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/* CPU control.
* (C) 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004 Rusty Russell
*
* This code is licenced under the GPL.
*/
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
#include <linux/smp.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/sched.h>
#include <linux/unistd.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/stop_machine.h>
#include <linux/mutex.h>
/*
* Represents all cpu's present in the system
* In systems capable of hotplug, this map could dynamically grow
* as new cpu's are detected in the system via any platform specific
* method, such as ACPI for e.g.
*/
cpumask_t cpu_present_map __read_mostly;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpu_present_map);
#ifndef CONFIG_SMP
/*
* Represents all cpu's that are currently online.
*/
cpumask_t cpu_online_map __read_mostly = CPU_MASK_ALL;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpu_online_map);
cpumask_t cpu_possible_map __read_mostly = CPU_MASK_ALL;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpu_possible_map);
#else /* CONFIG_SMP */
/* Serializes the updates to cpu_online_map, cpu_present_map */
static DEFINE_MUTEX(cpu_add_remove_lock);
static __cpuinitdata RAW_NOTIFIER_HEAD(cpu_chain);
/* If set, cpu_up and cpu_down will return -EBUSY and do nothing.
* Should always be manipulated under cpu_add_remove_lock
*/
static int cpu_hotplug_disabled;
static struct {
struct task_struct *active_writer;
struct mutex lock; /* Synchronizes accesses to refcount, */
/*
* Also blocks the new readers during
* an ongoing cpu hotplug operation.
*/
int refcount;
} cpu_hotplug;
void __init cpu_hotplug_init(void)
{
cpu_hotplug.active_writer = NULL;
mutex_init(&cpu_hotplug.lock);
cpu_hotplug.refcount = 0;
}
cpumask_t cpu_active_map;
#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
void get_online_cpus(void)
{
might_sleep();
if (cpu_hotplug.active_writer == current)
return;
mutex_lock(&cpu_hotplug.lock);
cpu_hotplug.refcount++;
mutex_unlock(&cpu_hotplug.lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_online_cpus);
void put_online_cpus(void)
{
if (cpu_hotplug.active_writer == current)
return;
mutex_lock(&cpu_hotplug.lock);
if (!--cpu_hotplug.refcount && unlikely(cpu_hotplug.active_writer))
wake_up_process(cpu_hotplug.active_writer);
mutex_unlock(&cpu_hotplug.lock);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(put_online_cpus);
#endif /* CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU */
/*
* The following two API's must be used when attempting
* to serialize the updates to cpu_online_map, cpu_present_map.
*/
void cpu_maps_update_begin(void)
{
mutex_lock(&cpu_add_remove_lock);
}
void cpu_maps_update_done(void)
{
mutex_unlock(&cpu_add_remove_lock);
}
/*
* This ensures that the hotplug operation can begin only when the
* refcount goes to zero.
*
* Note that during a cpu-hotplug operation, the new readers, if any,
* will be blocked by the cpu_hotplug.lock
*
* Since cpu_hotplug_begin() is always called after invoking
* cpu_maps_update_begin(), we can be sure that only one writer is active.
*
* Note that theoretically, there is a possibility of a livelock:
* - Refcount goes to zero, last reader wakes up the sleeping
* writer.
* - Last reader unlocks the cpu_hotplug.lock.
* - A new reader arrives at this moment, bumps up the refcount.
* - The writer acquires the cpu_hotplug.lock finds the refcount
* non zero and goes to sleep again.
*
* However, this is very difficult to achieve in practice since
* get_online_cpus() not an api which is called all that often.
