Skip to content
Browse files

NFSD/sunrpc: avoid deadlock on TCP connection due to memory pressure.

Since we enabled auto-tuning for sunrpc TCP connections we do not
guarantee that there is enough write-space on each connection to
queue a reply.

If memory pressure causes the window to shrink too small, the request
throttling in sunrpc/svc will not accept any requests so no more requests
will be handled.  Even when pressure decreases the window will not
grow again until data is sent on the connection.
This means we get a deadlock:  no requests will be handled until there
is more space, and no space will be allocated until a request is

This can be simulated by modifying svc_tcp_has_wspace to inflate the
number of byte required and removing the 'svc_sock_setbufsize' calls
in svc_setup_socket.

I found that multiplying by 16 was enough to make the requirement
exceed the default allocation.  With this modification in place:
   mount -o vers=3,proto=tcp /mnt
would block and eventually time out because the nfs server could not
accept any requests.

This patch relaxes the request throttling to always allow at least one
request through per connection.  It does this by checking both
  sk_stream_min_wspace() and xprt->xpt_reserved
are zero.
The first is zero when the TCP transmit queue is empty.
The second is zero when there are no RPC requests being processed.
When both of these are zero the socket is idle and so one more
request can safely be allowed through.

Applying this patch allows the above mount command to succeed cleanly.
Tracing shows that the allocated write buffer space quickly grows and
after a few requests are handled, the extra tests are no longer needed
to permit further requests to be processed.

The main purpose of request throttling is to handle the case when one
client is slow at collecting replies and the send queue gets full of
replies that the client hasn't acknowledged (at the TCP level) yet.
As we only change behaviour when the send queue is empty this main
purpose is still preserved.

Reported-by: Ben Myers <>
Signed-off-by: NeilBrown <>
Signed-off-by: J. Bruce Fields <>
  • Loading branch information...
neilbrown authored and J. Bruce Fields committed Jul 25, 2013
1 parent e4daf1f commit 447383d2ba6061bb069da45f95f223a01bba61dd
Showing with 3 additions and 1 deletion.
  1. +3 −1 net/sunrpc/svcsock.c
@@ -1193,7 +1193,9 @@ static int svc_tcp_has_wspace(struct svc_xprt *xprt)
if (test_bit(XPT_LISTENER, &xprt->xpt_flags))
return 1;
required = atomic_read(&xprt->xpt_reserved) + serv->sv_max_mesg;
if (sk_stream_wspace(svsk->sk_sk) >= required)
if (sk_stream_wspace(svsk->sk_sk) >= required ||
(sk_stream_min_wspace(svsk->sk_sk) == 0 &&
atomic_read(&xprt->xpt_reserved) == 0))
return 1;
set_bit(SOCK_NOSPACE, &svsk->sk_sock->flags);
return 0;

0 comments on commit 447383d

Please sign in to comment.
You can’t perform that action at this time.