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/**********************************************************************
time.c -
$Author$
$Date$
created at: Tue Dec 28 14:31:59 JST 1993
Copyright (C) 1993-2003 Yukihiro Matsumoto
**********************************************************************/
#include "ruby.h"
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <errno.h>
#ifdef HAVE_UNISTD_H
#include <unistd.h>
#endif
#include <math.h>
VALUE rb_cTime;
struct time_object {
struct timeval tv;
struct tm tm;
int gmt;
int tm_got;
};
#define GetTimeval(obj, tobj) \
Data_Get_Struct(obj, struct time_object, tobj)
static void time_free _((void *));
static VALUE time_utc_offset _((VALUE));
static void
time_free(tobj)
void *tobj;
{
if (tobj) free(tobj);
}
static VALUE time_s_alloc _((VALUE));
static VALUE
time_s_alloc(klass)
VALUE klass;
{
VALUE obj;
struct time_object *tobj;
obj = Data_Make_Struct(klass, struct time_object, 0, time_free, tobj);
tobj->tm_got=0;
tobj->tv.tv_sec = 0;
tobj->tv.tv_usec = 0;
return obj;
}
static void
time_modify(time)
VALUE time;
{
rb_check_frozen(time);
if (!OBJ_TAINTED(time) && rb_safe_level() >= 4)
rb_raise(rb_eSecurityError, "Insecure: can't modify Time");
}
/*
* Document-method: now
*
* Synonym for <code>Time.new</code>. Returns a +Time+ object
* initialized tot he current system time.
*
* call-seq:
* Time.new -> time
*
* Returns a <code>Time</code> object initialized to the current system
* time. <b>Note:</b> The object created will be created using the
* resolution available on your system clock, and so may include
* fractional seconds.
*
* a = Time.new #=> Wed Apr 09 08:56:03 CDT 2003
* b = Time.new #=> Wed Apr 09 08:56:03 CDT 2003
* a == b #=> false
* "%.6f" % a.to_f #=> "1049896563.230740"
* "%.6f" % b.to_f #=> "1049896563.231466"
*
*/
static VALUE
time_init(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
time_modify(time);
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
tobj->tm_got=0;
tobj->tv.tv_sec = 0;
tobj->tv.tv_usec = 0;
if (gettimeofday(&tobj->tv, 0) < 0) {
rb_sys_fail("gettimeofday");
}
return time;
}
#define NDIV(x,y) (-(-((x)+1)/(y))-1)
#define NMOD(x,y) ((y)-(-((x)+1)%(y))-1)
static void
time_overflow_p(secp, usecp)
time_t *secp, *usecp;
{
time_t tmp, sec = *secp, usec = *usecp;
if (usec >= 1000000) { /* usec positive overflow */
tmp = sec + usec / 1000000;
usec %= 1000000;
if (sec > 0 && tmp < 0) {
rb_raise(rb_eRangeError, "out of Time range");
}
sec = tmp;
}
if (usec < 0) { /* usec negative overflow */
tmp = sec + NDIV(usec,1000000); /* negative div */
usec = NMOD(usec,1000000); /* negative mod */
if (sec < 0 && tmp > 0) {
rb_raise(rb_eRangeError, "out of Time range");
}
sec = tmp;
}
#ifndef NEGATIVE_TIME_T
if (sec < 0 || (sec == 0 && usec < 0))
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "time must be positive");
#endif
*secp = sec;
*usecp = usec;
}
static VALUE time_new_internal _((VALUE, time_t, time_t));
static VALUE
time_new_internal(klass, sec, usec)
VALUE klass;
time_t sec, usec;
{
VALUE time = time_s_alloc(klass);
struct time_object *tobj;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
time_overflow_p(&sec, &usec);
tobj->tv.tv_sec = sec;
tobj->tv.tv_usec = usec;
return time;
}
VALUE
rb_time_new(sec, usec)
time_t sec, usec;
{
return time_new_internal(rb_cTime, sec, usec);
}
static struct timeval
time_timeval(time, interval)
VALUE time;
int interval;
{
struct timeval t;
const char *tstr = interval ? "time interval" : "time";
#ifndef NEGATIVE_TIME_T
interval = 1;
#endif
switch (TYPE(time)) {
case T_FIXNUM:
t.tv_sec = FIX2LONG(time);
if (interval && t.tv_sec < 0)
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "%s must be positive", tstr);
t.tv_usec = 0;
break;
case T_FLOAT:
if (interval && RFLOAT(time)->value < 0.0)
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "%s must be positive", tstr);
else {
double f, d;
d = modf(RFLOAT(time)->value, &f);
if (d >= 0) {
t.tv_usec = (int)(d*1e6+0.5);
}
else if ((t.tv_usec = (int)(-d*1e6+0.5)) > 0) {
t.tv_usec = 1000000 - t.tv_usec;
f -= 1;
}
t.tv_sec = (time_t)f;
if (f != t.tv_sec) {
rb_raise(rb_eRangeError, "%f out of Time range", RFLOAT(time)->value);
}
}
break;
case T_BIGNUM:
t.tv_sec = NUM2LONG(time);
if (interval && t.tv_sec < 0)
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "%s must be positive", tstr);
t.tv_usec = 0;
break;
default:
rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "can't convert %s into %s",
rb_obj_classname(time), tstr);
break;
}
return t;
}
struct timeval
rb_time_interval(time)
VALUE time;
{
return time_timeval(time, Qtrue);
}
struct timeval
rb_time_timeval(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
struct timeval t;
if (TYPE(time) == T_DATA && RDATA(time)->dfree == time_free) {
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
t = tobj->tv;
return t;
}
return time_timeval(time, Qfalse);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* Time.at( aTime ) => time
* Time.at( seconds [, microseconds] ) => time
*
* Creates a new time object with the value given by <i>aTime</i>, or
* the given number of <i>seconds</i> (and optional
* <i>microseconds</i>) from epoch. A non-portable feature allows the
* offset to be negative on some systems.
