Skip to content

HTTPS clone URL

Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with HTTPS or Subversion.

Download ZIP
Fetching contributors…

Cannot retrieve contributors at this time

548 lines (457 sloc) 14.197 kb
/*
* Detect hard and soft lockups on a system
*
* started by Don Zickus, Copyright (C) 2010 Red Hat, Inc.
*
* Note: Most of this code is borrowed heavily from the original softlockup
* detector, so thanks to Ingo for the initial implementation.
* Some chunks also taken from the old x86-specific nmi watchdog code, thanks
* to those contributors as well.
*/
#define pr_fmt(fmt) "NMI watchdog: " fmt
#include <linux/mm.h>
#include <linux/cpu.h>
#include <linux/nmi.h>
#include <linux/init.h>
#include <linux/delay.h>
#include <linux/freezer.h>
#include <linux/kthread.h>
#include <linux/lockdep.h>
#include <linux/notifier.h>
#include <linux/module.h>
#include <linux/sysctl.h>
#include <linux/smpboot.h>
#include <asm/irq_regs.h>
#include <linux/kvm_para.h>
#include <linux/perf_event.h>
int watchdog_enabled = 1;
int __read_mostly watchdog_thresh = 10;
static int __read_mostly watchdog_disabled;
static u64 __read_mostly sample_period;
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, watchdog_touch_ts);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct task_struct *, softlockup_watchdog);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct hrtimer, watchdog_hrtimer);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(bool, softlockup_touch_sync);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(bool, soft_watchdog_warn);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, hrtimer_interrupts);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, soft_lockup_hrtimer_cnt);
#ifdef CONFIG_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(bool, hard_watchdog_warn);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(bool, watchdog_nmi_touch);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(unsigned long, hrtimer_interrupts_saved);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct perf_event *, watchdog_ev);
#endif
/* boot commands */
/*
* Should we panic when a soft-lockup or hard-lockup occurs:
*/
#ifdef CONFIG_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR
static int hardlockup_panic =
CONFIG_BOOTPARAM_HARDLOCKUP_PANIC_VALUE;
static int __init hardlockup_panic_setup(char *str)
{
if (!strncmp(str, "panic", 5))
hardlockup_panic = 1;
else if (!strncmp(str, "nopanic", 7))
hardlockup_panic = 0;
else if (!strncmp(str, "0", 1))
watchdog_enabled = 0;
return 1;
}
__setup("nmi_watchdog=", hardlockup_panic_setup);
#endif
unsigned int __read_mostly softlockup_panic =
CONFIG_BOOTPARAM_SOFTLOCKUP_PANIC_VALUE;
static int __init softlockup_panic_setup(char *str)
{
softlockup_panic = simple_strtoul(str, NULL, 0);
return 1;
}
__setup("softlockup_panic=", softlockup_panic_setup);
static int __init nowatchdog_setup(char *str)
{
watchdog_enabled = 0;
return 1;
}
__setup("nowatchdog", nowatchdog_setup);
/* deprecated */
static int __init nosoftlockup_setup(char *str)
{
watchdog_enabled = 0;
return 1;
}
__setup("nosoftlockup", nosoftlockup_setup);
/* */
/*
* Hard-lockup warnings should be triggered after just a few seconds. Soft-
* lockups can have false positives under extreme conditions. So we generally
* want a higher threshold for soft lockups than for hard lockups. So we couple
* the thresholds with a factor: we make the soft threshold twice the amount of
* time the hard threshold is.
*/
static int get_softlockup_thresh(void)
{
return watchdog_thresh * 2;
}
/*
* Returns seconds, approximately. We don't need nanosecond
* resolution, and we don't need to waste time with a big divide when
* 2^30ns == 1.074s.
