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Using 'python' in commands is confusing #305

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pytoxbot opened this Issue Sep 17, 2016 · 4 comments

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@pytoxbot

pytoxbot commented Sep 17, 2016

Another feedback from my fellow sprinters new to tox.

Very often you'll see something like this in your tox.ini:

[testenv:coverage]
basepython = python3
commands =
    python -m coverage run {[coverage]rc} -m nose -v
    python -m coverage combine {[coverage]rc}
    python -m coverage html {[coverage]rc}
    python -m coverage report -m {[coverage]rc}

The details aren't important other than what we're doing here is invoking some python interpreter to run some commands. In the commands lines we see the string "python" and while tox does the right thing by substituting basepython for that, it's confusing when people see it because they think that it's literally using /usr/bin/python (i.e. Python 2) for those commands.

I thought maybe we could use {basepython} -m blah but that doesn't work. Any thoughts on a way to make it obvious the "python" in commands is being substituted instead of actually using Python 2?

@obestwalter

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obestwalter commented Nov 3, 2016

it's confusing when people see it because they think that it's literally using /usr/bin/python (i.e. Python 2) for those commands.

I am not sure if I understand the source of the confusion correctly. My own understanding is that when I say "python" in commands the executable used is the correct one in the context of my tox environment, so in the case of your example the python executable in the virtualenv that was created from the basepython. In the case of your example it would be <whatever>/.tox/coverage/bin/python which was created from the python3 basepython.

I personally would not want to change the invocation in tox.ini to something other than simply python - especially not {basepython} because that would actually be lying about what is used - as not {basepython} is called but the executable in the virtualenv that was created from {basepython}.

Alternatively we could document the behaviour more clearly (explain the concept better) or make the output more "educational" by telling the user which python is used for invocations?

@warsaw

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warsaw commented Nov 3, 2016

@obestwalter The confusion comes about because people see the python command and think it should be /usr/bin/python. I think if people clearly understood that this is the environment's virtualenv's bin/python it could help.

@RonnyPfannschmidt

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RonnyPfannschmidt commented Nov 3, 2016

@warsaw then perhaps the documentation should spell {envpython} -m ... ?

@obestwalter obestwalter added this to ready in Documentation Mar 10, 2017

obestwalter added a commit to Avira/tox that referenced this issue Sep 9, 2017

@freddrake

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freddrake commented May 2, 2018

When writing my first tox.ini, I started by writing bin/python instead of python; it surprised me that that didn't work.

The documentation definitely needs to address this more clearly.

@obestwalter obestwalter self-assigned this May 2, 2018

@gaborbernat gaborbernat added this to the 3.4 milestone Sep 15, 2018

gaborbernat added a commit to gaborbernat/tox that referenced this issue Sep 16, 2018

@helpr helpr bot added the pr-available label Sep 16, 2018

gaborbernat added a commit to gaborbernat/tox that referenced this issue Sep 16, 2018

gaborbernat added a commit that referenced this issue Sep 16, 2018

@helpr helpr bot added pr-merged and removed pr-available labels Sep 16, 2018

DmytroLitvinov added a commit to DmytroLitvinov/kuna that referenced this issue Sep 24, 2018

Scheduled weekly dependency update for week 38 (#25)



