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#!/usr/bin/perl -w
# (c) 2008, Steven Rostedt <srostedt@redhat.com>
# Licensed under the terms of the GNU GPL License version 2
#
# recordmcount.pl - makes a section called __mcount_loc that holds
# all the offsets to the calls to mcount.
#
#
# What we want to end up with is a section in vmlinux called
# __mcount_loc that contains a list of pointers to all the
# call sites in the kernel that call mcount. Later on boot up, the kernel
# will read this list, save the locations and turn them into nops.
# When tracing or profiling is later enabled, these locations will then
# be converted back to pointers to some function.
#
# This is no easy feat. This script is called just after the original
# object is compiled and before it is linked.
#
# The references to the call sites are offsets from the section of text
# that the call site is in. Hence, all functions in a section that
# has a call site to mcount, will have the offset from the beginning of
# the section and not the beginning of the function.
#
# The trick is to find a way to record the beginning of the section.
# The way we do this is to look at the first function in the section
# which will also be the location of that section after final link.
# e.g.
#
# .section ".text.sched"
# .globl my_func
# my_func:
# [...]
# call mcount (offset: 0x5)
# [...]
# ret
# other_func:
# [...]
# call mcount (offset: 0x1b)
# [...]
#
# Both relocation offsets for the mcounts in the above example will be
# offset from .text.sched. If we make another file called tmp.s with:
#
# .section __mcount_loc
# .quad my_func + 0x5
# .quad my_func + 0x1b
#
# We can then compile this tmp.s into tmp.o, and link it to the original
# object.
#
# But this gets hard if my_func is not globl (a static function).
# In such a case we have:
#
# .section ".text.sched"
# my_func:
# [...]
# call mcount (offset: 0x5)
# [...]
# ret
# .globl my_func
# other_func:
# [...]
# call mcount (offset: 0x1b)
# [...]
#
# If we make the tmp.s the same as above, when we link together with
# the original object, we will end up with two symbols for my_func:
# one local, one global. After final compile, we will end up with
# an undefined reference to my_func.
#
# Since local objects can reference local variables, we need to find
# a way to make tmp.o reference the local objects of the original object
# file after it is linked together. To do this, we convert the my_func
# into a global symbol before linking tmp.o. Then after we link tmp.o
# we will only have a single symbol for my_func that is global.
# We can convert my_func back into a local symbol and we are done.
#
# Here are the steps we take:
#
# 1) Record all the local symbols by using 'nm'
# 2) Use objdump to find all the call site offsets and sections for
# mcount.
# 3) Compile the list into its own object.
# 4) Do we have to deal with local functions? If not, go to step 8.
# 5) Make an object that converts these local functions to global symbols
# with objcopy.
# 6) Link together this new object with the list object.
# 7) Convert the local functions back to local symbols and rename
# the result as the original object.
# End.
# 8) Link the object with the list object.
# 9) Move the result back to the original object.
# End.
#
use strict;
my $P = $0;
$P =~ s@.*/@@g;
my $V = '0.1';
if ($#ARGV < 6) {
print "usage: $P arch objdump objcopy cc ld nm rm mv inputfile\n";
print "version: $V\n";
exit(1);
}
my ($arch, $bits, $objdump, $objcopy, $cc,
$ld, $nm, $rm, $mv, $inputfile) = @ARGV;
# Acceptable sections to record.
my %text_sections = (
".text" => 1,
".sched.text" => 1,
".spinlock.text" => 1,
".irqentry.text" => 1,
);
$objdump = "objdump" if ((length $objdump) == 0);
$objcopy = "objcopy" if ((length $objcopy) == 0);
$cc = "gcc" if ((length $cc) == 0);
$ld = "ld" if ((length $ld) == 0);
$nm = "nm" if ((length $nm) == 0);
$rm = "rm" if ((length $rm) == 0);
$mv = "mv" if ((length $mv) == 0);
#print STDERR "running: $P '$arch' '$objdump' '$objcopy' '$cc' '$ld' " .
