PSR-7 HTTP Basic Authentication Middleware
PHP
Latest commit 69e2451 Jan 9, 2017 @tuupola Hello 2017

README.md

PSR-7 Basic Auth Middleware

This middleware implements HTTP Basic Authentication. It was originally developed for Slim but can be used with all frameworks using PSR-7 style middlewares. It has been tested with Slim Framework and Zend Expressive.

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Install

Install latest version using composer.

$ composer require tuupola/slim-basic-auth

Usage

Configuration options are passed as an array. Only mandatory parameter is users. This is an array where you pass one or more "username" => "password" combinations. Username is the key and password is the value.

$app = new \Slim\App;

$app->add(new \Slim\Middleware\HttpBasicAuthentication([
    "users" => [
        "root" => "t00r",
        "somebody" => "passw0rd"
    ]
]));

Same with Zend Expressive.

$app = Zend\Expressive\AppFactory::create();

$app->pipe(new \Slim\Middleware\HttpBasicAuthentication([
    "users" => [
        "root" => "t00r",
        "user" => "passw0rd"
    ]
]));

Rest of the examples assume you are using Slim Framework.

Cleartext passwords are only good for quick testing. You probably want to use hashed passwords. Hashed password can be generated with htpasswd command line tool or password_hash() PHP function

$ htpasswd -nbBC 10 root t00r
root:$2y$10$1lwCIlqktFZwEBIppL4ak.I1AHxjoKy9stLnbedwVMrt92aGz82.O
$ htpasswd -nbBC 10 somebody passw0rd
somebody:$2y$10$6/vGXuMUoRlJUeDN.bUWduge4GhQbgPkm6pfyGxwgEWT0vEkHKBUW
$app = new \Slim\App;

$app->add(new \Slim\Middleware\HttpBasicAuthentication([
    "users" => [
        "root" => '$2y$10$1lwCIlqktFZwEBIppL4ak.I1AHxjoKy9stLnbedwVMrt92aGz82.O',
        "somebody" => '$2y$10$6/vGXuMUoRlJUeDN.bUWduge4GhQbgPkm6pfyGxwgEWT0vEkHKBUW'
    ]
]));

Even if you are using hashed passwords it is not the best idea to store credentials in the code. Instead you could store them in environment or external file which is not committed to GitHub.

$app = new \Slim\App;

$app->add(new \Slim\Middleware\HttpBasicAuthentication([
    "users" => [
        "admin" => getenv("ADMIN_PASSWORD")
    ]
]));

Optional parameters

Path

The optional path parameter allows you to specify the protected part of your website. It can be either a string or an array. You do not need to specify each URL. Instead think of path setting as a folder. In the example below everything starting with /api will be authenticated.

$app = new \Slim\App;

$app->add(new \Slim\Middleware\HttpBasicAuthentication([
    "path" => "/api", /* or ["/admin", "/api"] */
    "realm" => "Protected",
    "users" => [
        "root" => "t00r",
        "somebody" => "passw0rd"
    ]
]));

Passthrough

With optional passthrough parameter you can make exceptions to path parameter. In the example below everything starting with /api and /admin will be authenticated with the exception of /api/token and /admin/ping which will not be authenticated.

$app = new \Slim\App;

$app->add(new \Slim\Middleware\HttpBasicAuthentication([
    "path" => ["/api", "/admin"],
    "passthrough" => ["/api/token", "/admin/ping"],
    "realm" => "Protected",
    "users" => [
        "root" => "t00r",
        "somebody" => "passw0rd"
    ]
]));

Callback

Callback is called only when authentication succeeds. It receives an array containing user and password as argument. If callback returns boolean false authentication is forced to be failed.

$app = new \Slim\App;

$app->add(new \Slim\Middleware\HttpBasicAuthentication([
    "path" => "/admin",
    "realm" => "Protected",
    "users" => [
        "root" => "t00r",
        "somebody" => "passw0rd"
    ],
    "callback" => function ($request, $response, $arguments) {
        print_r($arguments);
    }
]));

Security

Browsers send passwords over the wire basically as cleartext. You should always use HTTPS. If the middleware detects insecure usage over HTTP it will throw RuntimeException. This rule is relaxed for localhost. To allow insecure usage you must enable it manually by setting secure to false.