### Update [tox](https://pypi.org/project/tox) from **3.2.1** to **3.4.0**.


<details>
  <summary>Changelog</summary>
  
  
   ### 3.4.0
   ```
   ------------------

Bugfixes
^^^^^^^^

- add ``--exists-action w`` to default pip flags to handle better VCS dependencies (`pip documentation on this &lt;https://pip.pypa.io/en/latest/reference/pip/exists-action-option&gt;`_) - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`503 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/503&gt;`_)
- instead of assuming the Python version from the base python name ask the interpreter to reveal the version for the ``ignore_basepython_conflict`` flag - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`908 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/908&gt;`_)
- PEP-517 packaging fails with sdist already exists, fixed via ensuring the dist folder is empty before invoking the backend and `pypa/setuptools 1481 &lt;https://github.com/pypa/setuptools/pull/1481&gt;`_ - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`1003 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/1003&gt;`_)


Features
^^^^^^^^

- add ``commands_pre`` and ``commands_post`` that run before and after running
  the ``commands`` (setup runs always, commands only if setup suceeds, teardown always - all
  run until the first failing command)  - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`167 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/167&gt;`_)
- ``pyproject.toml`` config support initially by just inline the tox.ini under ``tool.tox.legacy_tox_ini`` key; config source priority order is ``pyproject.toml``, ``tox.ini`` and then ``setup.cfg`` - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`814 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/814&gt;`_)
- use the os environment variable ``TOX_SKIP_ENV`` to filter out tox environment names from the run list (set by ``envlist``)  - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`824 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/824&gt;`_)
- always set ``PIP_USER=0`` (do not install into the user site package, but inside the virtual environment created) and ``PIP_NO_DEPS=0`` (installing without dependencies can cause broken package installations) inside tox - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`838 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/838&gt;`_)
- tox will inject some environment variables that to indicate a command is running within tox: ``TOX_WORK_DIR`` env var is set to the tox work directory,
  ``TOX_ENV_NAME`` is set to the current running tox environment name, ``TOX_ENV_DIR`` is set to the current tox environments working dir - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`847 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/847&gt;`_)
- While running tox invokes various commands (such as building the package, pip installing dependencies and so on), these were printed in case they failed as Python arrays. Changed the representation to a shell command, allowing the users to quickly replicate/debug the failure on their own - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`851 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/851&gt;`_)
- skip missing interpreters value from the config file can now be overridden via the ``--skip-missing-interpreters`` cli flag - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`903 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/903&gt;`_)
- keep additional environments config order when listing them - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`921 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/921&gt;`_)
- allow injecting config value inside the ini file dependent of the fact that we&#39;re connected to an interactive shell or not  - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`947 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/947&gt;`_)
- do not build sdist if skip install is specified for the envs to be run - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`974 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/974&gt;`_)
- when verbosity level increases above two start passing through verbosity flags to pip - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`982 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/982&gt;`_)
- when discovering the interpreter to use check if the tox host Python matches and use that if so - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`994 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/994&gt;`_)
- ``-vv`` will print out why a virtual environment is re-created whenever this operation is triggered - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`1004 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/1004&gt;`_)


Documentation
^^^^^^^^^^^^^

- clarify that ``python`` and ``pip`` refer to the virtual environments executable - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`305 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/305&gt;`_)
- add Sphinx and mkdocs example of generating documentation via tox - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`374 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/374&gt;`_)
- specify that ``setup.cfg`` tox configuration needs to be inside the ``tox:tox`` namespace - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`545 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/545&gt;`_)
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 3.3.0
   ```
   ------------------

Bugfixes
^^^^^^^^

- fix ``TOX_LIMITED_SHEBANG`` when running under python3 - by :user:`asottile` (`931 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/931&gt;`_)


Features
^^^^^^^^

- `PEP-517 &lt;https://www.python.org/dev/peps/pep-0517/&gt;`_ source distribution support (create a
  ``.package`` virtual environment to perform build operations inside) by :user:`gaborbernat` (`573 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/573&gt;`_)
- `flit &lt;https://flit.readthedocs.io&gt;`_ support via implementing ``PEP-517`` by :user:`gaborbernat` (`820 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/820&gt;`_)
- packaging now is exposed as a hook via ``tox_package(session, venv)`` - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`951 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/951&gt;`_)


Miscellaneous
^^^^^^^^^^^^^

- Updated the VSTS build YAML to use the latest jobs and pools syntax - by :user:`davidstaheli` (`955 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/955&gt;`_)
   ```
   
  
</details>


 

<details>
  <summary>Links</summary>
  
  - PyPI: https://pypi.org/project/tox
  - Changelog: https://pyup.io/changelogs/tox/
  - Docs: https://tox.readthedocs.org/
</details>





### Update [Sphinx](https://pypi.org/project/Sphinx) from **1.8.0** to **1.8.1**.


<details>
  <summary>Changelog</summary>
  
  
   ### 1.8.1
   ```
   =====================================

Incompatible changes
--------------------

* LaTeX ``\pagestyle`` commands have been moved to the LaTeX template. No
  changes in PDF, except possibly if ``\sphinxtableofcontents``, which
  contained them, had been customized in :file:`conf.py`. (refs: 5455)