*
* Time.at(0) #=> Wed Dec 31 18:00:00 CST 1969
* Time.at(946702800) #=> Fri Dec 31 23:00:00 CST 1999
* Time.at(-284061600) #=> Sat Dec 31 00:00:00 CST 1960
*/
static VALUE
time_s_at(argc, argv, klass)
int argc;
VALUE *argv;
VALUE klass;
{
struct timeval tv;
VALUE time, t;
if (rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "11", &time, &t) == 2) {
tv.tv_sec = NUM2LONG(time);
tv.tv_usec = NUM2LONG(t);
}
else {
tv = rb_time_timeval(time);
}
t = time_new_internal(klass, tv.tv_sec, tv.tv_usec);
if (TYPE(time) == T_DATA && RDATA(time)->dfree == time_free) {
struct time_object *tobj, *tobj2;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
GetTimeval(t, tobj2);
tobj2->gmt = tobj->gmt;
}
return t;
}
static const char months[][4] = {
"jan", "feb", "mar", "apr", "may", "jun",
"jul", "aug", "sep", "oct", "nov", "dec",
};
static long
obj2long(obj)
VALUE obj;
{
if (TYPE(obj) == T_STRING) {
obj = rb_str_to_inum(obj, 10, Qfalse);
}
return NUM2LONG(obj);
}
static void
time_arg(argc, argv, tm, usec)
int argc;
VALUE *argv;
struct tm *tm;
time_t *usec;
{
VALUE v[8];
int i;
long year;
MEMZERO(tm, struct tm, 1);
*usec = 0;
if (argc == 10) {
v[0] = argv[5];
v[1] = argv[4];
v[2] = argv[3];
v[3] = argv[2];
v[4] = argv[1];
v[5] = argv[0];
v[6] = Qnil;
tm->tm_isdst = RTEST(argv[8]) ? 1 : 0;
}
else {
rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "17", &v[0],&v[1],&v[2],&v[3],&v[4],&v[5],&v[6],&v[7]);
/* v[6] may be usec or zone (parsedate) */
/* v[7] is wday (parsedate; ignored) */
tm->tm_wday = -1;
tm->tm_isdst = -1;
}
year = obj2long(v[0]);
if (0 <= year && year < 39) {
year += 100;
rb_warning("2 digits year is used");
}
else if (69 <= year && year < 139) {
rb_warning("2 or 3 digits year is used");
}
else {
year -= 1900;
}
tm->tm_year = year;
if (NIL_P(v[1])) {
tm->tm_mon = 0;
}
else {
VALUE s = rb_check_string_type(v[1]);
if (!NIL_P(s)) {
tm->tm_mon = -1;
for (i=0; i<12; i++) {
if (RSTRING(s)->len == 3 &&
strcasecmp(months[i], RSTRING(s)->ptr) == 0) {
tm->tm_mon = i;
break;
}
}
if (tm->tm_mon == -1) {
char c = RSTRING(s)->ptr[0];
if ('0' <= c && c <= '9') {
tm->tm_mon = obj2long(s)-1;
}
}
}
else {
tm->tm_mon = obj2long(v[1])-1;
}
}
if (NIL_P(v[2])) {
tm->tm_mday = 1;
}
else {
tm->tm_mday = obj2long(v[2]);
}
tm->tm_hour = NIL_P(v[3])?0:obj2long(v[3]);
tm->tm_min = NIL_P(v[4])?0:obj2long(v[4]);
tm->tm_sec = NIL_P(v[5])?0:obj2long(v[5]);
if (!NIL_P(v[6])) {
if (argc == 8) {
/* v[6] is timezone, but ignored */
}
else if (argc == 7) {
*usec = obj2long(v[6]);
}
}
/* value validation */
if (
tm->tm_year != year ||
#ifndef NEGATIVE_TIME_T
tm->tm_year < 69 ||
#endif
tm->tm_mon < 0 || tm->tm_mon > 11
|| tm->tm_mday < 1 || tm->tm_mday > 31
|| tm->tm_hour < 0 || tm->tm_hour > 23
|| tm->tm_min < 0 || tm->tm_min > 59
|| tm->tm_sec < 0 || tm->tm_sec > 60)
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "argument out of range");
}
static VALUE time_gmtime _((VALUE));
static VALUE time_localtime _((VALUE));
static VALUE time_get_tm _((VALUE, int));
static int
leap_year_p(y)
long y;
{
return ((y % 4 == 0) && (y % 100 != 0)) || (y % 400 == 0);
}
#define DIV(n,d) ((n)<0 ? NDIV((n),(d)) : (n)/(d))
static time_t
timegm_noleapsecond(tm)
struct tm *tm;
{
static int common_year_yday_offset[] = {
-1,
-1 + 31,
-1 + 31 + 28,
-1 + 31 + 28 + 31,
-1 + 31 + 28 + 31 + 30,
-1 + 31 + 28 + 31 + 30 + 31,
-1 + 31 + 28 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 30,
-1 + 31 + 28 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 30 + 31,
-1 + 31 + 28 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 31,
-1 + 31 + 28 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 31 + 30,
-1 + 31 + 28 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 31 + 30 + 31,
-1 + 31 + 28 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 30
/* 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 */
};
static int leap_year_yday_offset[] = {
-1,
-1 + 31,
-1 + 31 + 29,
-1 + 31 + 29 + 31,
-1 + 31 + 29 + 31 + 30,
-1 + 31 + 29 + 31 + 30 + 31,
-1 + 31 + 29 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 30,
-1 + 31 + 29 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 30 + 31,
-1 + 31 + 29 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 31,
-1 + 31 + 29 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 31 + 30,
-1 + 31 + 29 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 31 + 30 + 31,
-1 + 31 + 29 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 31 + 30 + 31 + 30
/* 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 */
};
long tm_year = tm->tm_year;
int tm_yday = tm->tm_mday;
if (leap_year_p(tm_year + 1900))
tm_yday += leap_year_yday_offset[tm->tm_mon];
else
tm_yday += common_year_yday_offset[tm->tm_mon];
/*
* `Seconds Since the Epoch' in SUSv3:
* tm_sec + tm_min*60 + tm_hour*3600 + tm_yday*86400 +
* (tm_year-70)*31536000 + ((tm_year-69)/4)*86400 -
* ((tm_year-1)/100)*86400 + ((tm_year+299)/400)*86400
*/
return tm->tm_sec + tm->tm_min*60 + tm->tm_hour*3600 +
(time_t)(tm_yday +
(tm_year-70)*365 +
DIV(tm_year-69,4) -
DIV(tm_year-1,100) +
DIV(tm_year+299,400))*86400;
}
static int
tmcmp(a, b)
struct tm *a;
struct tm *b;
{
if (a->tm_year != b->tm_year)
return a->tm_year < b->tm_year ? -1 : 1;
else if (a->tm_mon != b->tm_mon)
return a->tm_mon < b->tm_mon ? -1 : 1;
else if (a->tm_mday != b->tm_mday)
return a->tm_mday < b->tm_mday ? -1 : 1;
else if (a->tm_hour != b->tm_hour)
return a->tm_hour < b->tm_hour ? -1 : 1;
else if (a->tm_min != b->tm_min)
return a->tm_min < b->tm_min ? -1 : 1;
else if (a->tm_sec != b->tm_sec)
return a->tm_sec < b->tm_sec ? -1 : 1;
else
return 0;
}
#if SIZEOF_TIME_T == SIZEOF_LONG
typedef unsigned long unsigned_time_t;
#elif SIZEOF_TIME_T == SIZEOF_INT
typedef unsigned int unsigned_time_t;
#elif SIZEOF_TIME_T == SIZEOF_LONG_LONG
typedef unsigned LONG_LONG unsigned_time_t;
#else
# error cannot find integer type which size is same as time_t.
#endif
static time_t
search_time_t(tptr, utc_p)
struct tm *tptr;
int utc_p;
{
time_t guess, guess_lo, guess_hi;
struct tm *tm, tm_lo, tm_hi;
int d, have_guess;
int find_dst;
find_dst = 0 < tptr->tm_isdst;
#ifdef NEGATIVE_TIME_T
guess_lo = (time_t)~((unsigned_time_t)~(time_t)0 >> 1);
#else
guess_lo = 0;
#endif
guess_hi = ((time_t)-1) < ((time_t)0) ?
