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Penumbra by Transcend

Penumbra

Encrypt/decrypt anything in the browser using streams on background threads.

Quickly and efficiently decrypt remote resources in the browser. Display the files in the DOM, or download them with conflux.

Known Vulnerabilities


Compatibility

.decrypt .encrypt .saveZip
Chrome
Edge >18
Safari ≥14.1
Firefox ≥102
Safari <14.1 🐢 🐢 🟡
Firefox <102 🐢 🐢 🟡
Edge 18

= Full support with workers

🐢 = Uses main thread (lacks native WritableStream support)

🟡 = 32 MiB limit

= No support

Usage

Importing Penumbra

With Yarn/NPM

yarn add @transcend-io/penumbra

# or
npm install --save @transcend-io/penumbra
import { penumbra } from '@transcend-io/penumbra';

penumbra.get(...files).then(penumbra.save);

Vanilla JS

<script src="lib/main.penumbra.js"></script>
<script>
  penumbra
    .get(...files)
    .then(penumbra.getTextOrURI)
    .then(displayInDOM);
</script>

Check out this guide for asynchronous loading.

RemoteResource

penumbra.get() uses RemoteResource descriptors to specify where to request resources and their various decryption parameters.

/**
 * A file to download from a remote resource, that is optionally encrypted
 */
type RemoteResource = {
  /** The URL to fetch the encrypted or unencrypted file from */
  url: string;
  /** The mimetype of the resulting file */
  mimetype?: string;
  /** The name of the underlying file without the extension */
  filePrefix?: string;
  /** If the file is encrypted, these are the required params */
  decryptionOptions?: PenumbraDecryptionInfo;
  /** Relative file path (needed for zipping) */
  path?: string;
  /** Fetch options */
  requestInit?: RequestInit;
  /** Last modified date */
  lastModified?: Date;
  /** Expected file size */
  size?: number;
};

.get

Fetch and decrypt remote files.

penumbra.get(...resources: RemoteResource[]): Promise<PenumbraFile[]>

.encrypt

Encrypt files.

penumbra.encrypt(options: PenumbraEncryptionOptions, ...files: PenumbraFile[]): Promise<PenumbraEncryptedFile[]>

/**
 * penumbra.encrypt() encryption options config (buffers or base64-encoded strings)
 */
type PenumbraEncryptionOptions = {
  /** Encryption key */
  key: string | Buffer;
};

.encrypt() examples:

Encrypt an empty stream:

size = 4096 * 128;
addEventListener('penumbra-progress', (e) => console.log(e.type, e.detail));
addEventListener('penumbra-complete', (e) => console.log(e.type, e.detail));
file = penumbra.encrypt(null, {
  stream: new Response(new Uint8Array(size)).body,
  size,
});
data = [];
file.then(async ([encrypted]) => {
  console.log('encryption complete');
  data.push(new Uint8Array(await new Response(encrypted.stream).arrayBuffer()));
});

Encrypt and decrypt text:

const te = new self.TextEncoder();
const td = new self.TextDecoder();
const input = '[test string]';
const buffer = te.encode(input);
const { byteLength: size } = buffer;
const stream = new Response(buffer).body;
const options = null;
const file = {
  stream,
  size,
};
const [encrypted] = await penumbra.encrypt(options, file);
const decryptionInfo = await penumbra.getDecryptionInfo(encrypted);
const [decrypted] = await penumbra.decrypt(decryptionInfo, encrypted);
const decryptedData = await new Response(decrypted.stream).arrayBuffer();
const decryptedText = td.decode(decryptedData);
console.log('decrypted text:', decryptedText);

.getDecryptionInfo

Get decryption info for a file, including the iv, authTag, and key. This may only be called on files that have finished being encrypted.

penumbra.getDecryptionInfo(file: PenumbraFile): Promise<PenumbraDecryptionInfo>

.decrypt

Decrypt files.