*
*/
static void cpu_hotplug_begin(void)
{
cpu_hotplug.active_writer = current;
for (;;) {
mutex_lock(&cpu_hotplug.lock);
if (likely(!cpu_hotplug.refcount))
break;
__set_current_state(TASK_UNINTERRUPTIBLE);
mutex_unlock(&cpu_hotplug.lock);
schedule();
}
}
static void cpu_hotplug_done(void)
{
cpu_hotplug.active_writer = NULL;
mutex_unlock(&cpu_hotplug.lock);
}
/* Need to know about CPUs going up/down? */
int __ref register_cpu_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb)
{
int ret;
cpu_maps_update_begin();
ret = raw_notifier_chain_register(&cpu_chain, nb);
cpu_maps_update_done();
return ret;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU
EXPORT_SYMBOL(register_cpu_notifier);
void __ref unregister_cpu_notifier(struct notifier_block *nb)
{
cpu_maps_update_begin();
raw_notifier_chain_unregister(&cpu_chain, nb);
cpu_maps_update_done();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(unregister_cpu_notifier);
static inline void check_for_tasks(int cpu)
{
struct task_struct *p;
write_lock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
for_each_process(p) {
if (task_cpu(p) == cpu &&
(!cputime_eq(p->utime, cputime_zero) ||
!cputime_eq(p->stime, cputime_zero)))
printk(KERN_WARNING "Task %s (pid = %d) is on cpu %d\
(state = %ld, flags = %x) \n",
p->comm, task_pid_nr(p), cpu,
p->state, p->flags);
}
write_unlock_irq(&tasklist_lock);
}
struct take_cpu_down_param {
unsigned long mod;
void *hcpu;
};
/* Take this CPU down. */
static int __ref take_cpu_down(void *_param)
{
struct take_cpu_down_param *param = _param;
int err;
/* Ensure this CPU doesn't handle any more interrupts. */
err = __cpu_disable();
if (err < 0)
return err;
raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_DYING | param->mod,
param->hcpu);
/* Force idle task to run as soon as we yield: it should
immediately notice cpu is offline and die quickly. */
sched_idle_next();
return 0;
}
/* Requires cpu_add_remove_lock to be held */
static int __ref _cpu_down(unsigned int cpu, int tasks_frozen)
{
int err, nr_calls = 0;
cpumask_t old_allowed, tmp;
void *hcpu = (void *)(long)cpu;
unsigned long mod = tasks_frozen ? CPU_TASKS_FROZEN : 0;
struct take_cpu_down_param tcd_param = {
.mod = mod,
.hcpu = hcpu,
};
if (num_online_cpus() == 1)
return -EBUSY;
if (!cpu_online(cpu))
return -EINVAL;
cpu_hotplug_begin();
err = __raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_DOWN_PREPARE | mod,
hcpu, -1, &nr_calls);
if (err == NOTIFY_BAD) {
nr_calls--;
__raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_DOWN_FAILED | mod,
hcpu, nr_calls, NULL);
printk("%s: attempt to take down CPU %u failed\n",
__func__, cpu);
err = -EINVAL;
goto out_release;
}
/* Ensure that we are not runnable on dying cpu */
old_allowed = current->cpus_allowed;
cpus_setall(tmp);
cpu_clear(cpu, tmp);
set_cpus_allowed_ptr(current, &tmp);
tmp = cpumask_of_cpu(cpu);
err = __stop_machine(take_cpu_down, &tcd_param, &tmp);
if (err) {
/* CPU didn't die: tell everyone. Can't complain. */
if (raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_DOWN_FAILED | mod,
hcpu) == NOTIFY_BAD)
BUG();
goto out_allowed;
}
BUG_ON(cpu_online(cpu));
/* Wait for it to sleep (leaving idle task). */
while (!idle_cpu(cpu))
yield();
/* This actually kills the CPU. */
__cpu_die(cpu);
/* CPU is completely dead: tell everyone. Too late to complain. */
if (raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_DEAD | mod,
hcpu) == NOTIFY_BAD)
BUG();
check_for_tasks(cpu);
out_allowed:
set_cpus_allowed_ptr(current, &old_allowed);
out_release:
cpu_hotplug_done();
if (!err) {
if (raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_POST_DEAD | mod,
hcpu) == NOTIFY_BAD)
BUG();
}
return err;
}
int __ref cpu_down(unsigned int cpu)
{
int err = 0;
cpu_maps_update_begin();
if (cpu_hotplug_disabled) {
err = -EBUSY;
goto out;
}
cpu_clear(cpu, cpu_active_map);
/*
* Make sure the all cpus did the reschedule and are not
* using stale version of the cpu_active_map.
* This is not strictly necessary becuase stop_machine()
* that we run down the line already provides the required
* synchronization. But it's really a side effect and we do not
* want to depend on the innards of the stop_machine here.
