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ASoC: topology: Improve backwards compatibility with v4 topology files
Commit dc31e74 ("ASoC: topology: ABI - Add the types for BE
DAI") introduced sound topology files version 5. Initially, this
change made the topology code incompatible with v4 topology files.
Backwards compatibility with v4 configuration files was
subsequently added with commit 288b8da ("ASoC: topology:
Support topology file of ABI v4").

Unfortunately, backwards compatibility was never fully implemented.

First, the manifest size in (Skylake) v4 configuration files is set
to 0, which causes manifest_new_ver() to bail out with error messages
similar to the following.

snd_soc_skl 0000:00:1f.3: ASoC: invalid manifest size
snd_soc_skl 0000:00:1f.3: tplg component load failed-22
snd_soc_skl 0000:00:1f.3: Failed to init topology!
snd_soc_skl 0000:00:1f.3: ASoC: failed to probe component -22
skl_n88l25_m98357a skl_n88l25_m98357a: ASoC: failed to instantiate card -22
skl_n88l25_m98357a: probe of skl_n88l25_m98357a failed with error -22

After this problem is fixed, the following error message is seen instead.

snd_soc_skl 0000:00:1f.3: ASoC: old version of manifest
snd_soc_skl 0000:00:1f.3: Invalid descriptor token 1093938482
snd_soc_skl 0000:00:1f.3: ASoC: failed to load widget media0_in cpr 0
snd_soc_skl 0000:00:1f.3: tPlg component load failed-22

This message is seen because backwards compatibility for loading widgets
was never implemented.

The lack of audio support when running the upstream kernel on recent
Chromebooks has been reported in various forums, and can be traced back
to this problem. Attempts to fix the problem, usually by providing v5
configuration files, were only partially successful.

Let's implement backward compatibility properly to solve the problem
for good.

Signed-off-by: Guenter Roeck <>
Signed-off-by: Mark Brown <>
  • Loading branch information
Guenter Roeck authored and broonie committed Jun 1, 2018
1 parent 0e725b4 commit ac9391daac004e12dc4e4c62e130b09f245ece2b
Showing with 248 additions and 2 deletions.
  1. +169 −0 sound/soc/intel/skylake/skl-topology.c
  2. +74 −0 sound/soc/intel/skylake/skl-tplg-interface.h
  3. +5 −2 sound/soc/soc-topology.c
@@ -19,6 +19,7 @@
#include <linux/slab.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/firmware.h>
#include <linux/uuid.h>
#include <sound/soc.h>
#include <sound/soc-topology.h>
#include <uapi/sound/snd_sst_tokens.h>
@@ -2724,6 +2725,167 @@ static int skl_tplg_get_desc_blocks(struct device *dev,
return -EINVAL;

/* Functions to parse private data from configuration file format v4 */

* Add pipeline from topology binary into driver pipeline list
* If already added we return that instance
* Otherwise we create a new instance and add into driver list
static int skl_tplg_add_pipe_v4(struct device *dev,
struct skl_module_cfg *mconfig, struct skl *skl,
struct skl_dfw_v4_pipe *dfw_pipe)
struct skl_pipeline *ppl;
struct skl_pipe *pipe;
struct skl_pipe_params *params;

list_for_each_entry(ppl, &skl->ppl_list, node) {
if (ppl->pipe->ppl_id == dfw_pipe->pipe_id) {
mconfig->pipe = ppl->pipe;
return 0;

ppl = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*ppl), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!ppl)
return -ENOMEM;

pipe = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*pipe), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!pipe)
return -ENOMEM;

params = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*params), GFP_KERNEL);
if (!params)
return -ENOMEM;

pipe->ppl_id = dfw_pipe->pipe_id;
pipe->memory_pages = dfw_pipe->memory_pages;
pipe->pipe_priority = dfw_pipe->pipe_priority;
pipe->conn_type = dfw_pipe->conn_type;
pipe->state = SKL_PIPE_INVALID;
pipe->p_params = params;

