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*fugitive.txt* A Git wrapper so awesome, it should be illegal
Author: Tim Pope <>
License: Same terms as Vim itself (see |license|)
This plugin is only available if 'compatible' is not set.
Whenever you edit a file from a Git repository, a set of commands is defined
that serve as a gateway to Git.
COMMANDS *fugitive-commands*
These commands are local to the buffers in which they work (generally, buffers
that are part of Git repositories).
:Git [args] Run an arbitrary git command. Similar to :!git [args]
but chdir to the repository tree first.
:Git! [args] Like |:Git|, but capture the output into a temp file,
and edit that temp file.
:Gcd [directory] |:cd| relative to the repository.
:Glcd [directory] |:lcd| relative to the repository.
:Gstatus Bring up the output of git-status in the preview
window. The following maps, which work on the cursor
line file where sensible, are provided:
g? show this help
<C-N> next file
<C-P> previous file
<CR> |:Gedit|
- |:Git| add
- |:Git| reset (staged files)
a Show alternative format
ca |:Gcommit| --amend
cc |:Gcommit|
ce |:Gcommit| --amend --no-edit
cw |:Gcommit| --amend --only
cva |:Gcommit| --verbose --amend
cvc |:Gcommit| --verbose
D |:Gdiff|
ds |:Gsdiff|
dp |:Git!| diff (p for patch; use :Gw to apply)
dp |:Git| add --intent-to-add (untracked files)
dv |:Gvdiff|
O |:Gtabedit|
o |:Gsplit|
P |:Git| add --patch
P |:Git| reset --patch (staged files)
q close status
r reload status
S |:Gvsplit|
U |:Git| checkout
U |:Git| checkout HEAD (staged files)
U |:Git| clean (untracked files)
U |:Git| rm (unmerged files)
. enter |:| command line with file prepopulated
:Gcommit [args] A wrapper around git-commit. If there is nothing
to commit, |:Gstatus| is called instead. Unless the
arguments given would skip the invocation of an editor
(e.g., -m), a split window will be used to obtain a
commit message, or a new tab if -v is given. Write
and close that window (:wq or |:Gwrite|) to finish the
commit. Unlike when running the actual git-commit
command, it is possible (but unadvisable) to alter the
index with commands like git-add and git-reset while a
commit message is pending.
:Gmerge [args] Calls git-merge and loads errors and conflicted files
into the |quickfix| list. Opens a |:Gcommit| style
split window for the commit message if the merge
succeeds. If called during a merge conflict, the
conflicted files from the current index are loaded
into the |quickfix| list.
:Gpull [args] Like |:Gmerge|, but for git-pull.
:Grebase [args] Like |:Gmerge|, but for git-rebase. Interactive
rebase not supported.
:Gpush [args] Invoke git-push, load the results into the |quickfix|
list, and invoke |:cwindow| to reveal any errors.
|:Dispatch| is used if available for asynchronous
:Gfetch [args] Like |:Gpush|, but for git-fetch.
:Ggrep[!] [args] |:grep|[!] with git-grep as 'grepprg'.
:Glgrep[!] [args] |:lgrep|[!] with git-grep as 'grepprg'.
:Glog [args] Load all previous revisions of the current file into
the |quickfix| list. Additional git-log arguments can
be given (for example, --reverse). If "--" appears as
an argument, no file specific filtering is done, and
previous commits rather than previous file revisions
are loaded.
:{range}Glog [args] Use git-log -L to load previous revisions of the given
range of the current file into the |quickfix| list.
The cursor is positioned on the first line of the
first diff hunk for each commit.
:Gllog [args] Like |:Glog|, but use the location list instead of the
|quickfix| list.
*fugitive-:Gedit* *fugitive-:Ge*
:Gedit [object] |:edit| a |fugitive-object|.
:Gsplit [object] |:split| a |fugitive-object|.
:Gvsplit [object] |:vsplit| a |fugitive-object|.
:Gtabedit [object] |:tabedit| a |fugitive-object|.
:Gpedit [object] |:pedit| a |fugitive-object|.
:Gsplit! [args] *fugitive-:Gsplit!* *fugitive-:Gvsplit!*
:Gvsplit! [args] *fugitive-:Gtabedit!* *fugitive-:Gpedit!*
:Gtabedit! [args] Like |:Git!|, but open the resulting temp file in a
:Gpedit! [args] split, tab, or preview window.
:Gread [object] Empty the buffer and |:read| a |fugitive-object|.
When the argument is omitted, this is similar to
git-checkout on a work tree file or git-add on a stage
file, but without writing anything to disk.
:{range}Gread [object] |:read| in a |fugitive-object| after {range}.
:Gread! [args] Empty the buffer and |:read| the output of a Git
command. For example, :Gread! show HEAD:%.
:{range}Gread! [args] |:read| the output of a Git command after {range}.
*fugitive-:Gw* *fugitive-:Gwrite*
:Gwrite Write to the current file's path and stage the results.
When run in a work tree file, it is effectively git
add. Elsewhere, it is effectively git-checkout. A
great deal of effort is expended to behave sensibly
when the work tree or index version of the file is
open in another buffer.
:Gwrite {path} You can give |:Gwrite| an explicit path of where in
the work tree to write. You can also give a path like
:0:foo.txt or even :0 to write to just that stage in
the index.
