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Layered GitHub API client
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GH - Layered GitHub API client

This is a highly flexible, layered, low-level GitHub client library, trying to get out of your way and let you get to the GitHub data as simple as possible. Unless you add layers, you will end up with Hashes and Arrays. The approach and API should be familiar from projects like Rack or Faraday.

Simple example:

require 'gh'
puts GH['users/rkh']['name']

This will by default use all the middleware that ships with GH, in the following order

  • GH::Remote - sends HTTP requests to GitHub and parses the response
  • GH::Normalizer - renames fields consistenly, adds hypermedia links if possible
  • GH::Cache - caches the responses (will use Rails cache if in Rails, in-memory cache otherwise)
  • GH::LazyLoader - will load missing fields when accessed (handy for dealing with incomplete data without sending to many requests)
  • GH::LinkFollower - will add content of hypermedia links as fields (lazyly), allows you to traverse relations

Main Entry Points

Every layer has two main entry points:

  • [key] - loads data from GitHub
  • load(data) - takes data and applies modifications (handy for dealing with service hook payloads)

These two methods are exposed by any instance of a layer and the GH constant.

Using a Single Layer

You can initialize and use any layer on its own:

gh =
puts gh['users/rkh']['name']

Layers know which other layer they should usually wrap (Remote wraps no other layer, LazyLoader and LinkFollower wrap Normalizer by default, anything else wraps Remote), so you can initialize them right away:

gh =

You can also pass the layer that should be wrapped as an argument:

gh =

Creating Your Own Stack

For convinience a stack DSL is provided:

gh = do
  use GH::Normalizer
  use GH::Cache

puts gh['users/rkh']['name']

You can also create reusable Stack instances:

stack = do
  use GH::Normalizer
  use GH::Cache

gh = username: 'rkh', password: 'abc123'
puts gh['user']['name']

One such instance (with the standard setup) can be accessed as GH::DefaultStack


With the main goal to separate authentication from other logic, the gh library supports scopting:

GH.with do
  puts GH['users/rkh']['name']

That way, you could create a stack with, for instance, an access token:

authenticated = GH::DefaultStack token: 'e72e16c7e42f292c6912e7710c838347ae178b4a'

GH.with(authenticated) do
  # ...

Since this is rather common, you can pass options directly to with:

GH.with(username: 'rkh', password: 'abc123') do
  # ...

Scoping is thread-safe.

Is this production ready?

I hope so, we use it in production for Travis CI. The work on this library has been funded by the Travis Love Campaign.


  • 2012-04-10: 0.2.0 - added link following plus bug fixes (mainly encoding issues)
  • 2012-04-06: 0.1.2 - bug fix release (issues with cache reloading)
  • 2012-04-06: 0.1.1 - bug fix release (DSL fixes)
  • 2012-04-04: 0.1.0 - many bug fixes plus lazy loading
  • 2012-03-21: 0.0.1 - first public release
  • 2012-03-05: project started
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