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  • 23 contributors
Mar 10, 2012
Ajeet Yadav Squashfs: use define instead of constant
Its better to use defined name instead of constant

Signed-off-by: Ajeet Yadav <ajeet.yadav.77@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Phillip Lougher <phillip@squashfs.org.uk>
4826d83
Phillip Lougher Squashfs: update comment removing reference to zlib only
Comment was written when Squashfs only supported zlib compression.
This comment is now misleading given Squashfs supports other
compression algorithms.

Signed-off-by: Phillip Lougher <phillip@squashfs.org.uk>
ec9267b
Phillip Lougher Squashfs: remove redundant length initialisation in squashfs_readdir
Signed-off-by: Phillip Lougher <phillip@squashfs.org.uk>
68a8c39
Phillip Lougher Squashfs: remove redundant length initialisation in squashfs_lookup
Signed-off-by: Phillip Lougher <phillip@squashfs.org.uk>
bd3a518
Phillip Lougher Squashfs: get rid of obsolete definitions in header file
Most of these were never used by the kernel code, but belong to
the time when the header file was used by both the kernel code
and the user space tools.

Signed-off-by: Phillip Lougher <phillip@squashfs.org.uk>
47f4396
Phillip Lougher Squashfs: fix f_pos check in get_dir_index_using_offset
One off error in the f_pos check.  If f_pos is 3 or less don't
bother reading the index because we're at the start of the
directory, and we obviously already know where that is on disk.

This eliminates an unnecessary read.

Signed-off-by: Phillip Lougher <phillip@squashfs.org.uk>
2158d3f
Phillip Lougher Squashfs: add mount time sanity check for block_size and block_log match
Squashfs currently has a sanity check for block_size less than or
equal to the maximum block_size (1 Mbyte).  This catches some
superblock corruption, but obviously with a block_size maximum
of 1 Mbyte there's 7 correct values (4K, 8K, 16K, 32K, ... etc) and
a lot of incorrect values which are not caught by this check.

The Squashfs superblock, however, has both a block_size and
a block_log (2^block_log == block_size).  Checking that the block_size
matches the block_log is a much more robust check.  Corruption of the
superblock is unlikely to produce values which match, and it also
ensures the block_size is an exact power of two.

Signed-off-by: Phillip Lougher <phillip@squashfs.org.uk>
4b0180a
Mar 28, 2012
KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki procfs: fix /proc/statm
bda7bad ("procfs: speed up /proc/pid/stat, statm") broke /proc/statm
- 'text' is printed twice by mistake.

Signed-off-by: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Reported-by: Ulrich Drepper <drepper@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3748b2f
Hugh Dickins mm for fs: add truncate_pagecache_range()
Holepunching filesystems ext4 and xfs are using truncate_inode_pages_range
but forgetting to unmap pages first (ocfs2 remembers).  This is not really
a bug, since races already require truncate_inode_page() to handle that
case once the page is locked; but it can be very inefficient if the file
being punched happens to be mapped into many vmas.

Provide a drop-in replacement truncate_pagecache_range() which does the
unmapping pass first, handling the awkward mismatch between arguments to
truncate_inode_pages_range() and arguments to unmap_mapping_range().

Note that holepunching does not unmap privately COWed pages in the range:
POSIX requires that we do so when truncating, but it's hard to justify,
difficult to implement without an i_size cutoff, and no filesystem is
attempting to implement it.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: "Theodore Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
Cc: Andreas Dilger <adilger.kernel@dilger.ca>
Cc: Mark Fasheh <mfasheh@suse.com>
Cc: Joel Becker <jlbec@evilplan.org>
Cc: Ben Myers <bpm@sgi.com>
Cc: Alex Elder <elder@kernel.org>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Cc: Dave Chinner <david@fromorbit.com>
Cc: Al Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
623e3db
Andrea Arcangeli mm: thp: fix up pmd_trans_unstable() locations
pmd_trans_unstable() should be called before pmd_offset_map() in the
locations where the mmap_sem is held for reading.

Signed-off-by: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Larry Woodman <lwoodman@redhat.com>
Cc: Ulrich Obergfell <uobergfe@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Mark Salter <msalter@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
45f83ce
David Rientjes mm, coredump: fail allocations when coredumping instead of oom killing
The size of coredump files is limited by RLIMIT_CORE, however, allocating
large amounts of memory results in three negative consequences:

 - the coredumping process may be chosen for oom kill and quickly deplete
   all memory reserves in oom conditions preventing further progress from
   being made or tasks from exiting,

 - the coredumping process may cause other processes to be oom killed
   without fault of their own as the result of a SIGSEGV, for example, in
   the coredumping process, or

 - the coredumping process may result in a livelock while writing to the
   dump file if it needs memory to allocate while other threads are in
   the exit path waiting on the coredumper to complete.

This is fixed by implying __GFP_NORETRY in the page allocator for
coredumping processes when reclaim has failed so the allocations fail and
the process continues to exit.

Signed-off-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: KAMEZAWA Hiroyuki <kamezawa.hiroyu@jp.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan.kim@gmail.com>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
29fd66d
Hugh Dickins swapon: check validity of swap_flags
Most system calls taking flags first check that the flags passed in are
valid, and that helps userspace to detect when new flags are supported.

But swapon never did so: start checking now, to help if we ever want to
support more swap_flags in future.

It's difficult to get stray bits set in an int, and swapon is not widely
used, so this is most unlikely to break any userspace; but we can just
revert if it turns out to do so.

Signed-off-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
d15cab9
Gilad Ben-Yossef gby smp: introduce a generic on_each_cpu_mask() function
We have lots of infrastructure in place to partition multi-core systems
such that we have a group of CPUs that are dedicated to specific task:
cgroups, scheduler and interrupt affinity, and cpuisol= boot parameter.
Still, kernel code will at times interrupt all CPUs in the system via IPIs
for various needs.  These IPIs are useful and cannot be avoided
altogether, but in certain cases it is possible to interrupt only specific
CPUs that have useful work to do and not the entire system.

This patch set, inspired by discussions with Peter Zijlstra and Frederic
Weisbecker when testing the nohz task patch set, is a first stab at trying
to explore doing this by locating the places where such global IPI calls
are being made and turning the global IPI into an IPI for a specific group
of CPUs.  The purpose of the patch set is to get feedback if this is the
right way to go for dealing with this issue and indeed, if the issue is
even worth dealing with at all.  Based on the feedback from this patch set
I plan to offer further patches that address similar issue in other code
paths.

This patch creates an on_each_cpu_mask() and on_each_cpu_cond()
infrastructure API (the former derived from existing arch specific
versions in Tile and Arm) and uses them to turn several global IPI
invocation to per CPU group invocations.

Core kernel:

on_each_cpu_mask() calls a function on processors specified by cpumask,
which may or may not include the local processor.

You must not call this function with disabled interrupts or from a
hardware interrupt handler or from a bottom half handler.

arch/arm:

Note that the generic version is a little different then the Arm one:

1. It has the mask as first parameter
2. It calls the function on the calling CPU with interrupts disabled,
   but this should be OK since the function is called on the other CPUs
   with interrupts disabled anyway.

arch/tile:

The API is the same as the tile private one, but the generic version
also calls the function on the with interrupts disabled in UP case

This is OK since the function is called on the other CPUs
with interrupts disabled.

Signed-off-by: Gilad Ben-Yossef <gilad@benyossef.com>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Acked-by: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Sasha Levin <levinsasha928@gmail.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.org>
Cc: Kosaki Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com>
Cc: Milton Miller <miltonm@bga.com>
Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
3fc498f
Gilad Ben-Yossef gby smp: add func to IPI cpus based on parameter func
Add the on_each_cpu_cond() function that wraps on_each_cpu_mask() and
calculates the cpumask of cpus to IPI by calling a function supplied as a
parameter in order to determine whether to IPI each specific cpu.

The function works around allocation failure of cpumask variable in
CONFIG_CPUMASK_OFFSTACK=y by itereating over cpus sending an IPI a time
via smp_call_function_single().

The function is useful since it allows to seperate the specific code that
decided in each case whether to IPI a specific cpu for a specific request
from the common boilerplate code of handling creating the mask, handling
failures etc.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: s/gfpflags/gfp_flags/]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: avoid double-evaluation of `info' (per Michal), parenthesise evaluation of `cond_func']
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: s/CPU/CPUs, use all 80 cols in comment]
Signed-off-by: Gilad Ben-Yossef <gilad@benyossef.com>
Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux-foundation.org>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Cc: Sasha Levin <levinsasha928@gmail.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.org>
Cc: Kosaki Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com>
Cc: Milton Miller <miltonm@bga.com>
Reviewed-by: "Srivatsa S. Bhat" <srivatsa.bhat@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
b3a7e98
Gilad Ben-Yossef gby slub: only IPI CPUs that have per cpu obj to flush
flush_all() is called for each kmem_cache_destroy().  So every cache being
destroyed dynamically ends up sending an IPI to each CPU in the system,
regardless if the cache has ever been used there.

For example, if you close the Infinband ipath driver char device file, the
close file ops calls kmem_cache_destroy().  So running some infiniband
config tool on one a single CPU dedicated to system tasks might interrupt
the rest of the 127 CPUs dedicated to some CPU intensive or latency
sensitive task.

I suspect there is a good chance that every line in the output of "git
grep kmem_cache_destroy linux/ | grep '\->'" has a similar scenario.

This patch attempts to rectify this issue by sending an IPI to flush the
per cpu objects back to the free lists only to CPUs that seem to have such
objects.

The check which CPU to IPI is racy but we don't care since asking a CPU
without per cpu objects to flush does no damage and as far as I can tell
the flush_all by itself is racy against allocs on remote CPUs anyway, so
if you required the flush_all to be determinstic, you had to arrange for
locking regardless.

Without this patch the following artificial test case:

$ cd /sys/kernel/slab
$ for DIR in *; do cat $DIR/alloc_calls > /dev/null; done

produces 166 IPIs on an cpuset isolated CPU. With it it produces none.