*/
static unsigned long get_timestamp(int this_cpu)
{
return cpu_clock(this_cpu) >> 30LL; /* 2^30 ~= 10^9 */
}
static void set_sample_period(void)
{
/*
* convert watchdog_thresh from seconds to ns
* the divide by 5 is to give hrtimer several chances (two
* or three with the current relation between the soft
* and hard thresholds) to increment before the
* hardlockup detector generates a warning
*/
sample_period = get_softlockup_thresh() * ((u64)NSEC_PER_SEC / 5);
}
/* Commands for resetting the watchdog */
static void __touch_watchdog(void)
{
int this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
__this_cpu_write(watchdog_touch_ts, get_timestamp(this_cpu));
}
void touch_softlockup_watchdog(void)
{
__this_cpu_write(watchdog_touch_ts, 0);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(touch_softlockup_watchdog);
void touch_all_softlockup_watchdogs(void)
{
int cpu;
/*
* this is done lockless
* do we care if a 0 races with a timestamp?
* all it means is the softlock check starts one cycle later
*/
for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
per_cpu(watchdog_touch_ts, cpu) = 0;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR
void touch_nmi_watchdog(void)
{
if (watchdog_enabled) {
unsigned cpu;
for_each_present_cpu(cpu) {
if (per_cpu(watchdog_nmi_touch, cpu) != true)
per_cpu(watchdog_nmi_touch, cpu) = true;
}
}
touch_softlockup_watchdog();
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(touch_nmi_watchdog);
#endif
void touch_softlockup_watchdog_sync(void)
{
__raw_get_cpu_var(softlockup_touch_sync) = true;
__raw_get_cpu_var(watchdog_touch_ts) = 0;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR
/* watchdog detector functions */
static int is_hardlockup(void)
{
unsigned long hrint = __this_cpu_read(hrtimer_interrupts);
if (__this_cpu_read(hrtimer_interrupts_saved) == hrint)
return 1;
__this_cpu_write(hrtimer_interrupts_saved, hrint);
return 0;
}
#endif
static int is_softlockup(unsigned long touch_ts)
{
unsigned long now = get_timestamp(smp_processor_id());
/* Warn about unreasonable delays: */
if (time_after(now, touch_ts + get_softlockup_thresh()))
return now - touch_ts;
return 0;
}
#ifdef CONFIG_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR
static struct perf_event_attr wd_hw_attr = {
.type = PERF_TYPE_HARDWARE,
.config = PERF_COUNT_HW_CPU_CYCLES,
.size = sizeof(struct perf_event_attr),
.pinned = 1,
.disabled = 1,
};
/* Callback function for perf event subsystem */
static void watchdog_overflow_callback(struct perf_event *event,
struct perf_sample_data *data,
struct pt_regs *regs)
{
/* Ensure the watchdog never gets throttled */
event->hw.interrupts = 0;
if (__this_cpu_read(watchdog_nmi_touch) == true) {
__this_cpu_write(watchdog_nmi_touch, false);
return;
}
/* check for a hardlockup
* This is done by making sure our timer interrupt
* is incrementing. The timer interrupt should have
* fired multiple times before we overflow'd. If it hasn't
* then this is a good indication the cpu is stuck
*/
if (is_hardlockup()) {
int this_cpu = smp_processor_id();
/* only print hardlockups once */
if (__this_cpu_read(hard_watchdog_warn) == true)
return;
if (hardlockup_panic)
panic("Watchdog detected hard LOCKUP on cpu %d", this_cpu);
else
WARN(1, "Watchdog detected hard LOCKUP on cpu %d", this_cpu);
__this_cpu_write(hard_watchdog_warn, true);
return;
}
__this_cpu_write(hard_watchdog_warn, false);
return;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR */
static void watchdog_interrupt_count(void)
{
__this_cpu_inc(hrtimer_interrupts);
}
static int watchdog_nmi_enable(unsigned int cpu);
static void watchdog_nmi_disable(unsigned int cpu);
/* watchdog kicker functions */
static enum hrtimer_restart watchdog_timer_fn(struct hrtimer *hrtimer)
{
unsigned long touch_ts = __this_cpu_read(watchdog_touch_ts);
struct pt_regs *regs = get_irq_regs();
int duration;
/* kick the hardlockup detector */
watchdog_interrupt_count();
/* kick the softlockup detector */
wake_up_process(__this_cpu_read(softlockup_watchdog));
/* .. and repeat */
hrtimer_forward_now(hrtimer, ns_to_ktime(sample_period));
if (touch_ts == 0) {
if (unlikely(__this_cpu_read(softlockup_touch_sync))) {
/*
* If the time stamp was touched atomically
* make sure the scheduler tick is up to date.
