Docker image for Meteor.
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Image which can serve as a base Docker image for dockerizing Meteor applications.

In the root directory of your Meteor application (the one with .meteor directory) create a Dockerfile file with the following content:

FROM tozd/meteor:ubuntu-xenial

And your Meteor application is dockerized. To optimize image building, especially if you are building the image from a directory where you are also developing the application, add .dockerignore file with something like:


The intended use of this image is that it is run alongside the tozd/meteor-mongodb image for MongoDB database for your Meteor application. You will probably want a HTTP reverse proxy in front. You can use tozd/docker-nginx-proxy image which provides nginx configured as a reverse proxy with automatic SSL support provided by Let's encrypt.

When running Docker image with your Meteor application, you have to configure the following environment variables:

  • ROOT_URL – used by Meteor to construct absolute URLs, it should not contain a trailing /; example:
  • MAIL_URL – used to configure e-mail server; example: smtp://user:password@mailhost:port/
  • METEOR_SETTINGS – JSON string of your Meteor settings
  • MONGO_URL – MongoDB database URL; example: mongodb://mongodb/meteor
  • MONGO_OPLOG_URL – MongoDB database oplog URL; example: mongodb://mongodb/local
  • LOG_TO_STDOUT – if set to 1 log output to stdout instead to /var/log/meteor

You can specify those environment variables when running an image, but you can also export them from the script file volume mounted under /etc/service/meteor/run.config.

Example of a run.config file:


export MONGO_URL="mongodb://meteor:${MONGODB_CREATE_PWD}@mongodb/meteor"
export MONGO_OPLOG_URL="mongodb://oplogger:${MONGODB_OPLOGGER_PWD}@mongodb/local?authSource=admin"

Only export lines are necessary for this image, but others are used by tozd/meteor-mongodb image. You can export also other environment variables.

When you are extending this image, you can add a script /etc/service/meteor/run.initialization which will be run at a container startup, after the container is initialized, but before the Meteor application is run.

If you have to do anything to the base Docker image, before your Meteor application starts building (e.g., installing an Ubuntu package), add a file to the root of your Meteor application and it will be run before the build.