:Gwq [path] Like |:Gwrite| followed by |:quit| if the write
:Gwq! [path] Like |:Gwrite|! followed by |:quit|! if the write
:Gdiff [object] Perform a |vimdiff| against the given file, or if a
commit is given, the current file in that commit.
With no argument, the version in the index is used
(which means a three-way diff during a merge conflict,
making it a git-mergetool alternative). The newer of
the two files is placed to the right or bottom,
depending on 'diffopt', and the width of the window
relative to 'textwidth'. Use |do| and |dp| and write
to the index file to simulate "git add --patch". For
the three-way diff, there is also d2o and d3o pulling
the hunk to the middle from the left or the right
window, respectively.
:Gsdiff [object] Like |:Gdiff|, but always split horizontally.
:Gvdiff [object] Like |:Gdiff|, but always split vertically.
:Gmove {destination} Wrapper around git-mv that renames the buffer
afterward. Add a ! to pass -f.
:Grename {destination} Like |:Gmove| but operates relative to the parent
directory of the current file.
:Gdelete Wrapper around git-rm that deletes the buffer
afterward. When invoked in an index file, --cached is
passed. Add a ! to pass -f and forcefully discard the
:Gremove Like :Gdelete, but keep the (now empty) buffer around.
:Gblame [flags] Run git-blame on the file and open the results in a
scroll bound vertical split. You can give any of
ltfnsewMC as flags and they will be passed along to
git-blame. The following maps, which work on the
cursor line commit where sensible, are provided:
g? show this help
A resize to end of author column
C resize to end of commit column
D resize to end of date/time column
q close blame and return to blamed window
gq q, then |:Gedit| to return to work tree version
<CR> q, then open commit
o open commit in horizontal split
O open commit in new tab
p open commit in preview window
- reblame at commit
~ reblame at [count]th first grandparent
P reblame at [count]th parent (like HEAD^[count])
:Gbrowse Open the current file, blob, tree, commit, or tag
in your browser at the upstream hosting provider.
If a range is given, it is appropriately appended to
the URL as an anchor.
Upstream providers can be added by installing an
appropriate Vim plugin. For example, GitHub can be
supported by installing rhubarb.vim, available at
:Gbrowse {object} Like :Gbrowse, but for a given |fugitive-object|.
:Gbrowse [...]@{remote} Force using the given remote rather than the remote
for the current branch. The remote is used to
determine which upstream repository to link to.
:{range}Gbrowse [args] Appends an anchor to the URL that emphasizes the
selected lines. This also forces the URL to include a
commit rather than a branch name so it remains valid
if the file changes. You can give a range of "0" to
force this behavior without including an anchor.
:[range]Gbrowse! [args] Like :Gbrowse, but put the URL on the clipboard rather
than opening it.
MAPPINGS *fugitive-mappings*
These maps are available everywhere.
<C-R><C-G> On the command line, recall the path to the current
|fugitive-object| (that is, a representation of the
object recognized by |:Gedit|).
["x]y<C-G> Yank the commit SHA and path to the current
These maps are available in committed Git objects.
<CR> Jump to the |fugitive-object| under the cursor.
o Jump to the |fugitive-object| under the cursor in a
new split.
S Jump to the |fugitive-object| under the cursor in a
new vertical split.
O Jump to the |fugitive-object| under the cursor in a
new tab.
- Go to the tree containing the current tree or blob.
~ Go to the current file in the [count]th first
P Go to the current file in the [count]th parent.
C Go to the commit containing the current file.
a Show the current tag, commit, or tree in an alternate
SPECIFYING OBJECTS *fugitive-object* *fugitive-revision*
Fugitive objects are either work tree files or Git revisions as defined in the
"SPECIFYING REVISIONS" section in the git-rev-parse man page, with a few
convenience notations thrown in for good measure. For commands that accept an
optional object, the default is the file in the index for work tree files and
the work tree file for everything else. Example objects follow.
Object Meaning ~
refs/heads/x .git/refs/heads/x
@ The commit referenced by @ aka HEAD
master^ The parent of the commit referenced by master
master: The tree referenced by master
./master The file named master in the working directory
Makefile The file named Makefile in the work tree
@^:Makefile The file named Makefile in the parent of HEAD
:Makefile The file named Makefile in the index (writable)
@:% The current file in HEAD
- The current file in HEAD
-^ The current file in the previous commit
-~3 The current file 3 commits ago
: .git/index (Same as |:Gstatus|)
:% The current file in the index
:1:% The current file's common ancestor during a conflict
:2:% The current file in the target branch during a conflict
:3:% The current file in the merged branch during a conflict
STATUSLINE *fugitive-statusline*
*FugitiveStatusline()* *fugitive#statusline()*
Add %{FugitiveStatusline()} to your statusline to get an indicator including
the current branch and the currently edited file's commit. If you don't have
a statusline, this one matches the default when 'ruler' is set:
set statusline=%<%f\ %h%m%r%{FugitiveStatusline()}%=%-14.(%l,%c%V%)\ %P
*FugitiveHead(...)* *fugitive#head(...)*
Use FugitiveHead() to return the name of the current branch. If the current
HEAD is detached, FugitiveHead() will return the empty string, unless the
optional argument is given, in which case the hash of the current commit will
be truncated to the given number of characters.
ABOUT *fugitive-about*
Grab the latest version or report a bug on GitHub: