Maven plugin for submitting Java code coverage reports to Coveralls web service.
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README.md

coveralls-maven-plugin

Build Status Coverage Status Maven Central

Maven plugin for submitting Java code coverage reports to Coveralls web service.

Requirements

  • Java 6 up to 3.x and Java 7 for 4.x onwards.
  • Maven 3.0.0 or newer.

Features

  • Supports Cobertura, JaCoCo and Saga coverage tools
  • Multi-module report aggregation
  • Built-in support for Travis CI, Circle, Codeship, Jenkins, Bamboo, Shippable and Appveyor continuous integration services
  • Fully streaming implementation for fast report generation and small memory footprint
  • Provides clean interfaces to allow easy extending to different coverage tools
  • Convention over configuration for almost zero configuration usage
  • Applies semantic versioning

Usage

Set up the Coveralls maven plugin in the build section of the project pom.xml:

<plugin>
    <groupId>org.eluder.coveralls</groupId>
    <artifactId>coveralls-maven-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>4.3.0</version>
    <configuration>
        <repoToken>yourcoverallsprojectrepositorytoken</repoToken>
    </configuration>
</plugin>

Configuration

If used as a standalone Maven build or with any continuous integration server other than Travis CI, the Coveralls repository token must be provided. This can be achieved by setting the configuration section in the plugin or setting the Maven property repoToken to your coveralls project repository token, using -DrepoToken=yourcoverallsprojectrepositorytoken when running the maven command. Do not publish your repository token in public GitHub repositories. If you do, anyone can submit coverage data without permission.

If you are using Travis CI, CircleCI, Codeship, Jenkins or Bamboo continuous integration services, no other configuration is required. The plugin's built-in service environment support take care of the rest. The plugin tries to find report files for any of the supported coverage tools and finally aggregates the coverage report. Java 8 is currently supported only by JaCoCo.

See Complete plugin configuration for all of the available configuration parameters.

Cobertura

Set up the Cobertura Maven plugin with XML report format in the build section of the project pom.xml:

<plugin>
    <groupId>org.codehaus.mojo</groupId>
    <artifactId>cobertura-maven-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>2.7</version>
    <configuration>
        <format>xml</format>
        <maxmem>256m</maxmem>
        <!-- aggregated reports for multi-module projects -->
        <aggregate>true</aggregate>
    </configuration>
</plugin>

Execute Maven to create Cobertura report and submit Coveralls data:

mvn cobertura:cobertura coveralls:report

For example if you are using Travis CI this means you need to add to your .travis.yml the lines:

after_success:
  - mvn clean cobertura:cobertura coveralls:report

JaCoCo

Set up the JaCoCo Maven plugin in the build section of the project pom.xml:

<plugin>
    <groupId>org.jacoco</groupId>
    <artifactId>jacoco-maven-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>0.7.6.201602180812</version>
    <executions>
        <execution>
            <id>prepare-agent</id>
            <goals>
                <goal>prepare-agent</goal>
            </goals>
        </execution>
    </executions>
</plugin>

Execute Maven to create JaCoCo report and submit Coveralls data:

mvn clean test jacoco:report coveralls:report

Again, if you are using Travis CI this means you need to add to your .travis.yml the lines:

after_success:
  - mvn clean test jacoco:report coveralls:report

Saga

Set up the Saga Maven plugin in the build section of the project pom.xml:

<plugin>
    <groupId>com.github.timurstrekalov</groupId>
    <artifactId>saga-maven-plugin</artifactId>
    <version>1.5.5</version>
    <executions>
        <execution>
            <goals>
                <goal>coverage</goal>
            </goals>
        </execution>
    </executions>
    <configuration>
        <baseDir>http://localhost:${jasmine.serverPort}</baseDir>
        <outputDir>${project.build.directory}/saga-coverage</outputDir>
        <noInstrumentPatterns>
            <pattern>.*/spec/.*</pattern>
            <pattern>.*/classpath/.*</pattern>
            <pattern>.*/webjars/.*</pattern>
        </noInstrumentPatterns>
    </configuration>
</plugin>

Note that Saga does not have default report output directory, but the plugin assumes ${project.build.directory}/saga-coverage.

Execute Maven to create Saga report and submit Coveralls data:

mvn clean test saga:coverage coveralls:report

And if you are using Travis CI this means you need to add to your .travis.yml the lines:

after_success:
  - mvn clean test saga:coverage coveralls:report

Aggregate multiple reports

Report aggregation is applied by default and the only thing the user must take care of is to run all the desired coverage tools. You can use JaCoCo in a multi-module project so that all modules run JaCoCo separately and let the plugin aggregate the report, or you can run Saga and Cobertura in same project and get coverage report for JavaScript and Java files.

Execute Maven to create Saga and Cobertura report and submit Coveralls data:

mvn clean test saga:coverage cobertura:cobertura coveralls:report

And if you are using Travis CI this means you need to add to your .travis.yml the lines:

after_success:
  - mvn clean test saga:coverage cobertura:cobertura coveralls:report

Complete plugin configuration

Configuration can be changed by the configuration section of plugin's definition in POM or with Java virtual machine system properties using the syntax -Dparameter=value. See Maven plugin guide how different types are mapped in the configuration XML. Some of the optional parameters are set by the built-in service environment setups. Note that if a parameter is explicitly defined, the service environment will not override it.

Parameter Type Description
jacocoReports List<File> List of additional JaCoCo report files. ${project.reporting.outputDirectory}/jacoco/jacoco.xml is used as default for every module.
coberturaReports List<File> List of additional Cobertura report files. ${project.reporting.outputDirectory}/cobertura/coverage.xml is used as default for every module.
sagaReports List<File> List of additional Saga report files. ${project.build.directory}/saga-coverage/total-coverage.xml is used as default for every module.
relativeReportDirs List<String> List of additional relative report directories. Directories relative to ${project.reporting.outputDirectory} and ${project.build.directory} are scanned for reports.
coverallsFile File Default: ${project.build.directory}/coveralls.json
File path to write and submit Coveralls data.
coverallsUrl String Default: https://coveralls.io/api/v1/jobs
Url for the Coveralls API.
sourceDirectories List<File> List of additional source directories. The plugin will scan the project's compiled source roots for defaults.
sourceEncoding String Default: ${project.build.sourceEncoding}
Source file encoding.
serviceName String CI service name. If not provided the supported service environments are used.
serviceJobId String CI service job id. Currently supported only with Travis CI. If this property is set, repoToken is not required. If not provided the supported service environments are used.
serviceBuildNumber String CI service build number. If not provided the supported service environments are used.
serviceBuildUrl String CI service build url. If not provided the supported service environments are used.
serviceEnvironment Properties CI service specific environment properties. If not provided the supported service environments are used.
repoToken String Coveralls repository token. Do not publish this parameter unencrypted in public GitHub repositories.
branch String Git branch name. If not provided the supported service environments are used.
pullRequest String GitHub pull request identifier. If not provided the supported service environments are used.
timestampFormat String Default: ${maven.build.timestamp}
Build timestamp format. Must be in format supported by SimpleDateFormat.
timestamp String Default: ${timestamp}
Build timestamp. Must be in format defined by 'timestampFormat' if it's available or in default timestamp format yyyy-MM-dd'T'HH:mm:ss'Z'.
dryRun boolean Default: false
Dry run Coveralls report without actually sending it.
failOnServiceError boolean Default: true
Fail build if Coveralls service is not available or submission fails for internal errors.
scanForSources boolean Default: false
Scan subdirectories for source files.
coveralls.basedir File Default: ${project.basedir}
Base directory of the project.
coveralls.skip boolean Default: false
Skip the plugin execution.

FAQ

Q: How do I know that my coverage report was submitted successfully to Coveralls?
A: The plugin will end with BUILD SUCCESS and the log contains the reported job id and direct URL to Coveralls.

Q: I get BUILD SUCCESS but why Coveralls shows only question marks in the reports?
A: The data is most likely reported correctly, but Coveralls might take hours, or even a day, to update the actual coverage numbers.

