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/*
* The "user cache".
*
* (C) Copyright 1991-2000 Linus Torvalds
*
* We have a per-user structure to keep track of how many
* processes, files etc the user has claimed, in order to be
* able to have per-user limits for system resources.
*/
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/key.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
/*
* UID task count cache, to get fast user lookup in "alloc_uid"
* when changing user ID's (ie setuid() and friends).
*/
#define UIDHASH_BITS (CONFIG_BASE_SMALL ? 3 : 8)
#define UIDHASH_SZ (1 << UIDHASH_BITS)
#define UIDHASH_MASK (UIDHASH_SZ - 1)
#define __uidhashfn(uid) (((uid >> UIDHASH_BITS) + uid) & UIDHASH_MASK)
#define uidhashentry(uid) (uidhash_table + __uidhashfn((uid)))
static kmem_cache_t *uid_cachep;
static struct list_head uidhash_table[UIDHASH_SZ];
/*
* The uidhash_lock is mostly taken from process context, but it is
* occasionally also taken from softirq/tasklet context, when
* task-structs get RCU-freed. Hence all locking must be softirq-safe.
* But free_uid() is also called with local interrupts disabled, and running
* local_bh_enable() with local interrupts disabled is an error - we'll run
* softirq callbacks, and they can unconditionally enable interrupts, and
* the caller of free_uid() didn't expect that..
*/
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(uidhash_lock);
struct user_struct root_user = {
.__count = ATOMIC_INIT(1),
.processes = ATOMIC_INIT(1),
.files = ATOMIC_INIT(0),
.sigpending = ATOMIC_INIT(0),
.mq_bytes = 0,
.locked_shm = 0,
#ifdef CONFIG_KEYS
.uid_keyring = &root_user_keyring,
.session_keyring = &root_session_keyring,
#endif
};
/*
* These routines must be called with the uidhash spinlock held!
*/
static inline void uid_hash_insert(struct user_struct *up, struct list_head *hashent)
{
list_add(&up->uidhash_list, hashent);
}
static inline void uid_hash_remove(struct user_struct *up)
{
list_del(&up->uidhash_list);
}
static inline struct user_struct *uid_hash_find(uid_t uid, struct list_head *hashent)
{
struct list_head *up;
list_for_each(up, hashent) {
struct user_struct *user;
user = list_entry(up, struct user_struct, uidhash_list);
if(user->uid == uid) {
atomic_inc(&user->__count);
return user;
}
}
return NULL;
}
/*
* Locate the user_struct for the passed UID. If found, take a ref on it. The
* caller must undo that ref with free_uid().
*
* If the user_struct could not be found, return NULL.
*/
struct user_struct *find_user(uid_t uid)
{
struct user_struct *ret;
unsigned long flags;
spin_lock_irqsave(&uidhash_lock, flags);
ret = uid_hash_find(uid, uidhashentry(uid));
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uidhash_lock, flags);
return ret;
}
void free_uid(struct user_struct *up)
{
unsigned long flags;
if (!up)
return;
local_irq_save(flags);
if (atomic_dec_and_lock(&up->__count, &uidhash_lock)) {
uid_hash_remove(up);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uidhash_lock, flags);
key_put(up->uid_keyring);
key_put(up->session_keyring);
kmem_cache_free(uid_cachep, up);
} else {
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
}
struct user_struct * alloc_uid(uid_t uid)
{
struct list_head *hashent = uidhashentry(uid);
struct user_struct *up;
spin_lock_irq(&uidhash_lock);
up = uid_hash_find(uid, hashent);
spin_unlock_irq(&uidhash_lock);
if (!up) {
struct user_struct *new;
new = kmem_cache_alloc(uid_cachep, SLAB_KERNEL);
if (!new)
return NULL;
new->uid = uid;
atomic_set(&new->__count, 1);
atomic_set(&new->processes, 0);
atomic_set(&new->files, 0);
atomic_set(&new->sigpending, 0);
#ifdef CONFIG_INOTIFY_USER
atomic_set(&new->inotify_watches, 0);
atomic_set(&new->inotify_devs, 0);
#endif
new->mq_bytes = 0;
new->locked_shm = 0;
if (alloc_uid_keyring(new, current) < 0) {
kmem_cache_free(uid_cachep, new);
return NULL;
}
/*
* Before adding this, check whether we raced
* on adding the same user already..
*/
spin_lock_irq(&uidhash_lock);
up = uid_hash_find(uid, hashent);
if (up) {
key_put(new->uid_keyring);
key_put(new->session_keyring);
kmem_cache_free(uid_cachep, new);
} else {
uid_hash_insert(new, hashent);
up = new;
}
spin_unlock_irq(&uidhash_lock);
}
return up;
}
void switch_uid(struct user_struct *new_user)
{
struct user_struct *old_user;
/* What if a process setreuid()'s and this brings the
* new uid over his NPROC rlimit? We can check this now
* cheaply with the new uid cache, so if it matters
* we should be checking for it. -DaveM
*/
old_user = current->user;
atomic_inc(&new_user->processes);
atomic_dec(&old_user->processes);
switch_uid_keyring(new_user);
current->user = new_user;
free_uid(old_user);
suid_keys(current);
}
static int __init uid_cache_init(void)
{
int n;
uid_cachep = kmem_cache_create("uid_cache", sizeof(struct user_struct),
0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC, NULL, NULL);
for(n = 0; n < UIDHASH_SZ; ++n)
INIT_LIST_HEAD(uidhash_table + n);
/* Insert the root user immediately (init already runs as root) */
spin_lock_irq(&uidhash_lock);
uid_hash_insert(&root_user, uidhashentry(0));
spin_unlock_irq(&uidhash_lock);
return 0;
}
module_init(uid_cache_init);
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