Permalink
Browse files

samples: bpf: add bpf_perf_event_output example

Performance test and example of bpf_perf_event_output().
kprobe is attached to sys_write() and trivial bpf program streams
pid+cookie into userspace via PERF_COUNT_SW_BPF_OUTPUT event.

Usage:
$ sudo ./bld_x64/samples/bpf/trace_output
recv 2968913 events per sec

Signed-off-by: Alexei Starovoitov <ast@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
  • Loading branch information...
Alexei Starovoitov authored and davem330 committed Oct 21, 2015
1 parent a43eec3 commit 39111695b1b88a21e81983a38786d877e770da81
Showing with 236 additions and 0 deletions.
  1. +7 −0 samples/bpf/Makefile
  2. +2 −0 samples/bpf/bpf_helpers.h
  3. +31 −0 samples/bpf/trace_output_kern.c
  4. +196 −0 samples/bpf/trace_output_user.c
@@ -13,6 +13,7 @@ hostprogs-y += tracex3
hostprogs-y += tracex4
hostprogs-y += tracex5
hostprogs-y += tracex6
hostprogs-y += trace_output
hostprogs-y += lathist
test_verifier-objs := test_verifier.o libbpf.o
@@ -27,6 +28,7 @@ tracex3-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o tracex3_user.o
tracex4-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o tracex4_user.o
tracex5-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o tracex5_user.o
tracex6-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o tracex6_user.o
trace_output-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o trace_output_user.o
lathist-objs := bpf_load.o libbpf.o lathist_user.o
# Tell kbuild to always build the programs
@@ -40,6 +42,7 @@ always += tracex3_kern.o
always += tracex4_kern.o
always += tracex5_kern.o
always += tracex6_kern.o
always += trace_output_kern.o
always += tcbpf1_kern.o
always += lathist_kern.o
@@ -55,6 +58,7 @@ HOSTLOADLIBES_tracex3 += -lelf
HOSTLOADLIBES_tracex4 += -lelf -lrt
HOSTLOADLIBES_tracex5 += -lelf
HOSTLOADLIBES_tracex6 += -lelf
HOSTLOADLIBES_trace_output += -lelf -lrt
HOSTLOADLIBES_lathist += -lelf
# point this to your LLVM backend with bpf support
@@ -64,3 +68,6 @@ $(obj)/%.o: $(src)/%.c
clang $(NOSTDINC_FLAGS) $(LINUXINCLUDE) $(EXTRA_CFLAGS) \
-D__KERNEL__ -Wno-unused-value -Wno-pointer-sign \
-O2 -emit-llvm -c $< -o -| $(LLC) -march=bpf -filetype=obj -o $@
clang $(NOSTDINC_FLAGS) $(LINUXINCLUDE) $(EXTRA_CFLAGS) \
-D__KERNEL__ -Wno-unused-value -Wno-pointer-sign \
-O2 -emit-llvm -c $< -o -| $(LLC) -march=bpf -filetype=asm -o $@.s
@@ -37,6 +37,8 @@ static int (*bpf_clone_redirect)(void *ctx, int ifindex, int flags) =
(void *) BPF_FUNC_clone_redirect;
static int (*bpf_redirect)(int ifindex, int flags) =
(void *) BPF_FUNC_redirect;
static int (*bpf_perf_event_output)(void *ctx, void *map, int index, void *data, int size) =
(void *) BPF_FUNC_perf_event_output;
/* llvm builtin functions that eBPF C program may use to
* emit BPF_LD_ABS and BPF_LD_IND instructions
@@ -0,0 +1,31 @@
#include <linux/ptrace.h>
#include <linux/version.h>
#include <uapi/linux/bpf.h>
#include "bpf_helpers.h"
struct bpf_map_def SEC("maps") my_map = {
.type = BPF_MAP_TYPE_PERF_EVENT_ARRAY,
.key_size = sizeof(int),
.value_size = sizeof(u32),
.max_entries = 2,
};
SEC("kprobe/sys_write")
int bpf_prog1(struct pt_regs *ctx)
{
struct S {
u64 pid;
u64 cookie;
} data;
memset(&data, 0, sizeof(data));
data.pid = bpf_get_current_pid_tgid();
data.cookie = 0x12345678;
bpf_perf_event_output(ctx, &my_map, 0, &data, sizeof(data));
return 0;
}
char _license[] SEC("license") = "GPL";
u32 _version SEC("version") = LINUX_VERSION_CODE;
@@ -0,0 +1,196 @@
/* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
* modify it under the terms of version 2 of the GNU General Public
* License as published by the Free Software Foundation.