(time_t)((unsigned_time_t)~(time_t)0 >> 1) :
~(time_t)0;
guess = timegm_noleapsecond(tptr);
tm = (utc_p ? gmtime : localtime)(&guess);
if (tm) {
d = tmcmp(tptr, tm);
if (d == 0) return guess;
if (d < 0) {
guess_hi = guess;
guess -= 24 * 60 * 60;
}
else {
guess_lo = guess;
guess += 24 * 60 * 60;
}
if (guess_lo < guess && guess < guess_hi &&
(tm = (utc_p ? gmtime : localtime)(&guess)) != NULL) {
d = tmcmp(tptr, tm);
if (d == 0) return guess;
if (d < 0)
guess_hi = guess;
else
guess_lo = guess;
}
}
tm = (utc_p ? gmtime : localtime)(&guess_lo);
if (!tm) goto error;
d = tmcmp(tptr, tm);
if (d < 0) goto out_of_range;
if (d == 0) return guess_lo;
tm_lo = *tm;
tm = (utc_p ? gmtime : localtime)(&guess_hi);
if (!tm) goto error;
d = tmcmp(tptr, tm);
if (d > 0) goto out_of_range;
if (d == 0) return guess_hi;
tm_hi = *tm;
have_guess = 0;
while (guess_lo + 1 < guess_hi) {
/* there is a gap between guess_lo and guess_hi. */
unsigned long range = 0;
if (!have_guess) {
int a, b;
/*
Try precious guess by a linear interpolation at first.
`a' and `b' is a coefficient of guess_lo and guess_hi as:
guess = (guess_lo * a + guess_hi * b) / (a + b)
However this causes overflow in most cases, following assignment
is used instead:
guess = guess_lo / d * a + (guess_lo % d) * a / d
+ guess_hi / d * b + (guess_hi % d) * b / d
where d = a + b
To avoid overflow in this assignment, `d' is restricted to less than
sqrt(2**31). By this restriction and other reasons, the guess is
not accurate and some error is expected. `range' approximates
the maximum error.
When these parameters are not suitable, i.e. guess is not within
guess_lo and guess_hi, simple guess by binary search is used.
*/
range = 366 * 24 * 60 * 60;
a = (tm_hi.tm_year - tptr->tm_year);
b = (tptr->tm_year - tm_lo.tm_year);
/* 46000 is selected as `some big number less than sqrt(2**31)'. */
if (a + b <= 46000 / 12) {
range = 31 * 24 * 60 * 60;
a *= 12;
b *= 12;
a += tm_hi.tm_mon - tptr->tm_mon;
b += tptr->tm_mon - tm_lo.tm_mon;
if (a + b <= 46000 / 31) {
range = 24 * 60 * 60;
a *= 31;
b *= 31;
a += tm_hi.tm_mday - tptr->tm_mday;
b += tptr->tm_mday - tm_lo.tm_mday;
if (a + b <= 46000 / 24) {
range = 60 * 60;
a *= 24;
b *= 24;
a += tm_hi.tm_hour - tptr->tm_hour;
b += tptr->tm_hour - tm_lo.tm_hour;
if (a + b <= 46000 / 60) {
range = 60;
a *= 60;
b *= 60;
a += tm_hi.tm_min - tptr->tm_min;
b += tptr->tm_min - tm_lo.tm_min;
if (a + b <= 46000 / 60) {
range = 1;
a *= 60;
b *= 60;
a += tm_hi.tm_sec - tptr->tm_sec;
b += tptr->tm_sec - tm_lo.tm_sec;
}
}
}
}
}
if (a <= 0) a = 1;
if (b <= 0) b = 1;
d = a + b;
/*
Although `/' and `%' may produce unexpected result with negative
argument, it doesn't cause serious problem because there is a
fail safe.
*/
guess = guess_lo / d * a + (guess_lo % d) * a / d
+ guess_hi / d * b + (guess_hi % d) * b / d;
have_guess = 1;
}
if (guess <= guess_lo || guess_hi <= guess) {
/* Precious guess is invalid. try binary search. */
guess = guess_lo / 2 + guess_hi / 2;
if (guess <= guess_lo)
guess = guess_lo + 1;
else if (guess >= guess_hi)
guess = guess_hi - 1;
range = 0;
}
tm = (utc_p ? gmtime : localtime)(&guess);
if (!tm) goto error;
have_guess = 0;
d = tmcmp(tptr, tm);
if (d < 0) {
guess_hi = guess;
tm_hi = *tm;
if (range) {
guess = guess - range;
range = 0;
if (guess_lo < guess && guess < guess_hi)
have_guess = 1;
}
}
else if (d > 0) {
guess_lo = guess;
tm_lo = *tm;
if (range) {
guess = guess + range;
range = 0;
if (guess_lo < guess && guess < guess_hi)
have_guess = 1;
}
}
else {
if (!utc_p) {
/* If localtime is nonmonotonic, another result may exist. */
time_t guess2;
if (find_dst) {
guess2 = guess - 2 * 60 * 60;
tm = localtime(&guess2);
if (tm) {
if (tptr->tm_hour != (tm->tm_hour + 2) % 24 ||
tptr->tm_min != tm->tm_min ||
tptr->tm_sec != tm->tm_sec) {
guess2 -= (tm->tm_hour - tptr->tm_hour) * 60 * 60 +
(tm->tm_min - tptr->tm_min) * 60 +
(tm->tm_sec - tptr->tm_sec);
if (tptr->tm_mday != tm->tm_mday)
guess2 += 24 * 60 * 60;
if (guess != guess2) {
tm = localtime(&guess2);
if (tmcmp(tptr, tm) == 0) {
if (guess < guess2)
return guess;
else
return guess2;
}
}
}
}
}
else {
guess2 = guess + 2 * 60 * 60;
tm = localtime(&guess2);
if (tm) {
if ((tptr->tm_hour + 2) % 24 != tm->tm_hour ||
tptr->tm_min != tm->tm_min ||
tptr->tm_sec != tm->tm_sec) {
guess2 -= (tm->tm_hour - tptr->tm_hour) * 60 * 60 +
(tm->tm_min - tptr->tm_min) * 60 +
(tm->tm_sec - tptr->tm_sec);
if (tptr->tm_mday != tm->tm_mday)
guess2 -= 24 * 60 * 60;
if (guess != guess2) {
tm = localtime(&guess2);
if (tmcmp(tptr, tm) == 0) {
if (guess < guess2)
return guess2;
else
return guess;
}
}
}
}
}
}
return guess;
}
}
/* Given argument has no corresponding time_t. Let's outerpolation. */
if (tm_lo.tm_year == tptr->tm_year && tm_lo.tm_mon == tptr->tm_mon) {
return guess_lo +
(tptr->tm_mday - tm_lo.tm_mday) * 24 * 60 * 60 +
(tptr->tm_hour - tm_lo.tm_hour) * 60 * 60 +
(tptr->tm_min - tm_lo.tm_min) * 60 +
(tptr->tm_sec - tm_lo.tm_sec);
}
else if (tm_hi.tm_year == tptr->tm_year && tm_hi.tm_mon == tptr->tm_mon) {
return guess_hi +
(tptr->tm_mday - tm_hi.tm_mday) * 24 * 60 * 60 +
(tptr->tm_hour - tm_hi.tm_hour) * 60 * 60 +
(tptr->tm_min - tm_hi.tm_min) * 60 +
(tptr->tm_sec - tm_hi.tm_sec);
}
out_of_range:
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "time out of range");
error:
