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/*
* Read-Copy Update mechanism for mutual exclusion
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
* along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
* Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
*
* Copyright (C) IBM Corporation, 2001
*
* Authors: Dipankar Sarma <dipankar@in.ibm.com>
* Manfred Spraul <manfred@colorfullife.com>
*
* Based on the original work by Paul McKenney <paulmck@us.ibm.com>
* and inputs from Rusty Russell, Andrea Arcangeli and Andi Kleen.
* Papers:
* http://www.rdrop.com/users/paulmck/paper/rclockpdcsproof.pdf
* http://lse.sourceforge.net/locking/rclock_OLS.2001.05.01c.sc.pdf (OLS2001)
*
* For detailed explanation of Read-Copy Update mechanism see -
* http://lse.sourceforge.net/locking/rcupdate.html
*
*/
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/kernel.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/spinlock.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/rcupdate.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <asm/atomic.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/completion.h>
#include <linux/moduleparam.h>
#include <linux/percpu.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
#ifdef CONFIG_DEBUG_LOCK_ALLOC
static struct lock_class_key rcu_lock_key;
struct lockdep_map rcu_lock_map =
STATIC_LOCKDEP_MAP_INIT("rcu_read_lock", &rcu_lock_key);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_lock_map);
#endif
/* Definition for rcupdate control block. */
static struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_ctrlblk = {
.cur = -300,
.completed = -300,
.lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(&rcu_ctrlblk.lock),
.cpumask = CPU_MASK_NONE,
};
static struct rcu_ctrlblk rcu_bh_ctrlblk = {
.cur = -300,
.completed = -300,
.lock = __SPIN_LOCK_UNLOCKED(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk.lock),
.cpumask = CPU_MASK_NONE,
};
DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_data, rcu_data) = { 0L };
DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct rcu_data, rcu_bh_data) = { 0L };
/* Fake initialization required by compiler */
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct tasklet_struct, rcu_tasklet) = {NULL};
static int blimit = 10;
static int qhimark = 10000;
static int qlowmark = 100;
static atomic_t rcu_barrier_cpu_count;
static DEFINE_MUTEX(rcu_barrier_mutex);
static struct completion rcu_barrier_completion;
#ifdef CONFIG_SMP
static void force_quiescent_state(struct rcu_data *rdp,
struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
{
int cpu;
cpumask_t cpumask;
set_need_resched();
if (unlikely(!rcp->signaled)) {
rcp->signaled = 1;
/*
* Don't send IPI to itself. With irqs disabled,
* rdp->cpu is the current cpu.
*/
cpumask = rcp->cpumask;
cpu_clear(rdp->cpu, cpumask);
for_each_cpu_mask(cpu, cpumask)
smp_send_reschedule(cpu);
}
}
#else
static inline void force_quiescent_state(struct rcu_data *rdp,
struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
{
set_need_resched();
}
#endif
/**
* call_rcu - Queue an RCU callback for invocation after a grace period.
* @head: structure to be used for queueing the RCU updates.
* @func: actual update function to be invoked after the grace period
*
* The update function will be invoked some time after a full grace
* period elapses, in other words after all currently executing RCU
* read-side critical sections have completed. RCU read-side critical
* sections are delimited by rcu_read_lock() and rcu_read_unlock(),
* and may be nested.
*/
void fastcall call_rcu(struct rcu_head *head,
void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu))
{
unsigned long flags;
struct rcu_data *rdp;
head->func = func;
head->next = NULL;
local_irq_save(flags);
rdp = &__get_cpu_var(rcu_data);
*rdp->nxttail = head;
rdp->nxttail = &head->next;
if (unlikely(++rdp->qlen > qhimark)) {
rdp->blimit = INT_MAX;
force_quiescent_state(rdp, &rcu_ctrlblk);
}
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
/**
* call_rcu_bh - Queue an RCU for invocation after a quicker grace period.
* @head: structure to be used for queueing the RCU updates.
