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VSOCK: Introduce VM Sockets
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VM Sockets allows communication between virtual machines and the hypervisor.
User level applications both in a virtual machine and on the host can use the
VM Sockets API, which facilitates fast and efficient communication between
guest virtual machines and their host.  A socket address family, designed to be
compatible with UDP and TCP at the interface level, is provided.

Today, VM Sockets is used by various VMware Tools components inside the guest
for zero-config, network-less access to VMware host services.  In addition to
this, VMware's users are using VM Sockets for various applications, where
network access of the virtual machine is restricted or non-existent.  Examples
of this are VMs communicating with device proxies for proprietary hardware
running as host applications and automated testing of applications running
within virtual machines.

The VMware VM Sockets are similar to other socket types, like Berkeley UNIX
socket interface.  The VM Sockets module supports both connection-oriented
stream sockets like TCP, and connectionless datagram sockets like UDP. The VM
Sockets protocol family is defined as "AF_VSOCK" and the socket operations
split for SOCK_DGRAM and SOCK_STREAM.

For additional information about the use of VM Sockets, please refer to the
VM Sockets Programming Guide available at:

https://www.vmware.com/support/developer/vmci-sdk/

Signed-off-by: George Zhang <georgezhang@vmware.com>
Signed-off-by: Dmitry Torokhov <dtor@vmware.com>
Signed-off-by: Andy king <acking@vmware.com>
Signed-off-by: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
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Andy King authored and davem330 committed Feb 11, 2013
1 parent fd50231 commit d021c34
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Showing 16 changed files with 6,038 additions and 1 deletion.
4 changes: 3 additions & 1 deletion include/linux/socket.h
Expand Up @@ -178,7 +178,8 @@ struct ucred {
#define AF_CAIF 37 /* CAIF sockets */
#define AF_ALG 38 /* Algorithm sockets */
#define AF_NFC 39 /* NFC sockets */
#define AF_MAX 40 /* For now.. */
#define AF_VSOCK 40 /* vSockets */
#define AF_MAX 41 /* For now.. */

/* Protocol families, same as address families. */
#define PF_UNSPEC AF_UNSPEC
Expand Down Expand Up @@ -221,6 +222,7 @@ struct ucred {
#define PF_CAIF AF_CAIF
#define PF_ALG AF_ALG
#define PF_NFC AF_NFC
#define PF_VSOCK AF_VSOCK
#define PF_MAX AF_MAX

/* Maximum queue length specifiable by listen. */
Expand Down
171 changes: 171 additions & 0 deletions include/uapi/linux/vm_sockets.h
@@ -0,0 +1,171 @@
/*
* VMware vSockets Driver
*
* Copyright (C) 2007-2013 VMware, Inc. All rights reserved.
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
* under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free
* Software Foundation version 2 and no later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
* ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
* FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for
* more details.
*/

#ifndef _VM_SOCKETS_H_
#define _VM_SOCKETS_H_

#if !defined(__KERNEL__)
#include <sys/socket.h>
#endif

/* Option name for STREAM socket buffer size. Use as the option name in
* setsockopt(3) or getsockopt(3) to set or get an unsigned long long that
* specifies the size of the buffer underlying a vSockets STREAM socket.
* Value is clamped to the MIN and MAX.
*/

#define SO_VM_SOCKETS_BUFFER_SIZE 0

/* Option name for STREAM socket minimum buffer size. Use as the option name
* in setsockopt(3) or getsockopt(3) to set or get an unsigned long long that
* specifies the minimum size allowed for the buffer underlying a vSockets
* STREAM socket.
*/

#define SO_VM_SOCKETS_BUFFER_MIN_SIZE 1

/* Option name for STREAM socket maximum buffer size. Use as the option name
* in setsockopt(3) or getsockopt(3) to set or get an unsigned long long
* that specifies the maximum size allowed for the buffer underlying a
* vSockets STREAM socket.
*/

#define SO_VM_SOCKETS_BUFFER_MAX_SIZE 2

/* Option name for socket peer's host-specific VM ID. Use as the option name
* in getsockopt(3) to get a host-specific identifier for the peer endpoint's
* VM. The identifier is a signed integer.
* Only available for hypervisor endpoints.
*/

#define SO_VM_SOCKETS_PEER_HOST_VM_ID 3

/* Option name for socket's service label. Use as the option name in
* setsockopt(3) or getsockopt(3) to set or get the service label for a socket.
* The service label is a C-style NUL-terminated string. Only available for
* hypervisor endpoints.
*/

#define SO_VM_SOCKETS_SERVICE_LABEL 4

/* Option name for determining if a socket is trusted. Use as the option name
* in getsockopt(3) to determine if a socket is trusted. The value is a
* signed integer.
*/

#define SO_VM_SOCKETS_TRUSTED 5

/* Option name for STREAM socket connection timeout. Use as the option name
* in setsockopt(3) or getsockopt(3) to set or get the connection
* timeout for a STREAM socket.
*/