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "gmtime/localtime error");
return 0; /* not reached */
}
static time_t
make_time_t(tptr, utc_p)
struct tm *tptr;
int utc_p;
{
time_t t;
#ifdef NEGATIVE_TIME_T
struct tm *tmp;
#endif
struct tm buf;
buf = *tptr;
if (utc_p) {
#if defined(HAVE_TIMEGM)
if ((t = timegm(&buf)) != -1)
return t;
#ifdef NEGATIVE_TIME_T
if ((tmp = gmtime(&t)) &&
tptr->tm_year == tmp->tm_year &&
tptr->tm_mon == tmp->tm_mon &&
tptr->tm_mday == tmp->tm_mday &&
tptr->tm_hour == tmp->tm_hour &&
tptr->tm_min == tmp->tm_min &&
tptr->tm_sec == tmp->tm_sec)
return t;
#endif
#endif
return search_time_t(&buf, utc_p);
}
else {
#if defined(HAVE_MKTIME)
if ((t = mktime(&buf)) != -1)
return t;
#ifdef NEGATIVE_TIME_T
if ((tmp = localtime(&t)) &&
tptr->tm_year == tmp->tm_year &&
tptr->tm_mon == tmp->tm_mon &&
tptr->tm_mday == tmp->tm_mday &&
tptr->tm_hour == tmp->tm_hour &&
tptr->tm_min == tmp->tm_min &&
tptr->tm_sec == tmp->tm_sec)
return t;
#endif
#endif
return search_time_t(&buf, utc_p);
}
}
static VALUE
time_utc_or_local(argc, argv, utc_p, klass)
int argc;
VALUE *argv;
int utc_p;
VALUE klass;
{
struct tm tm;
VALUE time;
time_t usec;
time_arg(argc, argv, &tm, &usec);
time = time_new_internal(klass, make_time_t(&tm, utc_p), usec);
if (utc_p) return time_gmtime(time);
return time_localtime(time);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* Time.utc( year [, month, day, hour, min, sec, usec] ) => time
* Time.utc( sec, min, hour, day, month, year, wday, yday, isdst, tz
* ) => time
* Time.gm( year [, month, day, hour, min, sec, usec] ) => time
* Time.gm( sec, min, hour, day, month, year, wday, yday, isdst, tz
* ) => time
*
* Creates a time based on given values, interpreted as UTC (GMT). The
* year must be specified. Other values default to the minimum value
* for that field (and may be <code>nil</code> or omitted). Months may
* be specified by numbers from 1 to 12, or by the three-letter English
* month names. Hours are specified on a 24-hour clock (0..23). Raises
* an <code>ArgumentError</code> if any values are out of range. Will
* also accept ten arguments in the order output by
* <code>Time#to_a</code>.
*
* Time.utc(2000,"jan",1,20,15,1) #=> Sat Jan 01 20:15:01 UTC 2000
* Time.gm(2000,"jan",1,20,15,1) #=> Sat Jan 01 20:15:01 UTC 2000
*/
static VALUE
time_s_mkutc(argc, argv, klass)
int argc;
VALUE *argv;
VALUE klass;
{
return time_utc_or_local(argc, argv, Qtrue, klass);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* Time.local( year [, month, day, hour, min, sec, usec] ) => time
* Time.local( sec, min, hour, day, month, year, wday, yday, isdst,
* tz ) => time
* Time.mktime( year, month, day, hour, min, sec, usec ) => time
*
* Same as <code>Time::gm</code>, but interprets the values in the
* local time zone.
*
* Time.local(2000,"jan",1,20,15,1) #=> Sat Jan 01 20:15:01 CST 2000
*/
static VALUE
time_s_mktime(argc, argv, klass)
int argc;
VALUE *argv;
VALUE klass;
{
return time_utc_or_local(argc, argv, Qfalse, klass);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.to_i => int
* time.tv_sec => int
*
* Returns the value of <i>time</i> as an integer number of seconds
* since epoch.
*
* t = Time.now
* "%10.5f" % t.to_f #=> "1049896564.17839"
* t.to_i #=> 1049896564
*/
static VALUE
time_to_i(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
return LONG2NUM(tobj->tv.tv_sec);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.to_f => float
*
* Returns the value of <i>time</i> as a floating point number of
* seconds since epoch.
*
* t = Time.now
* "%10.5f" % t.to_f #=> "1049896564.13654"
* t.to_i #=> 1049896564
*/
static VALUE
time_to_f(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
return rb_float_new((double)tobj->tv.tv_sec+(double)tobj->tv.tv_usec/1e6);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.usec => int
* time.tv_usec => int
*
* Returns just the number of microseconds for <i>time</i>.
*
* t = Time.now #=> Wed Apr 09 08:56:04 CDT 2003
* "%10.6f" % t.to_f #=> "1049896564.259970"
* t.usec #=> 259970
*/
static VALUE
time_usec(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
return LONG2NUM(tobj->tv.tv_usec);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time <=> other_time => -1, 0, +1
* time <=> numeric => -1, 0, +1
*
* Comparison---Compares <i>time</i> with <i>other_time</i> or with
* <i>numeric</i>, which is the number of seconds (possibly
* fractional) since epoch.
*
* t = Time.now #=> Wed Apr 09 08:56:03 CDT 2003
* t2 = t + 2592000 #=> Fri May 09 08:56:03 CDT 2003
* t <=> t2 #=> -1
* t2 <=> t #=> 1
* t <=> t #=> 0
*/
static VALUE
time_cmp(time1, time2)
VALUE time1, time2;
{
struct time_object *tobj1, *tobj2;
GetTimeval(time1, tobj1);
if (TYPE(time2) == T_DATA && RDATA(time2)->dfree == time_free) {
GetTimeval(time2, tobj2);
if (tobj1->tv.tv_sec == tobj2->tv.tv_sec) {
if (tobj1->tv.tv_usec == tobj2->tv.tv_usec) return INT2FIX(0);
if (tobj1->tv.tv_usec > tobj2->tv.tv_usec) return INT2FIX(1);
return INT2FIX(-1);
}
if (tobj1->tv.tv_sec > tobj2->tv.tv_sec) return INT2FIX(1);
return INT2FIX(-1);
}
return Qnil;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.eql?(other_time)
*
* Return <code>true</code> if <i>time</i> and <i>other_time</i> are
* both <code>Time</code> objects with the same seconds and fractional
* seconds.
