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Export CPU topology info via sysfs. Items (attributes) are similar
to /proc/cpuinfo.
1) /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/topology/physical_package_id:
physical package id of cpuX. Typically corresponds to a physical
socket number, but the actual value is architecture and platform
2) /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/topology/core_id:
the CPU core ID of cpuX. Typically it is the hardware platform's
identifier (rather than the kernel's). The actual value is
architecture and platform dependent.
3) /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/topology/thread_siblings:
internel kernel map of cpuX's hardware threads within the same
core as cpuX
4) /sys/devices/system/cpu/cpuX/topology/core_siblings:
internal kernel map of cpuX's hardware threads within the same
To implement it in an architecture-neutral way, a new source file,
drivers/base/topology.c, is to export the 4 attributes.
For an architecture to support this feature, it must define some of
these macros in include/asm-XXX/topology.h:
#define topology_physical_package_id(cpu)
#define topology_core_id(cpu)
#define topology_thread_cpumask(cpu)
#define topology_core_cpumask(cpu)
The type of **_id is int.
The type of siblings is (const) struct cpumask *.
To be consistent on all architectures, include/linux/topology.h
provides default definitions for any of the above macros that are
not defined by include/asm-XXX/topology.h:
1) physical_package_id: -1
2) core_id: 0
3) thread_siblings: just the given CPU
4) core_siblings: just the given CPU
Additionally, CPU topology information is provided under
/sys/devices/system/cpu and includes these files. The internal
source for the output is in brackets ("[]").
kernel_max: the maximum CPU index allowed by the kernel configuration.
offline: CPUs that are not online because they have been
HOTPLUGGED off (see cpu-hotplug.txt) or exceed the limit
of CPUs allowed by the kernel configuration (kernel_max
above). [~cpu_online_mask + cpus >= NR_CPUS]
online: CPUs that are online and being scheduled [cpu_online_mask]
possible: CPUs that have been allocated resources and can be
brought online if they are present. [cpu_possible_mask]
present: CPUs that have been identified as being present in the
system. [cpu_present_mask]
The format for the above output is compatible with cpulist_parse()
[see <linux/cpumask.h>]. Some examples follow.
In this example, there are 64 CPUs in the system but cpus 32-63 exceed
the kernel max which is limited to 0..31 by the NR_CPUS config option
being 32. Note also that CPUs 2 and 4-31 are not online but could be
brought online as they are both present and possible.
kernel_max: 31
offline: 2,4-31,32-63
online: 0-1,3
possible: 0-31
present: 0-31
In this example, the NR_CPUS config option is 128, but the kernel was
started with possible_cpus=144. There are 4 CPUs in the system and cpu2
was manually taken offline (and is the only CPU that can be brought
kernel_max: 127
offline: 2,4-127,128-143
online: 0-1,3
possible: 0-127
present: 0-3
See cpu-hotplug.txt for the possible_cpus=NUM kernel start parameter
as well as more information on the various cpumasks.
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