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ext4: fix races between page faults and hole punching
Currently, page faults and hole punching are completely unsynchronized. This can result in page fault faulting in a page into a range that we are punching after truncate_pagecache_range() has been called and thus we can end up with a page mapped to disk blocks that will be shortly freed. Filesystem corruption will shortly follow. Note that the same race is avoided for truncate by checking page fault offset against i_size but there isn't similar mechanism available for punching holes. Fix the problem by creating new rw semaphore i_mmap_sem in inode and grab it for writing over truncate, hole punching, and other functions removing blocks from extent tree and for read over page faults. We cannot easily use i_data_sem for this since that ranks below transaction start and we need something ranking above it so that it can be held over the whole truncate / hole punching operation. Also remove various workarounds we had in the code to reduce race window when page fault could have created pages with stale mapping information. Signed-off-by: Jan Kara <email@example.com> Signed-off-by: Theodore Ts'o <firstname.lastname@example.org>
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