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.. currentmodule:: ficus

Examples

In the examples folder several examples of input files are given. This section gives a short description of the examples.

example.xls and example_from_excel.xlsm

The input file example.xls and example_from_excel.xlsm are used within the :ref:`tutorial <create-input-ref>` explaining how to create an own input file by editing a given one.

The factory described in this example has given demand time-series for electricity (elec) and heat, that have to be covered. While elec can be imported and exported, heat has to be produced inside the factory. Therefore an electric heater, a gas boiler and/or chp unit can be used. Since the chp and the gas boiler require gas as an input, gas can be imported as well. To model a pv system, the intermittend supply time-series solar is given. Additionally a battery storage for elec and a heat storage for heat are defined.

The processed chp, booiler and el. heater have given installed capaities that can not be expanded any more. Only the process pv and the battery and heat storage can be built. The result of this model will be an optimal cpacity expansion of this three technologies and an optimal operation of all defined and built processes and storages.

Commodities defined in example.xls
Commodity defined as description
elec import; export; demand electricity
heat demand heat
gas import gas
solar intermittend supply time-series representing normalized output of a pv system
Processes defined in example.xls
Process inputs outputs intalled capacity max new capacity
chp gas elec; heat 5000 kW 0 kW
boiler gas heat 15000 kW 0 kW
pv solar elec 0 kW 50000 kW
el. heater elec heat 500 kW 0 kW
Storages defined in example.xls
Storage commodity intalled capacity max new capacity
battery elec 0 kW; 0 kWh 1000000 kW; 1000000 kWh
heat storage heat 0 kW; 0 kWh 20000 kW; 20000 kWh

cover_heat+elec_xxx.xls

The input files cover_heat+elec_automotive.xls, cover_heat+elec_carbon.xls, cover_heat+elec_iron.xls and cover_heat+elec_steel.xls all have the same structure of defined commodities, processes and storages. But each factory has different demand time-series for electricity and heat. Since the time-series are given in a 15-minute resolution for one year, solving these problems might take a few hours (depending on the use solver).

The factories described in this example have given demand time-series for electricity (elec) and heat, that have to be covered. While elec can be imported and exported, heat has to be produced inside the factory. Therefore an immersion heater (im heater), a gas boiler and/or chp unit can be used. Since the chp and the gas boiler require gas as an input, gas can be imported as well. To model capacity specific investment costs, several chp units with different investment costs and different minimum new capacities are defined. Additionally three battery storages, RedoxFlow, Li-Ionen-1C* and Li-Ionen-2C for the commodity elec and a heat storage TES for heat are defined.

In these examples no processes and storages have installed capacities. The result of this model will be an optimal cpacity expansion and operation of all defined and built processes and storages. For importimg electricity here time-sensitive prices are used.

Commodities defined in cover_heat+elec_xxx.xls
Commodity defined as description
elec import; demand electricity
heat demand heat
gas import gas
solar intermittend supply time-series representing normalized output of a pv system
Processes defined in cover_heat+elec_xxx.xls
Process inputs outputs intalled capacity max new capacity
chp 10-1000 gas elec; heat 0 kW 50000 kW
boiler gas heat 0 kW 50000 kW
el. heater elec heat 0 kW 50000 kW
Storages defined in cover_heat+elec_xxx.xls
Storage commodity intalled capacity max new capacity
battery elec 0 kW; 0 kWh 500000 kW; 5000000 kWh
heat storage heat 0 kW; 0 kWh 500000 kW; 5000000 kWh

steel_mill_example.xls

The factory described in this example describes an examplary steel mill. The steel mill has given demand time-series for electricity (elec), heat and steel, that have to be covered. While elec can be imported and exported, heat and steel have to be produced inside the factory.

For producing heat an immersion heater (im heater), a gas boiler and/or chp unit can be used. Since the chp and the gas boiler require gas as an input, gas can be imported as well. Both processes also are defined to produce CO2 as an output commodity. Since the produced CO2 has to be "used" somewhere, it is defined as an export commodity. By defining negative costs for exporting CO2, cost for CO2 production is applyed here.

A battery storage for elec and a heat storage for heat are defined.

For producing steel, a electric arc furnace is defined. It consumes iron, which can be imported and elec to produce steel. Since there is a demand for steel only at the end of each working day, the steel could either produced at exactly at this time, or it can be produced during the whole day and stored in the defined stock. This leads to a smaller capacity of the furnace.

Additionally a battery storage for elec and a heat storage for heat are defined.

In these examples no processes and storages have installed capacities. The result of this model will be an optimal cpacity expansion and operation of all defined and built processes and storages. For importimg electricity here time-sensitive prices are used.

Commodities defined in steel_mill_example.xls
Commodity defined as description
elec import; export; demand electricity
heat demand heat
gas import gas
solar intermittend supply time-series representing normalized output of a pv system
iron import iron ore used for steel production
steel demand steel that has to be produced
CO2 export CO2 produced by the processes
Processes defined in steel_mill_example.xls
Process inputs outputs intalled capacity max new capacity
chp gas elec; heat 0 kW 50000 kW
boiler gas heat 0 kW 50000 kW
pv solar elec 0 kW 200 kW
im heater elec heat 0 kW 50000 kW
furnace elec;iron steel 0 kW 50000 kW
Storages defined in steel_mill_example.xls
Storage commodity intalled capacity max new capacity
battery elec 0 kW; 0 kWh 500000 kW; 5000000 kWh
heat storage heat 0 kW; 0 kWh 500000 kW; 5000000 kWh
stock steel 0 kW; 0 kWh 500000 kW; 5000000 kWh
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