* @func: actual update function to be invoked after the grace period
*
* The update function will be invoked some time after a full grace
* period elapses, in other words after all currently executing RCU
* read-side critical sections have completed. call_rcu_bh() assumes
* that the read-side critical sections end on completion of a softirq
* handler. This means that read-side critical sections in process
* context must not be interrupted by softirqs. This interface is to be
* used when most of the read-side critical sections are in softirq context.
* RCU read-side critical sections are delimited by rcu_read_lock() and
* rcu_read_unlock(), * if in interrupt context or rcu_read_lock_bh()
* and rcu_read_unlock_bh(), if in process context. These may be nested.
*/
void fastcall call_rcu_bh(struct rcu_head *head,
void (*func)(struct rcu_head *rcu))
{
unsigned long flags;
struct rcu_data *rdp;
head->func = func;
head->next = NULL;
local_irq_save(flags);
rdp = &__get_cpu_var(rcu_bh_data);
*rdp->nxttail = head;
rdp->nxttail = &head->next;
if (unlikely(++rdp->qlen > qhimark)) {
rdp->blimit = INT_MAX;
force_quiescent_state(rdp, &rcu_bh_ctrlblk);
}
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
/*
* Return the number of RCU batches processed thus far. Useful
* for debug and statistics.
*/
long rcu_batches_completed(void)
{
return rcu_ctrlblk.completed;
}
/*
* Return the number of RCU batches processed thus far. Useful
* for debug and statistics.
*/
long rcu_batches_completed_bh(void)
{
return rcu_bh_ctrlblk.completed;
}
static void rcu_barrier_callback(struct rcu_head *notused)
{
if (atomic_dec_and_test(&rcu_barrier_cpu_count))
complete(&rcu_barrier_completion);
}
/*
* Called with preemption disabled, and from cross-cpu IRQ context.
*/
static void rcu_barrier_func(void *notused)
{
int cpu = smp_processor_id();
struct rcu_data *rdp = &per_cpu(rcu_data, cpu);
struct rcu_head *head;
head = &rdp->barrier;
atomic_inc(&rcu_barrier_cpu_count);
call_rcu(head, rcu_barrier_callback);
}
/**
* rcu_barrier - Wait until all the in-flight RCUs are complete.
*/
void rcu_barrier(void)
{
BUG_ON(in_interrupt());
/* Take cpucontrol mutex to protect against CPU hotplug */
mutex_lock(&rcu_barrier_mutex);
init_completion(&rcu_barrier_completion);
atomic_set(&rcu_barrier_cpu_count, 0);
on_each_cpu(rcu_barrier_func, NULL, 0, 1);
wait_for_completion(&rcu_barrier_completion);
mutex_unlock(&rcu_barrier_mutex);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_barrier);
/*
* Invoke the completed RCU callbacks. They are expected to be in
* a per-cpu list.
*/
static void rcu_do_batch(struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
struct rcu_head *next, *list;
int count = 0;
list = rdp->donelist;
while (list) {
next = list->next;
prefetch(next);
list->func(list);
list = next;
if (++count >= rdp->blimit)
break;
}
rdp->donelist = list;
local_irq_disable();
rdp->qlen -= count;
local_irq_enable();
if (rdp->blimit == INT_MAX && rdp->qlen <= qlowmark)
rdp->blimit = blimit;
if (!rdp->donelist)
rdp->donetail = &rdp->donelist;
else
tasklet_schedule(&per_cpu(rcu_tasklet, rdp->cpu));
}
/*
* Grace period handling:
* The grace period handling consists out of two steps:
* - A new grace period is started.
* This is done by rcu_start_batch. The start is not broadcasted to
* all cpus, they must pick this up by comparing rcp->cur with
* rdp->quiescbatch. All cpus are recorded in the
* rcu_ctrlblk.cpumask bitmap.
* - All cpus must go through a quiescent state.