*/
static VALUE
time_eql(time1, time2)
VALUE time1, time2;
{
struct time_object *tobj1, *tobj2;
GetTimeval(time1, tobj1);
if (TYPE(time2) == T_DATA && RDATA(time2)->dfree == time_free) {
GetTimeval(time2, tobj2);
if (tobj1->tv.tv_sec == tobj2->tv.tv_sec) {
if (tobj1->tv.tv_usec == tobj2->tv.tv_usec) return Qtrue;
}
}
return Qfalse;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.utc? => true or false
* time.gmt? => true or false
*
* Returns <code>true</code> if <i>time</i> represents a time in UTC
* (GMT).
*
* t = Time.now #=> Wed Apr 09 08:56:04 CDT 2003
* t.utc? #=> false
* t = Time.gm(2000,"jan",1,20,15,1) #=> Sat Jan 01 20:15:01 UTC 2000
* t.utc? #=> true
*
* t = Time.now #=> Wed Apr 09 08:56:03 CDT 2003
* t.gmt? #=> false
* t = Time.gm(2000,1,1,20,15,1) #=> Sat Jan 01 20:15:01 UTC 2000
* t.gmt? #=> true
*/
static VALUE
time_utc_p(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
if (tobj->gmt) return Qtrue;
return Qfalse;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.hash => fixnum
*
* Return a hash code for this time object.
*/
static VALUE
time_hash(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
long hash;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
hash = tobj->tv.tv_sec ^ tobj->tv.tv_usec;
return LONG2FIX(hash);
}
/* :nodoc: */
static VALUE
time_init_copy(copy, time)
VALUE copy, time;
{
struct time_object *tobj, *tcopy;
if (copy == time) return copy;
time_modify(copy);
if (TYPE(time) != T_DATA || RDATA(time)->dfree != time_free) {
rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "wrong argument type");
}
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
GetTimeval(copy, tcopy);
MEMCPY(tcopy, tobj, struct time_object, 1);
return copy;
}
static VALUE
time_dup(time)
VALUE time;
{
VALUE dup = time_s_alloc(CLASS_OF(time));
time_init_copy(dup, time);
return dup;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.localtime => time
*
* Converts <i>time</i> to local time (using the local time zone in
* effect for this process) modifying the receiver.
*
* t = Time.gm(2000, "jan", 1, 20, 15, 1)
* t.gmt? #=> true
* t.localtime #=> Sat Jan 01 14:15:01 CST 2000
* t.gmt? #=> false
*/
static VALUE
time_localtime(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
struct tm *tm_tmp;
time_t t;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
if (!tobj->gmt) {
if (tobj->tm_got)
return time;
}
else {
time_modify(time);
}
t = tobj->tv.tv_sec;
tm_tmp = localtime(&t);
if (!tm_tmp)
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "localtime error");
tobj->tm = *tm_tmp;
tobj->tm_got = 1;
tobj->gmt = 0;
return time;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.gmtime => time
* time.utc => time
*
* Converts <i>time</i> to UTC (GMT), modifying the receiver.
*
* t = Time.now #=> Wed Apr 09 08:56:03 CDT 2003
* t.gmt? #=> false
* t.gmtime #=> Wed Apr 09 13:56:03 UTC 2003
* t.gmt? #=> true
*
* t = Time.now #=> Wed Apr 09 08:56:04 CDT 2003
* t.utc? #=> false
* t.utc #=> Wed Apr 09 13:56:04 UTC 2003
* t.utc? #=> true
*/
static VALUE
time_gmtime(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
struct tm *tm_tmp;
time_t t;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
if (tobj->gmt) {
if (tobj->tm_got)
return time;
}
else {
time_modify(time);
}
t = tobj->tv.tv_sec;
tm_tmp = gmtime(&t);
if (!tm_tmp)
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "gmtime error");
tobj->tm = *tm_tmp;
tobj->tm_got = 1;
tobj->gmt = 1;
return time;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.getlocal => new_time
*
* Returns a new <code>new_time</code> object representing <i>time</i> in
* local time (using the local time zone in effect for this process).
*
* t = Time.gm(2000,1,1,20,15,1) #=> Sat Jan 01 20:15:01 UTC 2000
* t.gmt? #=> true
* l = t.getlocal #=> Sat Jan 01 14:15:01 CST 2000
* l.gmt? #=> false
* t == l #=> true
*/
static VALUE
time_getlocaltime(time)
VALUE time;
{
return time_localtime(time_dup(time));
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.getgm => new_time
* time.getutc => new_time
*
* Returns a new <code>new_time</code> object representing <i>time</i> in
* UTC.
*
* t = Time.local(2000,1,1,20,15,1) #=> Sat Jan 01 20:15:01 CST 2000
* t.gmt? #=> false
* y = t.getgm #=> Sun Jan 02 02:15:01 UTC 2000
* y.gmt? #=> true
* t == y #=> true
*/
static VALUE
time_getgmtime(time)
VALUE time;
{
return time_gmtime(time_dup(time));
}
static VALUE
time_get_tm(time, gmt)
VALUE time;
int gmt;
{
if (gmt) return time_gmtime(time);
return time_localtime(time);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.asctime => string
* time.ctime => string
*
* Returns a canonical string representation of <i>time</i>.
*
* Time.now.asctime #=> "Wed Apr 9 08:56:03 2003"
*/
static VALUE
time_asctime(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
char *s;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
if (tobj->tm_got == 0) {
time_get_tm(time, tobj->gmt);
}
s = asctime(&tobj->tm);
if (s[24] == '\n') s[24] = '\0';
return rb_str_new2(s);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.inspect => string
* time.to_s => string
*
* Returns a string representing <i>time</i>. Equivalent to calling
* <code>Time#strftime</code> with a format string of ``<code>%a</code>
* <code>%b</code> <code>%d</code> <code>%H:%M:%S</code>
* <code>%Z</code> <code>%Y</code>''.
*
* Time.now.to_s #=> "Wed Apr 09 08:56:04 CDT 2003"
*/
static VALUE
time_to_s(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
char buf[128];
int len;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
if (tobj->tm_got == 0) {
time_get_tm(time, tobj->gmt);
}
if (tobj->gmt == 1) {
len = strftime(buf, 128, "%a %b %d %H:%M:%S UTC %Y", &tobj->tm);
}
else {
time_t off;
char buf2[32];
char sign = '+';
#if defined(HAVE_STRUCT_TM_TM_GMTOFF)
off = tobj->tm.tm_gmtoff;
#else
VALUE tmp = time_utc_offset(time);
off = NUM2INT(tmp);
#endif
if (off < 0) {
sign = '-';
off = -off;
}
sprintf(buf2, "%%a %%b %%d %%H:%%M:%%S %c%02d%02d %%Y",
sign, (int)(off/3600), (int)(off%3600/60));
len = strftime(buf, 128, buf2, &tobj->tm);
}
return rb_str_new(buf, len);
}
static VALUE
time_add(tobj, offset, sign)
struct time_object *tobj;
VALUE offset;
int sign;
{
double v = NUM2DBL(offset);
double f, d;
unsigned_time_t sec_off;
time_t usec_off, sec, usec;
VALUE result;
if (v < 0) {
v = -v;
sign = -sign;
}
d = modf(v, &f);
sec_off = (unsigned_time_t)f;
if (f != (double)sec_off)
rb_raise(rb_eRangeError, "time %s %f out of Time range",
sign < 0 ? "-" : "+", v);
usec_off = (time_t)(d*1e6+0.5);
if (sign < 0) {
sec = tobj->tv.tv_sec - sec_off;
usec = tobj->tv.tv_usec - usec_off;
if (sec > tobj->tv.tv_sec)
rb_raise(rb_eRangeError, "time - %f out of Time range", v);
}
else {
sec = tobj->tv.tv_sec + sec_off;
usec = tobj->tv.tv_usec + usec_off;
if (sec < tobj->tv.tv_sec)
rb_raise(rb_eRangeError, "time + %f out of Time range", v);
}
result = rb_time_new(sec, usec);
if (tobj->gmt) {
GetTimeval(result, tobj);
tobj->gmt = 1;
}
return result;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time + numeric => time
*
* Addition---Adds some number of seconds (possibly fractional) to
* <i>time</i> and returns that value as a new time.