ppl->pipe = pipe;
list_add(&ppl->node, &skl->ppl_list);

mconfig->pipe = pipe;

return 0;

static void skl_fill_module_pin_info_v4(struct skl_dfw_v4_module_pin *dfw_pin,
struct skl_module_pin *m_pin,
bool is_dynamic, int max_pin)
int i;

for (i = 0; i < max_pin; i++) {
m_pin[i].id.module_id = dfw_pin[i].module_id;
m_pin[i].id.instance_id = dfw_pin[i].instance_id;
m_pin[i].in_use = false;
m_pin[i].is_dynamic = is_dynamic;
m_pin[i].pin_state = SKL_PIN_UNBIND;

static void skl_tplg_fill_fmt_v4(struct skl_module_pin_fmt *dst_fmt,
struct skl_dfw_v4_module_fmt *src_fmt,
int pins)
int i;

for (i = 0; i < pins; i++) {
dst_fmt[i].fmt.channels = src_fmt[i].channels;
dst_fmt[i].fmt.s_freq = src_fmt[i].freq;
dst_fmt[i].fmt.bit_depth = src_fmt[i].bit_depth;
dst_fmt[i].fmt.valid_bit_depth = src_fmt[i].valid_bit_depth;
dst_fmt[i].fmt.ch_cfg = src_fmt[i].ch_cfg;
dst_fmt[i].fmt.ch_map = src_fmt[i].ch_map;
dst_fmt[i].fmt.interleaving_style =
dst_fmt[i].fmt.sample_type = src_fmt[i].sample_type;

static int skl_tplg_get_pvt_data_v4(struct snd_soc_tplg_dapm_widget *tplg_w,
struct skl *skl, struct device *dev,
struct skl_module_cfg *mconfig)
struct skl_dfw_v4_module *dfw =
(struct skl_dfw_v4_module *)tplg_w->;
int ret;

dev_dbg(dev, "Parsing Skylake v4 widget topology data\n");

ret = guid_parse(dfw->uuid, (guid_t *)mconfig->guid);
if (ret)
return ret;
mconfig->id.module_id = -1;
mconfig->id.instance_id = dfw->instance_id;
mconfig->module->resources[0].cps = dfw->max_mcps;
mconfig->module->resources[0].ibs = dfw->ibs;
mconfig->module->resources[0].obs = dfw->obs;
mconfig->core_id = dfw->core_id;
mconfig->module->max_input_pins = dfw->max_in_queue;
mconfig->module->max_output_pins = dfw->max_out_queue;
mconfig->module->loadable = dfw->is_loadable;
skl_tplg_fill_fmt_v4(mconfig->module->formats[0].inputs, dfw->in_fmt,
skl_tplg_fill_fmt_v4(mconfig->module->formats[0].outputs, dfw->out_fmt,

mconfig->params_fixup = dfw->params_fixup;
mconfig->converter = dfw->converter;
mconfig->m_type = dfw->module_type;
mconfig->vbus_id = dfw->vbus_id;
mconfig->module->resources[0].is_pages = dfw->mem_pages;

ret = skl_tplg_add_pipe_v4(dev, mconfig, skl, &dfw->pipe);
if (ret)
return ret;

mconfig->dev_type = dfw->dev_type;
mconfig->hw_conn_type = dfw->hw_conn_type;
mconfig->time_slot = dfw->time_slot;
mconfig->formats_config.caps_size = dfw->caps.caps_size;

mconfig->m_in_pin = devm_kzalloc(dev,
MAX_IN_QUEUE * sizeof(*mconfig->m_in_pin),
if (!mconfig->m_in_pin)
return -ENOMEM;

mconfig->m_out_pin = devm_kzalloc(dev,
MAX_OUT_QUEUE * sizeof(*mconfig->m_out_pin),
if (!mconfig->m_out_pin)
return -ENOMEM;

skl_fill_module_pin_info_v4(dfw->in_pin, mconfig->m_in_pin,
skl_fill_module_pin_info_v4(dfw->out_pin, mconfig->m_out_pin,

if (mconfig->formats_config.caps_size) {
mconfig->formats_config.set_params = dfw->caps.set_params;
mconfig->formats_config.param_id = dfw->caps.param_id;
mconfig->formats_config.caps =
devm_kzalloc(dev, mconfig->formats_config.caps_size,
if (!mconfig->formats_config.caps)
return -ENOMEM;
memcpy(mconfig->formats_config.caps, dfw->caps.caps,

return 0;