Q: Can I use Java 8 with the plugin?
A: Yes. The Coveralls plugin works fine with Java 8, but the problem is the coverage tools. Currently only tool supporting Java 8 is JaCoCo. You can use JaCoCo in a single module or a multi-module project and let the Coveralls plugin handle the report aggregation. This is not true aggregation though and does not address cross module coverage calculation (see https://github.com/jacoco/jacoco/pull/97)

Q: Build fails with 'javax.net.ssl.SSLPeerUnverifiedException: peer not authenticated' exception, what to do?
A: If the build is run with OpenJDK, you probably hit an issue with the Cryptography Package Providers not supporting all Elliptic Curves. The issue is described in the Ubuntu issue tracker. A workaround is to disable the PKCS provider from the java.security options file.

sudo sed -i 's/security.provider.9/#security.provider.9/g' $JAVA_HOME/jre/lib/security/java.security

In Travis CI the above command can be added to before_install phase. See complete example from this project's .travis.yml.

Q: How can I use Scala or some other project which sources reside in other folder than src/main/java?
A: The plugin uses all compiled source roots available for the project at runtime. If the source directories are available, everything is fine. Otherwise additional source directories can be applied with sourceDirectories configuration parameter that takes a Maven configuration style list of source directories.

Q: How can I set the plugin to use multiple source directories?
A: For multi-module projects, the plugin automatically scans the project hierarchy and adds all required source directories. You can also customize the used source directories with sourceDirectories configuration parameter that takes a Maven configuration style list of source directories.

Q: Why source files are not found for generated sources?
A: Generated source directories under target are not added to the sources list automatically. It is often not good practice to test generated code, because the code is not managed by the project under test, unless you are testing a source generator. Cobertura and JaCoCo both have <excludes> configuration directive that provides ignoring of class files. If the generated sources still must be tested, all source directories can be explicitly defined with sourceDirectories configuration parameter.

Q: JaCoCo or Cobertura, which one should i choose?
A: For multi-module projects, only Cobertura supports report aggregation out of the box. The coverage metrics and performance of the two plugins are not much different for a small or medium sized project, but there are 2 notable differences with the tools:

  • JaCoCo does not track how many times a single line of code is hit by all the tests together, so Coveralls is always reported with 1 as the number of hits if the line is covered. Cobertura tracks the number of hits and the number is reported to Coveralls.
  • Cobertura tracks all inner classes separately, so a single source file will contain multiple records with same file name in Coveralls if there are any innner classes defined. The coveralls-maven-plugin adds classifier from the inner class to distinguish the files, but if there are lot of inner classes defined this creates some noise to the Coveralls reports. JaCoCo tracks inner classes within same source file so each source file is only reported once to Coveralls.

Changelog

See changelog for more details.

Migration

See migration documentation for more information.

Credits

  • Jakub Bednář (@bednar) for Saga integration and the idea of chaining multiple reports provided by different coverage tools.
  • Marvin Froeder (@velo) for Shippable and Appveyor support, configurable basedir and directory scanning source loader.
  • Pasi Niemi (@psiniemi) for coverage merging from different reports to single source file.

Continuous integration

Travis CI builds the plugin with Oracle JDK 7. All successfully built snapshots are deployed to Sonatype OSS repository. Cobertura is used to gather coverage metrics and the report is submitted to Coveralls with this plugin.

Using test versions

Add the following repository configurations to your pom.xml to enable snapshot versions of this plugin to be used.

  <repositories>
    <repository>
      <id>sonatype-nexus-snapshots</id>
      <url>https://oss.sonatype.org/content/repositories/snapshots</url>
      <releases><enabled>false</enabled></releases>
      <snapshots><enabled>true</enabled></snapshots>
    </repository>
  </repositories>
  <pluginRepositories>
    <pluginRepository>
      <id>sonatype-nexus-snapshot</id>
      <url>https://oss.sonatype.org/content/repositories/snapshots</url>
      <releases><enabled>false</enabled></releases>
      <snapshots><enabled>true</enabled></snapshots>
    </pluginRepository>
  </pluginRepositories>

License

The project coveralls-maven-plugin is licensed under the MIT license.