*
* t = Time.now #=> Wed Apr 09 08:56:03 CDT 2003
* t + (60 * 60 * 24) #=> Thu Apr 10 08:56:03 CDT 2003
*/
static VALUE
time_plus(time1, time2)
VALUE time1, time2;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
GetTimeval(time1, tobj);
if (TYPE(time2) == T_DATA && RDATA(time2)->dfree == time_free) {
rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "time + time?");
}
return time_add(tobj, time2, 1);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time - other_time => float
* time - numeric => time
*
* Difference---Returns a new time that represents the difference
* between two times, or subtracts the given number of seconds in
* <i>numeric</i> from <i>time</i>.
*
* t = Time.now #=> Wed Apr 09 08:56:03 CDT 2003
* t2 = t + 2592000 #=> Fri May 09 08:56:03 CDT 2003
* t2 - t #=> 2592000.0
* t2 - 2592000 #=> Wed Apr 09 08:56:03 CDT 2003
*/
static VALUE
time_minus(time1, time2)
VALUE time1, time2;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
GetTimeval(time1, tobj);
if (TYPE(time2) == T_DATA && RDATA(time2)->dfree == time_free) {
struct time_object *tobj2;
double f;
GetTimeval(time2, tobj2);
f = (double)tobj->tv.tv_sec - (double)tobj2->tv.tv_sec;
f += ((double)tobj->tv.tv_usec - (double)tobj2->tv.tv_usec)*1e-6;
/* XXX: should check float overflow on 64bit time_t platforms */
return rb_float_new(f);
}
return time_add(tobj, time2, -1);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.succ => new_time
*
* Return a new time object, one second later than <code>time</code>.
*/
static VALUE
time_succ(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
int gmt;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
gmt = tobj->gmt;
time = rb_time_new(tobj->tv.tv_sec + 1, tobj->tv.tv_usec);
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
tobj->gmt = gmt;
return time;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.sec => fixnum
*
* Returns the second of the minute (0..60)<em>[Yes, seconds really can
* range from zero to 60. This allows the system to inject leap seconds
* every now and then to correct for the fact that years are not really
* a convenient number of hours long.]</em> for <i>time</i>.
*
* t = Time.now #=> Wed Apr 09 08:56:04 CDT 2003
* t.sec #=> 4
*/
static VALUE
time_sec(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
if (tobj->tm_got == 0) {
time_get_tm(time, tobj->gmt);
}
return INT2FIX(tobj->tm.tm_sec);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.min => fixnum
*
* Returns the minute of the hour (0..59) for <i>time</i>.
*
* t = Time.now #=> Wed Apr 09 08:56:03 CDT 2003
* t.min #=> 56
*/
static VALUE
time_min(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
if (tobj->tm_got == 0) {
time_get_tm(time, tobj->gmt);
}
return INT2FIX(tobj->tm.tm_min);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.hour => fixnum
*
* Returns the hour of the day (0..23) for <i>time</i>.
*
* t = Time.now #=> Wed Apr 09 08:56:03 CDT 2003
* t.hour #=> 8
*/
static VALUE
time_hour(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
if (tobj->tm_got == 0) {
time_get_tm(time, tobj->gmt);
}
return INT2FIX(tobj->tm.tm_hour);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.day => fixnum
* time.mday => fixnum
*
* Returns the day of the month (1..n) for <i>time</i>.
*
* t = Time.now #=> Wed Apr 09 08:56:03 CDT 2003
* t.day #=> 9
* t.mday #=> 9
*/
static VALUE
time_mday(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
if (tobj->tm_got == 0) {
time_get_tm(time, tobj->gmt);
}
return INT2FIX(tobj->tm.tm_mday);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.mon => fixnum
* time.month => fixnum
*
* Returns the month of the year (1..12) for <i>time</i>.
*
* t = Time.now #=> Wed Apr 09 08:56:03 CDT 2003
* t.mon #=> 4
* t.month #=> 4
*/
static VALUE
time_mon(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
if (tobj->tm_got == 0) {
time_get_tm(time, tobj->gmt);
}
return INT2FIX(tobj->tm.tm_mon+1);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.year => fixnum
*
* Returns the year for <i>time</i> (including the century).
*
* t = Time.now #=> Wed Apr 09 08:56:04 CDT 2003
* t.year #=> 2003
*/
static VALUE
time_year(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
if (tobj->tm_got == 0) {
time_get_tm(time, tobj->gmt);
}
return LONG2NUM((long)tobj->tm.tm_year+1900);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.wday => fixnum
*
* Returns an integer representing the day of the week, 0..6, with
* Sunday == 0.
*
* t = Time.now #=> Wed Apr 09 08:56:04 CDT 2003
* t.wday #=> 3
*/
static VALUE
time_wday(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
if (tobj->tm_got == 0) {
time_get_tm(time, tobj->gmt);
}
return INT2FIX(tobj->tm.tm_wday);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.yday => fixnum
*
* Returns an integer representing the day of the year, 1..366.
*
* t = Time.now #=> Wed Apr 09 08:56:04 CDT 2003
* t.yday #=> 99
*/
static VALUE
time_yday(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
if (tobj->tm_got == 0) {
time_get_tm(time, tobj->gmt);
}
return INT2FIX(tobj->tm.tm_yday+1);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.isdst => true or false
* time.dst? => true or false
*
* Returns <code>true</code> if <i>time</i> occurs during Daylight
* Saving Time in its time zone.
*
* Time.local(2000, 7, 1).isdst #=> true
* Time.local(2000, 1, 1).isdst #=> false
* Time.local(2000, 7, 1).dst? #=> true
* Time.local(2000, 1, 1).dst? #=> false
*/
static VALUE
time_isdst(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
if (tobj->tm_got == 0) {
time_get_tm(time, tobj->gmt);
}
return tobj->tm.tm_isdst?Qtrue:Qfalse;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.zone => string
*
* Returns the name of the time zone used for <i>time</i>. As of Ruby
* 1.8, returns ``UTC'' rather than ``GMT'' for UTC times.