penumbra.decrypt(options: PenumbraDecryptionInfo, ...files: PenumbraEncryptedFile[]): Promise<PenumbraFile[]>
const te = new TextEncoder();
const td = new TextDecoder();
const data = te.encode('test');
const { byteLength: size } = data;
const [encrypted] = await penumbra.encrypt(null, {
  stream: data,
  size,
});
const options = await penumbra.getDecryptionInfo(encrypted);
const [decrypted] = await penumbra.decrypt(options, encrypted);
const decryptedData = await new Response(decrypted.stream).arrayBuffer();
return td.decode(decryptedData) === 'test';

.save

Save files retrieved by Penumbra. Downloads a .zip if there are multiple files. Returns an AbortController that can be used to cancel an in-progress save stream.

penumbra.save(data: PenumbraFile[], fileName?: string): AbortController

.getBlob

Load files retrieved by Penumbra into memory as a Blob.

penumbra.getBlob(data: PenumbraFile[] | PenumbraFile | ReadableStream, type?: string): Promise<Blob>

.getTextOrURI

Get file text (if content is text) or URI (if content is not viewable).

penumbra.getTextOrURI(data: PenumbraFile[]): Promise<{ type: 'text'|'uri', data: string, mimetype: string }[]>

.saveZip

Save a zip containing files retrieved by Penumbra.

type ZipOptions = {
  /** Filename to save to (.zip is optional) */
  name?: string;
  /** Total size of archive in bytes (if known ahead of time, for 'store' compression level) */
  size?: number;
  /** PenumbraFile[] to add to zip archive */
  files?: PenumbraFile[];
  /** Abort controller for cancelling zip generation and saving */
  controller?: AbortController;
  /** Allow & auto-rename duplicate files sent to writer. Defaults to on */
  allowDuplicates: boolean;
  /** Zip archive compression level */
  compressionLevel?: number;
  /** Store a copy of the resultant zip file in-memory for inspection & testing */
  saveBuffer?: boolean;
  /**
   * Auto-registered `'progress'` event listener. This is equivalent to calling
   * `PenumbraZipWriter.addEventListener('progress', onProgress)`
   */
  onProgress?(event: CustomEvent<ZipProgressDetails>): void;
  /**
   * Auto-registered `'complete'` event listener. This is equivalent to calling
   * `PenumbraZipWriter.addEventListener('complete', onComplete)`
   */
  onComplete?(event: CustomEvent<{}>): void;
};

penumbra.saveZip(options?: ZipOptions): PenumbraZipWriter;

interface PenumbraZipWriter extends EventTarget {
  /**
   * Add decrypted PenumbraFiles to zip
   *
   * @param files - Decrypted PenumbraFile[] to add to zip
   * @returns Total observed size of write call in bytes
   */
  write(...files: PenumbraFile[]): Promise<number>;
  /**
   * Enqueue closing of the Penumbra zip writer (after pending writes finish)
   *
   * @returns Total observed zip size in bytes after close completes
   */
  close(): Promise<number>;
  /** Cancel Penumbra zip writer */
  abort(): void;
  /** Get buffered output (requires saveBuffer mode) */
  getBuffer(): Promise<ArrayBuffer>;
  /** Get all written & pending file paths */
  getFiles(): string[];
  /**
   * Get observed zip size after all pending writes are resolved
   */
  getSize(): Promise<number>;
}

type ZipProgressDetails = {
  /** Percentage completed. `null` indicates indetermination */
  percent: number | null;
  /** The number of bytes or items written so far */
  written: number;
  /** The total number of bytes or items to write. `null` indicates indetermination */
  size: number | null;
};

Example:

const files = [
  {
    url: 'https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/bencmbrook/tortoise.jpg.enc',
    name: 'tortoise.jpg',
    mimetype: 'image/jpeg',
    decryptionOptions: {
      key: 'vScyqmJKqGl73mJkuwm/zPBQk0wct9eQ5wPE8laGcWM=',
      iv: '6lNU+2vxJw6SFgse',
      authTag: 'ELry8dZ3djg8BRB+7TyXZA==',
    },
  },
];
const writer = penumbra.saveZip();
await writer.write(...(await penumbra.get(...files)));
await writer.close();