# "'$nm' '$rm' '$mv' '$inputfile'\n";
my %locals; # List of local (static) functions
my %weak; # List of weak functions
my %convert; # List of local functions used that needs conversion
my $type;
my $nm_regex; # Find the local functions (return function)
my $section_regex; # Find the start of a section
my $function_regex; # Find the name of a function
# (return offset and func name)
my $mcount_regex; # Find the call site to mcount (return offset)
my $alignment; # The .align value to use for $mcount_section
my $section_type; # Section header plus possible alignment command
if ($arch eq "x86") {
if ($bits == 64) {
$arch = "x86_64";
} else {
$arch = "i386";
}
}
#
# We base the defaults off of i386, the other archs may
# feel free to change them in the below if statements.
#
$nm_regex = "^[0-9a-fA-F]+\\s+t\\s+(\\S+)";
$section_regex = "Disassembly of section\\s+(\\S+):";
$function_regex = "^([0-9a-fA-F]+)\\s+<(.*?)>:";
$mcount_regex = "^\\s*([0-9a-fA-F]+):.*\\smcount\$";
$section_type = '@progbits';
$type = ".long";
if ($arch eq "x86_64") {
$mcount_regex = "^\\s*([0-9a-fA-F]+):.*\\smcount([+-]0x[0-9a-zA-Z]+)?\$";
$type = ".quad";
$alignment = 8;
# force flags for this arch
$ld .= " -m elf_x86_64";
$objdump .= " -M x86-64";
$objcopy .= " -O elf64-x86-64";
$cc .= " -m64";
} elsif ($arch eq "i386") {
$alignment = 4;
# force flags for this arch
$ld .= " -m elf_i386";
$objdump .= " -M i386";
$objcopy .= " -O elf32-i386";
$cc .= " -m32";
} elsif ($arch eq "sh") {
$alignment = 2;
# force flags for this arch
$ld .= " -m shlelf_linux";
$objcopy .= " -O elf32-sh-linux";
$cc .= " -m32";
} elsif ($arch eq "powerpc") {
$nm_regex = "^[0-9a-fA-F]+\\s+t\\s+(\\.?\\S+)";
$function_regex = "^([0-9a-fA-F]+)\\s+<(\\.?.*?)>:";
$mcount_regex = "^\\s*([0-9a-fA-F]+):.*\\s\\.?_mcount\$";
if ($bits == 64) {
$type = ".quad";
}
} elsif ($arch eq "arm") {
$alignment = 2;
$section_type = '%progbits';
} else {
die "Arch $arch is not supported with CONFIG_FTRACE_MCOUNT_RECORD";
}
my $text_found = 0;
my $read_function = 0;
my $opened = 0;
my $mcount_section = "__mcount_loc";
my $dirname;
my $filename;
my $prefix;
my $ext;
if ($inputfile =~ m,^(.*)/([^/]*)$,) {
$dirname = $1;
$filename = $2;
} else {
$dirname = ".";
$filename = $inputfile;
}
if ($filename =~ m,^(.*)(\.\S),) {
$prefix = $1;
$ext = $2;
} else {
$prefix = $filename;
$ext = "";
}
my $mcount_s = $dirname . "/.tmp_mc_" . $prefix . ".s";
my $mcount_o = $dirname . "/.tmp_mc_" . $prefix . ".o";
#
# --globalize-symbols came out in 2.17, we must test the version
# of objcopy, and if it is less than 2.17, then we can not
# record local functions.
my $use_locals = 01;
my $local_warn_once = 0;
my $found_version = 0;
open (IN, "$objcopy --version |") || die "error running $objcopy";
while (<IN>) {
if (/objcopy.*\s(\d+)\.(\d+)/) {
my $major = $1;
my $minor = $2;
$found_version = 1;
if ($major < 2 ||
($major == 2 && $minor < 17)) {
$use_locals = 0;
}
last;
}
}
close (IN);
if (!$found_version) {
print STDERR "WARNING: could not find objcopy version.\n" .
