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Trail of Bits osquery Extensions

This repository includes osquery extensions developed and maintained by Trail of Bits. If you would like to sponsor the development of an extension, please contact us.

Extensions are a type of osquery add-on that can be loaded at runtime to provide new virtual tables. The extensions interface allows organizations to implement proprietary detection methods, or address their individual needs. Here, we use it to demonstrate other pioneering use cases of osquery.

In extensions, we can add capabilities that go beyond what would be possible in osquery core. Trail of Bits has developed extensions to provide tables that can manage service configurations as well as view them, or that can cross-check information on the host with external third-party services.

To learn more about osquery extensions development and why developing outside of 'core' is encouraged for demonstrating new use cases or novel functionality, view our talk (slides, video) from QueryCon 2018.


Extension Description Supported Endpoints
efigy Integrates osquery with the Duo Labs EFIgy API to determine if the EFI firmware on your Mac fleet is up-to-date. macOS
santa Integrates osquery with the Santa application whitelisting solution. Check DENY events and manage the whitelist/blacklist rules. macOS
fwctl Provides osquery with the ability to view and manage the OS-native firewall rules and /etc/hosts file (port and host blocking). macOS, Linux, Windows
ntfs_forensics Provides osquery with NTFS-specific forensic information for incident responders. Windows
windows_sync_objects Provides osquery with the ability of listing and locking Windows synchronization objects (mutants, events, semaphores). Windows
darwin_unified_log Provides an event driven table that contains entries from the unified system log on MacOS. macOS
iptables Provides a superset of the information supplied by the default iptables table Linux
(more to come) ... ...

Experimental extensions

Extension Description Supported Endpoints
network_monitor Provides an event-based table that lists DNS requests performed by the endpoint. Uses libpcap and Pcap++ to capture and parse network requests. Linux


Note: the releases page has download links for our extensions. The instructions below are only necessary for those interested in building from source.

At a high-level, the steps are:

  1. Follow the osquery guide at to install pre-requisites and build but stop just before the configure step.
  2. Clone the osquery-extensions repo.
  3. Symlink the osquery-extensions folder into osquery/external/extension_trailofbits.
  4. Resume following the osquery build guide to build osquery and now the extensions too.

Here are example steps for each platform:


# Follow
# and stop before the configure step
cd ../../
git clone --recurse-submodules

cd osquery
ln -s ../../osquery-extensions external/extension_trailofbits  # note: the link's target path is relative to the link, not cwd

cd build
# Resume following the osquery build guide

Windows 10

# Follow
# and stop before the configure step
cd ..\..\
git clone --recurse-submodules

cd osquery
New-Item -ItemType SymbolicLink -Name external\extension_trailofbits -Target C:\osquery-extensions

cd build
# Resume following the osquery build guide

Specifying the extensions to be built

By default, all of our extensions for a given OS are built into one executable. It's also possible to select which extensions to build, using the TRAILOFBITS_EXTENSIONS_TO_BUILD environment variable and specifying a comma separated list of extension names. For example, if you wish to build both the windows_sync_objects and fwctl extensions on Windows, you can set it to:

$env:TRAILOFBITS_EXTENSIONS_TO_BUILD = "windows_sync_objects,fwctl"

Note: The network_monitor extension stands alone as a separate executable, because it's a network listener that drops its own privileges at runtime.

Finding the executable binary

This is where the extension should be available once it has been built:

  • Linux: osquery/build/external/extension_trailofbits/trailofbits_osquery_extensions.ext (except network_monitor, which is in osquery/build/external/extension_trailofbits/extensions/network_monitor/network_monitor.ext)
  • macOS: osquery/build/external/extension_trailofbits/trailofbits_osquery_extensions.ext
  • Windows: osquery\build\external\Release\trailofbits_osquery_extensions.ext.exe

Running the automated tests

macOS or Linux: once osquery has been built with tests enabled (i.e., with -DOSQUERY_BUILD_TESTS=ON CMake option), enter the build folder and run the following command: cmake --build . --target trailofbits_extensions_tests.

Windows: tests are not yet supported on Windows.


To quickly test an extension, you can either start it from the osqueryi shell, or launch it manually and wait for it to connect to the running osquery instance. An example of the former: > osqueryi --extension build/external/extension_trailofbits/trailofbits_osquery_extensions.ext

Note that the network_monitor extension, because it drops its privileges at runtime, is not compatible with being bundled together in the single extension with the others. It must be loaded separately from its own extension file in build/external/extension_trailofbits/extensions/network_monitor/network_monitor.ext.

By default, osquery does not want to load extensions that are not owned by root. You can either change the ownership of the .ext file to root, or run osquery with the --allow_unsafe flag.

$ sudo osqueryi --extension osquery/build/external/extension_trailofbits/trailofbits_osquery_extensions.ext
Using a virtual database. Need help, type '.help'
osquery> SELECT * FROM efigy;
| latest_efi_version | efi_version     | efi_version_status | latest_os_version | os_version | build_number_status |
| MBP142.0167.B00    | MBP142.0167.B00 | success            | 10.12.6           | 10.12.6    | success             |

See the osquery documentation on extensions for further information.


Do you have an idea for an osquery extension? Please file an issue for it. We welcome contributions of bug fixes, bug reports, feature requests, and new extensions. For more information on how you can contribute, see our Contributing Guidelines.


When troubleshooting, ensure you are running osqueryd/osqueryi with the --verbose flag.

As mentioned above, if you encounter the following error, you need change the owner of the trailofbits_osquery_extensions.ext file to be the root account, or else run osquery with the --allow_unsafe flag: watcher.cpp:535] [Ref #1382] Extension binary has unsafe permissions:1


The code in this repository is licensed under the Apache 2.0 license.

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