The code path of memory allocation failure for CPUMASK_OFFSTACK=y
config was tested using fault injection framework.

Signed-off-by: Gilad Ben-Yossef <gilad@benyossef.com>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Chris Metcalf <cmetcalf@tilera.com>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Cc: Russell King <linux@arm.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Matt Mackall <mpm@selenic.com>
Cc: Sasha Levin <levinsasha928@gmail.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Avi Kivity <avi@redhat.com>
Cc: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.org>
Cc: Kosaki Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@gmail.com>
Cc: Milton Miller <miltonm@bga.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
a8364d5
Gilad Ben-Yossef gby fs: only send IPI to invalidate LRU BH when needed
In several code paths, such as when unmounting a file system (but not
only) we send an IPI to ask each cpu to invalidate its local LRU BHs.

For multi-cores systems that have many cpus that may not have any LRU BH
because they are idle or because they have not performed any file system
accesses since last invalidation (e.g.  CPU crunching on high perfomance
computing nodes that write results to shared memory or only using
filesystems that do not use the bh layer.) This can lead to loss of
performance each time someone switches the KVM (the virtual keyboard and
screen type, not the hypervisor) if it has a USB storage stuck in.

This patch attempts to only send an IPI to cpus that have LRU BH.

Signed-off-by: Gilad Ben-Yossef <gilad@benyossef.com>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
42be35d
Gilad Ben-Yossef gby mm: only IPI CPUs to drain local pages if they exist
Calculate a cpumask of CPUs with per-cpu pages in any zone and only send
an IPI requesting CPUs to drain these pages to the buddy allocator if they
actually have pages when asked to flush.

This patch saves 85%+ of IPIs asking to drain per-cpu pages in case of
severe memory pressure that leads to OOM since in these cases multiple,
possibly concurrent, allocation requests end up in the direct reclaim code
path so when the per-cpu pages end up reclaimed on first allocation
failure for most of the proceeding allocation attempts until the memory
pressure is off (possibly via the OOM killer) there are no per-cpu pages
on most CPUs (and there can easily be hundreds of them).

This also has the side effect of shortening the average latency of direct
reclaim by 1 or more order of magnitude since waiting for all the CPUs to
ACK the IPI takes a long time.

Tested by running "hackbench 400" on a 8 CPU x86 VM and observing the
difference between the number of direct reclaim attempts that end up in
drain_all_pages() and those were more then 1/2 of the online CPU had any
per-cpu page in them, using the vmstat counters introduced in the next
patch in the series and using proc/interrupts.

In the test sceanrio, this was seen to save around 3600 global
IPIs after trigerring an OOM on a concurrent workload:

$ cat /proc/vmstat | tail -n 2
pcp_global_drain 0
pcp_global_ipi_saved 0

$ cat /proc/interrupts | grep CAL
CAL:          1          2          1          2
          2          2          2          2   Function call interrupts

$ hackbench 400
[OOM messages snipped]

$ cat /proc/vmstat | tail -n 2
pcp_global_drain 3647
pcp_global_ipi_saved 3642

$ cat /proc/interrupts | grep CAL
CAL:          6         13          6          3
          3          3         1 2          7   Function call interrupts

Please note that if the global drain is removed from the direct reclaim
path as a patch from Mel Gorman currently suggests this should be replaced
with an on_each_cpu_cond invocation.

Signed-off-by: Gilad Ben-Yossef <gilad@benyossef.com>
Acked-by: Mel Gorman <mel@csn.ul.ie>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Acked-by: Peter Zijlstra <a.p.zijlstra@chello.nl>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@kernel.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@redhat.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <andi@firstfloor.org>
Acked-by: Michal Nazarewicz <mina86@mina86.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
7404649
Srivatsa S. Bhat srivatsabhat lib/cpumask.c: remove __any_online_cpu()
__any_online_cpu() is not optimal and also unnecessary.  So, replace its
use by faster cpumask_* operations.

Signed-off-by: Srivatsa S. Bhat <srivatsa.bhat@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Eric Dumazet <eric.dumazet@gmail.com>
Cc: Venkatesh Pallipadi <venki@google.com>
Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Cc: KOSAKI Motohiro <kosaki.motohiro@jp.fujitsu.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
38b9378
Srivatsa S. Bhat srivatsabhat arch/ia64: remove references to cpu_*_map
This was marked as obsolete for quite a while now..  Now it is time to
remove it altogether.  And while doing this, get rid of first_cpu() as
well.  Also, remove the redundant setting of cpu_online_mask in
smp_prepare_cpus() because the generic code would have already set cpu 0
in cpu_online_mask.

Reported-by: Tony Luck <tony.luck@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Srivatsa S. Bhat <srivatsa.bhat@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Rusty Russell <rusty@rustcorp.com.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
7d7f984
Will Deacon kexec: crash: don't save swapper_pg_dir for !CONFIG_MMU configurations
nommu platforms don't have very interesting swapper_pg_dir pointers and
usually just #define them to NULL, meaning that we can't include them in
the vmcoreinfo on the kexec crash path.