.setWorkerLocation

Configure the location of Penumbra's worker threads.

penumbra.setWorkerLocation(location: WorkerLocationOptions | string): Promise<void>

Examples

Display encrypted text

const decryptedText = await penumbra
  .get({
    url: 'https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/bencmbrook/NYT.txt.enc',
    mimetype: 'text/plain',
    filePrefix: 'NYT',
    decryptionOptions: {
      key: 'vScyqmJKqGl73mJkuwm/zPBQk0wct9eQ5wPE8laGcWM=',
      iv: '6lNU+2vxJw6SFgse',
      authTag: 'gadZhS1QozjEmfmHLblzbg==',
    },
  })
  .then((file) => penumbra.getTextOrURI(file)[0])
  .then(({ data }) => {
    document.getElementById('my-paragraph').innerText = data;
  });

Display encrypted image

const imageSrc = await penumbra
  .get({
    url: 'https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/bencmbrook/tortoise.jpg.enc',
    filePrefix: 'tortoise',
    mimetype: 'image/jpeg',
    decryptionOptions: {
      key: 'vScyqmJKqGl73mJkuwm/zPBQk0wct9eQ5wPE8laGcWM=',
      iv: '6lNU+2vxJw6SFgse',
      authTag: 'ELry8dZ3djg8BRB+7TyXZA==',
    },
  })
  .then((file) => penumbra.getTextOrURI(file)[0])
  .then(({ data }) => {
    document.getElementById('my-img').src = data;
  });

Download an encrypted file

penumbra
  .get({
    url: 'https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/bencmbrook/africa.topo.json.enc',
    filePrefix: 'africa',
    mimetype: 'image/jpeg',
    decryptionOptions: {
      key: 'vScyqmJKqGl73mJkuwm/zPBQk0wct9eQ5wPE8laGcWM=',
      iv: '6lNU+2vxJw6SFgse',
      authTag: 'ELry8dZ3djg8BRB+7TyXZA==',
    },
  })
  .then((file) => penumbra.save(file));

// saves africa.jpg file to disk

Download many encrypted files

penumbra
  .get([
    {
      url: 'https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/bencmbrook/africa.topo.json.enc',
      filePrefix: 'africa',
      mimetype: 'image/jpeg',
      decryptionOptions: {
        key: 'vScyqmJKqGl73mJkuwm/zPBQk0wct9eQ5wPE8laGcWM=',
        iv: '6lNU+2vxJw6SFgse',
        authTag: 'ELry8dZ3djg8BRB+7TyXZA==',
      },
    },
    {
      url: 'https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/bencmbrook/NYT.txt.enc',
      mimetype: 'text/plain',
      filePrefix: 'NYT',
      decryptionOptions: {
        key: 'vScyqmJKqGl73mJkuwm/zPBQk0wct9eQ5wPE8laGcWM=',
        iv: '6lNU+2vxJw6SFgse',
        authTag: 'gadZhS1QozjEmfmHLblzbg==',
      },
    },
    {
      url: 'https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/bencmbrook/tortoise.jpg', // this is not encrypted
      filePrefix: 'tortoise',
      mimetype: 'image/jpeg',
    },
  ])
  .then((files) => penumbra.save({ data: files, fileName: 'example' }));

// saves example.zip file to disk

Advanced

Prepare connections for file downloads in advance

// Resources to load
const resources = [
  {
    url: 'https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/bencmbrook/NYT.txt.enc',
    filePrefix: 'NYT',
    mimetype: 'text/plain',
    decryptionOptions: {
      key: 'vScyqmJKqGl73mJkuwm/zPBQk0wct9eQ5wPE8laGcWM=',
      iv: '6lNU+2vxJw6SFgse',
      authTag: 'gadZhS1QozjEmfmHLblzbg==',
    },
  },
  {
    url: 'https://s3-us-west-2.amazonaws.com/bencmbrook/tortoise.jpg.enc',
    filePrefix: 'tortoise',
    mimetype: 'image/jpeg',
    decryptionOptions: {
      key: 'vScyqmJKqGl73mJkuwm/zPBQk0wct9eQ5wPE8laGcWM=',
      iv: '6lNU+2vxJw6SFgse',
      authTag: 'ELry8dZ3djg8BRB+7TyXZA==',
    },
  },
];

// preconnect to the origins
penumbra.preconnect(...resources);

// or preload all of the URLS
penumbra.preload(...resources);

Encrypt/Decrypt Job Completion Event Emitter

You can listen to encrypt/decrypt job completion events through the penumbra-complete event.

window.addEventListener(
  'penumbra-complete',
  ({ detail: { id, decryptionInfo } }) => {
    console.log(
      `finished encryption job #${id}%. decryption options:`,
      decryptionInfo,
    );
  },
);

Progress Event Emitter

You can listen to download and encrypt/decrypt job progress events through the penumbra-progress event.

window.addEventListener(
  'penumbra-progress',
  ({ detail: { percent, id, type } }) => {
    console.log(`${type}% ${percent}% done for ${id}`);
    // example output: decrypt 33% done for https://example.com/encrypted-data
  },
);

Note: this feature requires the Content-Length response header to be exposed. This works by adding Access-Control-Expose-Headers: Content-Length to the response header (read more here and here)

On Amazon S3, this means adding the following line to your bucket policy, inside the <CORSRule> block:

<ExposeHeader>Content-Length</ExposeHeader>

Configure worker location

// Set only the base URL by passing a string
penumbra.setWorkerLocation('/penumbra-workers/');

// Set all worker URLs by passing a WorkerLocation object
penumbra.setWorkerLocation({
  base: '/penumbra-workers/',
  penumbra: 'worker.penumbra.js',
  StreamSaver: 'StreamSaver.js',
});

// Set a single worker's location
penumbra.setWorkerLocation({ penumbra: 'worker.penumbra.js' });

Waiting for the penumbra-ready event

<script src="lib/main.penumbra.js" async defer></script>
const onReady = async ({ detail: { penumbra } } = { detail: self }) => {
  await penumbra.get(...files).then(penumbra.save);
};

if (!self.penumbra) {
  self.addEventListener('penumbra-ready', onReady);
} else {
  onReady();
}

Querying Penumbra browser support

You can check if Penumbra is supported by the current browser by comparing penumbra.supported(): PenumbraSupportLevel with penumbra.supported.levels.

if (penumbra.supported() > penumbra.supported.levels.possible) {
  // penumbra is partially or fully supported
}

/** penumbra.supported.levels - Penumbra user agent support levels */
enum PenumbraSupportLevel {
  /** Old browser where Penumbra does not work at all */
  none = -0,
  /** Modern browser where Penumbra is not yet supported */
  possible = 0,
  /** Modern browser where file size limit is low */
  size_limited = 1,
  /** Modern browser with full support */
  full = 2,
}

Webpack

Penumbra is compiled and bundled on npm. The recommended use is to copy in the penumbra build files into your webpack build. We do this with copy-webpack-plugin

i.e.

const fs = require('fs');
const CopyPlugin = require('copy-webpack-plugin');
const path = require('path');
const PENUMBRA_DIRECTORY = path.join(
  __dirname,
  'node_modules',
  '@transcend-io/penumbra',
  'dist',
);

module.exports = {
  plugins: [
    new CopyPlugin({
      patterns: fs.readdirSync(PENUMBRA_DIRECTORY)
        .filter((fil) => fil.indexOf('.') > 0)
        .map((fil) => ({
          from: `${PENUMBRA_DIRECTORY}/${fil}`,
          to: `${outputPath}/${fil}`,
        })),
    }),
  ]

Contributing

# setup
yarn
yarn build

# run tests
yarn test:local

# run tests in the browser console
yarn test:interactive

License

FOSSA Status