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.TH LISTADMIN 1 "24 Feb 2005"
.\" turn off hyphenation
.hy 0
.\" turn on ragged right if run through nroff
.if n .na
listadmin \- process messages held by Mailman for approval
.B listadmin [-?] [-V] [-f \fIconfigfile\fP] [-t \fIminutes\fP] \
[--mail] [--nomail] [{-a|-r} \fIfile\fP] [--add-member \fIaddress\fP] \
[--remove-member \fIaddress\fP] [-l] [\fIlistname\fP]
.I listadmin
is a textual alternative to Mailman's WWW interface for administering
mailing lists.
.IP "-f \fIconfigfile\fP"
Fetch list of mailing lists from \fIconfigfile\fP rather than the
default (\fB~/.listadmin.ini\fP).
.IP "-t \fIminutes\fP"
Stop processing after \fIminutes\fP has passed. Mostly useful for
completely automated configurations of \fBlistadmin\fP.
.IP "--mail"
Addresses added as subscribers will have \fInomail\fP turned off.
.IP "--nomail"
Addresses added as subscribers will have \fInomail\fP turned on.
.IP "-a \fIfile\fP"
Add e-mail addresses listed in \fIfile\fP (one address per line) to
the subscriber list. The welcome message is suppressed.
.IP "--add-member \fIaddress\fP"
Add \fIaddress\fP to the subscriber list, works as above.
.IP "-r \fIfile\fP"
Remove e-mail addresses listed in \fIfile\fP (one address per line)
from the subscriber list.
.IP "--remove-member \fIaddress\fP"
Remove \fIaddress\fP from the subscriber list.
.IP "-l"
Display the subscriber list.
.IP "\fIlistname\fP"
Only process the lists matching \fIlistname\fP. Specify a complete
address, a substring or a regular expression.
.IP "-? or --help"
Display short usage description.
.IP "-V or --version"
Output version number.
The configuration file contains lines which can contain either a
comment, a directive, or a mailing list address.
A line can be continued by putting a backslash character at the end of
the line. Any leading whitespace on the following line is removed.
Comments begin with the character # and extend to the end of line.
Backslash continuation is not applied to comments.
The argument to the directive can be put in double quotes to protect
space characters. Inside double quotes, \\" can be used to include a \""
literal double quote, and \\\\ for a literal backslash.
A directive affects all the mailing lists addresses which follow after
it in the configuration file. The directives are:
.IP "username \fIusername\fP"
Specifies the username to use for authentication. (Not all Mailman
servers require a username.)
.IP "password \fIpassword\fP"
Specifies the password to use for authentication.
.IP "adminurl \fIurl\fP"
The URL for maintaining Mailman requests. Some substitutions are
performed: (examples below refer to the hypothetical list
.IP "{list}"
The local part of the list name, e.g., "foo-devel".
.IP "{domain}"
The domain part of the list name, e.g., "".
.IP "{subdomain}"
The first component of the domain part, e.g., "example".
.IP "default \fIaction\fP"
Specifies the action to take when the user presses just Return.
Available actions are:
.IP "approve"
The message will be sent to all member of the list.
.IP "reject"
Notify sender that the message was rejected.
.IP "discard"
Throw message away, don't notify sender.
.IP "skip"
Don't decide now, leave it for later.
.IP "none"
Reset to no default action.
.IP "action \fIaction\fP"
This action will be taken for all messages where none of the other
rules apply (e.g., \fIspamlevel\fP, \fIdiscard_if_from\fP etc.), ie.,
whenever the user would have been asked what to do. The same actions
as for \fIdefault\fP are available, although reject isn't very useful.
.IP "spamlevel \fInumber\fP"
This specifies the threshold for automatic discard of suspected spam
messages. 12 is unlikely to have false positives. No user
confirmation is needed, so it is best to play it safe. Less than 5 is
not recommended.
.IP "spamheader \fIheader-name\fP"
The name of the header which contains the spam score. It is assumed
that the score is encoded as a sequence of characters, like "*****"
for the value 5. By default it will look for all headers with names
containing "spam" and "score" or "level", and pick the highest score
if there is more than one. Setting the header-name to \fIdefault\fP
will restore this behaviour.
.IP "not_spam_if_from \fIpattern\fP"
If the message's From header matches the pattern, all automatic
actions will be cancelled and you will be asked what action to take
explicitly. The pattern can use Perl regexp syntax. If enclosed in
slashes, some modifiers can be added, a typical example being
\fB/pattern/i\fP to match case-insensitively.
.IP "not_spam_if_subject \fIpattern\fP"
As above, but matches against the Subject header.
.IP "discard_if_from \fIpattern\fP"
If the message's From header matches the pattern, it will be discarded
.IP "discard_if_subject \fIpattern\fP"
As above, but matches against the Subject header.
.IP "discard_if_reason \fIpattern\fP"
As above, but matches against Mailman's reason for holding the message
for approval.
.IP "subscription_default \fIaction\fP"
Specifies the action to take when the user presses just Return while
processing subscriptions. Available actions are:
.IP "accept"
The new subscriber will be added.