#define SO_VM_SOCKETS_CONNECT_TIMEOUT 6

/* Option name for using non-blocking send/receive. Use as the option name
* for setsockopt(3) or getsockopt(3) to set or get the non-blocking
* transmit/receive flag for a STREAM socket. This flag determines whether
* send() and recv() can be called in non-blocking contexts for the given
* socket. The value is a signed integer.
*
* This option is only relevant to kernel endpoints, where descheduling the
* thread of execution is not allowed, for example, while holding a spinlock.
* It is not to be confused with conventional non-blocking socket operations.
*
* Only available for hypervisor endpoints.
*/

#define SO_VM_SOCKETS_NONBLOCK_TXRX 7

/* The vSocket equivalent of INADDR_ANY. This works for the svm_cid field of
* sockaddr_vm and indicates the context ID of the current endpoint.
*/

#define VMADDR_CID_ANY -1U

/* Bind to any available port. Works for the svm_port field of
* sockaddr_vm.
*/

#define VMADDR_PORT_ANY -1U

/* Use this as the destination CID in an address when referring to the
* hypervisor. VMCI relies on it being 0, but this would be useful for other
* transports too.
*/

#define VMADDR_CID_HYPERVISOR 0

/* This CID is specific to VMCI and can be considered reserved (even VMCI
* doesn't use it anymore, it's a legacy value from an older release).
*/

#define VMADDR_CID_RESERVED 1

/* Use this as the destination CID in an address when referring to the host
* (any process other than the hypervisor). VMCI relies on it being 2, but
* this would be useful for other transports too.
*/

#define VMADDR_CID_HOST 2

/* Invalid vSockets version. */

#define VM_SOCKETS_INVALID_VERSION -1U

/* The epoch (first) component of the vSockets version. A single byte
* representing the epoch component of the vSockets version.
*/

#define VM_SOCKETS_VERSION_EPOCH(_v) (((_v) & 0xFF000000) >> 24)

/* The major (second) component of the vSockets version. A single byte
* representing the major component of the vSockets version. Typically
* changes for every major release of a product.
*/

#define VM_SOCKETS_VERSION_MAJOR(_v) (((_v) & 0x00FF0000) >> 16)

/* The minor (third) component of the vSockets version. Two bytes representing
* the minor component of the vSockets version.
*/

#define VM_SOCKETS_VERSION_MINOR(_v) (((_v) & 0x0000FFFF))

/* Address structure for vSockets. The address family should be set to
* whatever vmci_sock_get_af_value_fd() returns. The structure members should
* all align on their natural boundaries without resorting to compiler packing
* directives. The total size of this structure should be exactly the same as
* that of struct sockaddr.
*/

struct sockaddr_vm {
sa_family_t svm_family;
unsigned short svm_reserved1;
unsigned int svm_port;
unsigned int svm_cid;
unsigned char svm_zero[sizeof(struct sockaddr) -
sizeof(sa_family_t) -
sizeof(unsigned short) -
sizeof(unsigned int) - sizeof(unsigned int)];
};

#define IOCTL_VM_SOCKETS_GET_LOCAL_CID _IO(7, 0xb9)

#if defined(__KERNEL__)
int vm_sockets_get_local_cid(void);
#endif

#endif
1 change: 1 addition & 0 deletions net/Kconfig
Expand Up @@ -217,6 +217,7 @@ source "net/dcb/Kconfig"
source "net/dns_resolver/Kconfig"
source "net/batman-adv/Kconfig"
source "net/openvswitch/Kconfig"
source "net/vmw_vsock/Kconfig"

config RPS
boolean
Expand Down
1 change: 1 addition & 0 deletions net/Makefile
Expand Up @@ -69,3 +69,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_CEPH_LIB) += ceph/
obj-$(CONFIG_BATMAN_ADV) += batman-adv/
obj-$(CONFIG_NFC) += nfc/
obj-$(CONFIG_OPENVSWITCH) += openvswitch/
obj-$(CONFIG_VSOCKETS) += vmw_vsock/
28 changes: 28 additions & 0 deletions net/vmw_vsock/Kconfig
@@ -0,0 +1,28 @@
#
# Vsock protocol
#

config VSOCKETS
tristate "Virtual Socket protocol"
help
Virtual Socket Protocol is a socket protocol similar to TCP/IP
allowing comunication between Virtual Machines and hypervisor
or host.

You should also select one or more hypervisor-specific transports
below.

To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module
will be called vsock. If unsure, say N.

config VMWARE_VMCI_VSOCKETS
tristate "VMware VMCI transport for Virtual Sockets"
depends on VSOCKETS && VMWARE_VMCI
help
This module implements a VMCI transport for Virtual Sockets.

Enable this transport if your Virtual Machine runs on a VMware
hypervisor.

To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the module
will be called vmw_vsock_vmci_transport. If unsure, say N.
7 changes: 7 additions & 0 deletions net/vmw_vsock/Makefile
@@ -0,0 +1,7 @@
obj-$(CONFIG_VSOCKETS) += vsock.o
obj-$(CONFIG_VMWARE_VMCI_VSOCKETS) += vmw_vsock_vmci_transport.o

vsock-y += af_vsock.o vsock_addr.o

vmw_vsock_vmci_transport-y += vmci_transport.o vmci_transport_notify.o \
vmci_transport_notify_qstate.o

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