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mm: check VMA flags to avoid invalid PROT_NONE NUMA balancing

The NUMA balancing logic uses an arch-specific PROT_NONE page table flag
defined by pte_protnone() or pmd_protnone() to mark PTEs or huge page
PMDs respectively as requiring balancing upon a subsequent page fault.
User-defined PROT_NONE memory regions which also have this flag set will
not normally invoke the NUMA balancing code as do_page_fault() will send
a segfault to the process before handle_mm_fault() is even called.

However if access_remote_vm() is invoked to access a PROT_NONE region of
memory, handle_mm_fault() is called via faultin_page() and
__get_user_pages() without any access checks being performed, meaning
the NUMA balancing logic is incorrectly invoked on a non-NUMA memory

A simple means of triggering this problem is to access PROT_NONE mmap'd
memory using /proc/self/mem which reliably results in the NUMA handling
functions being invoked when CONFIG_NUMA_BALANCING is set.

This issue was reported in bugzilla (issue 99101) which includes some
simple repro code.

There are BUG_ON() checks in do_numa_page() and do_huge_pmd_numa_page()
added at commit c0e7cad to avoid accidentally provoking strange
behaviour by attempting to apply NUMA balancing to pages that are in
fact PROT_NONE.  The BUG_ON()'s are consistently triggered by the repro.

This patch moves the PROT_NONE check into mm/memory.c rather than
invoking BUG_ON() as faulting in these pages via faultin_page() is a
valid reason for reaching the NUMA check with the PROT_NONE page table
flag set and is therefore not always a bug.

Reported-by: Trevor Saunders <>
Signed-off-by: Lorenzo Stoakes <>
Acked-by: Rik van Riel <>
Cc: Andrew Morton <>
Cc: Mel Gorman <>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <>
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lorenzo-stoakes authored and torvalds committed Sep 11, 2016
1 parent 831e45d commit 38e088546522e1e86d2b8f401a1354ad3a9b3303
Showing with 7 additions and 8 deletions.
  1. +0 −3 mm/huge_memory.c
  2. +7 −5 mm/memory.c
@@ -1138,9 +1138,6 @@ int do_huge_pmd_numa_page(struct fault_env *fe, pmd_t pmd)
bool was_writable;
int flags = 0;
/* A PROT_NONE fault should not end up here */
BUG_ON(!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_READ | VM_EXEC | VM_WRITE)));
fe->ptl = pmd_lock(vma->vm_mm, fe->pmd);
if (unlikely(!pmd_same(pmd, *fe->pmd)))
goto out_unlock;
@@ -3351,9 +3351,6 @@ static int do_numa_page(struct fault_env *fe, pte_t pte)
bool was_writable = pte_write(pte);
int flags = 0;
/* A PROT_NONE fault should not end up here */
BUG_ON(!(vma->vm_flags & (VM_READ | VM_EXEC | VM_WRITE)));
* The "pte" at this point cannot be used safely without
* validation through pte_unmap_same(). It's of NUMA type but
@@ -3458,6 +3455,11 @@ static int wp_huge_pmd(struct fault_env *fe, pmd_t orig_pmd)
static inline bool vma_is_accessible(struct vm_area_struct *vma)
return vma->vm_flags & (VM_READ | VM_EXEC | VM_WRITE);
* These routines also need to handle stuff like marking pages dirty
* and/or accessed for architectures that don't do it in hardware (most
@@ -3524,7 +3526,7 @@ static int handle_pte_fault(struct fault_env *fe)
if (!pte_present(entry))
return do_swap_page(fe, entry);
if (pte_protnone(entry))
if (pte_protnone(entry) && vma_is_accessible(fe->vma))
return do_numa_page(fe, entry);
fe->ptl = pte_lockptr(fe->vma->vm_mm, fe->pmd);
@@ -3590,7 +3592,7 @@ static int __handle_mm_fault(struct vm_area_struct *vma, unsigned long address,
if (pmd_trans_huge(orig_pmd) || pmd_devmap(orig_pmd)) {
if (pmd_protnone(orig_pmd))
if (pmd_protnone(orig_pmd) && vma_is_accessible(vma))
return do_huge_pmd_numa_page(&fe, orig_pmd);
if ((fe.flags & FAULT_FLAG_WRITE) &&

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