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/* Copyright 2005 Rusty Russell rusty@rustcorp.com.au IBM Corporation.
* GPL v2 and any later version.
*/
#include <linux/stop_machine.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/err.h>
#include <linux/syscalls.h>
#include <asm/atomic.h>
#include <asm/semaphore.h>
#include <asm/uaccess.h>
/* Since we effect priority and affinity (both of which are visible
* to, and settable by outside processes) we do indirection via a
* kthread. */
/* Thread to stop each CPU in user context. */
enum stopmachine_state {
STOPMACHINE_WAIT,
STOPMACHINE_PREPARE,
STOPMACHINE_DISABLE_IRQ,
STOPMACHINE_EXIT,
};
static enum stopmachine_state stopmachine_state;
static unsigned int stopmachine_num_threads;
static atomic_t stopmachine_thread_ack;
static DECLARE_MUTEX(stopmachine_mutex);
static int stopmachine(void *cpu)
{
int irqs_disabled = 0;
int prepared = 0;
set_cpus_allowed(current, cpumask_of_cpu((int)(long)cpu));
/* Ack: we are alive */
smp_mb(); /* Theoretically the ack = 0 might not be on this CPU yet. */
atomic_inc(&stopmachine_thread_ack);
/* Simple state machine */
while (stopmachine_state != STOPMACHINE_EXIT) {
if (stopmachine_state == STOPMACHINE_DISABLE_IRQ
&& !irqs_disabled) {
local_irq_disable();
irqs_disabled = 1;
/* Ack: irqs disabled. */
smp_mb(); /* Must read state first. */
atomic_inc(&stopmachine_thread_ack);
} else if (stopmachine_state == STOPMACHINE_PREPARE
&& !prepared) {
/* Everyone is in place, hold CPU. */
preempt_disable();
prepared = 1;
smp_mb(); /* Must read state first. */
atomic_inc(&stopmachine_thread_ack);
}
/* Yield in first stage: migration threads need to
* help our sisters onto their CPUs. */
if (!prepared && !irqs_disabled)
yield();
else
cpu_relax();
}
/* Ack: we are exiting. */
smp_mb(); /* Must read state first. */
atomic_inc(&stopmachine_thread_ack);
if (irqs_disabled)
local_irq_enable();
if (prepared)
preempt_enable();
return 0;
}
/* Change the thread state */
static void stopmachine_set_state(enum stopmachine_state state)
{
atomic_set(&stopmachine_thread_ack, 0);
smp_wmb();
stopmachine_state = state;
while (atomic_read(&stopmachine_thread_ack) != stopmachine_num_threads)
cpu_relax();
}
static int stop_machine(void)
{
int i, ret = 0;
struct sched_param param = { .sched_priority = MAX_RT_PRIO-1 };
/* One high-prio thread per cpu. We'll do this one. */
sched_setscheduler(current, SCHED_FIFO, &param);
atomic_set(&stopmachine_thread_ack, 0);
stopmachine_num_threads = 0;
stopmachine_state = STOPMACHINE_WAIT;
for_each_online_cpu(i) {
if (i == raw_smp_processor_id())
continue;
ret = kernel_thread(stopmachine, (void *)(long)i,CLONE_KERNEL);
if (ret < 0)
break;
stopmachine_num_threads++;
}
/* Wait for them all to come to life. */
while (atomic_read(&stopmachine_thread_ack) != stopmachine_num_threads)
yield();
/* If some failed, kill them all. */
if (ret < 0) {
stopmachine_set_state(STOPMACHINE_EXIT);
return ret;
}
/* Now they are all started, make them hold the CPUs, ready. */
preempt_disable();
stopmachine_set_state(STOPMACHINE_PREPARE);
/* Make them disable irqs. */
local_irq_disable();
stopmachine_set_state(STOPMACHINE_DISABLE_IRQ);
return 0;
}
static void restart_machine(void)
{
stopmachine_set_state(STOPMACHINE_EXIT);
local_irq_enable();
preempt_enable_no_resched();
}
struct stop_machine_data
{
int (*fn)(void *);
void *data;
struct completion done;
};
static int do_stop(void *_smdata)
{
struct stop_machine_data *smdata = _smdata;
int ret;
ret = stop_machine();
if (ret == 0) {
ret = smdata->fn(smdata->data);
restart_machine();
}
/* We're done: you can kthread_stop us now */
complete(&smdata->done);
/* Wait for kthread_stop */
set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
while (!kthread_should_stop()) {
schedule();
set_current_state(TASK_INTERRUPTIBLE);
}
__set_current_state(TASK_RUNNING);
return ret;
}
struct task_struct *__stop_machine_run(int (*fn)(void *), void *data,
unsigned int cpu)
{
struct stop_machine_data smdata;
struct task_struct *p;
smdata.fn = fn;
smdata.data = data;
init_completion(&smdata.done);
down(&stopmachine_mutex);
/* If they don't care which CPU fn runs on, bind to any online one. */
if (cpu == NR_CPUS)
cpu = raw_smp_processor_id();
p = kthread_create(do_stop, &smdata, "kstopmachine");
if (!IS_ERR(p)) {
kthread_bind(p, cpu);
wake_up_process(p);
wait_for_completion(&smdata.done);
}
up(&stopmachine_mutex);
return p;
}
int stop_machine_run(int (*fn)(void *), void *data, unsigned int cpu)
{
struct task_struct *p;
int ret;
/* No CPUs can come up or down during this. */
lock_cpu_hotplug();
p = __stop_machine_run(fn, data, cpu);
if (!IS_ERR(p))
ret = kthread_stop(p);
else
ret = PTR_ERR(p);
unlock_cpu_hotplug();
return ret;
}
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