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Database connection pool for Trinidad
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Trinidad Database Pool

A bunch of Trinidad extensions to support database connection pooling on top of the underlying Apache Tomcat container (using Tomcat's JDBC Connection Pool).

Please note, that such pools are usually configured as "global" and thus shareable by multiple applications deployed on to of the Trinidad server.

Also most Java issues caused by JDBC drivers packaged with the application (e.g. java.lang.UnsatisfiedLinkError with SQLite3's JDBC driver) that JRuby inherits should go away when database connections are managed externally.

Available Pools

  • MySQL (trinidad_mysql_dbpool_extension)
  • PostgreSQL (trinidad_postgresql_dbpool_extension)
  • SQLite (trinidad_sqlite_dbpool_extension)
  • MS-SQL (trinidad_mssql_dbpool_extension) using (unofficial) jTDS driver
  • Generic (trinidad_generic_dbpool_extension) in case your DB ain't supported


  • Install the gem e.g. jruby -S gem install trinidad_mysql_dbpool_extension
  • Configure the pool with Trinidad's configuration file e.g. :
        mysql_dbpool:                   # EXTENSION NAME AS KEY
          jndi: 'jdbc/MySampleDB'       # name (linked with database.yml)
          url: 'localhost:3306/sample'  # database URL (or full jdbc: URL)
          username: root
          password: root
          maxActive:  100  # maximum number of connections managed by the pool
          initialSize: 10  # initial number of connections created in the pool
          maxWait:  10000  # ms the pool waits for a connection to be returned

jndi, url are mandatory (as well username and password if your database server + driver requires authentication), while other supported configuration options might be found here in Tomcat's JDBC pool documentation :

NOTE: starting version 0.7 we switched to using Tomcat's JDBC pool which is simpler and more performant pool designed specifically for Tomcat/Trinidad.

If you insist on using DBCP set the (deprecated) pool: dbcp option along side your pool configuration ...

If you happen to be using SQLite on production you'll need an absolute path :

      jndi: jdbc/FileDB
      url: <%= File.expand_path('db/production.db') %>
  • Configure the (Rails) application to use JNDI with config/database.yml
  adapter: mysql
  jndi: java:/comp/env/jdbc/MySampleDB
  # (Java) JDBC driver class name is detected for built-in adapters that
  # activerecord-jdbc-adapter supports, specify for a "generic" adapter
  # driver: com.mysql.jdbc.Driver

do not forget to delete pool setup part since there's no need for it ...

Generic Pool

If there's no "official" pool for your database, or would like to use a different version of a JDBC driver for a supported Trinidad pool, this allows you to completely customize a pool.

NOTE: You will need a JDBC driver for your database, check the driver DB if unsure about how to get one

Sample configuration for a DB2 database :

    generic_dbpool:                          # EXTENSION NAME AS KEY
      jndi: 'jdbc/MyDB'                      # JNDI name
      url: 'jdbc:db2://' # specify full jdbc: URL
      username: 'mydb'                       # database username
      password: 'pass'                       # database password
      driverPath: '/opt/IBM/DB2/db2jcc4.jar' # leave out if on class-path
      driverName:  # resolved from driverPath jar

Beyond standard configuration options there's 2 specific options here :

  • driverPath should be a path to your JDBC driver archive, might leave that out but make sure it's on the (shared) class-path for each and every deployed application that requires it. You might specify multiple jars using the Dir.glob syntax or by separating paths using the : separator.

    Also in case driverPath is omitted you'll need to specify a driverName !

  • driverName the class name implementing the JDBC driver interface, if you're not sure check the .jar for a META-INF/services/java.sql.Driver file. If present that file contains the class-name and you might leave driverName blank if you specified the jar path using driverPath but you're going still going to need the driver name in your database.yml


Copyright (c) 2014 Team Trinidad. See LICENSE ( for details.

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