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*fugitive.txt* A Git wrapper so awesome, it should be illegal
Author: Tim Pope <>
License: Same terms as Vim itself (see |license|)
This plugin is only available if 'compatible' is not set.
Whenever you edit a file from a Git repository, a set of commands is defined
that serve as a gateway to Git.
COMMANDS *fugitive-commands*
These commands are local to the buffers in which they work (generally, buffers
that are part of Git repositories).
:Git [args] Run an arbitrary git command. Similar to :!git [args]
but chdir to the repository tree first.
:Git! [args] Like |:Git|, but capture the output into a temp file,
and edit that temp file.
:Gcd [directory] |:cd| relative to the repository.
:Glcd [directory] |:lcd| relative to the repository.
:Gstatus Bring up the output of git-status in the preview
window. The following maps, which work on the cursor
line file where sensible, are provided:
<C-N> next file
<C-P> previous file
<CR> |:Gedit|
- |:Git| add
- |:Git| reset (staged files)
C |:Gcommit|
cA |:Gcommit| --amend --reuse-message=HEAD
ca |:Gcommit| --amend
D |:Gdiff|
ds |:Gsdiff|
dp |:Git!| diff (p for patch; use :Gw to apply)
dp |:Git| add --intent-to-add (untracked files)
dv |:Gvdiff|
O |:Gtabedit|
o |:Gsplit|
p |:Git| add --patch
p |:Git| reset --patch (staged files)
q close status
R reload status
S |:Gvsplit|
:Gcommit [args] A wrapper around git-commit. If there is nothing
to commit, |:Gstatus| is called instead. Unless the
arguments given would skip the invocation of an editor
(e.g., -m), a split window will be used to obtain a
commit message. Write and close that window (:wq or
|:Gwrite|) to finish the commit. Unlike when running
the actual git-commit command, it is possible (but
unadvisable) to muck with the index with commands like
git-add and git-reset while a commit message is
:Ggrep [args] |:grep| with git-grep as 'grepprg'.
:Glgrep [args] |:lgrep| with git-grep as 'grepprg'.
:Glog [args] Load all previous revisions of the current file into
the quickfix list. Additional git-log arguments can
be given (for example, --reverse). If "--" appears as
an argument, no file specific filtering is done, and
previous commits rather than previous file revisions
are loaded.
:Gllog [args] Like |:Glog|, but use the location list instead of the
quickfix list.
*fugitive-:Gedit* *fugitive-:Ge*
:Gedit [revision] |:edit| a |fugitive-revision|.
:Gsplit [revision] |:split| a |fugitive-revision|.
:Gvsplit [revision] |:vsplit| a |fugitive-revision|.
:Gtabedit [revision] |:tabedit| a |fugitive-revision|.
:Gpedit [revision] |:pedit| a |fugitive-revision|.
:Gsplit! [args] *fugitive-:Gsplit!* *fugitive-:Gvsplit!*
:Gvsplit! [args] *fugitive-:Gtabedit!* *fugitive-:Gpedit!*
:Gtabedit! [args] Like |:Git!|, but open the resulting temp file in a
:Gpedit! [args] split, tab, or preview window.
:Gread [revision] Empty the buffer and |:read| a |fugitive-revision|.
When the argument is omitted, this is similar to
git-checkout on a work tree file or git-add on a stage
file, but without writing anything to disk.
:{range}Gread [revision]
|:read| in a |fugitive-revision| after {range}.
:Gread! [args] Empty the buffer and |:read| the output of a Git
command. For example, :Gread! show HEAD:%.
:{range}Gread! [args] |:read| the output of a Git command after {range}.
:Gwrite Write to the current file's path and stage the results.
When run in a work tree file, it is effectively git
add. Elsewhere, it is effectively git-checkout. A
great deal of effort is expended to behave sensibly
when the work tree or index version of the file is
open in another buffer.
:Gwrite {path} You can give |:Gwrite| an explicit path of where in
the work tree to write. You can also give a path like
:0:foo.txt or even :0 to write to just that stage in
the index.
:Gwq [path] Like |:Gwrite| followed by |:quit| if the write
:Gwq! [path] Like |:Gwrite|! followed by |:quit|! if the write
:Gdiff [revision] Perform a |vimdiff| against the current file in the
given revision. With no argument, the version in the
index is used (which means a three-way diff during a
merge conflict, making it a git-mergetool
alternative). The newer of the two files is placed
to the right. Use |do| and |dp| and write to the
index file to simulate "git add --patch".