Bugs fixed
----------

* 5418: Incorrect default path for sphinx-build -d/doctrees files
* 5421: autodoc emits deprecation warning for :confval:`autodoc_default_flags`
* 5422: lambda object causes PicklingError on storing environment
* 5417: Sphinx fails to build with syntax error in Python 2.7.5
* 4911: add latexpdf to make.bat for non make-mode
* 5436: Autodoc does not work with enum subclasses with properties/methods
* 5437: autodoc: crashed on modules importing eggs
* 5433: latex: ImportError: cannot import name &#39;DEFAULT_SETTINGS&#39;
* 5431: autodoc: ``autofunction`` emits a warning for callable objects
* 5457: Fix TypeError in error message when override is prohibited
* 5453: PDF builds of &#39;howto&#39; documents have no page numbers
* 5463: mathbase: math_role and MathDirective was disappeared in 1.8.0
* 5454: latex: Index has disappeared from PDF for Japanese documents
* 5432: py domain: ``:type:`` field can&#39;t process ``:term:`` references
* 5426: py domain: TypeError has been raised for class attribute
   ```
   
  
</details>


 

<details>
  <summary>Links</summary>
  
  - PyPI: https://pypi.org/project/sphinx
  - Changelog: https://pyup.io/changelogs/sphinx/
  - Homepage: http://sphinx-doc.org/
</details>





### Update [twine](https://pypi.org/project/twine) from **1.11.0** to **1.12.0**.


<details>
  <summary>Changelog</summary>
  
  
   ### 1.12.0
   ```
   * :feature:`395 major` Add ``twine check`` command to check long description
* :feature:`392 major` Drop support for Python 3.3
* :feature:`363` Empower ``--skip-existing`` for Artifactory repositories
* 🐛`367` Avoid MD5 when Python is compiled in FIPS mode
   ```
   
  
</details>


 

<details>
  <summary>Links</summary>
  
  - PyPI: https://pypi.org/project/twine
  - Changelog: https://pyup.io/changelogs/twine/
  - Docs: https://twine.readthedocs.io/
</details>

guykisel added a commit to guykisel/inline-plz that referenced this issue Sep 24, 2018

Update tox to 3.4.0 (#380)
This PR updates [tox](https://pypi.org/project/tox) from **3.1.2** to **3.4.0**.



<details>
  <summary>Changelog</summary>
  
  
   ### 3.4.0
   ```
   ------------------

Bugfixes
^^^^^^^^

- add ``--exists-action w`` to default pip flags to handle better VCS dependencies (`pip documentation on this &lt;https://pip.pypa.io/en/latest/reference/pip/exists-action-option&gt;`_) - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`503 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/503&gt;`_)
- instead of assuming the Python version from the base python name ask the interpreter to reveal the version for the ``ignore_basepython_conflict`` flag - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`908 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/908&gt;`_)
- PEP-517 packaging fails with sdist already exists, fixed via ensuring the dist folder is empty before invoking the backend and `pypa/setuptools 1481 &lt;https://github.com/pypa/setuptools/pull/1481&gt;`_ - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`1003 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/1003&gt;`_)


Features
^^^^^^^^

- add ``commands_pre`` and ``commands_post`` that run before and after running
  the ``commands`` (setup runs always, commands only if setup suceeds, teardown always - all
  run until the first failing command)  - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`167 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/167&gt;`_)
- ``pyproject.toml`` config support initially by just inline the tox.ini under ``tool.tox.legacy_tox_ini`` key; config source priority order is ``pyproject.toml``, ``tox.ini`` and then ``setup.cfg`` - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`814 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/814&gt;`_)
- use the os environment variable ``TOX_SKIP_ENV`` to filter out tox environment names from the run list (set by ``envlist``)  - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`824 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/824&gt;`_)
- always set ``PIP_USER=0`` (do not install into the user site package, but inside the virtual environment created) and ``PIP_NO_DEPS=0`` (installing without dependencies can cause broken package installations) inside tox - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`838 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/838&gt;`_)
- tox will inject some environment variables that to indicate a command is running within tox: ``TOX_WORK_DIR`` env var is set to the tox work directory,
  ``TOX_ENV_NAME`` is set to the current running tox environment name, ``TOX_ENV_DIR`` is set to the current tox environments working dir - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`847 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/847&gt;`_)
- While running tox invokes various commands (such as building the package, pip installing dependencies and so on), these were printed in case they failed as Python arrays. Changed the representation to a shell command, allowing the users to quickly replicate/debug the failure on their own - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`851 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/851&gt;`_)
- skip missing interpreters value from the config file can now be overridden via the ``--skip-missing-interpreters`` cli flag - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`903 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/903&gt;`_)
- keep additional environments config order when listing them - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`921 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/921&gt;`_)
- allow injecting config value inside the ini file dependent of the fact that we&#39;re connected to an interactive shell or not  - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`947 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/947&gt;`_)
- do not build sdist if skip install is specified for the envs to be run - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`974 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/974&gt;`_)
- when verbosity level increases above two start passing through verbosity flags to pip - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`982 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/982&gt;`_)
- when discovering the interpreter to use check if the tox host Python matches and use that if so - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`994 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/994&gt;`_)
- ``-vv`` will print out why a virtual environment is re-created whenever this operation is triggered - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`1004 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/1004&gt;`_)