This patch only saves the swapper_pg_dir if we have an MMU.

Signed-off-by: Will Deacon <will.deacon@arm.com>
Reviewed-by: Simon Horman <horms@verge.net.au>
Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
d034cfa
Zhenzhong Duan kexec: add further check to crashkernel
When using crashkernel=2M-256M, the kernel doesn't give any warning.  This
is misleading sometimes.

Signed-off-by: Zhenzhong Duan <zhenzhong.duan@oracle.com>
Acked-by: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
eaa3be6
Dave Young daveyoung kdump x86: fix total mem size calculation for reservation
crashkernel reservation need know the total memory size.  Current
get_total_mem simply use max_pfn - min_low_pfn.  It is wrong because it
will including memory holes in the middle.

Especially for kvm guest with memory > 0xe0000000, there's below in qemu
code: qemu split memory as below:

    if (ram_size >= 0xe0000000 ) {
        above_4g_mem_size = ram_size - 0xe0000000;
        below_4g_mem_size = 0xe0000000;
    } else {
        below_4g_mem_size = ram_size;
    }

So for 4G mem guest, seabios will insert a 512M usable region beyond of
4G.  Thus in above case max_pfn - min_low_pfn will be more than original
memsize.

Fixing this issue by using memblock_phys_mem_size() to get the total
memsize.

Signed-off-by: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: WANG Cong <xiyou.wangcong@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Simon Horman <horms@verge.net.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
09c71bf
SriniG srinivasgowda ipmi: decrease the IPMI message transaction time in interrupt mode
Call the event handler immediately after starting the next message.

This change considerably decreases the IPMI transaction time (cuts off
~9ms for a single ipmitool transaction).

Signed-off-by: Srinivas_Gowda <srinivas_g_gowda@dell.com>
Signed-off-by: Corey Minyard <cminyard@mvista.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
b88e769
Matthew Garrett ipmi: increase KCS timeouts
We currently time out and retry KCS transactions after 1 second of waiting
for IBF or OBF.  This appears to be too short for some hardware.  The IPMI
spec says "All system software wait loops should include error timeouts.
For simplicity, such timeouts are not shown explicitly in the flow
diagrams.  A five-second timeout or greater is recommended".  Change the
timeout to five seconds to satisfy the slow hardware.

Signed-off-by: Matthew Garrett <mjg@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Corey Minyard <cminyard@mvista.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
828dc9d
Corey Minyard ipmi: use a tasklet for handling received messages
The IPMI driver would release a lock, deliver a message, then relock.
This is obviously ugly, and this patch converts the message handler
interface to use a tasklet to schedule work.  This lets the receive
handler be called from an interrupt handler with interrupts enabled.

Signed-off-by: Corey Minyard <cminyard@mvista.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
7adf579
Corey Minyard ipmi: fix message handling during panics
The part of the IPMI driver that delivered panic information to the event
log and extended the watchdog timeout during a panic was not properly
handling the messages.  It used static messages to avoid allocation, but
wasn't properly waiting for these, or wasn't properly handling the
refcounts.

Signed-off-by: Corey Minyard <cminyard@mvista.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
895dcfd
Corey Minyard ipmi: simplify locking
Now that the the IPMI driver is using a tasklet, we can simplify the
locking in the driver and get rid of the message lock.

Signed-off-by: Corey Minyard <cminyard@mvista.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
f60adf4
Corey Minyard ipmi: use locks on watchdog timeout set on reboot
The IPMI watchdog timer clears or extends the timer on reboot/shutdown.
It was using the non-locking routine for setting the watchdog timer, but
this was causing race conditions.  Instead, use the locking version to
avoid the races.  It seems to work fine.

Signed-off-by: Corey Minyard <cminyard@mvista.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
423a5bb
mita mita sysctl: use bitmap library functions
Use bitmap_set() instead of using set_bit() for each bit.  This conversion
is valid because the bitmap is private in the function call and atomic
bitops were unnecessary.

This also includes minor change.
- Use bitmap_copy() for shorter typing

Signed-off-by: Akinobu Mita <akinobu.mita@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
5a04cca
Daniel Lezcano dlezcano pidns: add reboot_pid_ns() to handle the reboot syscall
In the case of a child pid namespace, rebooting the system does not really
makes sense.  When the pid namespace is used in conjunction with the other
namespaces in order to create a linux container, the reboot syscall leads
to some problems.

A container can reboot the host.  That can be fixed by dropping the
sys_reboot capability but we are unable to correctly to poweroff/
halt/reboot a container and the container stays stuck at the shutdown time
with the container's init process waiting indefinitively.

After several attempts, no solution from userspace was found to reliabily
handle the shutdown from a container.

This patch propose to make the init process of the child pid namespace to
exit with a signal status set to : SIGINT if the child pid namespace
called "halt/poweroff" and SIGHUP if the child pid namespace called
"reboot".  When the reboot syscall is called and we are not in the initial
pid namespace, we kill the pid namespace for "HALT", "POWEROFF",
"RESTART", and "RESTART2".  Otherwise we return EINVAL.

