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/*
* The "user cache".
*
* (C) Copyright 1991-2000 Linus Torvalds
*
* We have a per-user structure to keep track of how many
* processes, files etc the user has claimed, in order to be
* able to have per-user limits for system resources.
*/
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
#include <linux/key.h>
#include <linux/interrupt.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/user_namespace.h>
/*
* UID task count cache, to get fast user lookup in "alloc_uid"
* when changing user ID's (ie setuid() and friends).
*/
#define UIDHASH_MASK (UIDHASH_SZ - 1)
#define __uidhashfn(uid) (((uid >> UIDHASH_BITS) + uid) & UIDHASH_MASK)
#define uidhashentry(ns, uid) ((ns)->uidhash_table + __uidhashfn((uid)))
static struct kmem_cache *uid_cachep;
/*
* The uidhash_lock is mostly taken from process context, but it is
* occasionally also taken from softirq/tasklet context, when
* task-structs get RCU-freed. Hence all locking must be softirq-safe.
* But free_uid() is also called with local interrupts disabled, and running
* local_bh_enable() with local interrupts disabled is an error - we'll run
* softirq callbacks, and they can unconditionally enable interrupts, and
* the caller of free_uid() didn't expect that..
*/
static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(uidhash_lock);
struct user_struct root_user = {
.__count = ATOMIC_INIT(1),
.processes = ATOMIC_INIT(1),
.files = ATOMIC_INIT(0),
.sigpending = ATOMIC_INIT(0),
.locked_shm = 0,
#ifdef CONFIG_KEYS
.uid_keyring = &root_user_keyring,
.session_keyring = &root_session_keyring,
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_USER_SCHED
.tg = &init_task_group,
#endif
};
/*
* These routines must be called with the uidhash spinlock held!
*/
static void uid_hash_insert(struct user_struct *up, struct hlist_head *hashent)
{
hlist_add_head(&up->uidhash_node, hashent);
}
static void uid_hash_remove(struct user_struct *up)
{
hlist_del_init(&up->uidhash_node);
}
static struct user_struct *uid_hash_find(uid_t uid, struct hlist_head *hashent)
{
struct user_struct *user;
struct hlist_node *h;
hlist_for_each_entry(user, h, hashent, uidhash_node) {
if (user->uid == uid) {
atomic_inc(&user->__count);
return user;
}
}
return NULL;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_FAIR_USER_SCHED
static void sched_destroy_user(struct user_struct *up)
{
sched_destroy_group(up->tg);
}
static int sched_create_user(struct user_struct *up)
{
int rc = 0;
up->tg = sched_create_group();
if (IS_ERR(up->tg))
rc = -ENOMEM;
return rc;
}
static void sched_switch_user(struct task_struct *p)
{
sched_move_task(p);
}
#else /* CONFIG_FAIR_USER_SCHED */
static void sched_destroy_user(struct user_struct *up) { }
static int sched_create_user(struct user_struct *up) { return 0; }
static void sched_switch_user(struct task_struct *p) { }
#endif /* CONFIG_FAIR_USER_SCHED */
#if defined(CONFIG_FAIR_USER_SCHED) && defined(CONFIG_SYSFS)
static struct kobject uids_kobject; /* represents /sys/kernel/uids directory */
static DEFINE_MUTEX(uids_mutex);
static inline void uids_mutex_lock(void)
{
mutex_lock(&uids_mutex);
}
static inline void uids_mutex_unlock(void)
{
mutex_unlock(&uids_mutex);
}
/* return cpu shares held by the user */
static ssize_t cpu_shares_show(struct kset *kset, char *buffer)
{
struct user_struct *up = container_of(kset, struct user_struct, kset);
return sprintf(buffer, "%lu\n", sched_group_shares(up->tg));
}
/* modify cpu shares held by the user */
static ssize_t cpu_shares_store(struct kset *kset, const char *buffer,
size_t size)
{
struct user_struct *up = container_of(kset, struct user_struct, kset);
unsigned long shares;
int rc;
sscanf(buffer, "%lu", &shares);
rc = sched_group_set_shares(up->tg, shares);
return (rc ? rc : size);
}
static void user_attr_init(struct subsys_attribute *sa, char *name, int mode)
{
sa->attr.name = name;
sa->attr.mode = mode;
sa->show = cpu_shares_show;
sa->store = cpu_shares_store;
}
/* Create "/sys/kernel/uids/<uid>" directory and
* "/sys/kernel/uids/<uid>/cpu_share" file for this user.
