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This is a reimplementation of Matthew Garrett's tpmtotp software for TPM 2.0 using the tpm2-tss software stack. Its purpose is to attest the trustworthiness of a device against a human using time-based one-time passwords (TOTP), facilitating the Trusted Platform Module (TPM) to bind the TOTP secret to the known trustworthy system state. In addition to the original tpmtotp, given the new capabilities of in-TPM HMAC calculation, the tpm2-totp's secret HMAC keys do not have to be exported from the TPM to the CPU's RAM on boot anymore. Another addition is the ability to rebind an old secret to the current PCRs in case a software component was changed on purpose, using a user-defined password.



When the platform is in a known trustworthy state, the user will generate a tpm2-totp secret that is sealed to the current PCR values of the TPM. The secret is also exported (e.g. via QR-Code) so it can be recorded in a TOTP application (e.g. freeotp on Android phones). The secret is also stored inside the TPM's NV space.


During boot the OS sends the current time to the TPM. The TPM checks that the correct PCR values are present and calculates the HMAC of the time input. This result is the TOTP value that will be displayed to the user. The user can compare this value to the TOTP value of his/her external device (e.g. phone) and thus assert the unalteredness and trustworthiness of his/her device.


If the TOTP secret on the external device gets lost, there is a way to recover the secret, if a password was set during its generation. In this case the same QR code will be displayed to the user again.

If an update occurs that changes one of the PCR values (e.g. BIOS or Bootloader) then the secret can be resealed to the new PCR values using the password. Then it will be available again on the next boot.

Build and install instructions

Standard installation using

make install

Followed by setting up the initrd, see below.

Instructions on packages needed to build and install tpm2-totp and different build options are available in the INSTALL file.

Initramfs integration

The project includes hooks for dracut, initramfs-tools and mkinitcpio to display the TOTP during boot using Plymouth. They are automatically installed if the corresponding tool is found on the system (also see INSTALL regarding necessary configuration options). To use them, install tpm2-totp and initialize a TOTP secret, then enable the tpm2-totp hook in your initramfs generator and rebuild the initramfs.



The TOTP secret can be initialized with and without password. It is recommended to set a password -P in order to enable recovery options. Further, it is strongly recommended to provide the password via stdin, rather than directly as a command line option, to protect it from other processes, shell history, etc. Also the PCRs and PCR banks can be selected -p and -b. Default values are PCRs 0,2,4 and banks SHA1, SHA256.

tpm2-totp init

tpm2-totp -P - init
# or (recommended)
gpg --decrypt /path/to/password.gpg | tpm2-totp -P - init
# or (discouraged)
tpm2-totp -P verysecret init

tpm2-totp -P - -p 0,1,2,3,4,5,6 init
tpm2-totp -p 0,1,2,3,4,5,6 -b SHA1,SHA256 init


During boot the TOTP value for the current time, together with the current time should be shown to the user, e.g. using plymouth from mkinitrd or from dracut. The command to be executed is:

tpm2-totp show
tpm2-totp -t show


In order to recover the QR code:

tpm2-totp -P - recover

In order to reseal the secret:

tpm2-totp -P - reseal
tpm2-totp -P - -p 1,3,5,6 reseal


In order to delete the created NV index:

tpm2-totp clean

NV index

All command additionally take the -N option to specify the NV index to be used. By default, 0x018094AF is used and recommended.

tpm2-totp -N 0x01800001 -P - init
tpm2-totp -N 0x01800001 show
tpm2-totp -N 0x01800001 -P - recover
tpm2-totp -N 0x01800001 -P - reseal


Whilst tpm2-totp provided the added security (in comparison to tpm-totp) that the key will not leave the TPM during the calculate operation, the time source is still not trustworthy and thus an attacker might in some situations be able to calculate a set of TOTP values for the future. Depending on the size of the possible attack window this can be very large though.

It is not yet possible to specify specific PCR values independent of the currently set PCR values. This would allow disabling the password-less calculate operation after booting the device. This makes most sense, once a TSS2 FAPI is available that will enable an interface to a canonical PCR event log.

Currently, an empty owner password is assumed.