Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with
or
.
Download ZIP
Fetching contributors…

Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

463 lines (409 sloc) 11.885 kB
/*
* kernel/mutex-debug.c
*
* Debugging code for mutexes
*
* Started by Ingo Molnar:
*
* Copyright (C) 2004, 2005, 2006 Red Hat, Inc., Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
*
* lock debugging, locking tree, deadlock detection started by:
*
* Copyright (C) 2004, LynuxWorks, Inc., Igor Manyilov, Bill Huey
* Released under the General Public License (GPL).
*/
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/kallsyms.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include "mutex-debug.h"
/*
* We need a global lock when we walk through the multi-process
* lock tree. Only used in the deadlock-debugging case.
*/
DEFINE_SPINLOCK(debug_mutex_lock);
/*
* All locks held by all tasks, in a single global list:
*/
LIST_HEAD(debug_mutex_held_locks);
/*
* In the debug case we carry the caller's instruction pointer into
* other functions, but we dont want the function argument overhead
* in the nondebug case - hence these macros:
*/
#define __IP_DECL__ , unsigned long ip
#define __IP__ , ip
#define __RET_IP__ , (unsigned long)__builtin_return_address(0)
/*
* "mutex debugging enabled" flag. We turn it off when we detect
* the first problem because we dont want to recurse back
* into the tracing code when doing error printk or
* executing a BUG():
*/
int debug_mutex_on = 1;
static void printk_task(struct task_struct *p)
{
if (p)
printk("%16s:%5d [%p, %3d]", p->comm, p->pid, p, p->prio);
else
printk("<none>");
}
static void printk_ti(struct thread_info *ti)
{
if (ti)
printk_task(ti->task);
else
printk("<none>");
}
static void printk_task_short(struct task_struct *p)
{
if (p)
printk("%s/%d [%p, %3d]", p->comm, p->pid, p, p->prio);
else
printk("<none>");
}
static void printk_lock(struct mutex *lock, int print_owner)
{
printk(" [%p] {%s}\n", lock, lock->name);
if (print_owner && lock->owner) {
printk(".. held by: ");
printk_ti(lock->owner);
printk("\n");
}
if (lock->owner) {
printk("... acquired at: ");
print_symbol("%s\n", lock->acquire_ip);
}
}
/*
* printk locks held by a task:
*/
static void show_task_locks(struct task_struct *p)
{
switch (p->state) {
case TASK_RUNNING: printk("R"); break;
case TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE: printk("S"); break;
case TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE: printk("D"); break;
case TASK_STOPPED: printk("T"); break;
case EXIT_ZOMBIE: printk("Z"); break;
case EXIT_DEAD: printk("X"); break;
default: printk("?"); break;
}
printk_task(p);
if (p->blocked_on) {
struct mutex *lock = p->blocked_on->lock;
printk(" blocked on mutex:");
printk_lock(lock, 1);
} else
printk(" (not blocked on mutex)\n");
}
/*
* printk all locks held in the system (if filter == NULL),
* or all locks belonging to a single task (if filter != NULL):
*/
void show_held_locks(struct task_struct *filter)
{
struct list_head *curr, *cursor = NULL;
struct mutex *lock;
struct thread_info *t;
unsigned long flags;
int count = 0;
if (filter) {
printk("------------------------------\n");
printk("| showing all locks held by: | (");
printk_task_short(filter);
printk("):\n");
printk("------------------------------\n");
} else {
printk("---------------------------\n");
printk("| showing all locks held: |\n");
printk("---------------------------\n");
}
/*
* Play safe and acquire the global trace lock. We
* cannot printk with that lock held so we iterate
* very carefully:
*/
next:
debug_spin_lock_save(&debug_mutex_lock, flags);
list_for_each(curr, &debug_mutex_held_locks) {
if (cursor && curr != cursor)
continue;
lock = list_entry(curr, struct mutex, held_list);
t = lock->owner;
if (filter && (t != filter->thread_info))
continue;
count++;
cursor = curr->next;
debug_spin_lock_restore(&debug_mutex_lock, flags);
printk("\n#%03d: ", count);
printk_lock(lock, filter ? 0 : 1);
goto next;
}
debug_spin_lock_restore(&debug_mutex_lock, flags);
printk("\n");
}
void mutex_debug_show_all_locks(void)
{
struct task_struct *g, *p;
int count = 10;
int unlock = 1;
printk("\nShowing all blocking locks in the system:\n");
/*
* Here we try to get the tasklist_lock as hard as possible,
* if not successful after 2 seconds we ignore it (but keep
* trying). This is to enable a debug printout even if a
* tasklist_lock-holding task deadlocks or crashes.