*/
static int user_kobject_create(struct user_struct *up)
{
struct kset *kset = &up->kset;
struct kobject *kobj = &kset->kobj;
int error;
memset(kset, 0, sizeof(struct kset));
kobj->parent = &uids_kobject; /* create under /sys/kernel/uids dir */
kobject_set_name(kobj, "%d", up->uid);
kset_init(kset);
user_attr_init(&up->user_attr, "cpu_share", 0644);
error = kobject_add(kobj);
if (error)
goto done;
error = sysfs_create_file(kobj, &up->user_attr.attr);
if (error)
kobject_del(kobj);
kobject_uevent(kobj, KOBJ_ADD);
done:
return error;
}
/* create these in sysfs filesystem:
* "/sys/kernel/uids" directory
* "/sys/kernel/uids/0" directory (for root user)
* "/sys/kernel/uids/0/cpu_share" file (for root user)
*/
int __init uids_kobject_init(void)
{
int error;
/* create under /sys/kernel dir */
uids_kobject.parent = &kernel_subsys.kobj;
uids_kobject.kset = &kernel_subsys;
kobject_set_name(&uids_kobject, "uids");
kobject_init(&uids_kobject);
error = kobject_add(&uids_kobject);
if (!error)
error = user_kobject_create(&root_user);
return error;
}
/* work function to remove sysfs directory for a user and free up
* corresponding structures.
*/
static void remove_user_sysfs_dir(struct work_struct *w)
{
struct user_struct *up = container_of(w, struct user_struct, work);
struct kobject *kobj = &up->kset.kobj;
unsigned long flags;
int remove_user = 0;
/* Make uid_hash_remove() + sysfs_remove_file() + kobject_del()
* atomic.
*/
uids_mutex_lock();
local_irq_save(flags);
if (atomic_dec_and_lock(&up->__count, &uidhash_lock)) {
uid_hash_remove(up);
remove_user = 1;
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uidhash_lock, flags);
} else {
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
if (!remove_user)
goto done;
sysfs_remove_file(kobj, &up->user_attr.attr);
kobject_uevent(kobj, KOBJ_REMOVE);
kobject_del(kobj);
sched_destroy_user(up);
key_put(up->uid_keyring);
key_put(up->session_keyring);
kmem_cache_free(uid_cachep, up);
done:
uids_mutex_unlock();
}
/* IRQs are disabled and uidhash_lock is held upon function entry.
* IRQ state (as stored in flags) is restored and uidhash_lock released
* upon function exit.
*/
static inline void free_user(struct user_struct *up, unsigned long flags)
{
/* restore back the count */
atomic_inc(&up->__count);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uidhash_lock, flags);
INIT_WORK(&up->work, remove_user_sysfs_dir);
schedule_work(&up->work);
}
#else /* CONFIG_FAIR_USER_SCHED && CONFIG_SYSFS */
static inline int user_kobject_create(struct user_struct *up) { return 0; }
static inline void uids_mutex_lock(void) { }
static inline void uids_mutex_unlock(void) { }
/* IRQs are disabled and uidhash_lock is held upon function entry.
* IRQ state (as stored in flags) is restored and uidhash_lock released
* upon function exit.
*/
static inline void free_user(struct user_struct *up, unsigned long flags)
{
uid_hash_remove(up);
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uidhash_lock, flags);
sched_destroy_user(up);
key_put(up->uid_keyring);
key_put(up->session_keyring);
kmem_cache_free(uid_cachep, up);
}
#endif
/*
* Locate the user_struct for the passed UID. If found, take a ref on it. The
* caller must undo that ref with free_uid().
*
* If the user_struct could not be found, return NULL.
*/
struct user_struct *find_user(uid_t uid)
{
struct user_struct *ret;
unsigned long flags;
struct user_namespace *ns = current->nsproxy->user_ns;
spin_lock_irqsave(&uidhash_lock, flags);
ret = uid_hash_find(uid, uidhashentry(ns, uid));
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uidhash_lock, flags);
return ret;
}
void free_uid(struct user_struct *up)
{
unsigned long flags;
if (!up)
return;
local_irq_save(flags);
if (atomic_dec_and_lock(&up->__count, &uidhash_lock))
free_user(up, flags);
else
local_irq_restore(flags);
}
struct user_struct * alloc_uid(struct user_namespace *ns, uid_t uid)
{
struct hlist_head *hashent = uidhashentry(ns, uid);
struct user_struct *up;
/* Make uid_hash_find() + user_kobject_create() + uid_hash_insert()
* atomic.
