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A Python Tool to Query the Millennium Simulation UWS/TAP client
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A Python Tool to Query the Millennium Simulation UWS/TAP client

This is a simple wrapper for the Python package requests to deal with connections to the Millennium TAP Web Client. With this tool you can perform basic or advanced queries to the Millennium Simulation database and download the data products.

This tool is similar to the TAP query tool in the German Astrophysical Virtual Observatory (GAVO) VOtables package.


If you use this tool in any published work, please use the Astrophysics Source Code Library reference: TO BE UPDATED


This program is tested on both Python 2.7 and Python 3.5. You can install the required prerequisites using pip via

pip install -r requirements.txt

You will also need access (username and password) to the Millennium Simulation database. You can register for access here.

Usage Examples

Set up a new job, perform a simple query, and save the results
import millennium_query
username='foo' # replace with your login credentials
conn = millennium_query.MillenniumQuery(username,password)
conn.query('SELECT TOP 10 * FROM MPAGalaxies..DeLucia2006a') # Start job
conn.wait() # Wait until job is finished'results.csv') # Stream results to file
conn.delete() # Delete job from server
conn.close() # close connection
Connect to an already submitted job and save the results
job_id = 'foobar'
conn = millennium_query.MillenniumQuery(username,password,job_id=job_id)
conn.wait() # Make sure job is done'results.csv')
Acquire cookies, then run several jobs
cookies = millennium_query.get_cookies(username,password)
jobs = []
for i in range(10):
    conn = millennium_query.MillenniumQuery(username,password,cookies=cookies)
    conn.query('SELECT TOP {0} * FROM MPAGalaxies..DeLucia2006a'.format(i))
for i,conn in enumerate(jobs):


This tool contains two standalone functions and the MillenniumQuery class.

get_response performs the actual query to the TAP client. It takes two arguments: session is a requests.Session() object and url is the URL to query. The keyword arguments are method (default is 'GET') determines whether the query should use GET or POST, data (default is None) is the POST or GET data, cookies (default is None), max_attempts (default is 5), and stream (default is False). This function expects session.auth to be appropriately set already. It will perform the query up to max_attempts times before giving up and raising a RuntimeError. It will also raise a RuntimeError if it does not get the expected XML webpage (usually a sign that the login credentials are incorrect). If successful, it returns the response returned by the call to session.get() or

get_cookies performs a simple connect to download site cookies. It takes two arguments: username and password, your login credentials to the Millennium TAP client. The function returns a RequestsCookieJar object.

The constructor for the MillenniumQuery object also takes the username and password arguments, as well as the following keyword arguments: job_id (default is None) is set if you wish to connect to a previously submitted job, query_lang (default is SQL) to set the query language, results_format (default is csv) sets the TAP-returned filetype, max_rec (default is 100000) is the maximum number of records to retrieve, and cookies (default is None). For more details on these parameters, see the MillenniumTAP help page. The constructor sets up the requests.Session() object and obtains the necessary cookies.

MillenniumQuery:query takes one parameter, query. This query is sent to the TAP client. If no job_id was specified in the constructor, this function determines the job_id for this job.

MillenniumQuery:run starts any queried job on the TAP client. This function will raise RuntimeError if the query function has not already been called.

MillenniumQuery:wait holds execution until the TAP client returns a COMPLETED, ABORTED, or ERROR status. The second two statuses will raise a RuntimeError. This function takes a keyword argument max_attempts (default is 100) that determines the maximum number of while iterations before raising a RuntimeError. The pause between each successive iteration grows exponential to a maximum of 2 minutes.

MillenniumQuery:save streams the results file and saves to the a file defined by the argument filename.

MillenniumQuery:close closes the session.

Warranty and Copyright

Copyright (C) 2016 by Trey Wenger:

GNU General Public License v3 (GNU GPLv3)

This program is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.

This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along with this program. If not, see


If you find a bug, please submit an issue and I will try to fix it as soon as possible.

If you would like to contribute to the development of this tool, feel free to fork and submit pull requests.

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