*
* t = Time.gm(2000, "jan", 1, 20, 15, 1)
* t.zone #=> "UTC"
* t = Time.local(2000, "jan", 1, 20, 15, 1)
* t.zone #=> "CST"
*/
static VALUE
time_zone(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
#if !defined(HAVE_TM_ZONE) && (!defined(HAVE_TZNAME) || !defined(HAVE_DAYLIGHT))
char buf[64];
int len;
#endif
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
if (tobj->tm_got == 0) {
time_get_tm(time, tobj->gmt);
}
if (tobj->gmt == 1) {
return rb_str_new2("UTC");
}
#if defined(HAVE_TM_ZONE)
return rb_str_new2(tobj->tm.tm_zone);
#elif defined(HAVE_TZNAME) && defined(HAVE_DAYLIGHT)
return rb_str_new2(tzname[daylight && tobj->tm.tm_isdst]);
#else
len = strftime(buf, 64, "%Z", &tobj->tm);
return rb_str_new(buf, len);
#endif
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.gmt_offset => fixnum
* time.gmtoff => fixnum
* time.utc_offset => fixnum
*
* Returns the offset in seconds between the timezone of <i>time</i>
* and UTC.
*
* t = Time.gm(2000,1,1,20,15,1) #=> Sat Jan 01 20:15:01 UTC 2000
* t.gmt_offset #=> 0
* l = t.getlocal #=> Sat Jan 01 14:15:01 CST 2000
* l.gmt_offset #=> -21600
*/
static VALUE
time_utc_offset(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
if (tobj->tm_got == 0) {
time_get_tm(time, tobj->gmt);
}
if (tobj->gmt == 1) {
return INT2FIX(0);
}
else {
#if defined(HAVE_STRUCT_TM_TM_GMTOFF)
return INT2NUM(tobj->tm.tm_gmtoff);
#else
struct tm *u, *l;
time_t t;
long off;
l = &tobj->tm;
t = tobj->tv.tv_sec;
u = gmtime(&t);
if (!u)
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "gmtime error");
if (l->tm_year != u->tm_year)
off = l->tm_year < u->tm_year ? -1 : 1;
else if (l->tm_mon != u->tm_mon)
off = l->tm_mon < u->tm_mon ? -1 : 1;
else if (l->tm_mday != u->tm_mday)
off = l->tm_mday < u->tm_mday ? -1 : 1;
else
off = 0;
off = off * 24 + l->tm_hour - u->tm_hour;
off = off * 60 + l->tm_min - u->tm_min;
off = off * 60 + l->tm_sec - u->tm_sec;
return LONG2FIX(off);
#endif
}
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.to_a => array
*
* Returns a ten-element <i>array</i> of values for <i>time</i>:
* {<code>[ sec, min, hour, day, month, year, wday, yday, isdst, zone
* ]</code>}. See the individual methods for an explanation of the
* valid ranges of each value. The ten elements can be passed directly
* to <code>Time::utc</code> or <code>Time::local</code> to create a
* new <code>Time</code>.
*
* now = Time.now #=> Wed Apr 09 08:56:04 CDT 2003
* t = now.to_a #=> [4, 56, 8, 9, 4, 2003, 3, 99, true, "CDT"]
*/
static VALUE
time_to_a(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
if (tobj->tm_got == 0) {
time_get_tm(time, tobj->gmt);
}
return rb_ary_new3(10,
INT2FIX(tobj->tm.tm_sec),
INT2FIX(tobj->tm.tm_min),
INT2FIX(tobj->tm.tm_hour),
INT2FIX(tobj->tm.tm_mday),
INT2FIX(tobj->tm.tm_mon+1),
LONG2NUM((long)tobj->tm.tm_year+1900),
INT2FIX(tobj->tm.tm_wday),
INT2FIX(tobj->tm.tm_yday+1),
tobj->tm.tm_isdst?Qtrue:Qfalse,
time_zone(time));
}
#define SMALLBUF 100
static int
rb_strftime(buf, format, time)
char **buf;
const char *format;
struct tm *time;
{
int size, len, flen;
(*buf)[0] = '\0';
flen = strlen(format);
if (flen == 0) {
return 0;
}
errno = 0;
len = strftime(*buf, SMALLBUF, format, time);
if (len != 0 || (**buf == '\0' && errno != ERANGE)) return len;
for (size=1024; ; size*=2) {
*buf = xmalloc(size);
(*buf)[0] = '\0';
len = strftime(*buf, size, format, time);
/*
* buflen can be zero EITHER because there's not enough
* room in the string, or because the control command
* goes to the empty string. Make a reasonable guess that
* if the buffer is 1024 times bigger than the length of the
* format string, it's not failing for lack of room.
*/
if (len > 0 || size >= 1024 * flen) return len;
free(*buf);
}
/* not reached */
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time.strftime( string ) => string
*
* Formats <i>time</i> according to the directives in the given format
* string. Any text not listed as a directive will be passed through
* to the output string.
*
* Format meaning:
* %a - The abbreviated weekday name (``Sun'')
* %A - The full weekday name (``Sunday'')
* %b - The abbreviated month name (``Jan'')
* %B - The full month name (``January'')
* %c - The preferred local date and time representation
* %d - Day of the month (01..31)
* %H - Hour of the day, 24-hour clock (00..23)
* %I - Hour of the day, 12-hour clock (01..12)
* %j - Day of the year (001..366)
* %m - Month of the year (01..12)
* %M - Minute of the hour (00..59)
* %p - Meridian indicator (``AM'' or ``PM'')
* %S - Second of the minute (00..60)
* %U - Week number of the current year,
* starting with the first Sunday as the first
* day of the first week (00..53)
* %W - Week number of the current year,
* starting with the first Monday as the first
* day of the first week (00..53)
* %w - Day of the week (Sunday is 0, 0..6)
* %x - Preferred representation for the date alone, no time
* %X - Preferred representation for the time alone, no date
* %y - Year without a century (00..99)
* %Y - Year with century
* %Z - Time zone name
* %% - Literal ``%'' character
*
* t = Time.now
* t.strftime("Printed on %m/%d/%Y") #=> "Printed on 04/09/2003"
* t.strftime("at %I:%M%p") #=> "at 08:56AM"
*/
static VALUE
time_strftime(time, format)
VALUE time, format;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
char buffer[SMALLBUF], *buf = buffer;
const char *fmt;
long len;
VALUE str;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
if (tobj->tm_got == 0) {
time_get_tm(time, tobj->gmt);
}
StringValue(format);
format = rb_str_new4(format);
fmt = RSTRING(format)->ptr;
len = RSTRING(format)->len;
if (len == 0) {
rb_warning("strftime called with empty format string");
}
else if (strlen(fmt) < len) {
/* Ruby string may contain \0's. */
const char *p = fmt, *pe = fmt + len;
str = rb_str_new(0, 0);
while (p < pe) {
len = rb_strftime(&buf, p, &tobj->tm);
rb_str_cat(str, buf, len);
p += strlen(p);
if (buf != buffer) {
free(buf);
buf = buffer;
}
for (fmt = p; p < pe && !*p; ++p);
if (p > fmt) rb_str_cat(str, fmt, p - fmt);
}
return str;
}
else {
len = rb_strftime(&buf, RSTRING(format)->ptr, &tobj->tm);
}
str = rb_str_new(buf, len);
if (buf != buffer) free(buf);
return str;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* Time.times => struct_tms
*
* Deprecated in favor of <code>Process::times</code>
*/
static VALUE
time_s_times(obj)
VALUE obj;
{
rb_warn("obsolete method Time::times; use Process::times");
return rb_proc_times(obj);
}
/*
* undocumented
*/
static VALUE
time_mdump(time)
VALUE time;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
struct tm *tm;
unsigned long p, s;
char buf[8];
time_t t;
int i;
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
t = tobj->tv.tv_sec;
tm = gmtime(&t);
if ((tm->tm_year & 0xffff) != tm->tm_year)
rb_raise(rb_eArgError, "year too big to marshal");
p = 0x1UL << 31 | /* 1 */
tobj->gmt << 30 | /* 1 */
tm->tm_year << 14 | /* 16 */
tm->tm_mon << 10 | /* 4 */
tm->tm_mday << 5 | /* 5 */
tm->tm_hour; /* 5 */
s = tm->tm_min << 26 | /* 6 */
tm->tm_sec << 20 | /* 6 */
tobj->tv.tv_usec; /* 20 */
for (i=0; i<4; i++) {
buf[i] = p & 0xff;
p = RSHIFT(p, 8);
}
for (i=4; i<8; i++) {
buf[i] = s & 0xff;
s = RSHIFT(s, 8);
}
return rb_str_new(buf, 8);
}
/*
* call-seq:
* time._dump => string
*
* Dump _time_ for marshaling.