Returning EINVAL is also an easy way to check if this feature is supported
by the kernel when invoking another 'reboot' option like CAD.

By this way the parent process of the child pid namespace knows if it
rebooted or not and can take the right decision.

Test case:
==========

#include <alloca.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <sched.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <sys/reboot.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/wait.h>

#include <linux/reboot.h>

static int do_reboot(void *arg)
{
        int *cmd = arg;

        if (reboot(*cmd))
                printf("failed to reboot(%d): %m\n", *cmd);
}

int test_reboot(int cmd, int sig)
{
        long stack_size = 4096;
        void *stack = alloca(stack_size) + stack_size;
        int status;
        pid_t ret;

        ret = clone(do_reboot, stack, CLONE_NEWPID | SIGCHLD, &cmd);
        if (ret < 0) {
                printf("failed to clone: %m\n");
                return -1;
        }

        if (wait(&status) < 0) {
                printf("unexpected wait error: %m\n");
                return -1;
        }

        if (!WIFSIGNALED(status)) {
                printf("child process exited but was not signaled\n");
                return -1;
        }

        if (WTERMSIG(status) != sig) {
                printf("signal termination is not the one expected\n");
                return -1;
        }

        return 0;
}

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
        int status;

        status = test_reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_RESTART, SIGHUP);
        if (status < 0)
                return 1;
        printf("reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_RESTART) succeed\n");

        status = test_reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_RESTART2, SIGHUP);
        if (status < 0)
                return 1;
        printf("reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_RESTART2) succeed\n");

        status = test_reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_HALT, SIGINT);
        if (status < 0)
                return 1;
        printf("reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_HALT) succeed\n");

        status = test_reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_POWER_OFF, SIGINT);
        if (status < 0)
                return 1;
        printf("reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_POWERR_OFF) succeed\n");

        status = test_reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_CAD_ON, -1);
        if (status >= 0) {
                printf("reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_CAD_ON) should have failed\n");
                return 1;
        }
        printf("reboot(LINUX_REBOOT_CMD_CAD_ON) has failed as expected\n");

        return 0;
}

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak and add comments]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: checkpatch fixes]
Signed-off-by: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@free.fr>
Acked-by: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com>
Tested-by: Serge Hallyn <serge.hallyn@canonical.com>
Reviewed-by: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: Michael Kerrisk <mtk.manpages@gmail.com>
Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
cf3f892
Wanlong Gao gaowanlong nbd: rename the nbd_device variable from lo to nbd
rename the nbd_device variable from "lo" to "nbd", since "lo" is just a name
copied from loop.c.

Signed-off-by: Wanlong Gao <gaowanlong@cn.fujitsu.com>
Cc: Paul Clements <paul.clements@steeleye.com>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
f450716
Andrew Morton fs/proc/namespaces.c: prevent crash when ns_entries[] is empty
If CONFIG_NET_NS, CONFIG_UTS_NS and CONFIG_IPC_NS are disabled,
ns_entries[] becomes empty and things like
ns_entries[ARRAY_SIZE(ns_entries) - 1] will explode.

Reported-by: Richard Weinberger <richard@nod.at>
Cc: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
Cc: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@free.fr>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
4c619aa
Konstantin Khlebnikov koct9i radix-tree: introduce bit-optimized iterator
A series of radix tree cleanups, and usage of them in the core pagecache
code.

Micro-benchmark:

lookup 14 slots (typical page-vector size)
in radix-tree there earch <step> slot filled and tagged
before/after - nsec per full scan through tree

* Intel Sandy Bridge i7-2620M 4Mb L3
New code always faster

* AMD Athlon 6000+ 2x1Mb L2, without L3
New code generally faster,
Minor degradation (marked with "*") for huge sparse trees

* i386 on Sandy Bridge
New code faster for common cases: tagged and dense trees.
Some degradations for non-tagged lookup on sparse trees.

Ideally, there might help __ffs() analog for searching first non-zero
long element in array, gcc sometimes cannot optimize this loop corretly.

Numbers:

CPU: Intel Sandy Bridge i7-2620M 4Mb L3

radix-tree with 1024 slots:

tagged lookup

step  1      before  7156        after  3613
step  2      before  5399        after  2696
step  3      before  4779        after  1928
step  4      before  4456        after  1429
step  5      before  4292        after  1213
step  6      before  4183        after  1052
step  7      before  4157        after  951
step  8      before  4016        after  812
step  9      before  3952        after  851
step  10     before  3937        after  732
step  11     before  4023        after  709
step  12     before  3872        after  657
step  13     before  3892        after  633
step  14     before  3720        after  591
step  15     before  3879        after  578
step  16     before  3561        after  513