*/
synchronize_sched();
err = _cpu_down(cpu, 0);
if (cpu_online(cpu))
cpu_set(cpu, cpu_active_map);
out:
cpu_maps_update_done();
return err;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpu_down);
#endif /*CONFIG_HOTPLUG_CPU*/
/* Requires cpu_add_remove_lock to be held */
static int __cpuinit _cpu_up(unsigned int cpu, int tasks_frozen)
{
int ret, nr_calls = 0;
void *hcpu = (void *)(long)cpu;
unsigned long mod = tasks_frozen ? CPU_TASKS_FROZEN : 0;
if (cpu_online(cpu) || !cpu_present(cpu))
return -EINVAL;
cpu_hotplug_begin();
ret = __raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_UP_PREPARE | mod, hcpu,
-1, &nr_calls);
if (ret == NOTIFY_BAD) {
nr_calls--;
printk("%s: attempt to bring up CPU %u failed\n",
__func__, cpu);
ret = -EINVAL;
goto out_notify;
}
/* Arch-specific enabling code. */
ret = __cpu_up(cpu);
if (ret != 0)
goto out_notify;
BUG_ON(!cpu_online(cpu));
cpu_set(cpu, cpu_active_map);
/* Now call notifier in preparation. */
raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, CPU_ONLINE | mod, hcpu);
out_notify:
if (ret != 0)
__raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain,
CPU_UP_CANCELED | mod, hcpu, nr_calls, NULL);
cpu_hotplug_done();
return ret;
}
int __cpuinit cpu_up(unsigned int cpu)
{
int err = 0;
if (!cpu_isset(cpu, cpu_possible_map)) {
printk(KERN_ERR "can't online cpu %d because it is not "
"configured as may-hotadd at boot time\n", cpu);
#if defined(CONFIG_IA64) || defined(CONFIG_X86_64)
printk(KERN_ERR "please check additional_cpus= boot "
"parameter\n");
#endif
return -EINVAL;
}
cpu_maps_update_begin();
if (cpu_hotplug_disabled) {
err = -EBUSY;
goto out;
}
err = _cpu_up(cpu, 0);
out:
cpu_maps_update_done();
return err;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP
static cpumask_t frozen_cpus;
int disable_nonboot_cpus(void)
{
int cpu, first_cpu, error = 0;
cpu_maps_update_begin();
first_cpu = first_cpu(cpu_online_map);
/* We take down all of the non-boot CPUs in one shot to avoid races
* with the userspace trying to use the CPU hotplug at the same time
*/
cpus_clear(frozen_cpus);
printk("Disabling non-boot CPUs ...\n");
for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
if (cpu == first_cpu)
continue;
error = _cpu_down(cpu, 1);
if (!error) {
cpu_set(cpu, frozen_cpus);
printk("CPU%d is down\n", cpu);
} else {
printk(KERN_ERR "Error taking CPU%d down: %d\n",
cpu, error);
break;
}
}
if (!error) {
BUG_ON(num_online_cpus() > 1);
/* Make sure the CPUs won't be enabled by someone else */
cpu_hotplug_disabled = 1;
} else {
printk(KERN_ERR "Non-boot CPUs are not disabled\n");
}
cpu_maps_update_done();
return error;
}
void __ref enable_nonboot_cpus(void)
{
int cpu, error;
/* Allow everyone to use the CPU hotplug again */
cpu_maps_update_begin();
cpu_hotplug_disabled = 0;
if (cpus_empty(frozen_cpus))
goto out;
printk("Enabling non-boot CPUs ...\n");
for_each_cpu_mask_nr(cpu, frozen_cpus) {
error = _cpu_up(cpu, 1);
if (!error) {
printk("CPU%d is up\n", cpu);
continue;
}
printk(KERN_WARNING "Error taking CPU%d up: %d\n", cpu, error);
}
cpus_clear(frozen_cpus);
out:
cpu_maps_update_done();
}
#endif /* CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP */
/**
* notify_cpu_starting(cpu) - call the CPU_STARTING notifiers
* @cpu: cpu that just started
*
* This function calls the cpu_chain notifiers with CPU_STARTING.
* It must be called by the arch code on the new cpu, before the new cpu
* enables interrupts and before the "boot" cpu returns from __cpu_up().
*/
void __cpuinit notify_cpu_starting(unsigned int cpu)
{
unsigned long val = CPU_STARTING;
#ifdef CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP
if (cpu_isset(cpu, frozen_cpus))
val = CPU_STARTING_FROZEN;
#endif /* CONFIG_PM_SLEEP_SMP */
raw_notifier_call_chain(&cpu_chain, val, (void *)(long)cpu);
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SMP */
/*
* cpu_bit_bitmap[] is a special, "compressed" data structure that
* represents all NR_CPUS bits binary values of 1<<nr.
*
* It is used by cpumask_of_cpu() to get a constant address to a CPU
* mask value that has a single bit set only.
*/
/* cpu_bit_bitmap[0] is empty - so we can back into it */
#define MASK_DECLARE_1(x) [x+1][0] = 1UL << (x)
#define MASK_DECLARE_2(x) MASK_DECLARE_1(x), MASK_DECLARE_1(x+1)
#define MASK_DECLARE_4(x) MASK_DECLARE_2(x), MASK_DECLARE_2(x+2)
#define MASK_DECLARE_8(x) MASK_DECLARE_4(x), MASK_DECLARE_4(x+4)
const unsigned long cpu_bit_bitmap[BITS_PER_LONG+1][BITS_TO_LONGS(NR_CPUS)] = {
MASK_DECLARE_8(0), MASK_DECLARE_8(8),
MASK_DECLARE_8(16), MASK_DECLARE_8(24),
#if BITS_PER_LONG > 32
MASK_DECLARE_8(32), MASK_DECLARE_8(40),
MASK_DECLARE_8(48), MASK_DECLARE_8(56),
#endif
};
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cpu_bit_bitmap);
const DECLARE_BITMAP(cpu_all_bits, NR_CPUS) = CPU_BITS_ALL;
EXPORT_SYMBOL(cpu_all_bits);
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