*/
__this_cpu_write(softlockup_touch_sync, false);
sched_clock_tick();
}
/* Clear the guest paused flag on watchdog reset */
kvm_check_and_clear_guest_paused();
__touch_watchdog();
return HRTIMER_RESTART;
}
/* check for a softlockup
* This is done by making sure a high priority task is
* being scheduled. The task touches the watchdog to
* indicate it is getting cpu time. If it hasn't then
* this is a good indication some task is hogging the cpu
*/
duration = is_softlockup(touch_ts);
if (unlikely(duration)) {
/*
* If a virtual machine is stopped by the host it can look to
* the watchdog like a soft lockup, check to see if the host
* stopped the vm before we issue the warning
*/
if (kvm_check_and_clear_guest_paused())
return HRTIMER_RESTART;
/* only warn once */
if (__this_cpu_read(soft_watchdog_warn) == true)
return HRTIMER_RESTART;
printk(KERN_EMERG "BUG: soft lockup - CPU#%d stuck for %us! [%s:%d]\n",
smp_processor_id(), duration,
current->comm, task_pid_nr(current));
print_modules();
print_irqtrace_events(current);
if (regs)
show_regs(regs);
else
dump_stack();
if (softlockup_panic)
panic("softlockup: hung tasks");
__this_cpu_write(soft_watchdog_warn, true);
} else
__this_cpu_write(soft_watchdog_warn, false);
return HRTIMER_RESTART;
}
static void watchdog_set_prio(unsigned int policy, unsigned int prio)
{
struct sched_param param = { .sched_priority = prio };
sched_setscheduler(current, policy, &param);
}
static void watchdog_enable(unsigned int cpu)
{
struct hrtimer *hrtimer = &__raw_get_cpu_var(watchdog_hrtimer);
/* kick off the timer for the hardlockup detector */
hrtimer_init(hrtimer, CLOCK_MONOTONIC, HRTIMER_MODE_REL);
hrtimer->function = watchdog_timer_fn;
if (!watchdog_enabled) {
kthread_park(current);
return;
}
/* Enable the perf event */
watchdog_nmi_enable(cpu);
/* done here because hrtimer_start can only pin to smp_processor_id() */
hrtimer_start(hrtimer, ns_to_ktime(sample_period),
HRTIMER_MODE_REL_PINNED);
/* initialize timestamp */
watchdog_set_prio(SCHED_FIFO, MAX_RT_PRIO - 1);
__touch_watchdog();
}
static void watchdog_disable(unsigned int cpu)
{
struct hrtimer *hrtimer = &__raw_get_cpu_var(watchdog_hrtimer);
watchdog_set_prio(SCHED_NORMAL, 0);
hrtimer_cancel(hrtimer);
/* disable the perf event */
watchdog_nmi_disable(cpu);
}
static int watchdog_should_run(unsigned int cpu)
{
return __this_cpu_read(hrtimer_interrupts) !=
__this_cpu_read(soft_lockup_hrtimer_cnt);
}
/*
* The watchdog thread function - touches the timestamp.
*
* It only runs once every sample_period seconds (4 seconds by
* default) to reset the softlockup timestamp. If this gets delayed
* for more than 2*watchdog_thresh seconds then the debug-printout
* triggers in watchdog_timer_fn().
*/
static void watchdog(unsigned int cpu)
{
__this_cpu_write(soft_lockup_hrtimer_cnt,
__this_cpu_read(hrtimer_interrupts));
__touch_watchdog();
}
#ifdef CONFIG_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR
/*
* People like the simple clean cpu node info on boot.
* Reduce the watchdog noise by only printing messages
* that are different from what cpu0 displayed.
