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Java Cryptographic, Encoding and Hash Utilities
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README.md

Java-Crypto-Utils

Java Cryptographic, Encoding and Hash Utilities

CircleCI Build: Maven

Install Maven

sudo apt install maven

To run the unit tests:

mvn test

Encryption/Decryption Algorithms - Descriptions

Term Description
AES Advanced Encryption Standard
Encryption The process of encoding information making in away that makes it unreadable for unauthorized users. Plaintext -> Ciphertext
Decryption The reverse process of encryption. It is the process of decoding the data which has been encrypted making it readable for authorized users. Ciphertext -> Plaintext
Cryptographic key/Key Is a piece of information (a parameter) that determines the functional output of a cryptographic algorithm.
RSA Rivest-Shamir-Adleman (Surnames of the creators)
Symmetric Cryptography/Symmetric-Key Cryptography Makes use of the same cryptographic keys for both encryption of plaintext and decryption of ciphertext.
Asymmetric Cryptography/Public-Key Cryptography Makes use of different cryptographic keys(pair of public and private keys) used for encryption of plaintext and decryption of ciphertext.
Public Key A key that is available to the public.
Private Key A key that is private and known only to the owner.
Cipher/Cypher An algorithm for performing encryption or decryption.
Plaintext/Cleartext An unencrypted information pending input into a cryptographic algorithm.
Ciphertext The result of encryption performed on plaintext using an algorithm - Cipher.
Block Size The length of the fixed length string of bits operated on by a Block Cipher. Both the input (plaintext) and output (ciphertext) are of the same length.
Key Size/Key Length The number of bits in a key used by a cryptographic algorithm.
Rounds In Block Ciphers, the number of times a cipher transformation is repeated over a block of plaintext to create a block of ciphertext. The number of rounds is determined by the key size/ key length.
Block Cipher A Symmetric-Key Cipher which operates on a groups of bits of fixed length, called blocks.
Block Cipher Mode of Operation Is an algorithm that uses a block cipher to provide information security such as confidentiality or authenticity. It describes how to repeatedly apply a cipher's single-block operation to securely transform amounts of data larger than a block.
Common Block Cipher Modes of Operation ECB(Electronic Codebook), CBC(Cipher Block Chaining), PCBC(Propagating CBC[Cipher Block Chaining]), CFB(Cipher Feedback), OFB(Output Feedback), CTR(Counter)
Broken When brute-force attack is feasible i.e A key with a given key size can be permutated in feasible time to generate a key that correctly decrypts a Ciphertext.
Brute-force attack When an attacker guesses many keys with the hope of eventually guessing correctly usually using a supercomputer.

Encryption/Decryption Algorithms - Symmetric

  • AES Variants: AES-128, AES-192, AES-256
    Key sizes: 128 bits, 192 bits, 256 bits
    Block Size: 128 bits
    Rounds: 10, 12 or 14 (depending on key size)

Encryption/Decryption Algorithms - Asymmetric

  • RSA
    Key sizes: 1,024 to 4,096 bit typical
    Rounds: 1

Hash Functions - Descriptions

Term Description
MD5 Message-Digest Algorithm
SHA-1 Secure Hash Algorithm 1
SHA-2 Secure Hash Algorithm 2
SHA-3 Secure Hash Algorithm 3
HMAC Keyed-Hash Message Authentication Code or Hash-Based Message Authentication Code
Cryptographic Hash function A mathematical algorithm that maps data of arbitrary size to a bit string of a fixed size (a digest/hash) and is designed to be a one-way function - a function which is infeasible to invert.
Digest/Hash The output of a Cryptographic Hash function.
Digest Size The size of the output of a Cryptographic Hash function.
Block Size The length of the fixed length string of bits operated on by a Cryptographic Hash function.
Rounds In Cryptographic Hash functions, the number of times a digest transformation stage is repeated over a block of plaintext to create a digest.
Salt Random data that is used as an additional input to a one-way function(Cryptographic Hash functions) that "hashes" data, a password or passphrase.
Data Integrity Is the maintenance of, and the assurance of the accuracy and consistency of, data over its entire life-cycle.
Authentication Guarantees that a message has not been modified while in transit (data integrity) and that the receiving party can verify the source of the message.
Broken When a collision is found. i.e two different inputs generate the same hash usually using a supercomputer.

Hash Functions

  • MD5
    Digest Size: 128 bit
    Block Size: 512 bit
    Rounds: 4/64 (depending of Point of View)
    Broken: Yes

  • SHA-1
    Digest Size: 160 bit
    Block Size: 512 bit
    Rounds: 80
    Broken: Yes

  • SHA-2
    Variants: SHA224, SHA256, SHA384, SHA512, SHA-512/224, SHA-512/256 Digest Size: [SHA-224: 224 bit], [SHA-256: 256 bit], [SHA-384: 384 bit], [SHA-512: 512 bit], [SHA-512/224: 224 bit], [SHA-512/256: 224 bit]
    Block Size: [SHA-224,SHA-256: 512 bit], [SHA-384,SHA-512,SHA-512/224,SHA-512/256: 1024 bit_]
    Rounds: [SHA-224,SHA-256: 64], [SHA-384,SHA-512,SHA-512/224,SHA-512/256: 80]
    Broken: No

  • SHA-3
    Variants: SHA3-224, SHA3-256, SHA3-384, SHA3-512, SHAKE128, SHAKE256
    Digest Size: [SHA3-224: 224 bit], [SHA3-256: 256 bit], [SHA3-384: 384 bit], [SHA3-512: 512 bit], [SHAKE128,SHAKE256: d (arbitrary) bit]
    Block Size: [SHA3-224: 1152 bit], [SHA3-256: 1088 bit], [SHA3-384: 832 bit], [SHA3-512: 576 bit], [SHAKE128: 1344 bit], [SHAKE256: 1088 bit]
    Rounds: 24
    Broken: No

HMAC Functions

Encoding Algorithms - Descriptions

Term Description
Binary-to-text Encoding Encoding of data in plaintext. More precisely, it is an encoding of binary data(bytes/bits) in a sequence of printable characters.
Base64 A group of similar binary-to-text encoding schemes that represent binary data in an ASCII string format by translating it into a radix-64 representation. Each Base64 digit represents exactly 6 bits of data. Three 8-bit bytes (i.e., a total of 24 bits) can therefore be represented by four 6-bit Base64 digits.
URL encoding/Percent-encoding A mechanism for encoding information in a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) under certain circumstances.

Encoding Algorithms

License

Copyright THIS YEAR tunjos

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at

 http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See the License for the specific language governing permissions and limitations under the License.

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