Documentation
^^^^^^^^^^^^^

- clarify that ``python`` and ``pip`` refer to the virtual environments executable - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`305 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/305&gt;`_)
- add Sphinx and mkdocs example of generating documentation via tox - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`374 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/374&gt;`_)
- specify that ``setup.cfg`` tox configuration needs to be inside the ``tox:tox`` namespace - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`545 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/545&gt;`_)
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 3.3.0
   ```
   ------------------

Bugfixes
^^^^^^^^

- fix ``TOX_LIMITED_SHEBANG`` when running under python3 - by :user:`asottile` (`931 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/931&gt;`_)


Features
^^^^^^^^

- `PEP-517 &lt;https://www.python.org/dev/peps/pep-0517/&gt;`_ source distribution support (create a
  ``.package`` virtual environment to perform build operations inside) by :user:`gaborbernat` (`573 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/573&gt;`_)
- `flit &lt;https://flit.readthedocs.io&gt;`_ support via implementing ``PEP-517`` by :user:`gaborbernat` (`820 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/820&gt;`_)
- packaging now is exposed as a hook via ``tox_package(session, venv)`` - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`951 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/951&gt;`_)


Miscellaneous
^^^^^^^^^^^^^

- Updated the VSTS build YAML to use the latest jobs and pools syntax - by :user:`davidstaheli` (`955 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/955&gt;`_)
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 3.2.1
   ```
   ------------------

Bugfixes
^^^^^^^^

- ``--parallel--safe-build`` no longer cleans up its folders (``distdir``, ``distshare``, ``log``). - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`849 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/849&gt;`_)
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 3.2.0
   ```
   ------------------

Features
^^^^^^^^

- Switch pip invocations to use the module ``-m pip`` instead of direct invocation. This could help
  avoid some of the shebang limitations.  - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`935 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/935&gt;`_)
- Ability to specify package requirements for the tox run via the ``tox.ini`` (``tox`` section under key ``requires`` - PEP-508 style): can be used to specify both plugin requirements or build dependencies. - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`783 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/783&gt;`_)
- Allow to run multiple tox instances in parallel by providing the
  ``--parallel--safe-build`` flag. - by :user:`gaborbernat` (`849 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/849&gt;`_)
   ```
   
  
  
   ### 3.1.3
   ```
   ------------------

Bugfixes
^^^^^^^^

- A caching issue that caused the ``develop-inst-nodeps`` action, which
  reinstalls the package under test, to always run has been resolved. The
  ``develop-inst-noop`` action, which, as the name suggests, is a no-op, will now
  run unless there are changes to ``setup.py`` or ``setup.cfg`` files that have
  not been reflected - by stephenfin (`909 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/909&gt;`_)


Features
^^^^^^^^

- Python version testenvs are now automatically detected instead of comparing
  against a hard-coded list of supported versions.  This enables ``py38`` and
  eventually ``py39`` / ``py40`` / etc. to work without requiring an upgrade to
  ``tox``.  As such, the following public constants are now deprecated
  (and scheduled for removal in ``tox`` 4.0: ``CPYTHON_VERSION_TUPLES``,
  ``PYPY_VERSION_TUPLES``, ``OTHER_PYTHON_INTERPRETERS``, and ``DEFAULT_FACTORS`` -
  by :user:`asottile` (`914 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/914&gt;`_)


Documentation
^^^^^^^^^^^^^

- Add a system overview section on the index page that explains briefly how tox works -
  by :user:`gaborbernat`. (`867 &lt;https://github.com/tox-dev/tox/issues/867&gt;`_)
   ```
   
  
</details>


 

<details>
  <summary>Links</summary>
  
  - PyPI: https://pypi.org/project/tox
  - Changelog: https://pyup.io/changelogs/tox/
  - Docs: https://tox.readthedocs.org/
</details>

@obestwalter obestwalter moved this from ready to done in Documentation Oct 1, 2018

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