* Since the start of the grace period is not broadcasted, at least two
* calls to rcu_check_quiescent_state are required:
* The first call just notices that a new grace period is running. The
* following calls check if there was a quiescent state since the beginning
* of the grace period. If so, it updates rcu_ctrlblk.cpumask. If
* the bitmap is empty, then the grace period is completed.
* rcu_check_quiescent_state calls rcu_start_batch(0) to start the next grace
* period (if necessary).
*/
/*
* Register a new batch of callbacks, and start it up if there is currently no
* active batch and the batch to be registered has not already occurred.
* Caller must hold rcu_ctrlblk.lock.
*/
static void rcu_start_batch(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
{
if (rcp->next_pending &&
rcp->completed == rcp->cur) {
rcp->next_pending = 0;
/*
* next_pending == 0 must be visible in
* __rcu_process_callbacks() before it can see new value of cur.
*/
smp_wmb();
rcp->cur++;
/*
* Accessing nohz_cpu_mask before incrementing rcp->cur needs a
* Barrier Otherwise it can cause tickless idle CPUs to be
* included in rcp->cpumask, which will extend graceperiods
* unnecessarily.
*/
smp_mb();
cpus_andnot(rcp->cpumask, cpu_online_map, nohz_cpu_mask);
rcp->signaled = 0;
}
}
/*
* cpu went through a quiescent state since the beginning of the grace period.
* Clear it from the cpu mask and complete the grace period if it was the last
* cpu. Start another grace period if someone has further entries pending
*/
static void cpu_quiet(int cpu, struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp)
{
cpu_clear(cpu, rcp->cpumask);
if (cpus_empty(rcp->cpumask)) {
/* batch completed ! */
rcp->completed = rcp->cur;
rcu_start_batch(rcp);
}
}
/*
* Check if the cpu has gone through a quiescent state (say context
* switch). If so and if it already hasn't done so in this RCU
* quiescent cycle, then indicate that it has done so.
*/
static void rcu_check_quiescent_state(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp,
struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
if (rdp->quiescbatch != rcp->cur) {
/* start new grace period: */
rdp->qs_pending = 1;
rdp->passed_quiesc = 0;
rdp->quiescbatch = rcp->cur;
return;
}
/* Grace period already completed for this cpu?
* qs_pending is checked instead of the actual bitmap to avoid
* cacheline trashing.
*/
if (!rdp->qs_pending)
return;
/*
* Was there a quiescent state since the beginning of the grace
* period? If no, then exit and wait for the next call.
*/
if (!rdp->passed_quiesc)
return;
rdp->qs_pending = 0;
spin_lock(&rcp->lock);
/*
* rdp->quiescbatch/rcp->cur and the cpu bitmap can come out of sync
* during cpu startup. Ignore the quiescent state.
*/
if (likely(rdp->quiescbatch == rcp->cur))
cpu_quiet(rdp->cpu, rcp);
spin_unlock(&rcp->lock);
}
#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
/* warning! helper for rcu_offline_cpu. do not use elsewhere without reviewing
* locking requirements, the list it's pulling from has to belong to a cpu
* which is dead and hence not processing interrupts.