*/
uids_mutex_lock();
spin_lock_irq(&uidhash_lock);
up = uid_hash_find(uid, hashent);
spin_unlock_irq(&uidhash_lock);
if (!up) {
struct user_struct *new;
new = kmem_cache_alloc(uid_cachep, GFP_KERNEL);
if (!new) {
uids_mutex_unlock();
return NULL;
}
new->uid = uid;
atomic_set(&new->__count, 1);
atomic_set(&new->processes, 0);
atomic_set(&new->files, 0);
atomic_set(&new->sigpending, 0);
#ifdef CONFIG_INOTIFY_USER
atomic_set(&new->inotify_watches, 0);
atomic_set(&new->inotify_devs, 0);
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_POSIX_MQUEUE
new->mq_bytes = 0;
#endif
new->locked_shm = 0;
if (alloc_uid_keyring(new, current) < 0) {
kmem_cache_free(uid_cachep, new);
uids_mutex_unlock();
return NULL;
}
if (sched_create_user(new) < 0) {
key_put(new->uid_keyring);
key_put(new->session_keyring);
kmem_cache_free(uid_cachep, new);
uids_mutex_unlock();
return NULL;
}
if (user_kobject_create(new)) {
sched_destroy_user(new);
key_put(new->uid_keyring);
key_put(new->session_keyring);
kmem_cache_free(uid_cachep, new);
uids_mutex_unlock();
return NULL;
}
/*
* Before adding this, check whether we raced
* on adding the same user already..
*/
spin_lock_irq(&uidhash_lock);
up = uid_hash_find(uid, hashent);
if (up) {
/* This case is not possible when CONFIG_FAIR_USER_SCHED
* is defined, since we serialize alloc_uid() using
* uids_mutex. Hence no need to call
* sched_destroy_user() or remove_user_sysfs_dir().
*/
key_put(new->uid_keyring);
key_put(new->session_keyring);
kmem_cache_free(uid_cachep, new);
} else {
uid_hash_insert(new, hashent);
up = new;
}
spin_unlock_irq(&uidhash_lock);
}
uids_mutex_unlock();
return up;
}
void switch_uid(struct user_struct *new_user)
{
struct user_struct *old_user;
/* What if a process setreuid()'s and this brings the
* new uid over his NPROC rlimit? We can check this now
* cheaply with the new uid cache, so if it matters
* we should be checking for it. -DaveM
*/
old_user = current->user;
atomic_inc(&new_user->processes);
atomic_dec(&old_user->processes);
switch_uid_keyring(new_user);
current->user = new_user;
sched_switch_user(current);
/*
* We need to synchronize with __sigqueue_alloc()
* doing a get_uid(p->user).. If that saw the old
* user value, we need to wait until it has exited
* its critical region before we can free the old
* structure.
*/
smp_mb();
spin_unlock_wait(&current->sighand->siglock);
free_uid(old_user);
suid_keys(current);
}
void release_uids(struct user_namespace *ns)
{
int i;
unsigned long flags;
struct hlist_head *head;
struct hlist_node *nd;
spin_lock_irqsave(&uidhash_lock, flags);
/*
* collapse the chains so that the user_struct-s will
* be still alive, but not in hashes. subsequent free_uid()
* will free them.
*/
for (i = 0; i < UIDHASH_SZ; i++) {
head = ns->uidhash_table + i;
while (!hlist_empty(head)) {
nd = head->first;
hlist_del_init(nd);
}
}
spin_unlock_irqrestore(&uidhash_lock, flags);
free_uid(ns->root_user);
}
static int __init uid_cache_init(void)
{
int n;
uid_cachep = kmem_cache_create("uid_cache", sizeof(struct user_struct),
0, SLAB_HWCACHE_ALIGN|SLAB_PANIC, NULL);
for(n = 0; n < UIDHASH_SZ; ++n)
INIT_HLIST_HEAD(init_user_ns.uidhash_table + n);
/* Insert the root user immediately (init already runs as root) */
spin_lock_irq(&uidhash_lock);
uid_hash_insert(&root_user, uidhashentry(&init_user_ns, 0));
spin_unlock_irq(&uidhash_lock);
return 0;
}
module_init(uid_cache_init);
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