"\tDisabling local function references.\n";
}
#
# Step 1: find all the local (static functions) and weak symbols.
# 't' is local, 'w/W' is weak (we never use a weak function)
#
open (IN, "$nm $inputfile|") || die "error running $nm";
while (<IN>) {
if (/$nm_regex/) {
$locals{$1} = 1;
} elsif (/^[0-9a-fA-F]+\s+([wW])\s+(\S+)/) {
$weak{$2} = $1;
}
}
close(IN);
my @offsets; # Array of offsets of mcount callers
my $ref_func; # reference function to use for offsets
my $offset = 0; # offset of ref_func to section beginning
##
# update_funcs - print out the current mcount callers
#
# Go through the list of offsets to callers and write them to
# the output file in a format that can be read by an assembler.
#
sub update_funcs
{
return if ($#offsets < 0);
defined($ref_func) || die "No function to reference";
# A section only had a weak function, to represent it.
# Unfortunately, a weak function may be overwritten by another
# function of the same name, making all these offsets incorrect.
# To be safe, we simply print a warning and bail.
if (defined $weak{$ref_func}) {
print STDERR
"$inputfile: WARNING: referencing weak function" .
" $ref_func for mcount\n";
return;
}
# is this function static? If so, note this fact.
if (defined $locals{$ref_func}) {
# only use locals if objcopy supports globalize-symbols
if (!$use_locals) {
return;
}
$convert{$ref_func} = 1;
}
# Loop through all the mcount caller offsets and print a reference
# to the caller based from the ref_func.
for (my $i=0; $i <= $#offsets; $i++) {
if (!$opened) {
open(FILE, ">$mcount_s") || die "can't create $mcount_s\n";
$opened = 1;
print FILE "\t.section $mcount_section,\"a\",$section_type\n";
print FILE "\t.align $alignment\n" if (defined($alignment));
}
printf FILE "\t%s %s + %d\n", $type, $ref_func, $offsets[$i] - $offset;
}
}
#
# Step 2: find the sections and mcount call sites
#
open(IN, "$objdump -dr $inputfile|") || die "error running $objdump";
my $text;
while (<IN>) {
# is it a section?
if (/$section_regex/) {
# Only record text sections that we know are safe
if (defined($text_sections{$1})) {
$read_function = 1;
} else {
$read_function = 0;
}
# print out any recorded offsets
update_funcs() if ($text_found);
# reset all markers and arrays
$text_found = 0;
undef($ref_func);
undef(@offsets);
# section found, now is this a start of a function?
} elsif ($read_function && /$function_regex/) {
$text_found = 1;
$offset = hex $1;
$text = $2;
# if this is either a local function or a weak function
# keep looking for functions that are global that
# we can use safely.
if (!defined($locals{$text}) && !defined($weak{$text})) {
$ref_func = $text;
$read_function = 0;
} else {
# if we already have a function, and this is weak, skip it
if (!defined($ref_func) || !defined($weak{$text})) {
$ref_func = $text;
}
}
}
# is this a call site to mcount? If so, record it to print later
if ($text_found && /$mcount_regex/) {
$offsets[$#offsets + 1] = hex $1;
}
}
# dump out anymore offsets that may have been found
update_funcs() if ($text_found);
# If we did not find any mcount callers, we are done (do nothing).
if (!$opened) {
exit(0);
}
close(FILE);
#
# Step 3: Compile the file that holds the list of call sites to mcount.
#
`$cc -o $mcount_o -c $mcount_s`;
my @converts = keys %convert;
#
# Step 4: Do we have sections that started with local functions?
#
if ($#converts >= 0) {
my $globallist = "";
my $locallist = "";
foreach my $con (@converts) {
$globallist .= " --globalize-symbol $con";
$locallist .= " --localize-symbol $con";
}
my $globalobj = $dirname . "/.tmp_gl_" . $filename;
my $globalmix = $dirname . "/.tmp_mx_" . $filename;
#
# Step 5: set up each local function as a global
#
`$objcopy $globallist $inputfile $globalobj`;
#
# Step 6: Link the global version to our list.
#
`$ld -r $globalobj $mcount_o -o $globalmix`;
#
# Step 7: Convert the local functions back into local symbols
#
`$objcopy $locallist $globalmix $inputfile`;
# Remove the temp files
`$rm $globalobj $globalmix`;
} else {
my $mix = $dirname . "/.tmp_mx_" . $filename;
#
# Step 8: Link the object with our list of call sites object.
#
`$ld -r $inputfile $mcount_o -o $mix`;
#
# Step 9: Move the result back to the original object.
#
`$mv $mix $inputfile`;
}
# Clean up the temp files
`$rm $mcount_o $mcount_s`;
exit(0);
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