*/
retry:
if (!read_trylock(&tasklist_lock)) {
if (count == 10)
printk("hm, tasklist_lock locked, retrying... ");
if (count) {
count--;
printk(" #%d", 10-count);
mdelay(200);
goto retry;
}
printk(" ignoring it.\n");
unlock = 0;
}
if (count != 10)
printk(" locked it.\n");
do_each_thread(g, p) {
show_task_locks(p);
if (!unlock)
if (read_trylock(&tasklist_lock))
unlock = 1;
} while_each_thread(g, p);
printk("\n");
show_held_locks(NULL);
printk("=============================================\n\n");
if (unlock)
read_unlock(&tasklist_lock);
}
static void report_deadlock(struct task_struct *task, struct mutex *lock,
struct mutex *lockblk, unsigned long ip)
{
printk("\n%s/%d is trying to acquire this lock:\n",
current->comm, current->pid);
printk_lock(lock, 1);
printk("... trying at: ");
print_symbol("%s\n", ip);
show_held_locks(current);
if (lockblk) {
printk("but %s/%d is deadlocking current task %s/%d!\n\n",
task->comm, task->pid, current->comm, current->pid);
printk("\n%s/%d is blocked on this lock:\n",
task->comm, task->pid);
printk_lock(lockblk, 1);
show_held_locks(task);
printk("\n%s/%d's [blocked] stackdump:\n\n",
task->comm, task->pid);
show_stack(task, NULL);
}
printk("\n%s/%d's [current] stackdump:\n\n",
current->comm, current->pid);
dump_stack();
mutex_debug_show_all_locks();
printk("[ turning off deadlock detection. Please report this. ]\n\n");
local_irq_disable();
}
/*
* Recursively check for mutex deadlocks:
*/
static int check_deadlock(struct mutex *lock, int depth,
struct thread_info *ti, unsigned long ip)
{
struct mutex *lockblk;
struct task_struct *task;
if (!debug_mutex_on)
return 0;
ti = lock->owner;
if (!ti)
return 0;
task = ti->task;
lockblk = NULL;
if (task->blocked_on)
lockblk = task->blocked_on->lock;
/* Self-deadlock: */
if (current == task) {
DEBUG_OFF();
if (depth)
return 1;
printk("\n==========================================\n");
printk( "[ BUG: lock recursion deadlock detected! |\n");
printk( "------------------------------------------\n");
report_deadlock(task, lock, NULL, ip);
return 0;
}
/* Ugh, something corrupted the lock data structure? */
if (depth > 20) {
DEBUG_OFF();
printk("\n===========================================\n");
printk( "[ BUG: infinite lock dependency detected!? |\n");
printk( "-------------------------------------------\n");
report_deadlock(task, lock, lockblk, ip);
return 0;
}
/* Recursively check for dependencies: */
if (lockblk && check_deadlock(lockblk, depth+1, ti, ip)) {
printk("\n============================================\n");
printk( "[ BUG: circular locking deadlock detected! ]\n");
printk( "--------------------------------------------\n");
report_deadlock(task, lock, lockblk, ip);
return 0;
}
return 0;
}
/*
* Called when a task exits, this function checks whether the
* task is holding any locks, and reports the first one if so:
*/
void mutex_debug_check_no_locks_held(struct task_struct *task)
{
struct list_head *curr, *next;
struct thread_info *t;
unsigned long flags;
struct mutex *lock;
if (!debug_mutex_on)
return;
debug_spin_lock_save(&debug_mutex_lock, flags);
list_for_each_safe(curr, next, &debug_mutex_held_locks) {
lock = list_entry(curr, struct mutex, held_list);
t = lock->owner;
if (t != task->thread_info)
continue;
list_del_init(curr);
DEBUG_OFF();
debug_spin_lock_restore(&debug_mutex_lock, flags);
printk("BUG: %s/%d, lock held at task exit time!\n",
task->comm, task->pid);
printk_lock(lock, 1);
if (lock->owner != task->thread_info)
printk("exiting task is not even the owner??\n");
return;
}
debug_spin_lock_restore(&debug_mutex_lock, flags);
}
/*
* Called when kernel memory is freed (or unmapped), or if a mutex
* is destroyed or reinitialized - this code checks whether there is
* any held lock in the memory range of <from> to <to>:
*/
void mutex_debug_check_no_locks_freed(const void *from, unsigned long len)
{
struct list_head *curr, *next;
const void *to = from + len;
unsigned long flags;
struct mutex *lock;
void *lock_addr;
if (!debug_mutex_on)
return;
debug_spin_lock_save(&debug_mutex_lock, flags);
list_for_each_safe(curr, next, &debug_mutex_held_locks) {
lock = list_entry(curr, struct mutex, held_list);
lock_addr = lock;
if (lock_addr < from || lock_addr >= to)
continue;
list_del_init(curr);
DEBUG_OFF();
debug_spin_lock_restore(&debug_mutex_lock, flags);
printk("BUG: %s/%d, active lock [%p(%p-%p)] freed!\n",
current->comm, current->pid, lock, from, to);
dump_stack();
printk_lock(lock, 1);
if (lock->owner != current_thread_info())
printk("freeing task is not even the owner??\n");
return;
}
debug_spin_lock_restore(&debug_mutex_lock, flags);
}
/*
* Must be called with lock->wait_lock held.