.IP "reject"
Notify sender that s/he was not allowed to join the list.
.IP "skip"
Don't decide now, leave it for later.
.IP "none"
Reset to no default action.
.IP "subscription_action \fIaction\fP"
This action will be taken \fBalways\fP for all new subscribers in the
relevant lists, no user interaction will take place. The same actions
as for \fIsubscription_default\fP are available, although only skip is
very useful. It is better to get automatic accept and reject
behaviour by changing the Mailman configuration.
.IP "confirm \fIyes|no\fP"
Before submitting changes, ask for confirmation. Default is "yes".
.IP "unprintable \fIquestionmark|unicode\fP"
If the subject or sender address contains characters the terminal
can't display, they will be replaced by either "<?>" (in
\fIquestionmark\fP mode, the default) or something like "<U+86a8>" (in
\fIunicode\fP mode).
.IP "log \fIfilename\fP"
Changes submitted to the web interface are logged. All the changes
for one list are sent in batches at the end of processing. The format
in the log is first a line containing the list name and a time stamp
in local time. Then one line for each message, in the format
\fIaction\fP D:[\fIdate\fP] F:[\fIsender\fP] S:[\fIsubject\fP]
This batch of lines is terminated by a line saying \fBchanges sent to
The same substitutions are performed on \fIfilename\fP as on the
argument to \fBadminurl\fP. Tilde syntax can be used to refer to home
directories. The filename \fBnone\fP turns off logging.
.IP "meta_member_support \fIyes|no\fP"
Meta members are an experimental feature at the University of Oslo.
This option is enabled by default for lists in, and is needed
to avoid clearing the list of meta members when manipulating the list
of ordinary members. \fINote: Requires additional Perl module
\" "dumpdir" is for developer use, so it isn't documented.
The user interface to \fBlistadmin\fP is line oriented with single
letter commands. By pressing Return, the default action is chosen.
The default action is printed in brackets in the prompt. The
available actions are:
.IP a
Approve sending the message to all members of the list.
.IP r
Reject the message and notify sender of the decision.
.IP d
Discard the message silently, don't notify sender.
.IP s
Skip the message, leave its status as pending unchanged.
.IP b
View Body, display the first 20 lines of the message.
.IP f
View Full, display the complete message, including headers.
.IP t
View Time, display the Date header from the message.
.IP \fInumber\fP
Jump forward or backward to message \fInumber\fP.
.IP u
Go back to the previous message and undo the last approve, discard or
reject action.
.IP /\fIpattern\fP
Search (case-insensitively) for the next message with matching From or
Subject. If \fIpattern\fP is left out, the previous value will be
.IP ?\fIpattern\fP
As above, but backwards.
.IP .
Redisplay information about current message.
.IP add [\fIaddress\fP]
Add \fIaddress\fP as subscriber to the list. If \fIaddress\fP is left
out, use the sender of the current message.
.IP nomail [\fIaddress\fP]
As \fIadd\fP, but adds \fIaddress\fP with "nomail" enabled.
.IP list [\fIpattern\fP]
List subscriber addresses matching \fIpattern\fP, or the full list if
no \fIpattern\fP is specified.
.IP rem \fIaddress\fP
Remove \fIaddress\fP from the subscriber list. Note: there is no undo
for this action.
.IP q
Quit processing this list and go on to the next.
Changes will not take effect until the end of the list has been
reached. At that time, the user will be prompted whether the changes
should be submitted to Mailman (see also "confirm" directive above).
To process only the lists of a single domain, specify the domain as
the pattern:
.ta +3m
To disable the printing of characters outside US-ASCII, set the locale
.ta +3m
env LC_CTYPE=C listadmin
An example configuration file:
.ta +3m +4n
# A comment, it must appear on a line by itself.
# Settings affect all lists being listed after it.
password Geheim
default discard
# This one works for Sourceforge:
adminurl http://{domain}/lists/admindb/{list}
# This is how the default Mailman URLs look:
adminurl http://{domain}/mailman/admindb/{list}
# If the password contains quotes or spaces, you may need
# to put it in quotes. A complex example:
password "\\"lise\\\\ "\""
# These lists will still use the username [jdoe], but the
# password is now ["lise\\ ].\""
default approve
discard_if_reason "Message has implicit|Too many recipients"
discard_if_from ^(postmaster|mailer(-daemon)?|listproc|no-reply)@
# No one should ever send e-mail to the next list, so throw it
# all away, without asking any questions
action discard
confirm no
.IP "\fBhttp_proxy\fP or \fBHTTP_PROXY\fP"
Specifies a proxy to use for HTTP.
.IP "\fBhttps_proxy\fP or \fBHTTPS_PROXY\fP"
Specifies a proxy to use for HTTPS.
The character set support is deduced from this variable.
The default configuration file.
The HTML parser is quite fragile and depends on Mailman not to change
the format of its generated code.
An extra blank line is sometimes added to the subject when it contains
double width characters (e.g. Chinese). This is probably a bug in
Kjetil T. Homme <>
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