*/
static void rcu_move_batch(struct rcu_data *this_rdp, struct rcu_head *list,
struct rcu_head **tail)
{
local_irq_disable();
*this_rdp->nxttail = list;
if (list)
this_rdp->nxttail = tail;
local_irq_enable();
}
static void __rcu_offline_cpu(struct rcu_data *this_rdp,
struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
/* if the cpu going offline owns the grace period
* we can block indefinitely waiting for it, so flush
* it here
*/
spin_lock_bh(&rcp->lock);
if (rcp->cur != rcp->completed)
cpu_quiet(rdp->cpu, rcp);
spin_unlock_bh(&rcp->lock);
rcu_move_batch(this_rdp, rdp->curlist, rdp->curtail);
rcu_move_batch(this_rdp, rdp->nxtlist, rdp->nxttail);
rcu_move_batch(this_rdp, rdp->donelist, rdp->donetail);
}
static void rcu_offline_cpu(int cpu)
{
struct rcu_data *this_rdp = &get_cpu_var(rcu_data);
struct rcu_data *this_bh_rdp = &get_cpu_var(rcu_bh_data);
__rcu_offline_cpu(this_rdp, &rcu_ctrlblk,
&per_cpu(rcu_data, cpu));
__rcu_offline_cpu(this_bh_rdp, &rcu_bh_ctrlblk,
&per_cpu(rcu_bh_data, cpu));
put_cpu_var(rcu_data);
put_cpu_var(rcu_bh_data);
tasklet_kill_immediate(&per_cpu(rcu_tasklet, cpu), cpu);
}
#else
static void rcu_offline_cpu(int cpu)
{
}
#endif
/*
* This does the RCU processing work from tasklet context.
*/
static void __rcu_process_callbacks(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp,
struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
if (rdp->curlist && !rcu_batch_before(rcp->completed, rdp->batch)) {
*rdp->donetail = rdp->curlist;
rdp->donetail = rdp->curtail;
rdp->curlist = NULL;
rdp->curtail = &rdp->curlist;
}
if (rdp->nxtlist && !rdp->curlist) {
local_irq_disable();
rdp->curlist = rdp->nxtlist;
rdp->curtail = rdp->nxttail;
rdp->nxtlist = NULL;
rdp->nxttail = &rdp->nxtlist;
local_irq_enable();
/*
* start the next batch of callbacks
*/
/* determine batch number */
rdp->batch = rcp->cur + 1;
/* see the comment and corresponding wmb() in
* the rcu_start_batch()
*/
smp_rmb();
if (!rcp->next_pending) {
/* and start it/schedule start if it's a new batch */
spin_lock(&rcp->lock);
rcp->next_pending = 1;
rcu_start_batch(rcp);
spin_unlock(&rcp->lock);
}
}
rcu_check_quiescent_state(rcp, rdp);
if (rdp->donelist)
rcu_do_batch(rdp);
}
static void rcu_process_callbacks(unsigned long unused)
{
__rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_ctrlblk, &__get_cpu_var(rcu_data));
__rcu_process_callbacks(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk, &__get_cpu_var(rcu_bh_data));
}
static int __rcu_pending(struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp, struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
/* This cpu has pending rcu entries and the grace period
* for them has completed.
*/
if (rdp->curlist && !rcu_batch_before(rcp->completed, rdp->batch))
return 1;
/* This cpu has no pending entries, but there are new entries */
if (!rdp->curlist && rdp->nxtlist)
return 1;
/* This cpu has finished callbacks to invoke */
if (rdp->donelist)
return 1;
/* The rcu core waits for a quiescent state from the cpu */
if (rdp->quiescbatch != rcp->cur || rdp->qs_pending)
return 1;
/* nothing to do */
return 0;
}
/*
* Check to see if there is any immediate RCU-related work to be done
* by the current CPU, returning 1 if so. This function is part of the
* RCU implementation; it is -not- an exported member of the RCU API.
*/
int rcu_pending(int cpu)
{
return __rcu_pending(&rcu_ctrlblk, &per_cpu(rcu_data, cpu)) ||
__rcu_pending(&rcu_bh_ctrlblk, &per_cpu(rcu_bh_data, cpu));
}
/*
* Check to see if any future RCU-related work will need to be done
* by the current CPU, even if none need be done immediately, returning
* 1 if so. This function is part of the RCU implementation; it is -not-
* an exported member of the RCU API.