*/
void debug_mutex_set_owner(struct mutex *lock,
struct thread_info *new_owner __IP_DECL__)
{
lock->owner = new_owner;
DEBUG_WARN_ON(!list_empty(&lock->held_list));
if (debug_mutex_on) {
list_add_tail(&lock->held_list, &debug_mutex_held_locks);
lock->acquire_ip = ip;
}
}
void debug_mutex_init_waiter(struct mutex_waiter *waiter)
{
memset(waiter, 0x11, sizeof(*waiter));
waiter->magic = waiter;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&waiter->list);
}
void debug_mutex_wake_waiter(struct mutex *lock, struct mutex_waiter *waiter)
{
SMP_DEBUG_WARN_ON(!spin_is_locked(&lock->wait_lock));
DEBUG_WARN_ON(list_empty(&lock->wait_list));
DEBUG_WARN_ON(waiter->magic != waiter);
DEBUG_WARN_ON(list_empty(&waiter->list));
}
void debug_mutex_free_waiter(struct mutex_waiter *waiter)
{
DEBUG_WARN_ON(!list_empty(&waiter->list));
memset(waiter, 0x22, sizeof(*waiter));
}
void debug_mutex_add_waiter(struct mutex *lock, struct mutex_waiter *waiter,
struct thread_info *ti __IP_DECL__)
{
SMP_DEBUG_WARN_ON(!spin_is_locked(&lock->wait_lock));
check_deadlock(lock, 0, ti, ip);
/* Mark the current thread as blocked on the lock: */
ti->task->blocked_on = waiter;
waiter->lock = lock;
}
void mutex_remove_waiter(struct mutex *lock, struct mutex_waiter *waiter,
struct thread_info *ti)
{
DEBUG_WARN_ON(list_empty(&waiter->list));
DEBUG_WARN_ON(waiter->task != ti->task);
DEBUG_WARN_ON(ti->task->blocked_on != waiter);
ti->task->blocked_on = NULL;
list_del_init(&waiter->list);
waiter->task = NULL;
}
void debug_mutex_unlock(struct mutex *lock)
{
DEBUG_WARN_ON(lock->magic != lock);
DEBUG_WARN_ON(!lock->wait_list.prev && !lock->wait_list.next);
DEBUG_WARN_ON(lock->owner != current_thread_info());
if (debug_mutex_on) {
DEBUG_WARN_ON(list_empty(&lock->held_list));
list_del_init(&lock->held_list);
}
}
void debug_mutex_init(struct mutex *lock, const char *name)
{
/*
* Make sure we are not reinitializing a held lock:
*/
mutex_debug_check_no_locks_freed((void *)lock, sizeof(*lock));
lock->owner = NULL;
INIT_LIST_HEAD(&lock->held_list);
lock->name = name;
lock->magic = lock;
}
/***
* mutex_destroy - mark a mutex unusable
* @lock: the mutex to be destroyed
*
* This function marks the mutex uninitialized, and any subsequent
* use of the mutex is forbidden. The mutex must not be locked when
* this function is called.
*/
void fastcall mutex_destroy(struct mutex *lock)
{
DEBUG_WARN_ON(mutex_is_locked(lock));
lock->magic = NULL;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(mutex_destroy);
Jump to Line
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.