:Gsdiff [revision] Like |:Gdiff|, but split horizontally.
:Gvdiff [revision] Identical to |:Gdiff|. For symmetry with |:Gsdiff|.
:Gmove {destination} Wrapper around git-mv that renames the buffer
afterward. The destination is relative to the current
directory except when started with a /, in which case
it is relative to the work tree. Add a ! to pass -f.
:Gremove Wrapper around git-rm that deletes the buffer
afterward. When invoked in an index file, --cached is
passed. Add a ! to pass -f and forcefully discard the
:Gblame [flags] Run git-blame on the file and open the results in a
scroll bound vertical split. Press enter on a line to
reblame the file as it was in that commit. You can
give any of ltfnsewMC as flags and they will be passed
along to git-blame. The following maps, which work on
the cursor line commit where sensible, are provided:
A resize to end of author column
C resize to end of commit column
D resize to end of date/time column
q close blame and return to blamed window
gq q, then |:Gedit| to return to work tree version
i q, then open commit
o open commit in horizontal split
O open commit in new tab
- reblame at commit
~ reblame at [count]th first grandparent
P reblame at [count]th parent (like HEAD^[count])
:[range]Gblame [flags] Run git-blame on the given range.
:[range]Gbrowse If the remote for the current branch is on GitHub,
open the current file, blob, tree, commit, or tag
(with git-web--browse) on GitHub. Otherwise, open the
current file, blob, tree, commit, or tag in
git-instaweb (if you have issues, verify you can run
"git instaweb" from a terminal). If a range is given,
it is appropriately appended to the URL as an anchor.
To use with GitHub FI, point g:fugitive_github_domains
at a list of domains:
let g:fugitive_github_domains = ['']
:[range]Gbrowse! Like :Gbrowse, but put the URL on the clipboard rather
than opening it.
:[range]Gbrowse {revision}
Like :Gbrowse, but for a given |fugitive-revision|. A
useful value here is -, which ties the URL to the
latest commit rather than a volatile branch.
:[range]Gbrowse [...]@{remote}
Force using the given remote rather than the remote
for the current branch. The remote is used to
determine which GitHub repository to link to.
MAPPINGS *fugitive-mappings*
These maps are available everywhere.
<C-R><C-G> On the command line, recall the path to the current
object (that is, a representation of the object
recognized by |:Gedit|).
["x]y<C-G> Yank the commit SHA and path to the current object.
These maps are available in Git objects.
<CR> Jump to the revision under the cursor.
o Jump to the revision under the cursor in a new split.
S Jump to the revision under the cursor in a new
vertical split.
O Jump to the revision under the cursor in a new tab.
- Go to the tree containing the current tree or blob.
~ Go to the current file in the [count]th first
P Go to the current file in the [count]th parent.
C Go to the commit containing the current file.
a Show the current tag, commit, or tree in an alternate
SPECIFYING REVISIONS *fugitive-revision*
Fugitive revisions are similar to Git revisions as defined in the "SPECIFYING
REVISIONS" section in the git-rev-parse man page. For commands that accept an
optional revision, the default is the file in the index for work tree files
and the work tree file for everything else. Example revisions follow.
Revision Meaning ~
master .git/refs/heads/master
HEAD^{} The commit referenced by HEAD
HEAD^ The parent of the commit referenced by HEAD
HEAD: The tree referenced by HEAD
/HEAD The file named HEAD in the work tree
Makefile The file named Makefile in the work tree
HEAD^:Makefile The file named Makefile in the parent of HEAD
:Makefile The file named Makefile in the index (writable)
- The current file in HEAD
^ The current file in the previous commit
~3 The current file 3 commits ago
: .git/index (Same as |:Gstatus|)
:0 The current file in the index
:1 The current file's common ancestor during a conflict
:2 The current file in the target branch during a conflict
:3 The current file in the merged branch during a conflict
:/foo The most recent commit with "foo" in the message
STATUSLINE *fugitive-statusline*
Add %{fugitive#statusline()} to your statusline to get an indicator including
the current branch and the currently edited file's commit. If you don't have
a statusline, this one matches the default when 'ruler' is set:
set statusline=%<%f\ %h%m%r%{fugitive#statusline()}%=%-14.(%l,%c%V%)\ %P
Use fugitive#head() to return the name of the current branch. If the current
HEAD is detached, fugitive#head() will return the empty string, unless the
optional argument is given, in which case the hash of the current commit will
be truncated to the given number of characters.
ABOUT *fugitive-about*
Grab the latest version or report a bug on GitHub:
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