*/
static unsigned long cpu0_err;
static int watchdog_nmi_enable(unsigned int cpu)
{
struct perf_event_attr *wd_attr;
struct perf_event *event = per_cpu(watchdog_ev, cpu);
/* is it already setup and enabled? */
if (event && event->state > PERF_EVENT_STATE_OFF)
goto out;
/* it is setup but not enabled */
if (event != NULL)
goto out_enable;
wd_attr = &wd_hw_attr;
wd_attr->sample_period = hw_nmi_get_sample_period(watchdog_thresh);
/* Try to register using hardware perf events */
event = perf_event_create_kernel_counter(wd_attr, cpu, NULL, watchdog_overflow_callback, NULL);
/* save cpu0 error for future comparision */
if (cpu == 0 && IS_ERR(event))
cpu0_err = PTR_ERR(event);
if (!IS_ERR(event)) {
/* only print for cpu0 or different than cpu0 */
if (cpu == 0 || cpu0_err)
pr_info("enabled on all CPUs, permanently consumes one hw-PMU counter.\n");
goto out_save;
}
/* skip displaying the same error again */
if (cpu > 0 && (PTR_ERR(event) == cpu0_err))
return PTR_ERR(event);
/* vary the KERN level based on the returned errno */
if (PTR_ERR(event) == -EOPNOTSUPP)
pr_info("disabled (cpu%i): not supported (no LAPIC?)\n", cpu);
else if (PTR_ERR(event) == -ENOENT)
pr_warning("disabled (cpu%i): hardware events not enabled\n",
cpu);
else
pr_err("disabled (cpu%i): unable to create perf event: %ld\n",
cpu, PTR_ERR(event));
return PTR_ERR(event);
/* success path */
out_save:
per_cpu(watchdog_ev, cpu) = event;
out_enable:
perf_event_enable(per_cpu(watchdog_ev, cpu));
out:
return 0;
}
static void watchdog_nmi_disable(unsigned int cpu)
{
struct perf_event *event = per_cpu(watchdog_ev, cpu);
if (event) {
perf_event_disable(event);
per_cpu(watchdog_ev, cpu) = NULL;
/* should be in cleanup, but blocks oprofile */
perf_event_release_kernel(event);
}
return;
}
#else
static int watchdog_nmi_enable(unsigned int cpu) { return 0; }
static void watchdog_nmi_disable(unsigned int cpu) { return; }
#endif /* CONFIG_HARDLOCKUP_DETECTOR */
/* prepare/enable/disable routines */
/* sysctl functions */
#ifdef CONFIG_SYSCTL
static void watchdog_enable_all_cpus(void)
{
unsigned int cpu;
if (watchdog_disabled) {
watchdog_disabled = 0;
for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
kthread_unpark(per_cpu(softlockup_watchdog, cpu));
}
}
static void watchdog_disable_all_cpus(void)
{
unsigned int cpu;
if (!watchdog_disabled) {
watchdog_disabled = 1;
for_each_online_cpu(cpu)
kthread_park(per_cpu(softlockup_watchdog, cpu));
}
}
/*
* proc handler for /proc/sys/kernel/nmi_watchdog,watchdog_thresh
*/
int proc_dowatchdog(struct ctl_table *table, int write,
void __user *buffer, size_t *lenp, loff_t *ppos)
{
int ret;
if (watchdog_disabled < 0)
return -ENODEV;
ret = proc_dointvec_minmax(table, write, buffer, lenp, ppos);
if (ret || !write)
return ret;
set_sample_period();
if (watchdog_enabled && watchdog_thresh)
watchdog_enable_all_cpus();
else
watchdog_disable_all_cpus();
return ret;
}
#endif /* CONFIG_SYSCTL */
static struct smp_hotplug_thread watchdog_threads = {
.store = &softlockup_watchdog,
.thread_should_run = watchdog_should_run,
.thread_fn = watchdog,
.thread_comm = "watchdog/%u",
.setup = watchdog_enable,
.park = watchdog_disable,
.unpark = watchdog_enable,
};
void __init lockup_detector_init(void)
{
set_sample_period();
if (smpboot_register_percpu_thread(&watchdog_threads)) {
pr_err("Failed to create watchdog threads, disabled\n");
watchdog_disabled = -ENODEV;
}
}
Jump to Line
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.