*/
static VALUE
time_dump(argc, argv, time)
int argc;
VALUE *argv;
VALUE time;
{
VALUE str;
rb_scan_args(argc, argv, "01", 0);
str = time_mdump(time);
if (FL_TEST(time, FL_EXIVAR)) {
rb_copy_generic_ivar(str, time);
FL_SET(str, FL_EXIVAR);
}
return str;
}
/*
* undocumented
*/
static VALUE
time_mload(time, str)
VALUE time, str;
{
struct time_object *tobj;
unsigned long p, s;
time_t sec, usec;
unsigned char *buf;
struct tm tm;
int i, gmt;
time_modify(time);
StringValue(str);
buf = (unsigned char *)RSTRING(str)->ptr;
if (RSTRING(str)->len != 8) {
rb_raise(rb_eTypeError, "marshaled time format differ");
}
p = s = 0;
for (i=0; i<4; i++) {
p |= buf[i]<<(8*i);
}
for (i=4; i<8; i++) {
s |= buf[i]<<(8*(i-4));
}
if ((p & (1UL<<31)) == 0) {
sec = p;
usec = s;
}
else {
p &= ~(1UL<<31);
gmt = (p >> 30) & 0x1;
tm.tm_year = (p >> 14) & 0xffff;
tm.tm_mon = (p >> 10) & 0xf;
tm.tm_mday = (p >> 5) & 0x1f;
tm.tm_hour = p & 0x1f;
tm.tm_min = (s >> 26) & 0x3f;
tm.tm_sec = (s >> 20) & 0x3f;
tm.tm_isdst = 0;
sec = make_time_t(&tm, Qtrue);
usec = (time_t)(s & 0xfffff);
}
time_overflow_p(&sec, &usec);
GetTimeval(time, tobj);
tobj->tm_got = 0;
tobj->gmt = gmt;
tobj->tv.tv_sec = sec;
tobj->tv.tv_usec = usec;
return time;
}
/*
* call-seq:
* Time._load(string) => time
*
* Unmarshal a dumped +Time+ object.
*/
static VALUE
time_load(klass, str)
VALUE klass, str;
{
VALUE time = time_s_alloc(klass);
if (FL_TEST(str, FL_EXIVAR)) {
rb_copy_generic_ivar(time, str);
FL_SET(time, FL_EXIVAR);
}
time_mload(time, str);
return time;
}
/*
* <code>Time</code> is an abstraction of dates and times. Time is
* stored internally as the number of seconds and microseconds since
* the <em>epoch</em>, January 1, 1970 00:00 UTC. On some operating
* systems, this offset is allowed to be negative. Also see the
* library modules <code>Date</code> and <code>ParseDate</code>. The
* <code>Time</code> class treats GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) and UTC
* (Coordinated Universal Time)<em>[Yes, UTC really does stand for
* Coordinated Universal Time. There was a committee involved.]</em>
* as equivalent. GMT is the older way of referring to these
* baseline times but persists in the names of calls on Posix
* systems.
*
* All times are stored with some number of microseconds. Be aware of
* this fact when comparing times with each other---times that are
* apparently equal when displayed may be different when compared.
*/
void
Init_Time()
{
rb_cTime = rb_define_class("Time", rb_cObject);
rb_include_module(rb_cTime, rb_mComparable);
rb_define_alloc_func(rb_cTime, time_s_alloc);
rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cTime, "now", rb_class_new_instance, -1);
rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cTime, "at", time_s_at, -1);
rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cTime, "utc", time_s_mkutc, -1);
rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cTime, "gm", time_s_mkutc, -1);
rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cTime, "local", time_s_mktime, -1);
rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cTime, "mktime", time_s_mktime, -1);
rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cTime, "times", time_s_times, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "to_i", time_to_i, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "to_f", time_to_f, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "<=>", time_cmp, 1);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "eql?", time_eql, 1);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "hash", time_hash, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "initialize", time_init, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "initialize_copy", time_init_copy, 1);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "localtime", time_localtime, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "gmtime", time_gmtime, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "utc", time_gmtime, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "getlocal", time_getlocaltime, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "getgm", time_getgmtime, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "getutc", time_getgmtime, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "ctime", time_asctime, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "asctime", time_asctime, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "to_s", time_to_s, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "inspect", time_to_s, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "to_a", time_to_a, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "+", time_plus, 1);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "-", time_minus, 1);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "succ", time_succ, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "sec", time_sec, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "min", time_min, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "hour", time_hour, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "mday", time_mday, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "day", time_mday, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "mon", time_mon, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "month", time_mon, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "year", time_year, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "wday", time_wday, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "yday", time_yday, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "isdst", time_isdst, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "dst?", time_isdst, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "zone", time_zone, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "gmtoff", time_utc_offset, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "gmt_offset", time_utc_offset, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "utc_offset", time_utc_offset, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "utc?", time_utc_p, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "gmt?", time_utc_p, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "tv_sec", time_to_i, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "tv_usec", time_usec, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "usec", time_usec, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "strftime", time_strftime, 1);
/* methods for marshaling */
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "_dump", time_dump, -1);
rb_define_singleton_method(rb_cTime, "_load", time_load, 1);
#if 0
/* Time will support marshal_dump and marshal_load in the future (1.9 maybe) */
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "marshal_dump", time_mdump, 0);
rb_define_method(rb_cTime, "marshal_load", time_mload, 1);
#endif
}
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