock);
kfree(tree);
zswap_trees[type] = NULL;
}
static void zswap_frontswap_init(unsigned type)
{
struct zswap_tree *tree;
tree = kzalloc(sizeof(*tree), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!tree) {
pr_err("alloc failed, zswap disabled for swap type %d\n", type);
return;
}
tree->rbroot = RB_ROOT;
spin_lock_init(&tree->lock);
zswap_trees[type] = tree;
}
static struct frontswap_ops zswap_frontswap_ops = {
.store = zswap_frontswap_store,
.load = zswap_frontswap_load,
.invalidate_page = zswap_frontswap_invalidate_page,
.invalidate_area = zswap_frontswap_invalidate_area,
.init = zswap_frontswap_init
};
/*********************************
* debugfs functions
**********************************/
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_FS
#include <linux/debugfs.h>
static struct dentry *zswap_debugfs_root;
static int __init zswap_debugfs_init(void)
{
if (!debugfs_initialized())
return -ENODEV;
zswap_debugfs_root = debugfs_create_dir("zswap", NULL);
debugfs_create_u64("pool_limit_hit", 0444,
zswap_debugfs_root, &zswap_pool_limit_hit);
debugfs_create_u64("reject_reclaim_fail", 0444,
zswap_debugfs_root, &zswap_reject_reclaim_fail);
debugfs_create_u64("reject_alloc_fail", 0444,
zswap_debugfs_root, &zswap_reject_alloc_fail);
debugfs_create_u64("reject_kmemcache_fail", 0444,
zswap_debugfs_root, &zswap_reject_kmemcache_fail);
debugfs_create_u64("reject_compress_poor", 0444,
zswap_debugfs_root, &zswap_reject_compress_poor);
debugfs_create_u64("written_back_pages", 0444,
zswap_debugfs_root, &zswap_written_back_pages);
debugfs_create_u64("duplicate_entry", 0444,
zswap_debugfs_root, &zswap_duplicate_entry);
debugfs_create_u64("pool_total_size", 0444,
zswap_debugfs_root, &zswap_pool_total_size);
debugfs_create_atomic_t("stored_pages", 0444,
zswap_debugfs_root, &zswap_stored_pages);
debugfs_create_atomic_t("same_filled_pages", 0444,
zswap_debugfs_root, &zswap_same_filled_pages);
return 0;
}
static void __exit zswap_debugfs_exit(void)
{
debugfs_remove_recursive(zswap_debugfs_root);
}
#else
static int __init zswap_debugfs_init(void)
{
return 0;
}
static void __exit zswap_debugfs_exit(void) { }
#endif
/*********************************
* module init and exit
**********************************/
static int __init init_zswap(void)
{
struct zswap_pool *pool;
int ret;
zswap_init_started = true;
if (zswap_entry_cache_create()) {
pr_err("entry cache creation failed\n");
goto cache_fail;
}
ret = cpuhp_setup_state(CPUHP_MM_ZSWP_MEM_PREPARE, "mm/zswap:prepare",
zswap_dstmem_prepare, zswap_dstmem_dead);
if (ret) {
pr_err("dstmem alloc failed\n");
goto dstmem_fail;
}
ret = cpuhp_setup_state_multi(CPUHP_MM_ZSWP_POOL_PREPARE,
"mm/zswap_pool:prepare",
zswap_cpu_comp_prepare,
zswap_cpu_comp_dead);
if (ret)
goto hp_fail;
pool = __zswap_pool_create_fallback();
if (pool) {
pr_info("loaded using pool %s/%s\n", pool->tfm_name,
zpool_get_type(pool->zpool));
list_add(&pool->list, &zswap_pools);
zswap_has_pool = true;
} else {
pr_err("pool creation failed\n");
zswap_enabled = false;
}
frontswap_register_ops(&zswap_frontswap_ops);
if (zswap_debugfs_init())
pr_warn("debugfs initialization failed\n");
return 0;
hp_fail:
cpuhp_remove_state(CPUHP_MM_ZSWP_MEM_PREPARE);
dstmem_fail:
zswap_entry_cache_destroy();
cache_fail:
/* if built-in, we aren't unloaded on failure; don't allow use */
zswap_init_failed = true;
zswap_enabled = false;
return -ENOMEM;
}
/* must be late so crypto has time to come up */
late_initcall(init_zswap);
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL");
MODULE_AUTHOR("Seth Jennings <sjennings@variantweb.net>");
MODULE_DESCRIPTION("Compressed cache for swap pages");
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