normal lookup

step  1      before  4266       after  3301
step  2      before  2695       after  2129
step  3      before  2083       after  1712
step  4      before  1801       after  1534
step  5      before  1628       after  1313
step  6      before  1551       after  1263
step  7      before  1475       after  1185
step  8      before  1432       after  1167
step  9      before  1373       after  1092
step  10     before  1339       after  1134
step  11     before  1292       after  1056
step  12     before  1319       after  1030
step  13     before  1276       after  1004
step  14     before  1256       after  987
step  15     before  1228       after  992
step  16     before  1247       after  999

radix-tree with 1024*1024*128 slots:

tagged lookup

step  1      before  1086102841  after  674196409
step  2      before  816839155   after  498138306
step  7      before  599728907   after  240676762
step  15     before  555729253   after  185219677
step  63     before  606637748   after  128585664
step  64     before  608384432   after  102945089
step  65     before  596987114   after  123996019
step  128    before  304459225   after  56783056
step  256    before  158846855   after  31232481
step  512    before  86085652    after  18950595
step  12345  before  6517189     after  1674057

normal lookup

step  1      before  626064869  after  544418266
step  2      before  418809975  after  336321473
step  7      before  242303598  after  207755560
step  15     before  208380563  after  176496355
step  63     before  186854206  after  167283638
step  64     before  176188060  after  170143976
step  65     before  185139608  after  167487116
step  128    before  88181865   after  86913490
step  256    before  45733628   after  45143534
step  512    before  24506038   after  23859036
step  12345  before  2177425    after  2018662

* AMD Athlon 6000+ 2x1Mb L2, without L3

radix-tree with 1024 slots:

tag-lookup

step  1      before  8164        after  5379
step  2      before  5818        after  5581
step  3      before  4959        after  4213
step  4      before  4371        after  3386
step  5      before  4204        after  2997
step  6      before  4950        after  2744
step  7      before  4598        after  2480
step  8      before  4251        after  2288
step  9      before  4262        after  2243
step  10     before  4175        after  2131
step  11     before  3999        after  2024
step  12     before  3979        after  1994
step  13     before  3842        after  1929
step  14     before  3750        after  1810
step  15     before  3735        after  1810
step  16     before  3532        after  1660

normal-lookup

step  1      before  7875        after  5847
step  2      before  4808        after  4071
step  3      before  4073        after  3462
step  4      before  3677        after  3074
step  5      before  4308        after  2978
step  6      before  3911        after  3807
step  7      before  3635        after  3522
step  8      before  3313        after  3202
step  9      before  3280        after  3257
step  10     before  3166        after  3083
step  11     before  3066        after  3026
step  12     before  2985        after  2982
step  13     before  2925        after  2924
step  14     before  2834        after  2808
step  15     before  2805        after  2803
step  16     before  2647        after  2622

radix-tree with 1024*1024*128 slots:

tag-lookup

step  1      before  1288059720  after  951736580
step  2      before  961292300   after  884212140
step  7      before  768905140   after  547267580
step  15     before  771319480   after  456550640
step  63     before  504847640   after  242704304
step  64     before  392484800   after  177920786
step  65     before  491162160   after  246895264
step  128    before  208084064   after  97348392
step  256    before  112401035   after  51408126
step  512    before  75825834    after  29145070
step  12345  before  5603166     after  2847330

normal-lookup

step  1      before  1025677120  after  861375100
step  2      before  647220080   after  572258540
step  7      before  505518960   after  484041813
step  15     before  430483053   after  444815320	*
step  63     before  388113453   after  404250546	*
step  64     before  374154666   after  396027440	*
step  65     before  381423973   after  396704853	*
step  128    before  190078700   after  202619384	*
step  256    before  100886756   after  102829108	*
step  512    before  64074505    after  56158720
step  12345  before  4237289     after  4422299		*

* i686 on Sandy bridge

radix-tree with 1024 slots:

tagged lookup

step  1      before  7990        after  4019
step  2      before  5698        after  2897
step  3      before  5013        after  2475
step  4      before  4630        after  1721
step  5      before  4346        after  1759
step  6      before  4299        after  1556
step  7      before  4098        after  1513
step  8      before  4115        after  1222
step  9      before  3983        after  1390
step  10     before  4077        after  1207
step  11     before  3921        after  1231
step  12     before  3894        after  1116
step  13     before  3840        after  1147
step  14     before  3799        after  1090
step  15     before  3797        after  1059
step  16     before  3783        after  745

normal lookup

step  1      before  5103       after  3499
step  2      before  3299       after  2550
step  3      before  2489       after  2370
step  4      before  2034       after  2302		*
step  5      before  1846       after  2268		*
step  6      before  1752       after  2249		*
step  7      before  1679       after  2164		*
step  8      before  1627       after  2153		*
step  9      before  1542       after  2095		*
step  10     before  1479       after  2109		*
step  11     before  1469       after  2009		*
step  12     before  1445       after  2039		*
step  13     before  1411       after  2013		*
step  14     before  1374       after  2046		*
step  15     before  1340       after  1975		*
step  16     before  1331       after  2000		*

radix-tree with 1024*1024*128 slots:

tagged lookup

step  1      before  1225865377  after  667153553
step  2      before  842427423   after  471533007
step  7      before  609296153   after  276260116
step  15     before  544232060   after  226859105
step  63     before  519209199   after  141343043
step  64     before  588980279   after  141951339
step  65     before  521099710   after  138282060
step  128    before  298476778   after  83390628
step  256    before  149358342   after  43602609
step  512    before  76994713    after  22911077
step  12345  before  5328666     after  1472111

normal lookup

step  1      before  819284564  after  533635310
step  2      before  512421605  after  364956155
step  7      before  271443305  after  305721345	*
step  15     before  223591630  after  273960216	*
step  63     before  190320247  after  217770207	*
step  64     before  178538168  after  267411372	*
step  65     before  186400423  after  215347937	*
step  128    before  88106045   after  140540612	*
step  256    before  44812420   after  70660377		*
step  512    before  24435438   after  36328275		*
step  12345  before  2123924    after  2148062		*

bloat-o-meter delta for this patchset + patchset with related shmem cleanups

bloat-o-meter: x86_64

add/remove: 4/3 grow/shrink: 5/6 up/down: 928/-939 (-11)
function                                     old     new   delta
radix_tree_next_chunk                          -     499    +499
shmem_unuse                                  428     554    +126
shmem_radix_tree_replace                     131     227     +96
find_get_pages_tag                           354     419     +65
find_get_pages_contig                        345     407     +62
find_get_pages                               362     396     +34
__kstrtab_radix_tree_next_chunk                -      22     +22
__ksymtab_radix_tree_next_chunk                -      16     +16
__kcrctab_radix_tree_next_chunk                -       8      +8
radix_tree_gang_lookup_slot                  204     203      -1
static.shmem_xattr_set                       384     381      -3
radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag_slot              208     191     -17
radix_tree_gang_lookup                       231     187     -44
radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag                   247     199     -48
shmem_unlock_mapping                         278     190     -88
__lookup                                     217       -    -217
__lookup_tag                                 242       -    -242
radix_tree_locate_item                       279       -    -279

bloat-o-meter: i386

add/remove: 3/3 grow/shrink: 8/9 up/down: 1075/-1275 (-200)
function                                     old     new   delta
radix_tree_next_chunk                          -     757    +757
shmem_unuse                                  352     449     +97
find_get_pages_contig                        269     322     +53
shmem_radix_tree_replace                     113     154     +41
find_get_pages_tag                           277     318     +41
dcache_dir_lseek                             426     458     +32
__kstrtab_radix_tree_next_chunk                -      22     +22
vc_do_resize                                 968     977      +9
snd_pcm_lib_read1                            725     733      +8
__ksymtab_radix_tree_next_chunk                -       8      +8
netlbl_cipsov4_list                         1120    1127      +7
find_get_pages                               293     291      -2
new_slab                                     467     459      -8
bitfill_unaligned_rev                        425     417      -8
radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag_slot              177     146     -31
blk_dump_cmd                                 267     229     -38
radix_tree_gang_lookup_slot                  212     134     -78
shmem_unlock_mapping                         221     128     -93
radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag                   275     162    -113
radix_tree_gang_lookup                       255     126    -129
__lookup                                     227       -    -227
__lookup_tag                                 271       -    -271
radix_tree_locate_item                       277       -    -277

This patch:

Implement a clean, simple and effective radix-tree iteration routine.

Iterating divided into two phases:
* lookup next chunk in radix-tree leaf node
* iterating through slots in this chunk

Main iterator function radix_tree_next_chunk() returns pointer to first
slot, and stores in the struct radix_tree_iter index of next-to-last slot.
 For tagged-iterating it also constuct bitmask of tags for retunted chunk.
 All additional logic implemented as static-inline functions and macroses.

Also adds radix_tree_find_next_bit() static-inline variant of
find_next_bit() optimized for small constant size arrays, because
find_next_bit() too heavy for searching in an array with one/two long
elements.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: rework comments a bit]
Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org>
Tested-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
78c1d78
Konstantin Khlebnikov koct9i radix-tree: rewrite gang lookup using iterator
Rewrite radix_tree_gang_lookup_* functions using the new radix-tree
iterator.

Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org>
Tested-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
cebbd29
Konstantin Khlebnikov koct9i radix-tree: use iterators in find_get_pages* functions
Replace radix_tree_gang_lookup_slot() and
radix_tree_gang_lookup_tag_slot() in page-cache lookup functions with
brand-new radix-tree direct iterating.  This avoids the double-scanning
and pointer copying.

Iterator don't stop after nr_pages page-get fails in a row, it continue
lookup till the radix-tree end.  Thus we can safely remove these restart
conditions.

Unfortunately, old implementation didn't forbid nr_pages == 0, this corner
case does not fit into new code, so the patch adds an extra check at the
beginning.

Signed-off-by: Konstantin Khlebnikov <khlebnikov@openvz.org>
Tested-by: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
0fc9d10
Frederic Weisbecker fweisbec selftests: launch individual selftests from the main Makefile
Remove the run_tests script and launch the selftests by calling "make
run_tests" from the selftests top directory instead.  This delegates to
the Makefile in each selftest directory, where it is decided how to launch
the local test.

This removes the need to add each selftest directory to the now removed
"run_tests" top script.

Signed-off-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Cc: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
f467f71
Andrew Morton selftests/Makefile: make `run_tests' depend on `all'
So a "make run_tests" will build the tests before trying to run them.

Acked-by: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
cab6b05
Dave Young daveyoung mm: move page-types.c from Documentation to tools/vm
tools/ is the better place for vm tools which are used by many people.
Moving them to tools also make them open to more users instead of hide in
Documentation folder.

This patch moves page-types.c to tools/vm/page-types.c.  Also add a
Makefile in tools/vm and fix two coding style problems: a) change const
arrary to 'const char * const', b) change a space to tab for indent.

Signed-off-by: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
c6dd897
Dave Young daveyoung mm: move slabinfo.c to tools/vm
We have tools/vm/ folder for vm tools, so move slabinfo.c from tools/slub/
to tools/vm/

Signed-off-by: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Acked-by: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
63e3155
Dave Young daveyoung mm: move hugepage test examples to tools/testing/selftests/vm
hugepage-mmap.c, hugepage-shm.c and map_hugetlb.c in Documentation/vm are
simple pass/fail tests, It's better to promote them to
tools/testing/selftests.

Thanks suggestion of Andrew Morton about this.  They all need firstly
setting up proper nr_hugepages and hugepage-mmap need to mount hugetlbfs.
So I add a shell script run_vmtests to do such work which will call the
three test programs and check the return value of them.

Changes to original code including below:
a. add run_vmtests script
b. return error when read_bytes mismatch with writed bytes.
c. coding style fixes: do not use assignment in if condition

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: build the targets before trying to execute them]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: Documentation/vm/ no longer has a Makefile. Fixes "make clean"]
Signed-off-by: Dave Young <dyoung@redhat.com>
Cc: Wu Fengguang <fengguang.wu@intel.com>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Cc: Pekka Enberg <penberg@cs.helsinki.fi>
Cc: Frederic Weisbecker <fweisbec@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
f0f57b2
Darrick J. Wong crc32: add help text for the algorithm select option
Add help text to the crc32 algorithm selection option in Kconfig.

Signed-off-by: Darrick J. Wong <djwong@us.ibm.com>
Reported-by: Stefan Richter <stefanr@s5r6.in-berlin.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
82edb4b
standby24x7 standby24x7 backlight: fix typo in tosa_lcd.c
Fix typo in drivers/video/backlight/tosa_lcd.c
"tosa_lcd_reume" should be "tosa_lcd_resume".

Signed-off-by: Masanari Iida <standby24x7@gmail.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
8da00ed
Linus Torvalds Merge branch 'akpm' (Andrew's patch-bomb)
Merge third batch of patches from Andrew Morton:
 - Some MM stragglers
 - core SMP library cleanups (on_each_cpu_mask)
 - Some IPI optimisations
 - kexec
 - kdump
 - IPMI
 - the radix-tree iterator work
 - various other misc bits.

 "That'll do for -rc1.  I still have ~10 patches for 3.4, will send
  those along when they've baked a little more."

* emailed from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (35 commits)
  backlight: fix typo in tosa_lcd.c
  crc32: add help text for the algorithm select option
  mm: move hugepage test examples to tools/testing/selftests/vm
  mm: move slabinfo.c to tools/vm
  mm: move page-types.c from Documentation to tools/vm
  selftests/Makefile: make `run_tests' depend on `all'
  selftests: launch individual selftests from the main Makefile
  radix-tree: use iterators in find_get_pages* functions
  radix-tree: rewrite gang lookup using iterator
  radix-tree: introduce bit-optimized iterator
  fs/proc/namespaces.c: prevent crash when ns_entries[] is empty
  nbd: rename the nbd_device variable from lo to nbd
  pidns: add reboot_pid_ns() to handle the reboot syscall
  sysctl: use bitmap library functions
  ipmi: use locks on watchdog timeout set on reboot
  ipmi: simplify locking
  ipmi: fix message handling during panics
  ipmi: use a tasklet for handling received messages
  ipmi: increase KCS timeouts
  ipmi: decrease the IPMI message transaction time in interrupt mode
  ...
532bfc8
Linus Torvalds Merge tag 'squashfs-updates' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/ke…
…rnel/git/pkl/squashfs-next

Pull squashfs updates from Phillip Lougher:
 "Add an extra mount time sanity check, plus some code cleanups and bug
  fixes."

* tag 'squashfs-updates' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/pkl/squashfs-next:
  Squashfs: add mount time sanity check for block_size and block_log match
  Squashfs: fix f_pos check in get_dir_index_using_offset
  Squashfs: get rid of obsolete definitions in header file
  Squashfs: remove redundant length initialisation in squashfs_lookup
  Squashfs: remove redundant length initialisation in squashfs_readdir
  Squashfs: update comment removing reference to zlib only
  Squashfs: use define instead of constant
8563f87