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moncli

A Python Client and CLI tool for Monday.com

Table of Contents

Getting Started

Setup

To add the moncli package to your project, simply execute the following command within your Python 3 environment using pip. Please note that this package is only available for Python 3

$ pip3 install moncli

Configuring the Client

Getting started with the moncli Python package is simple. To begin, import the default MondayClient instance and set the API key using the following code below:

from moncli import client
client.api_key_v2 = api_key_v2

The API key can also be set globally using the following code. Please note that this will be the preferred method for setting the API key moving forward. The former should only be used when needing access to multiple clients for different accounts.

import moncli
moncli.api.api_key = api_key_v2

In addition, if you find that requests going to the monday.com API time out due to environmental issues, extend the timeout using the connnection_timeout property as shown below:

moncli.api.connection_timeout = 30

Please note that standard requests have a default timeout of 10 seconds while file upload requests have a default timeout of 5 minutes.

The MondayClient object is the entry point for all client activities and includes functionality for board, item, tag, and user management.

The api_key_v1 and api_key_v2 parameters represent the user/account monday.com API access keys and can be found by navigating to https://<your_instance_name>.monday.com/admin/integrations/api and copying both the API v1 (personal or company) and API v2 keys.

Additional information regarding MondayClient properties/methods can be found in the MondayClient section below.

Using Moncli

Functions, Return Fields, and Arguments

Moncli uses Domain-driven Design (DDD) principles to provide an easy-to-use interface for monday.com API functionality. Each of the respective elements of the monday.com domain (boards, groups, items, etc.) are encapsulated inside of entity classes that not only preserve the state of the monday.com object but also expose additional API functionality through the use of class methods.

Many methods have required input parameters, but all of them contain the capability of using both the arguments (args) and key-word arguments (kwargs) parameters for custom return field and argument values respectively.

For example, the following code retrieves an item from a board.

board = client.get_boards(ids=[board_id])[0]
board_items = board.get_items()

If there is a need to reduce complexity, as the retrieval of items is truly only dependent upon the ID of the retrieved board, the code may be rewritten in the following way.

# In this case, the ids input parameter is a key-word argument and thus follows the 'id' list argument.
board = client.get_boards('id', ids=[board_id])[0]
board.id # Returns board_id
board.name # Returns None, as it was not retrieved
board_items = board.get_items()

The rewritten code does provide greater improvements around complexity of the initial call, but the get_items method call from the Board instance only returns the default item fields that are simple native types (strings, ints, floats, datetimes, etc.) Moncli supports the use of nested return field values to address this issue as seen with the code below.

board = client.get_boards('id', ids=[board_id])[0]
# Return items with just the id, name, and the id, title, and value for their respective column values
board_items = board.get_items('id', 'name', 'column_values.id', 'column_values.title', 'column_value.value')

While this method works, the sheer number of return input fields can become unwieldy rather quickly. To address this, Moncli also supports a special list notation for input fields that allows users to input a list of fields to return at the leaf level using a single return field input. This allows the code to be rewritten in the following way.

board = client.get_boards('id', ids=[board_id])[0]
# Return items with just the id, name, and column value fields using list notation.
board_items = board.get_items('id', 'name', 'column_values.[id, title, value]')

This improves readability tremendously, however all fields may be needed, and for monday.com domain entities with many return fields, this too can get unwieldy. Fortunately, Moncli also supports an all-fields notation for nested return types as shown with the rewritten code below.

board = client.get_boards('id', ids=[board_id])[0]
# Return items with just the id, name, and all column value fields using all-fields notation.
board_items = board.get_items('id', 'name', 'column_values.[*]')

Using a combination of both the list and all-fields notation, the efficiency of the code can be greatly improved by condensing everything into a single method call from the MondayClient instance. The code below demonstrates this.

board_items = client.get_boards('id', 'items.[id, name]', 'items.column_values.[*]', ids=[board_id])[0].items

Finally, moncli supports the use of nested arguments. Say that a list of items were needed from a particular group. This can easily be done using nested arguments as demonstrated below.

board_items = client.get_boards('id', 'items.[id, name]', 'items.column_values.[*]', ids=[board_id], groups={'ids': [group_id]})[0].items

Using a combination of return field and argument techniques, there is no shortage of custom querying available. So long as an entity method has an *args and/or a **kwargs input value, it supports the use of the techniques demonstrated above.

Managing Boards

Boards are cornerstones for any Monday.com setup, and Board objects are no exception containing functionality for general data management with columns, groups, and items. The next sections below will provide some general tools regarding Board management.

New boards are created with the MondayClient instance using the create_board method as shown in the example below.

# Import Boardkind enum for parameter input.
from moncli import BoardKind

# Create a new public board
board_name = 'New Public Board'
board_kind = BoardKind.public
new_board = client.create_board(board_name, board_kind)

Existing boards are also retrieved with the MondayClient using the get_boards method using the ids keyword argument as shown below.

board_ids = ['12345']
retrieved_boards = client.get_boards(ids=[board_ids])

When looking to retrieve only a single board by either id or name, the get_board method is also available on the MondayClient instance using either the id or name keyword argument as shown below.

# Retrieve a board by ID.
board_id = '12345'
board_by_id = client.get_board(id=board_id)

# Retrieve a board by Name
board_name = 'Existing Public Board'
retrieved_board = client.get_board(name='board_name')

PLEASE NOTE: Querying boards by name is not a built-in feature for Monday.com and may be less performant that searching for a board by ID.

Finally, boards are archived using the archive_board method on the MondayClient instance as shown below.

board_id = '12345'
archived_board = client.archive_board(board_id)

Additional information regarding the Board object can be found in the Board section below.