* Parse the private data for the token and corresponding value.
* The private data can have multiple data blocks. So, a data block
@@ -2739,6 +2901,13 @@ static int skl_tplg_get_pvt_data(struct snd_soc_tplg_dapm_widget *tplg_w,
char *data;
int ret;

* v4 configuration files have a valid UUID at the start of
* the widget's private data.
if (uuid_is_valid((char *)tplg_w->
return skl_tplg_get_pvt_data_v4(tplg_w, skl, dev, mconfig);

/* Read the NUM_DATA_BLOCKS descriptor */
array = (struct snd_soc_tplg_vendor_array *)tplg_w->;
ret = skl_tplg_get_desc_blocks(dev, array);
@@ -169,4 +169,78 @@ enum skl_tuple_type {

/* v4 configuration data */

struct skl_dfw_v4_module_pin {
u16 module_id;
u16 instance_id;
} __packed;

struct skl_dfw_v4_module_fmt {
u32 channels;
u32 freq;
u32 bit_depth;
u32 valid_bit_depth;
u32 ch_cfg;
u32 interleaving_style;
u32 sample_type;
u32 ch_map;
} __packed;

struct skl_dfw_v4_module_caps {
u32 set_params:2;
u32 rsvd:30;
u32 param_id;
u32 caps_size;
u32 caps[HDA_SST_CFG_MAX];
} __packed;

struct skl_dfw_v4_pipe {
u8 pipe_id;
u8 pipe_priority;
u16 conn_type:4;
u16 rsvd:4;
u16 memory_pages:8;
} __packed;

struct skl_dfw_v4_module {
char uuid[SKL_UUID_STR_SZ];

u16 module_id;
u16 instance_id;
u32 max_mcps;
u32 mem_pages;
u32 obs;
u32 ibs;
u32 vbus_id;

u32 max_in_queue:8;
u32 max_out_queue:8;
u32 time_slot:8;
u32 core_id:4;
u32 rsvd1:4;

u32 module_type:8;
u32 conn_type:4;
u32 dev_type:4;
u32 hw_conn_type:4;
u32 rsvd2:12;

u32 params_fixup:8;
u32 converter:8;
u32 input_pin_type:1;
u32 output_pin_type:1;
u32 is_dynamic_in_pin:1;
u32 is_dynamic_out_pin:1;
u32 is_loadable:1;
u32 rsvd3:11;

struct skl_dfw_v4_pipe pipe;
struct skl_dfw_v4_module_fmt in_fmt[MAX_IN_QUEUE];
struct skl_dfw_v4_module_fmt out_fmt[MAX_OUT_QUEUE];
struct skl_dfw_v4_module_pin in_pin[MAX_IN_QUEUE];
struct skl_dfw_v4_module_pin out_pin[MAX_OUT_QUEUE];
struct skl_dfw_v4_module_caps caps;
} __packed;

@@ -2313,8 +2313,11 @@ static int manifest_new_ver(struct soc_tplg *tplg,
*manifest = NULL;

if (src->size != sizeof(*src_v4)) {
dev_err(tplg->dev, "ASoC: invalid manifest size\n");
return -EINVAL;
dev_warn(tplg->dev, "ASoC: invalid manifest size %d\n",
if (src->size)
return -EINVAL;
src->size = sizeof(*src_v4);

dev_warn(tplg->dev, "ASoC: old version of manifest\n");

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