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ALSA: control: Fix replacing user controls
There are two issues with the current implementation for replacing user controls. The first is that the code does not check if the control is actually a user control and neither does it check if the control is owned by the process that tries to remove it. That allows userspace applications to remove arbitrary controls, which can cause a user after free if a for example a driver does not expect a control to be removed from under its feed. The second issue is that on one hand when a control is replaced the user_ctl_count limit is not checked and on the other hand the user_ctl_count is increased (even though the number of user controls does not change). This allows userspace, once the user_ctl_count limit as been reached, to repeatedly replace a control until user_ctl_count overflows. Once that happens new controls can be added effectively bypassing the user_ctl_count limit. Both issues can be fixed by instead of open-coding the removal of the control that is to be replaced to use snd_ctl_remove_user_ctl(). This function does proper permission checks as well as decrements user_ctl_count after the control has been removed. Note that by using snd_ctl_remove_user_ctl() the check which returns -EBUSY at beginning of the function if the control already exists is removed. This is not a problem though since the check is quite useless, because the lock that is protecting the control list is released between the check and before adding the new control to the list, which means that it is possible that a different control with the same settings is added to the list after the check. Luckily there is another check that is done while holding the lock in snd_ctl_add(), so we'll rely on that to make sure that the same control is not added twice. Signed-off-by: Lars-Peter Clausen <firstname.lastname@example.org> Acked-by: Jaroslav Kysela <email@example.com> Cc: <firstname.lastname@example.org> Signed-off-by: Takashi Iwai <email@example.com>
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