Working with Columns, Groups, and Items

Adding and Getting Columns

Columns contain metadata that pertains to the data types available to current and future board items. Board columns are represented by the Column object. A new column is created from a Board instance using the add_column method and returned as a Column object as shown below.

from moncli import ColumnType

new_column = board.add_column(title='New Text Column', column_type=ColumnType.text)

Columns are retrieved from a Board instance using the get_columns method as shown below.

columns = board.get_columns('id', 'title', 'type')

Managing Groups

Groups contain lists of items within a board. In moncli, these groups are realized as Group objects are are retrieved from a Board in the following way.

groups = board.get_groups('id','name')

Groups are also created via a Board instance, as shown below.

group_name = 'New Group'
group = board.add_group(group_name, 'id', 'name')

Once created a group may be duplicated, archived or deleted in the following ways.

# Duplicate a group.
duplicate_group = group.duplicate()

# Archive a group.
archived_group = group.archive()

# Delete a group.
deleted_group = group.delete()

Using Items

Items in monday.com represent individual records containing column value data. These items exist inside of the various board groups. Items are created by either a Board or Group instance as shown below. Please note that when creating items from a Board instance, the item is placed into the topmost group if the group_id parameter is not specified.

item_name = 'New Item 1'

# Add item via board.
group_id = 'group_1'
item = board.add_item(item_name, group_id=group_id)

# Add item via group.
item = group.add_item(item_name)

An Item object can be created with column values using the optional column_values parameter. Values for this parameter can be input as a dictionary in which each key represents the ID of the column to update and the value represents the value to add.

column_values = {'text_column_1': 'New Text Value'}
new_item_with_values = board.add_item(item_name='New Item With Text Value', column_values=column_values)

Items are also retrieved by either a MondayClient, Board, or Group instance via the get_items methods. It is important to note that the Client instance has access to all items created within the account that are accessible to the user. When using a Board or a Group instance, only items accessible to the user within the respective board or group are available to query.

Additionally, the column values may also be easily requested by using the get_column_values parameters when retrieving items from any MondayClient, Board, or Group instance.

# Retrieve the item.
item = client.get_items(ids=[item_id_as_int_or_string])

# Retrieve the item with column values
item = client.get_items(ids=[item_id_as_int_or_string], get_column_values=True)

Once an Item instance is retrieved, it can be moved between groups, duplicated, archived, or deleted as shown in the example below.

# Move item to group.
item.move_to_group('group_2')

# Duplicate item with updates
item.duplicate(with_updates=True)

# Archive an item.
item.archive()
 
# Delete an item.
item.delete()

If the particular board contains a Subitems column, then subitems can be added to a particular using the create_subitem method shown below:

subitem = item.create_subitem(item_name, column_values=column_values_dict)

Changing Column Values

The column values of an item may also be retrieved and updated from an Item instance in the following way as shown below.

# First get the column value.
# Index for item.column_values may be the column id, title, or the list index integer.
column_value = item.column_values['text_colunn_1']
# Update the column text
column_value.text_value = 'Update Text'
# Now update the column value in the item.
item.change_column_value(column_value)

Multiple column values are retrieved and updated from the Item instance using the change_multiple_column_values and get_column_values methods respectively. More information on these methods can be found below in the Item section of this document.

Posting Updates

Updates represent interactions between users within a monday.com account with respect to a given item and are represented in moncli as an Update object. Update instances are retrieved using the get_updates method from either a MondayClient instance, which can retrieve all updates within the account accessible to the login user, or an Item instance, which only has access to updates within the particular item.

Updates are added to an item using the add_update method from the Item instance as shown below.

update = item.add_update('Hello, World!')

Once created, replies are also added to an update using the add_reply method from the Update instance as shown below.

reply = update.add_reply('Right back at you!')

Finally updates are removed from the Item instance using either the delete_update method for removing a specific update, or the clear_all_updates method to remove all updates on the item as shown below.

# Remove one update
item.delete_update(update.id)

# Remove all updates
item.clear_all_updates()

More information regarding Updates and Replies can be found in the Update and Reply sections in the documentation below.

Uploading Files

Files, or assets, represent files uploaded to items via a file-type column or updates via the add_file method on both Item and Update objects.

When adding files to an item, a file column via the FileColumn object must be identified as the column in which to place the newly uploaded file. This is demonstrated in the example below.

# First get the file column.
file_column = item.get_column_value(id='file_column_1')
# Then upload the file.
asset = item.add_file(file_column, '/users/test/monday_files/test.jpg')

Adding files to an update only requires the file path of the file to upload as shown below.

asset = update.add_file('/users/test/monday_files/test.jpg')

Files are retrieved using the get_files method available on any MondayClient, Item, or Update instance. It is important to note that all files within the account accessible to the user are retrieved from the MondayClient instance, while only files within the respective item or update are retrieved for Item and Update instances respectively.

Currently, the monday.com API only supports removing all files from a file column within an item. This is done using the remove_files method of the Item instance in the example shown below.

# First get the file column.
file_column = item.get_column_value(id='file_column_1')
# Then clear all files.
assets = item.remove_files(file_column)

To remove files from an update, the only option currently available is to delete the update containing the file. This is done using the delete_update method via an Item instance or directly on an Update instance with the delete method.

More information regarding the Asset object is found in the File/Asset section of the documentation below.

Additional Questions/Feature Requests:

The Moncli Wiki contains additional information regarding available entities and functionality.

Please feel free to log an issue or request a new feature by submitting a new issue or reaching out to me at andrew.shatz@trix.solutions. Thank you and happy coding!!!