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kbuild: Add a cache for generated variables
While timing a "no-op" build of the kernel (incrementally building the kernel even though nothing changed) in the Chrome OS build system I found that it was much slower than I expected. Digging into things a bit, I found that quite a bit of the time was spent invoking the C compiler even though we weren't actually building anything. Currently in the Chrome OS build system the C compiler is called through a number of wrappers (one of which is written in python!) and can take upwards of 100 ms to invoke even if we're not doing anything difficult, so these invocations of the compiler were taking a lot of time. Worse the invocations couldn't seem to take advantage of the multiple cores on my system. Certainly it seems like we could make the compiler invocations in the Chrome OS build system faster, but only to a point. Inherently invoking a program as big as a C compiler is a fairly heavy operation. Thus even if we can speed the compiler calls it made sense to track down what was happening. It turned out that all the compiler invocations were coming from usages like this in the kernel's Makefile: KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-fno-delete-null-pointer-checks,) Due to the way cc-option and similar statements work the above contains an implicit call to the C compiler. ...and due to the fact that we're storing the result in KBUILD_CFLAGS, a simply expanded variable, the call will happen every time the Makefile is parsed, even if there are no users of KBUILD_CFLAGS. Rather than redoing this computation every time, it makes a lot of sense to cache the result of all of the Makefile's compiler calls just like we do when we compile a ".c" file to a ".o" file. Conceptually this is quite a simple idea. ...and since the calls to invoke the compiler and similar tools are centrally located in the Kbuild.include file this doesn't even need to be super invasive. Implementing the cache in a simple-to-use and efficient way is not quite as simple as it first sounds, though. To get maximum speed we really want the cache in a format that make can natively understand and make doesn't really have an ability to load/parse files. ...but make _can_ import other Makefiles, so the solution is to store the cache in Makefile format. This requires coming up with a valid/unique Makefile variable name for each value to be cached, but that's solvable with some cleverness. After this change, we'll automatically create a ".cache.mk" file that will contain our cached variables. We'll load this on each invocation of make and will avoid recomputing anything that's already in our cache. The cache is stored in a format that it shouldn't need any invalidation since anything that might change should affect the "key" and any old cached value won't be used. Signed-off-by: Douglas Anderson <email@example.com> Tested-by: Ingo Molnar <firstname.lastname@example.org> Tested-by: Guenter Roeck <email@example.com> Signed-off-by: Masahiro Yamada <firstname.lastname@example.org>
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