$app = new \Slim\App;

$app->add(new \Slim\Middleware\HttpBasicAuthentication([
    "path" => "/admin",
    "secure" => false,
    "users" => [
        "root" => "t00r",
        "somebody" => "passw0rd"
    ]
]));

Alternatively you can list your development host to have relaxed security.

$app = new \Slim\App;

$app->add(new \Slim\Middleware\HttpBasicAuthentication([
    "path" => "/admin",
    "secure" => true,
    "relaxed" => ["localhost", "dev.example.com"],
    "users" => [
        "root" => "t00r",
        "somebody" => "passw0rd"
    ]
]));

Custom authentication methods

Sometimes passing users in an array is not enough. To authenticate against custom datasource you can pass a callable as authenticator parameter. This can be either a class which implements AuthenticatorInterface or anonymous function. Callable receives an array containing user and password as argument. In both cases authenticator must return either true or false.

If you are creating an Enterprise™ software which randomly lets people log in you could use the following.

use \Slim\Middleware\HttpBasicAuthentication\AuthenticatorInterface;

class RandomAuthenticator implements AuthenticatorInterface {
    public function __invoke(array $arguments) {
        return (bool)rand(0,1);
    }
}

$app = new \Slim\App;

$app->add(new \Slim\Middleware\HttpBasicAuthentication([
    "path" => "/admin",
    "realm" => "Protected",
    "authenticator" => new RandomAuthenticator()
]));

Same thing can also be accomplished with anonymous function.

$app = new \Slim\App;

$app->add(new \Slim\Middleware\HttpBasicAuthentication([
    "path" => "/admin",
    "realm" => "Protected",
    "authenticator" => function ($arguments) {
        return (bool)rand(0,1);
    }
]));

Setting response body when authentication fails

By default plugin returns an empty response body with 401 response. You can return custom body using by providing an error handler. This is useful for example when you need additional information why authentication failed.

$app = new \Slim\App;

$app->add(new \Slim\Middleware\HttpBasicAuthentication([
    "path" => "/api",
    "realm" => "Protected",
    "users" => [
        "root" => "t00r",
        "somebody" => "passw0rd"
    ],
    "error" => function ($request, $response, $arguments) {
        $data = [];
        $data["status"] = "error";
        $data["message"] = $arguments["message"];
        return $response->write(json_encode($data, JSON_UNESCAPED_SLASHES));
    }
]));

Usage with PDO

For those in hurry there is a ready made PDO authenticator. It covers most of the use cases. You probably end up implementing your own though.

use \Slim\Middleware\HttpBasicAuthentication\PdoAuthenticator;

$pdo = new \PDO("sqlite:/tmp/users.sqlite");
$app = new \Slim\App;

$app->add(new \Slim\Middleware\HttpBasicAuthentication([
    "path" => "/admin",
    "realm" => "Protected",
    "authenticator" => new PdoAuthenticator([
        "pdo" => $pdo
    ])
]));

For better explanation see Basic Authentication from Database blog post.

Usage with FastCGI

By default Apache does not pass credentials to FastCGI process. If you are using mod_fcgi you can configure authorization headers with:

FastCgiExternalServer /usr/lib/cgi-bin/php5-fcgi -host 127.0.0.1:9000 -pass-header Authorization

If this is not possible workaround is to pass credentials in an environment variable using mod_rewrite.

RewriteRule .* - [env=HTTP_AUTHORIZATION:%{HTTP:Authorization}]

The above rewrite rule should work out of the box. In some cases server adds REDIRECT_ prefix to environment name. In this case or if you want to use nonstandard environment use the parameter called environment.

$app = new \Slim\App;

$app->add(new \Slim\Middleware\HttpBasicAuthentication([
    "path" => "/admin",
    "realm" => "Protected",
    "users" => [
        "root" => "t00r",
        "somebody" => "passw0rd"
    ],
    "environment" => "REDIRECT_HTTP_AUTHORIZATION"
]));

Testing

You can run tests either manually...

$ composer test

... or automatically on every code change. You will need entr for this to work.

$ brew install entr
$ composer watch

Contributing

Please see CONTRIBUTING for details.

Security

If you discover any security related issues, please email tuupola@appelsiini.net instead of using the issue tracker.

License

The MIT License (MIT). Please see License File for more information.