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdbool.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <poll.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <linux/perf_event.h>
#include <linux/bpf.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <assert.h>
#include <sys/syscall.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include "libbpf.h"
#include "bpf_load.h"
static int pmu_fd;
int page_size;
int page_cnt = 8;
volatile struct perf_event_mmap_page *header;
typedef void (*print_fn)(void *data, int size);
static int perf_event_mmap(int fd)
{
void *base;
int mmap_size;
page_size = getpagesize();
mmap_size = page_size * (page_cnt + 1);
base = mmap(NULL, mmap_size, PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
if (base == MAP_FAILED) {
printf("mmap err\n");
return -1;
}
header = base;
return 0;
}
static int perf_event_poll(int fd)
{
struct pollfd pfd = { .fd = fd, .events = POLLIN };
return poll(&pfd, 1, 1000);
}
struct perf_event_sample {
struct perf_event_header header;
__u32 size;
char data[];
};
void perf_event_read(print_fn fn)
{
__u64 data_tail = header->data_tail;
__u64 data_head = header->data_head;
__u64 buffer_size = page_cnt * page_size;
void *base, *begin, *end;
char buf[256];
asm volatile("" ::: "memory"); /* in real code it should be smp_rmb() */
if (data_head == data_tail)
return;
base = ((char *)header) + page_size;
begin = base + data_tail % buffer_size;
end = base + data_head % buffer_size;
while (begin != end) {
struct perf_event_sample *e;
e = begin;
if (begin + e->header.size > base + buffer_size) {
long len = base + buffer_size - begin;
assert(len < e->header.size);
memcpy(buf, begin, len);
memcpy(buf + len, base, e->header.size - len);
e = (void *) buf;
begin = base + e->header.size - len;
} else if (begin + e->header.size == base + buffer_size) {
begin = base;
} else {
begin += e->header.size;
}
if (e->header.type == PERF_RECORD_SAMPLE) {
fn(e->data, e->size);
} else if (e->header.type == PERF_RECORD_LOST) {
struct {
struct perf_event_header header;
__u64 id;
__u64 lost;
} *lost = (void *) e;
printf("lost %lld events\n", lost->lost);
} else {
printf("unknown event type=%d size=%d\n",
e->header.type, e->header.size);
}
}
__sync_synchronize(); /* smp_mb() */
header->data_tail = data_head;
}
static __u64 time_get_ns(void)
{
struct timespec ts;
clock_gettime(CLOCK_MONOTONIC, &ts);
return ts.tv_sec * 1000000000ull + ts.tv_nsec;
}
static __u64 start_time;
#define MAX_CNT 100000ll
static void print_bpf_output(void *data, int size)
{
static __u64 cnt;
struct {
__u64 pid;
__u64 cookie;
} *e = data;
if (e->cookie != 0x12345678) {
printf("BUG pid %llx cookie %llx sized %d\n",
e->pid, e->cookie, size);
kill(0, SIGINT);
}
cnt++;
if (cnt == MAX_CNT) {
printf("recv %lld events per sec\n",
MAX_CNT * 1000000000ll / (time_get_ns() - start_time));
kill(0, SIGINT);
}
}
static void test_bpf_perf_event(void)
{
struct perf_event_attr attr = {
.sample_type = PERF_SAMPLE_RAW,
.type = PERF_TYPE_SOFTWARE,
.config = PERF_COUNT_SW_BPF_OUTPUT,
};
int key = 0;
pmu_fd = perf_event_open(&attr, -1/*pid*/, 0/*cpu*/, -1/*group_fd*/, 0);
assert(pmu_fd >= 0);
assert(bpf_update_elem(map_fd[0], &key, &pmu_fd, BPF_ANY) == 0);
ioctl(pmu_fd, PERF_EVENT_IOC_ENABLE, 0);
}
int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
char filename[256];
FILE *f;
snprintf(filename, sizeof(filename), "%s_kern.o", argv[0]);
if (load_bpf_file(filename)) {
printf("%s", bpf_log_buf);
return 1;
}
test_bpf_perf_event();
if (perf_event_mmap(pmu_fd) < 0)
return 1;
f = popen("taskset 1 dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/null", "r");
(void) f;
start_time = time_get_ns();
for (;;) {
perf_event_poll(pmu_fd);
perf_event_read(print_bpf_output);
}
return 0;
}

0 comments on commit 3911169

Please sign in to comment.