evm binary static analysis
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withzombies Fix method splitting code #2
Handle the case for fallthrough blocks as well
Latest commit 2ec580f Sep 8, 2018




Rattle is an EVM binary static analysis framework designed to work on deployed smart contracts. Rattle takes EVM byte strings, uses a flow-sensitive analysis to recover the original control flow graph, lifts the control flow graph into an SSA/infinite register form, and optimizes the SSA – removing DUPs, SWAPs, PUSHs, and POPs. The conversion from a stack machine to SSA form removes 60%+ of all EVM instructions and presents a much friendlier interface to those who wish to read the smart contracts they’re interacting with.


$ python3 rattle-cli.py --input inputs/kingofether/KingOfTheEtherThrone.bin -O

Would produce a register machine output like this:

King of Ether numberOfMonarchs

Functions are recovered and split off. Additionally function arguments, memory locations, and storage locations are recovered.


Rattle runs on the runtime contract bytes, not the hex string. To convert to bytes, use xxd:

$ head contract.bin
$ cat contract.bin | xxd -r -ps > contract.bytecode

If you're running rattle on a contract you can compile with solidity, use the --bin-runtime option and strip off the header:

$ solc --bin-runtime KingOfTheEtherThrone.sol 2>/dev/null | tail -n1 | xxd -r -ps > contract.bytecode


  • python3
  • graphviz


If you get a syntax error like this:

  File "rattle-cli.py", line 16
    def main() -> None:
SyntaxError: invalid syntax

You likely ran rattle with python2 instead of python3.


For more details on the Rattle design and features, see my reCON Montreal presentation, which is annotated here.


Rattle is licensed and distributed under the AGPLv3 license. Contact us if you're looking for an exception to the terms.