Skip to content


Subversion checkout URL

You can clone with HTTPS or Subversion.

Download ZIP

ARM: OMAP2+: gpmc: generic timing calculation

Presently there are three peripherals that gets it timing
by runtime calculation. Those peripherals can work with
frequency scaling that affects gpmc clock. But timing
calculation for them are in different ways.

Here a generic runtime calculation method is proposed. Input
to this function were selected so that they represent timing
variables that are present in peripheral datasheets. Motive
behind this was to achieve DT bindings for the inputs as is.
Even though a few of the tusb6010 timings could not be made
directly related to timings normally found on peripherals,
expressions used were translated to those that could be

There are possibilities of improving the calculations, like
calculating timing for read & write operations in a more
similar way. Expressions derived here were tested for async
onenand on omap3evm (as vanilla Kernel does not have omap3evm
onenand support, local patch was used). Other peripherals,
tusb6010, smc91x calculations were validated by simulating
on omap3evm.

Regarding "we_on" for onenand async, it was found that even
for muxed address/data, it need not be greater than
"adv_wr_off", but rather could be derived from write setup
time for peripheral from start of access time, hence would
more be in line with peripheral timings. With this method
it was working fine. If it is required in some cases to
have "we_on" same as "wr_data_mux_bus" (i.e. greater than
"adv_wr_off"), another variable could be added to indicate
it. But such a requirement is not expected though.

It has been observed that "adv_rd_off" & "adv_wr_off" are
currently calculated by adding an offset over "oe_on" and
"we_on" respectively in the case of smc91x. But peripheral
datasheet does not specify so and so "adv_rd(wr)_off" has
been derived (to be specific, made ignorant of "oe_on" and
"we_on") observing datasheet rather than adding an offset.
Hence this generic routine is expected to work for smc91x
(91C96 RX51 board). This was verified on smsc911x (9220 on
OMAP3EVM) - a similar ethernet controller.

Timings are calculated in ps to prevent rounding errors and
converted to ns at final stage so that these values can be
directly fed to gpmc_cs_set_timings(). gpmc_cs_set_timings()
would be modified to take ps once all custom timing routines
are replaced by the generic routine, at the same time
generic timing routine would be modified to provide timings
in ps. struct gpmc_timings field types are upgraded from
u16 => u32 so that it can hold ps values.

Whole of this exercise is being done to achieve driver and
DT conversion. If timings could not be calculated in a
peripheral agnostic way, either gpmc driver would have to
be peripheral gnostic or a wrapper arrangement over gpmc
driver would be required.

Signed-off-by: Afzal Mohammed <>
latest commit 246da26d37
Afzal Mohammed authored
Failed to load latest commit information.
ti-gpmc.txt ARM: OMAP2+: gpmc: generic timing calculation
Something went wrong with that request. Please try again.