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A libusb based implementation of javax.usb

branch: master
README.md

Source Code Organization

This source code base used Maven 2 for building. The root directory and each source code module has a pom.xml file which is used by Maven.

The Maven Modules

  • javax.usb - My implementation of the JSR-80 API. This is a small module which only implements the API itself.

  • javax.usb-extra - Some extra code that only depend on the JSR-80 API which I feel either should be a part of the API or is just too generic to put elsewhere.

  • libusb / libusb-git - A Maven module that builds libusb from the sources checked out by git under libusb-git. Make sure to configure your environment to get this module to build. See below.

  • javalibusb1 - The implementation itself. Consists of some C code with some header files and a set of Java files.

  • usbtools - Random tools to work with USB chips.

    Contains a library and command line tools to work with fx2 chips.

  • ftdi - Utilities for talking to ftdi chips.

Technical Implementation Details

The device and handle references are stored internally in the Device and Interface classes as integers. These should be byte arrays to be a bit more generic.

To control the debugging level from libusb set the system property "javax.usb.libusb.debug" to the desired level:

-Djavax.usb.libusb.debug=3

See their documentation for the up to date values. Current values:

  • Level 0: no messages ever printed by the library (default)
  • Level 1: error messages are printed to stderr
  • Level 2: warning and error messages are printed to stderr
  • Level 3: informational messages are printed to stdout, warning and error messages are printed to stderr

To trace all calls to libusb, truss/strace/kdump style set the system property "javax.usb.libusb.trace" to true

-Djavax.usb.libusb.trace=true

Building

To build the main software a mvn install will be sufficient.

If you want to make life easy for you, you want build and use the libusb referenced from as a git module too. To do that simply run (cd libusb; mvn install). Like with the javalibusb1 library, the build is set to build 64-bit versions if the JVM is running in 64-bit mode.

If you do not use the referenced libusb module, you have to build it manually and point libusb.home to it.

Example settings.xml:

<settings>
  <profiles>
    <profile>
      <id>libusb-32</id>
      <activation>
        <os>
          <arch>i386</arch>
        </os>
      </activation>
      <properties>
        <libusb.home>${user.home}/opt/libusb-git-32</libusb.home>
        <libusb.cflags>-m32</libusb.cflags>
      </properties>
    </profile>
    <profile>
      <id>libusb-64</id>
      <activation>
        <os>
          <arch>x86_64</arch>
        </os>
      </activation>
      <properties>
        <libusb.home>${user.home}/opt/libusb-git-64</libusb.home>
        <libusb.cflags>-m64</libusb.cflags>
      </properties>
    </profile>
  </profiles>
</settings>

Note that on Linux "arch" is amd64 while on OSX it is x86_64. You can check the values for your platform by running

mvn -version`

Note that you might have to run Maven's JVM with -d32 or -d64 to select a different bit size.

You can see the current settings with

mvn help:active-profiles -N -f javalibusb1/pom.xml`

Building 64-Bit Versions

The Maven setup will automatically build 64-bit versions of libusb and javalibusb1 if you are using a 64-bit JVM. Run your Maven with -d64 to run a 64-bit JVM.

Running main() Methods From Your IDE

At least IntelliJ IDEA does not realize that the usbtools module depend on the javalibusb1 because the javalibusb1 is not recognized ha a "Java" module when it has packaging=nar in its POM.

Checking the formatted version of the README file

Simply run:

rdiscount README.markdown > README.html

Notes on Keeping Syncronized with Upstream

This is the command used to create and synchronize the upstream CVS repositories:

git cvsimport -d :pserver:anonymous@javax-usb.cvs.sourceforge.net:/cvsroot/javax-usb javax-usb

Notes on Building the TCK

This section has slowly bit rotted after no-one could document the required USB setup for the firmware. Will have to invent/run my own TCK to prove compliance.

To build this software you need:

  • For the TCK: A working SDCC installation in your PATH that supports the "mcs51" target. I'm using v2.9.0.

The Firmware

The original firmware images are not used as it's not clear which images they represent. In addition I can't use any tools that work on OS X/Linux to upload the firmware.

The sources depend on fx2lib which is a "Library routines for creating firmware for the Cypress FX2 (CY7C68013 and variants) with SDCC". Fx2lib includes its own build system which the Makefile calls out to.

To be able to build the images you need to create a Makefile.local with references to your fx2 library and add cycfx2prog to your PATH. For example:

FX2LIBDIR=/Users/trygvis/dev/com.github/mulicheng/fx2lib/
PATH:=/Users/trygvis/src/cycfx2prog-0.47:$(PATH)

Building the Firmware

Building the firmware is easy once your have all the prerequisites set up:

cd tck/images
make

The Build

Loading the Firmware

To load the firmware:

  1. Make sure that the device is available. You can do this with make list:

    $ make list
    cycfx2prog --list
    Bus 004 Device 001: ID 05ac:8005
    Bus 004 Device 002: ID 05ac:0237
    Bus 004 Device 003: ID 05ac:8242
    Bus 036 Device 001: ID 05ac:8006
    Bus 036 Device 002: ID 05ac:8507
    Bus 006 Device 001: ID 05ac:8005
    Bus 038 Device 001: ID 05ac:8006
    Bus 038 Device 002: ID 04b4:8613 (unconfigured FX2)
    

    Here you can see that the device was disovered and as long as there's only one device on the system it will be used directly.

  2. Program the device with the wanted image using the program-% target where the percentage sign is replaced with either topology, bulk or iso.

    $ make program-topology
    make topology
    make[2]: Nothing to be done for `ihx'.
    cycfx2prog  prg:build/topology.ihx run
    Using ID 04b4:8613 on 038.002.
    Putting 8051 into reset.
    Programming 8051 using "build/topology.ihx".
    Putting 8051 out of reset.
    
  3. The device should be ready for the TCK now.

    TODO: Add output of make list.

Notes

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