*/
int rcu_needs_cpu(int cpu)
{
struct rcu_data *rdp = &per_cpu(rcu_data, cpu);
struct rcu_data *rdp_bh = &per_cpu(rcu_bh_data, cpu);
return (!!rdp->curlist || !!rdp_bh->curlist || rcu_pending(cpu));
}
void rcu_check_callbacks(int cpu, int user)
{
if (user ||
(idle_cpu(cpu) && !in_softirq() &&
hardirq_count() <= (1 << HARDIRQ_SHIFT))) {
rcu_qsctr_inc(cpu);
rcu_bh_qsctr_inc(cpu);
} else if (!in_softirq())
rcu_bh_qsctr_inc(cpu);
tasklet_schedule(&per_cpu(rcu_tasklet, cpu));
}
static void rcu_init_percpu_data(int cpu, struct rcu_ctrlblk *rcp,
struct rcu_data *rdp)
{
memset(rdp, 0, sizeof(*rdp));
rdp->curtail = &rdp->curlist;
rdp->nxttail = &rdp->nxtlist;
rdp->donetail = &rdp->donelist;
rdp->quiescbatch = rcp->completed;
rdp->qs_pending = 0;
rdp->cpu = cpu;
rdp->blimit = blimit;
}
static void __devinit rcu_online_cpu(int cpu)
{
struct rcu_data *rdp = &per_cpu(rcu_data, cpu);
struct rcu_data *bh_rdp = &per_cpu(rcu_bh_data, cpu);
rcu_init_percpu_data(cpu, &rcu_ctrlblk, rdp);
rcu_init_percpu_data(cpu, &rcu_bh_ctrlblk, bh_rdp);
tasklet_init(&per_cpu(rcu_tasklet, cpu), rcu_process_callbacks, 0UL);
}
static int __cpuinit rcu_cpu_notify(struct notifier_block *self,
unsigned long action, void *hcpu)
{
long cpu = (long)hcpu;
switch (action) {
case CPU_UP_PREPARE:
case CPU_UP_PREPARE_FROZEN:
rcu_online_cpu(cpu);
break;
case CPU_DEAD:
case CPU_DEAD_FROZEN:
rcu_offline_cpu(cpu);
break;
default:
break;
}
return NOTIFY_OK;
}
static struct notifier_block __cpuinitdata rcu_nb = {
.notifier_call = rcu_cpu_notify,
};
/*
* Initializes rcu mechanism. Assumed to be called early.
* That is before local timer(SMP) or jiffie timer (uniproc) is setup.
* Note that rcu_qsctr and friends are implicitly
* initialized due to the choice of ``0'' for RCU_CTR_INVALID.
*/
void __init rcu_init(void)
{
rcu_cpu_notify(&rcu_nb, CPU_UP_PREPARE,
(void *)(long)smp_processor_id());
/* Register notifier for non-boot CPUs */
register_cpu_notifier(&rcu_nb);
}
struct rcu_synchronize {
struct rcu_head head;
struct completion completion;
};
/* Because of FASTCALL declaration of complete, we use this wrapper */
static void wakeme_after_rcu(struct rcu_head *head)
{
struct rcu_synchronize *rcu;
rcu = container_of(head, struct rcu_synchronize, head);
complete(&rcu->completion);
}
/**
* synchronize_rcu - wait until a grace period has elapsed.
*
* Control will return to the caller some time after a full grace
* period has elapsed, in other words after all currently executing RCU
* read-side critical sections have completed. RCU read-side critical
* sections are delimited by rcu_read_lock() and rcu_read_unlock(),
* and may be nested.
*
* If your read-side code is not protected by rcu_read_lock(), do -not-
* use synchronize_rcu().
*/
void synchronize_rcu(void)
{
struct rcu_synchronize rcu;
init_completion(&rcu.completion);
/* Will wake me after RCU finished */
call_rcu(&rcu.head, wakeme_after_rcu);
/* Wait for it */
wait_for_completion(&rcu.completion);
}
module_param(blimit, int, 0);
module_param(qhimark, int, 0);
module_param(qlowmark, int, 0);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_batches_completed);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(rcu_batches_completed_bh);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(call_rcu_bh);
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(synchronize_rcu);
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