Protein ALignment And Detection INterface
PALADIN is a protein sequence alignment tool designed for the accurate functional characterization of metagenomes.
PALADIN is based on BWA, and aligns sequences via read-mapping using BWT. PALADIN, however, offers the novel approach of aligning in the protein space. During the index phase, it processes the reference genome's nucleotide sequences and GTF/GFF annotation containing CDS entries, first converting these transcripts into the corresponding protein sequences, then creating the BWT and suffix array from these proteins. The process of translatation is skiped when providing a protein reference file (e.g., UniProt) for mapping. During the alignment phase, it attempts to find ORFs in the read sequences, then converts these to protein sequences, and aligns to the reference protein sequences.
PALADIN currently only supports single-end reads (or reads merged with FLASH, PEAR, abyss-mergepairs), and BWA-MEM based alignment. It makes use of many BWA parameters and is therefore compatible with many of its command line arguments.
PALADIN may output a standard SAM file, or a text file containing a UniProt-generated functional profile. This text file may be used for all downstream characterizations.
- From a fresh install of Ubuntu, you will need to install
build-essential libcurl4-openssl-dev git make gcc zlib1g-dev. This should be available on Ubuntu 14.04 using
sudo apt-get install build-essential libcurl4-openssl-dev git make gcc zlib1g-dev
- PALADIN compiles by default on OSX 10.10.x
git clone https://github.com/twestbrookunh/paladin.git cd paladin/ make PATH=$PATH:$(pwd)
Download and prepare UniProt Swiss-Prot index files.
paladin prepare -r1
Download and prepare UniProt UniRef90 index files.
paladin prepare -r2
Index UniProt (or another protein) fasta, if not using the automated
paladin index -r3 uniprot_sprot.fasta.gz
Align a set of reads using 4 theads. Send the full UniProt report to paladin_uniprot.tsv.
paladin align -t 4 -o paladin index input.fastq.gz
Align a set of reads using 4 theads. Produce a bam file.
paladin align -t 4 index input.fastq.gz | samtools view -Sb - > test.bam
Align a set of reads, preferring higher quality mappings over number of proteins detected.
paladin align -T 20 -o paladin index input.fastq.gz
Align a set of reads, report secondary alignments, and generate UniProt report for both primary and secondary alignments.
paladin align -a -o paladin index input.fastq.gz
If you're intersted in trying this out on a smallish test file, try downloading this one which is from a human lung metagenome study: http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ena/data/view/PRJNA71831
#install PALADIN as per above curl -O ftp://ftp.sra.ebi.ac.uk/vol1/fastq/SRR117/002/SRR1177122/SRR1177122.fastq.gz paladin prepare -r1 #unless already done paladin align -t 4 -o lungstudy uniprot_sprot.fasta.gz SRR1177122.fastq.gz #look at report file, SAM, etc.
- A SAM/BAM file that can be used for any downstream analyses.
- A tab delimited UniProt report file.
#FORMAT Count Abundance Quality (Avg) Quality (Max) UniProtKB ID Organism Protein Names Genes Pathway Features Gene Ontology Reviewd Existence Comments Cross Reference (KEGG) Cross Reference (GeneID) Cross Reference (PATRIC) Cross Reference(EnsemblBacteria)
- Count: The number of reads mapping to that UniProt entry
- Abundance: The percentage of reads mapping to that UniProt entry
- Quality (Avg): The average mapping quality for reads mapped to that UniProt entry (Phred scale, max 60)
- Quality (Max): The maximum mapping quality for reads mapped to that UniProt entry (Phred scale, max 60)
- UniProtKB: The ID containing the Gene short-code and species of origin
- ID: The Uniprot code
- Organims: The Organims from which the Uniprot ID is derived. Note that one should use this to generate a taxonomic profile of your sample
- Protein Names
- Pathway Features
- Gene Ontology
- Cross Reference (KEGG): Corresponding entry in KEGG database (http://www.genome.jp/kegg/)
- Cross Reference (GeneID): Corresponding entry in NCBI gene database (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/gene)
- Cross Reference (PATRIC): Corresponding entry in PATRIC database (http://www.patricbrc.org)
- Cross Reference (EnsemblBacteria): Corresponding entry in Ensembl Bacteria database (http://bacteria.ensembl.org)